Technology, Adaptation, and Exports: How Some Developing Countries Got it Right
The literature on technological change and growth has mainly used econometric models to establish that factors such as the degree of openness, skills, research and development expenditures, number of patents etc. are critical determinants of innovation and its effect on growth. However, this approach fails to explain the role of institutions and policies that created the environment for innovation. Using 10 case studies from developing countries, this book examines how governments fostered technological adaptation through public-private partnerships to develop world-class exporters in high-growth, non-traditional industries.
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activities agencies agricultural beneﬁts capabilities capital certiﬁcation Chile Chilean wine China cluster companies competitive coordination CORFO costs country’s crops cultivation cut ﬂowers developing countries domestic Economic electronics industry engineers European European Union expanded farmers FELDA ﬁeld ﬁgure ﬁnance ﬁnancial ﬁrst ﬁsh ﬁsh-processing ﬁsheries foreign ﬁrms Fundación Chile global government’s grapes growers growth hectares horticulture important improved incentives increased India Indian software industry’s infrastructure innovation inputs institutions investment Karnataka Kenya knowledge Korea Kuala Lumpur labor Maharashtra maize major Malaysia manufacturing ment million MNCs multinationals NASSCOM Nile perch oil palm operations organizations palm oil Penang percent plants private sector production promote Rasiah role salmon farming seed semiconductor signiﬁcant skills software industry Source speciﬁc standards strategy Taiwan Taiwanese technical technological adaptation technological change tion tons trade Uganda United upgrading value chain
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Página 121 - ... ended in failure). Technology in this instance was leveraged from the UK firm Lotus under the auspices of ITRI's Mechanical Engineering Laboratory. This has resulted in several participant Taiwanese automotive firms becoming engine producers, through a consortium, the Taiwan Engine Company, now a successful exporter of engines to China.
Página 116 - Likewise in aerospace, the attempts by the Taiwanese to launch aircraft projects, through technology transfer from European and US producers, have yet to meet with success. The reasons for these shortcomings are many. While undoubtedly there were failings on the Taiwanese side, in terms of technological or marketing deficiencies, there were also powerful factors working against their success in the very nature of the industry. Whereas the semiconductor industry and electronics and IT generally are...
Página 332 - Kasekende, L. and G. Ssemogerere (1994), "Exchange Rate Unification and Economic Development: The Case of Uganda, 1987-92", World Development Vol.
Página 191 - Sixth Malaysia Plan, 1991-1995. Kuala Lumpur: Government Printers. 1996. Seventh Malaysia Plan, 1996-2000. Kuala Lumpur: Government Printers.
Página 160 - Rasiah, R., 1995, Foreign Capital and Industrialization in Malaysia, Basingstoke: Macmillan. Rasiah, R., 1996, 'Institutions and Innovations: Moving Towards the Technology Frontier in the Electronics Industry in Malaysia', Industry- and Innovation, Vol.
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