Imagens das páginas

M°ccix. episcopatum adeptus, vii. Idus Februarii
M°ccxxxv., ia Domino, ut traditur, obdormivit.

Hie aulam episcopalem, a sancto Hugone egregie inchoatam, ut praemittitur, et coquinam, sumptuoso opere consummavit. Et plura alia bona fecit.

Robert Anno autem quo praedictus obiit Hugo, electus fuit bishop'*' 1n episcopum Robertus dictus Grosteste, canonicus ec1235-1253. clesiae Lincolniensis, et a aancto Edmundo archiepiscopo Cantuariensi consecratus.1 Hie fuit eminenti praeclarus scientia literarum, et doctor theologiae famosus: cujus

At the opiniones2 a theologia reputantur. Hie per

I^mufin' sonaliter interfuit concilio Lugdunensi, sub Innocentio 1245. quarto pontifice celebrato; in quo depositus fuit ab imperio Fredericus. Hie missus prsedicare,3 praedicatoris

his election to Lincoln in 1209, he
was sent by John into Normandy,
to be consecrated by the archbishop
of Rouen. Instead of this he went
to Langton, and was consecrated by
him at Melun, December 20 of that
year (Wendover, iii. 231). John,
of course, seized the bishoprick of
Lincoln into his hands; and Hugh
de Wells, of course, did not return
into England until after John had

He died, as our author says,
February 7, 1235. His will is pre-
served at Lincoln, dated June 1,
1233, which I give infra in Ap-
pendix G.

The invaluable Rolls and Registers of the bishops of Lincoln, —perfect, almost, henceforward up to about 1500, and far later for anything I can say to the contrary,— commence iu January 1220, the 11th year of his pontificate.

1 Grostfite was consecrated at Reading; but the day on which the consecration took place is vari

ously stated by such chroniclers as give it The Winchester Annals say, 15 Kal. June, i.e. May 18; the Tewkesbury, June 15. Wendover and M. Paris say, June 3; Thos. Wikes, June 17; and the Lanercost chronicler, September 29. Of these days in 1235, all but June 3 and 17 must at once be dismissed as impossible, because not falling on a Sunday. Professor Stubbs, in his Episcopal Succession, has adopted Wikes's date, June 17. He no doubt had good reason for this; but Wendover's June 3, to ordinary comprehension, seems to rest on far better authority.

2 We have here only Brown Willis's very corrupt extracts. The gap is according to him.

a Here again we have only Brown Willis. His reading looks more like "pedicone" than predicate. Perhaps Schalby wrote "Huic com"missa proodicatione," or something like it. The gap after nedum is according to Brown Willis.

officium ad quem pertinuit delinquentes arguere sic Hispreach-
implevit, quod nedum .... pontificem, sed et curiales JJ* ^JjJ*
super multis arguere non expavit: cujus prsetextu in- and curt
dignationem incurrit non modicam eorundem. Hie His guit'
litem contra capitulum suutn Lincolniense, super jure with his
visitandi idem capitulum, ac prebendas exteriores pre- andvic-
bendis interioribus annexas, ecclesias de communa, aliis- tory.
que pluribus articulis, in Romana curia obtinebat1 et
sententiam reportavit. Zelum ferventissimum habens His fervent
ad procurandam salutem ammarum in sua diocesi, ct ru1jng j,}s
hoc in pontificis officii executione sollicita ostendere diocese,
non cessavit; et sic, in dilectione libertatis ecclesiasticae,
murum pro domo Domini se opposuit, quod episcopi
nomen recte sibi competere comprobavit. Cum his et
aliis meritis pius episcopus hie fulguit, decidit in aegri-
tudinem; qua ab hac luce subtractus, vi. idus Octobris2 His death.
M°ccliil, ad gaudia sanctorum transivit

Nam post ipsius obitum, bonorum omnium Retri- Miracles
butor Altissimus operari dignatus est pro eodem plu-afterwards-
rima miracula manifesta. Inter quae, tumba marmorea
ejusdem viri Dei oleum purissimum repetitis vicibus,
plurimis in ecclesia praesentibus, emanavit. Et hcet

1 The Dunstable Annals (p. 168, Luard) tell us that Grostete obtained this victory over the canons of Lincoln, in the council at Lyons in 1245.

"There is great variety again, as of the day of his consecration, so of the day of his death, amongst the chroniclers who mention it. They all agree, however, as to the month and year. He died 4 Non. October (October 4), according to the Winchester Annals; Non. (October 7), Continuation of Flor. of Wore, and the Burton Annals; 8 Id. (October 8), the Peterborough Chronicle (Camden Society), and the Spalding

Chronicle (CAron. Angl. Petriburg.
of Sparke and Giles); 7 Id. (Oc-
tober 9), M. Paris; on St Calix-
tus's day, October 14, the Dunstable

The 6 Id. (October 10) of my text
is probably the true day. The autho-
rity for its having been the reading
of J. de Schalby, is a note in Rich-
ardson's Godwin: " Ita Martilogium
"penes Dec. et Cap. Line." Brown
Willis, who alone gives us here the
text of Schalby, has "Idus " only.
Ilichardson'g note is very far more
trustworthy. This day is adopted,
without hesitation, by Professor
Stubbs, in bis Episcopal Succession.

s Ineffectual decanus et capitulum Lincolniense pro canonizatione his'cano'-' ejusdem1 sedi apostolicae scripserint vicibus repetitis, nization. muniti literis regularibus, et procerum regni tam clericorum quam laicorum, miracula ad invocationem Dei ob merita dicti viri facta testificantibus, una cum vita et conversatione ejusdem, in nullo, ante confectionem praesentis tractatus, qua de causa Deus novit, proficere potuerunt.

Henry de Successit dicto Roberto Henricus de Lexington. bishop0"' Qu* 1n cra8tino beati Thomae martyris Mcclihi.2 in epi


1 The great effort for his canoni-
zation seems to have been about
1307 ; see Godwin, and Richardson's
note, and Wharton's Anglia Sacra,
ii. 343. As to his beatitude, the
Lincoln authorities settled the matter
for themselves, notwithstanding the
refusal of papal canonization. His
"tumba " had its regular custodians,
its devotees, and its offerings. In
1314 bishop Dalderby,— himself
afterwards in like manner a saint of
Lincoln, though rejected as such at
Rome,—granted an indulgence of
forty days to worshippers at Gros-
tete's tomb (Mem. Dalderby, MS.
Line, f. 278). In after times the
"tumba; " of bishops Grostete and
Dalderby seem to have received
almost as much veneration as the
"feretrum" of St. Hugh. There
are many mentions of them; I will
give one instance : in 1345, Gal-
frid Luterel, lord of Irnham, be-
queaths in his will, " feretro S. Hu-
"gonis quoddam jocale argenteum
"de ponderc 20s., item ad tumbam
"S. Roberti unum jocale argen-
"teum de pondere 20s., item ad
"tumbam S. Joh. de Dalderby
"unum jocale argenteum de pon- i

"dere 20s." (Mem. Beck., MS. Line, f. 101.)

- Mccliiii.] i.e. reckoning the year as beginning with. Christmas dayHe was elected December 30, 1253, consecrated May 17, 1254, and enthroned at Lincoln June 29 (Dunstable Annals, p. 190, Luard). All authorities, I believe, who mention the day, place his death, with our author, on August 8, 1258.

Henry de Lexinton had been dean of Lincoln since 1245. He was one of several eminent brothers, of a family who took their name from Lexinton, now Laxton, Notts. One of these brothers, Robert de Lexinton,—past and present associations are my excuse for adding, —was a canon of Southwell, and a large benefactor there. Amongst other benefactions, he gave to Southwell the rectory of Barnburgh, which I now hold. None of these brothers left issue. On the death of the bishop of Lincoln in 1258, their large possessions came to Richard de Markham and William de Sutton, sons of sisters (Excerpt, c Sot. Fin., Record Commission, ii. 250, 287). For many genera

scopum Lincolniensem electus, et eodem anno consecratus, tandem sexto Iduum Augusti Mcclviii. terminum vitae posuit temporalis.

Huic Henrico successit Ricardus de Gravesend, Richard de ecclesiae Lincolniensis decanus. Qui eodem quo dictus j,isnop,' Henricus obiit anno electus fuit in episcopum et con- 1258-1279. secratus.1

Hie plures ecclesias suo capitulo appropriavit; et His many advocationes plurium ecclesiarum sibi et suis succes- {"ions'"0" soribus impetravit.2 Hie statuit ut choristae ecclesiae, duodecim numero, qui prius vixerant de elemosina canonicorum, ex tunc sub uno magistro viverent in communi, et inhabitarent commuhiter unam domum. Et ad sustentationem eorum tam pensiones, quam alios proventus ecclesiasticos, ex quibus possent competenter vivere, assignavit. Hie calicem unum aureum pretiosum, imaginem gloriosae Virginia Mariae argenteam deauratam, et alias imagines argenteas deauratas, ecclesiae suae contulit: et tam vestibus preciosis, quam capis, et pannis sericis, multipliciter adornavit. Ob quod eterna erit in memoria nomen ejus.

Hujus tempore controversia magna, qu£e inter archi- The conepiscopum Cantuariensem Bonifacium ex parte una, ac wTtb^arch

decanum et capitulum ecclesiae Lincolniensis ex altera, bishop of



tions afterwards, Markham was a j 1258, and died on Monday, Decemname of fame in Notts. The ber 18, 1279. He had succeeded

manor of Averham, Notts, was part of the property which came to Wm. de Sutton, and still belongs to Mr. Manners Sutton, a descendant through an heiress who married a Manners. The present Sir John Sutton, and his brothers, and others of the name, are direct descendants, in the male line, from the Wm de Sutton of 1258.

1 lie was consecrated November 3,

Lexinton as dean in 1254. He was
a warm adherent of Simon de Mont-
fort, and suffered grievously in con-
sequence (Chron. Petroburg., Cam-
den Soc., 19; and Dunstable Annals,
247, Luard).

2 Gravesend's benefactions, with
an enumeration of the churches
acquired by him, will be found
more fully described in the Chapter
Act (Appendix H., infra).

super exercitio jurisdictionis in ecclesiis et diocesi Lincolniensi, ipsius sede vacante, inchoata fuerat, conquiD^di8!h' evit.1 Obiit Ricardus 15 Ka1 . Jan. 1279.


Oliver de Dicto autem Ricardo successit magister Oliverus de bishop' Sutton, canonicus Lincolniensis ecclesiae et decanus. 1280-1299. Qui viii. Idus Februarii,8 eodem anno quo dictus Ricardus obiit, in episcopum Lincolniensem per viam inspirationis electus, die sancti Dunstani prosequente8 fuit a Johanne Cantuariensi archiepiscopo consecratus. His learn- Hie vir fuit literatus, utpote qui in artibus rexerat, mg' in jure civili et canonico studuerat; et in theologia proposuerat ascendisse cathedram magistralem, sed retraxit eum a proposito assumptio sua in decanum dictae ecclesiae cathedralis. His good Hie, fultus ingenuo natali, fuit in regimine tam men^and temporalium quam spiritualium circumspectus, et domui non-extor- suae bene propositus; non tamen cupidus, nec extorter. tlou' Omnem enim pecuniam, ad quam mulctaverat adulteros vel fornicatores, seu aliter delinquentes, fratribus mendicantibus, pauperibus monialibus, et pauperibus parochiarum in quibus delicta fuerunt perpetrata, per manus delinquentium, subdecanorum ruralium testimonio, fecit solvi; nihil de pecunia hujusmodi retinens sibi ipsi. Servos suos nativos, per maneria constitutes, in nullo extra suum servitium debitum et solitum, exactionibus

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