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APPENDICES.

APPENDICES.

APPENDIX A.

itemigius's Profession to Lanfranc.1

Tempore quo ego Remigius Dorcacensis, et Legoracensis, et Lincolniensis provinciae, ceterarumque provinciarum quibus antecessores mei prsefuerunt, sum electus antistes, sanctae Cantuariensi ecclesiae Stigandus pra;sidebat. Cum enim, contempta Helmeanensis9 ecclesiae mediocritate, translatus esset ad Wentanae civitatis episcopum, stimulante adhuc majoris honoris ambitu, post paucos annos Robertum archiepiscopum partim vi partim insidiis expulit,3 metropolem invasit, paUium quod a sede apostolica ipse detulerat cum ceteris ablatum usurpare non metuit. Qua temeritate Romae audita, a Romanis pontificibus saepe vocatus, tandem damnatus et excommunicatus est. Ipse tamen

1 Gervase of Canterbury tells us (Twysden, 1653, 1 . 62), that archbishop lanfranc, after his full- accession to Canterbury, " ab omnibus "suffraganets Cantuariensis eccle"sia; petiit et accepit professiones." The above is the profession made by Remigius, as preserved in a Cotton MS. of the British Museum, Cleopatra E. 1. The profession by bishop Wulfstan of Worcester is printed in Freeman's History of the Norman Conquest, ii. 607, who thanks Professor Stubbs for a copy of it. I have equally to thank him

for a copy of this profession of Remigius.

2 Stigand was consecrated bishop of Elmham April 3, 1043; was translated to Winchester in 1047, and to Canterbury in 1052.

• What this profession says of archbishops Robert and Stigand is, of course, the Norman and Roman version of the story. As to the English version, and a masterly discussion as to the position of Stigand, see Freeman's History of the Norman Conquest, ii. 339-344, and uote U, 604, &c.

decem et novem annis in sui cordis obstinatione permansit. Quo tanti temporis intervallo, prsefatae Romans ecclesire pontifices, Leo, Victor, Stephanus, Nicolaus, Alexander, legatos suos suis quisque temporibus in Anglicam terram transmiserunt; et ne aliquis ad eum ordinandus accederet, apostolica authoritate prohibuerunt. Ego vero hujus negotii nec ex toto ignarus, nec usquequaque gnarus, ordinandus ad eum veni, professionem sibi suisque successoribus feci, curamque episcopalem de manu ipsius me coasecrantis accepi. Post paucos dies pnefatus dominus Alexander papa legatos suos in terram Anglorum transmisit, eumque deponi,1 omnesque qui ab eo ordinati sunt aut abjici aut ab officiis suspendi praecepit. Verum te, ejusdem sanctae metropolitanse sedis antistes Lanfrance, Romam petente, praefatum papam adii, teque mediante indulgentiam petii et impetravi.9 Cognoscens igitur, ex auctoritate praefati papae, nec eum antecessorem tuum fuisse, nec te successorem ipsius existere, tibi quidem de obedientia mea scriptam professionem porrigo; meque tuis, omniumque qui tibi successuri sunt, jussionibus obtemperaturum esse promitto.

1 The deposition of Stigand was at the council of Winchester in April 1070 (Flor. Wore. ii. 5). Lanfranc was consecrated to Canterbury August 29 of the same year (Ibid. p. 7).

2 This was in 1071. Compare Eadmer's Hilt. Nov. (Selden, p. 7), who is closely followed by Malmsbury in De Gest. Pont. (Savile, 105 b), and Diceto (Twygden, 484). These writers have no mention of Remigius's consecration by Stigand, and therefore impending suspension ; but they give a worse objec

tion, made before the pope, to Remigius's promotion to Lincoln, viz., that he had by actual previous bargain procured a bishoprick from William, in return for the aid he was bringing to the conquest of England. Eadmer not unnaturally gives this, the great objection, without mentioning minor ones: this profession naturally gives only what concerned Lanfranc as primate. They agree about Lanfranc's mediation, and the pope's consequent indulgence to Remigius.

153

APPENDIX B.

Obituary, 12th Centuey, Lincoln Cathedral.

Incipiunt Obitus ANNIVERSARIORUM PER ANNI CmCDLTJM.

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Idus. i Eodem die 8 Adeliza, mater episcopi Robert!.4 six. I Kl' Februarii. Eodem die 9 Godefridus, canonicns et I I sacerdos.

1 Of course, in the original, the calendar of days is complete throughout the year,—" Kal. Januarii," " iiii. "Non.," "iii. Non.," &c. I omit the days to which no entry is attached, excepting the first day of each month.

2 Colsnen occurs in Domesday as an owner of property in Lincoln, &c. Picqt, his son, must have held some high office at Lincoln temp. Henry L In Dugdale are four charters of this king (Nos. 8,18, 26, and 28, under Lincoln cathedral), touching grants in Lincoln or Lincolnshire, which are addressed, "Osberto viceeomiti Lincolia;, et "Picoto filio Colsueni, et omnibus "baronibus suis et fidelibus," &c.,

or "Ranulpho Meschino, Osberto "vicecomiti, et Picoto filio Col"sueni," &c. In a Peterborough Register, in a document of 1127 or very nearly, he is said to hold half a carucate of land at Riseholm, which had been given to his father by the abbot, "tali servicio, quod "esset ad placita abbatis, et manu"teneret res suas et homines suos "in scira et in aliis locis " (Chron. Petroburg. of Camden Society, 175, 1. 4).

The death of Beatrix, wife of Picot, occurs infra, March 7.

* Robert Bloet. See supra, 33, n. 4.

4 Robert de Chesney, 4th bishop, I suppose.

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