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fireless. The and most of by some
all the principal officers, by some mischance ran foul of the Detroit, and most of the guns of both vessels became useless. They were now compelled to sustain an incessant fire from the Niagara, and the other vessels of the American squadron, which came to her support. The flag of captain Barclay was soon after struck, and the colours of the Queen Charlotte, and of all the other vessels, followed in succession, after a severe and bloody conflict of three hours. The loss of the Americans was twenty-seven kil. led, and ninety-six wounded, among the former, one lieutenant of marines, and one midshipman; among the latter, one lieutenant, one master, one purser, and two midshipmen. The British loss was three officers and thirty-eight men killed, and nine officers and eighty-five men wounded ; among the latter, the gallant captain Barclay, dangerously: captain Finnis, of the Queen Charlotte, was killed.
The Americans were now masters of lake Erie ; but their territory was still in the possession of general Proctor. The next movement was against the British and Indians at Detroit, and at Malden. Four thousand Kentuckians, with the governor at their head, arrived at general Harrison's camp; and with the co-operation of the feet, it was determined to proceed at once to Malden, while colonel Johnson was ordered to proceed to Detroit, On the 27th, the troops were received on board, and on the same day reached a point below Malden; which had been evacuated by the British general, Proctor, who, with the Indians under Tecumsech, had retreated along the river Thames. On the 2d of October, the Americans marched with 3,500 men in pursuit of general Proctor, and the first day proceeded twenty-six miles. On the 4th, they were detained by an attack from a large body of Indians, who were dispersed, and 2,000 stand of arms captured: the day following they reached the place where the enemy had edcamped. Colonel Johnson went forward to reconnoitre, and found the British drawn up in battle array; their right wing consisting of the Indians, under Tecumsech, who were posted in a swamp. The Americans were formed in two lines, with cavalry in the front opposed to the savages.
Upon the left, the action was begun by Tecumsech with great fury; and colonel Johnson, who commanded on that flank, received a galling fire. The combat now raged with unusual violence; the Indians, to the amount of 1,300, seemed determined to maintain their ground to the last; and the terrible voice of Tecumsech could be disNo. XI.
tinctly heard, encouraging his warriors, who fought round their gallant chief with determined courage. An incident soon occurred which decided the contest. Colonel Johnson rushed forward towards the spot, where the the Indians, clustering about their undaunted leader, contending with the utmost fury, and found himself in the midst of them, while a hundred rifles were aimed at him. The colonel, being mounted on an elegant white horse, was a very conspicuous object; and his holsters, clothes, and accoutrements were pierced with bullets; himself having received five wounds, and his horse pine. At the instant his horse was about to sink under him, the daring Kentuokian, covered with blood from his wounds, was discovered by Tecumsech. The heroic chief, having discharged his rifle, sprang forward with his tomohawk; but struck with the appearance of his brave antagonist, and somewhat startled by the determined glance of his eye, hesitated for a moment, and that moment was his last. The colonel levelled a pistol at his breast, and they both, al. most at the same instant, fell to the ground-Tecumsech to rise no more.* The Kentucky volunteers rushed forward to the rescue of their leader, while the Indian chiefs and warriors, surrounding the body of their great chief. tian, fought with the utmost desperation ; but no looger stimulated by his animating voice and example, soon after fled in confusion, Near the spot where this scene occurred, thirty Indians were found dead, and six of their opponents. In this engagement, the British loss was ninety killed, and 150 wounded ; the Indians left 120 on the field, The American loss, in killed and wounded, amounted to upwards of fifty. After the action, general Proctor retreated along the river Thames, leaving several pieces of brass cannon, and his travelling carriage, containing all his private papers. The Indian chiefs now came forward
Thus fell, about the fortieth year of his age, Tecumsech, the most celebrated Indian warrior that ever raised the tonohawk against white men; and with bim fell the hopes of the Indians attached to the British army. Biit he fell respected by his epemies, as a great and magnanimous clief; for though he never took prisoners in battle, he treated with humanity those that had been taken by others; and at the defeat of colonel Dudley, in attempting to relieve fort Meigs, actually pat to death a chief whon, he found engaged in the work of massacre. He was endowed with a powerful mind, and possessed ine soul of a hero; bad an uncom mon dignity in his countenance and manners, by which marks he could be easily distinguished, even after death, from the rest of the slain ; for be wore no mark of distinction. When girded with a silk sash, and told hy general Proctor that he was made a brigadier in the British service, he retorted the present with respectful contempt. Born with po title to command but bis nati
greatness, every tribe yielded submission to him at once; and no one ever disputed his authority. His form was uncommonly clegunt, bis' stature about six feet, and his limbs perfectly proportioned:
and sued for peace, which was granted them, on condition of declaring against their former friends, which they immediately did, and were supported at the expence of the American government during the ensuing winter. The Indian war in this quarter being now at an end, and the frontier secured, the greater part of the volunteers were permitted to return home; and general Harrison, after stationing general Cass at Detroit, with about 1,000 men, proceeded, with the remainder of his force, to join the army of the centre at Buffalo, on lake Erie.
Another attempt on Canada, meeting of congress, northern coast invaded, &c.—The successful operation's of the north-western army, and the victory oó'lake Erie, had opened the way to a more effectoal invasion of Canada. The season was already far advanced, yet much might be done; but perhaps to satisfy the public expectation to the extent it had been raised by the success of general Harrison, was scarcely possible. Aftet the resigpation of general Dearborne, general Wilkinson, who commanded in the south, was called to the command of the northern army. The force under his orders, on the Niagara, amounted to 8,000 regulars, besides those under Harrison, which were expected in October. General Hampton was also called from the south, and appointed to command a part of the army of the north, then encamped at Plattsburgh, on lake Champlain, which amounted to about 4,000 men. As the season for military operations was drawing to a close, measures were immediately taken for carrying into effect the projected invasion. The outline of the plan was simply this, to descend the St. Law, rence, passing the British posts above, to join general Hampton at some appointed place on the river, and then proceed direct to Montreal; after which, says Wilkinson's proclamation, “ your artillery, bayonets, and swords, must secure you a triumph, or provide for you honourable graves." Grenadier's island, situated between Sacket'sharbour, on lake Ontario, and in the state of New York, and Kingston, in Upper Canada, which are only thirty-six miles apart, was the place appointed for the different corps of the army to assemble; being only a few miles distant from the river St. Lawrence.
On the 2d of Oetober, general Wilkinson left fort George, with the principal body of the troops, and soon after reached the island ; and by the 23d, above 7,000 men had arrived at the same place. Having provided boats to transport the artillery through the St. Lawrence, and left colonel Denpis in the command of Sacket's-harbour, the · general proceeded to put the army in motion ; but in consequence of high winds, it was not until the 25th that the vessels could get under weigh. Intelligence was now received, that the British commander was concentrating his force at Kingston, conceiving that place to be the object of attack; in consequence of this information, general Wilkinson, in order to favour the idea, appointed Frenchcreek as the place of rendezvous. On the 1st of November, a British squadron made its appearance near Frenchcreek, with a large body of infantry, but were prevented from landing by a heavy fire of artillery: the attempt was renewed next morning, but with no better success, and they soon after crossed the river. On the 6th, the American army was put in motion, and the same evening landed within six miles of the British fort Prescott, which they endeavoured to pass unobserved, but the moon shining at the time, they were discovered by the enemy, who opened a brisk and well-directed fire. General Brown, with a flotilla of 300 boats, was now in the rear, and waiting until the night grew darker, proceeded down the river, but not without being perceived by the British, when a heavy fire was opened upon him ; from which he received little or no injury. Before ten o'clock the next day, they had all safely arrived at the place of destination. A messenger was now despatched to general Hampton, informing him of the movement of the army, and requiring his co-operation,
The British by this time had penetrated the design of the invading arıny, and used every exertion to counteract it. A corps of observation, under colonel Morrison, had been appointed to watch the movements of general Wilkinson's army, and if possible to impede its progress. The American flotilla, in attempting to proceed down the river, was exposed to repeated attacks at the narrow parts of the stream, where they approached within musket shot. At length, after many dangers and obstruc. tions, they came to about six miles below Hamilton, and there received intelligence, that their advanced guard of 1,200 men, under colonel M‘Comb, had been engaged with the enemy, but without being repulsed, and that some British cavalry had been collected at a place called White-house, at a contraction of the river; to which place the flotilla was ordered to proceed. But their advance was greatly retarded by the menacing position
of the British army, which hung upon their rear, and by the difficult navigation of the St. Lawrence. On'the morning of the 11th, the American general Boyd, with Dearly 4,000 men, attacked the corps of observation, under colonel Morrison, at Williamsberg. The action soon became general, when the Americans made an attempt to turn the left flank of the British, but were frustrated in their design by the excellent disposition of the troops, a part of which advanced forward, firing by platoons. Defeated in this quarter, they made a similar effort against the right, which was attended with still worse success; being obliged to surrender one of their field-pieces. Colonel Morrison, in his tury, now became the assailant, and was vigorously opposed by the American commander, who concentrated his force to prevent the advance of the British; but after a well-fought action of two hours, the Americans gave way on all sides, and abandoned their position. In this battle the loss of the British in killed and wounded amounted to 180, includiog twelve missing; on the side of the Americans, 102 were killed, 237 wounded, and above 100 taken prisoners; among the wounded were general Covington, mortally, one colonel, three majors, five captains, and five lieu. tenants.
On the 13th, general Wilkinson, who had been for some time confined to his bed, received a letter from general Hampton, stating, that from the scarcity of provisions he could not bring his troops forward according to orders; but that he should retire to Plattsburgh, with a view of opening a communication between the two armies further down the river. This letter, which was considered as a refusal on the part of Hampton to cooperate, put an end at once to the further prosecution of the design against Montreal; and the American army crossed the St. Lawrence, and went into winter-quarters at French-mills. The troops under general Hampton soon followed the example; and in consequence of his illness, the command was assumed by general Izard.
The repeated disasters which had attended the different attempts on Canada, had now left that country without fear of invasion; and the British army were enabled to act on the offensive. On the 10th of December, a detachment under colonel Murray, arrived in the neighbourhood of fort George, then in possession of the Americans. General M-Clure, who commanded the garri. son, on the approach of the enemy, blew up the fort, and passed the river; having previously burnt the beautiful