Technology, Adaptation, and Exports: How Some Developing Countries Got it Right

Vandana Chandra
World Bank Publications, 01/01/2006 - 381 páginas
1 Crítica
The literature on technological change and growth has mainly used econometric models to establish that factors such as the degree of openness, skills, research and development expenditures, number of patents etc. are critical determinants of innovation and its effect on growth. However, this approach fails to explain the role of institutions and policies that created the environment for innovation. Using 10 case studies from developing countries, this book examines how governments fostered technological adaptation through public-private partnerships to develop world-class exporters in high-growth, non-traditional industries.

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Página 342 - States became a member of the International Union for the Pro-tection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV).
Página 257 - EurepGAP's aim is to develop widely accepted standards and procedures for the global certification of good agricultural practices (GAP).
Página 80 - Arora, Ashish, Alfonso Gambardella, and Salvatore Torrisi [2001 ]. In the Footsteps of Silicon Valley? Indian and Irish Software in the International Division of Labor, SIEPR Discussion paper No.
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Página 121 - ... ended in failure). Technology in this instance was leveraged from the UK firm Lotus under the auspices of ITRI's Mechanical Engineering Laboratory. This has resulted in several participant Taiwanese automotive firms becoming engine producers, through a consortium, the Taiwan Engine Company, now a successful exporter of engines to China.
Página 116 - Likewise in aerospace, the attempts by the Taiwanese to launch aircraft projects, through technology transfer from European and US producers, have yet to meet with success. The reasons for these shortcomings are many. While undoubtedly there were failings on the Taiwanese side, in terms of technological or marketing deficiencies, there were also powerful factors working against their success in the very nature of the industry. Whereas the semiconductor industry and electronics and IT generally are...
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Página 191 - Sixth Malaysia Plan, 1991-1995. Kuala Lumpur: Government Printers. 1996. Seventh Malaysia Plan, 1996-2000. Kuala Lumpur: Government Printers.
Página 160 - Rasiah, R., 1995, Foreign Capital and Industrialization in Malaysia, Basingstoke: Macmillan. Rasiah, R., 1996, 'Institutions and Innovations: Moving Towards the Technology Frontier in the Electronics Industry in Malaysia', Industry- and Innovation, Vol.
Página 81 - Indian software industry development: international and national perspective', Economic and Political Weekly, 36 (44). Kumar, N. (2001 b), 'National innovation system and Indian software industry development...

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