The Citrus Industry, Volume IV

Capa
Walter Reuther
UCANR Publications, 1978 - 362 páginas
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A comprehensive volume on citrus diseases, biological control of insects, nematodes, and vertebrate pests, certification and registration, and regulatory measures. Color plates.

  

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Índice

Fungal Bacterial and Nonparasitic Diseases and Injuries Originating in the Seedbed Nursery and Orchard
1
Factors Affecting Incidence of Disease
2
The Major Bacterial and Fungal Diseases
3
Albinism
5
Diseases and Injuries of the Root System Trunk and Scaffold Branches
9
Bark Rots Caused by Other Fungi
15
Branch Wilt
18
Rosellinia Root Rot
20
Future Outlook
172
Literature Cited
173
Registration Certification and Indexing of Citrus Trees
185
The Psorosis Interim Program 19371973
186
The LongRange Program 19621973
188
The Combined Program 1974present
190
Citrus Seed Tree Program
195
Legal Authority and Significance of California Program
196

Phymatotrichum Root Rot
21
Hard Root Rot
22
Wood Rots
24
Areolate Spot or Mancha Areolada
25
Corticium Blight in Panama
26
Citrus Blast and Black Pit
28
Mai Secco
29
Diplodia Twig Blight
31
Sclerotinia Twig Blight
32
Citrus Scab
33
Greasy Spot
35
Tar Spot
36
Various Leaf Spots
39
Felt
40
Septoria Spot
41
Black Spot
42
Citrus Knots Galls WitchesBrooms
46
Leprosis
47
Mesophyll Collapse
48
June Drop of Fruitlets
49
Creasing of Orange Fruit
52
Membranous Stain
53
Albedo Browning
54
Valencia Rind Spot
55
Rind Stipple of Grapefruit
56
Gum Spot of Citrus Leaves
58
Injury by Sulfur FungicidesInsecticides
59
Injury by Plant Growth Regulators
61
Literature Cited
62
Virus and Viruslike Diseases
67
The Psorosis Diseases
69
Importance and Distribution
70
Diseases of the Psorosis Group
72
Relationships of Diseases in the Psorosis Group
80
Transmission and Spread
84
Control of Psorosis
85
The TristezaDisease Complex
87
Historical Developments
88
Economic Importance
90
Symptomatology
93
Transmission and Spread
103
Host Range of Tristeza Virus Complex
104
Exocortis
109
Geographic Distribution and Host Range
111
Control
112
Xyloporosis Cachexia
115
Symptomatology
116
Transmission and Spread
117
Control
120
Stubborn Disease
121
Symptomatology
122
Nature of Causal Agent
126
Transmission and Spread
127
Control or Prevention
129
Greening Disease
131
Nature Transmission and Spread
132
Control
133
Citrus Dieback Disease
135
Control
136
LeafMottleYellows Disease
137
Host Range
138
Control
139
Citrus VeinPhloem Degeneration
140
Symptomatology and Host Range
141
Influence of Tissue Wounding on Gall Development
142
Importance of Woody Gall
143
Transmission of Causal Virus
144
Satsuma Dwarf
145
Transmission and Spread
146
Varietal Reaction to Satsuma Dwarf
147
Citrange Stunt
149
Transmission and Spread
151
Importance
152
Impietratura
153
Transmission and Spread
154
Control
155
Symptomatology
156
Symptomatology
157
Transmission
158
Importance
159
Leaf Curl
160
Possible Relation to Other Citrus Viruses
161
Symptomatology
162
Host Range and Importance
163
Transmission and Control
164
Control
165
Symptomatology
166
Field Spread
167
Tarocco Pit
168
Gummy Bark of Sweet Orange
169
BudUnion Crease
170
Some Apparently Inherited Disorders of Citrus
171
Financing of California Programs
197
Preregistration Procedures
198
Propagation of Nursery Stock from Registered Trees
199
The Brazilian Programs
200
Indexing
201
Electron Microscopy
202
TissueGraft Indexing
203
Indexing Procedures
208
Literature Cited
219
Regulatory Measures for Pest and Disease Control
223
The Purpose of Plant Quarantine
224
Conditions Necessary for Pest Species Establishment
225
Adherence to Quarantine Regulations
226
Current Quarantines Protecting the US Citrus Industry
227
Nursery Inspection
228
Manpower and Inspection
229
Pest and Disease Detection
230
Methods Used in Citrus Pest and Disease Detection
231
Evaluation of Detection
232
Eradication of Introduced Pests and Diseases
233
Citrus Disease Eradication Programs
235
Literature Cited
236
Vertebrate Pests of Citrus
237
Control of Vertebrates
238
Behavioral Manipulation
239
Mammal Pests in the United States
241
Meadow Mice
247
Ground Squirrels
252
Jack Rabbits
254
Cottontails
256
Tree Squirrels
257
Cotton Rats
258
Pine Mice
259
Commensal Rats and House Mice
260
Raccoons
262
Deer Mice
263
Moles
264
Avian Pests in Citrus
265
Parrots
266
RedWhiskered Bulbuls
268
Crows
269
Safety Precautions
270
Acknowledgments
271
Literature Cited
272
Biological Control of Citrus Insects
276
The Historical Background of Biological Control
277
The Procedures in Biological Control
278
Progress in Control of Specific Pests
279
The Fluted Scales Margarodidae
280
Icerya seychellarum Westw
282
Other Fluted Scales
283
Yellow Scale Aonidiella citrina Coq
285
Purple Scale Lepidosaphes beckii Newm
286
Glover Scale Lepidosaphes gloverii Pack
287
Yanone Scale Unaspis yanonensis Kuw
288
Nigra Scale Saissetia nigra Nietn
290
Citricola Scale Coccus pseudomagnoliarum Kuw
291
Red Wax Scale Ceroplastes rubens Mask
292
The Mealybugs Pseudococcidae
293
Citrophilus Mealybug Pseudococcus fragilis Brain
294
LongTailed Mealybug Pseudococcus longispinus TargioniTazzetti
295
Greens Mealybug Pseudococcus citriculus Green
296
The Whiteflies and Blackflies Aleyrodidae
297
Spiny Blackfly Aleurocanthus spiniferus Quaint
299
Citrus Whitefly Dialeurodes citri Ashm
300
Woolly Whitefly Aleurothrixus floccosus Mask
301
The Fruit Flies Tephritidae and Other Fruit Feeders
302
Natal Fruit Fly Pterandus rosa Karsch
303
Queensland Fruit Fly Dacus tryoni Frogg
304
Mexican Fruit Fly Anastrepha ludens Loew
305
Biology of Parasitic Insects
306
Supersedence of Parasite Species
307
Mass Production of Parasites and Predators
308
Effects of Insecticides Upon Biological Control
310
Microbial Control
313
The Time Required for Biological Control
315
Ants in Relation to Biological Control
316
Literature Cited
317
Nematodes Attacking Citrus
321
Nematodes and Mineral Nutrition
322
Nematodes and Soil Types
326
Nematodes Soil Moisture and Oxygen Supply
327
Nematode Hosts
328
Nematode Control
329
Spreading Decline
331
Control of Burrowing Nematode
336
Other Nematodes Pathogenic on Citrus
337
Literature Cited
342
Appendix 1 Conversion Tables for Temperature Area Length Weight Yield Volume and Tree Spacing
347
Index
353
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Referências a este livro

Citrus: The Genus Citrus
Giovanni Dugo,Angelo Di Giacomo
Pré-visualização limitada - 2003
Citrus: The Genus Citrus
Giovanni Dugo,Angelo Di Giacomo
Pré-visualização limitada - 2003
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