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connects Boston with Charlestown, in Middlesex county, and is 1,500 feet long, forty-two broad, and stands upon seventy-five piers; it cost the subscribers 50,000 dollars. Malden bridge, over Mystic river, is upwards of 2,400 feet in length. West bridge stands on 180 piers, and is 3,483 feet long, and forty broad, with a causeway of 3,344 feet more; this bridge connects Boston with Cambridge, and cost 76,700 dollars. They are all built of wood, and the toll is very reasonable, Like most of the old towns in England, Roston is irregularly built, many of the streets being crooked and narrow; but the more modern part is regular, and the streets broad and well paved. he streets, lanes, and alleys amount to about 500, and there are five publie squares; none of them of great extent, except the Mall, which is a very elegant piece of ground in front of the state-house. The number of dwelling houses is above 4,000, and by the last census the population amounted to 33,250; at present it exceeds 40,000. The greater part of the houses are built of brick, and many of them are spacious and elegant. The public buildings are the state-house, court-house, concert-hall, Faneuil-hall, alms-house, work-house, bridewell, jail, museum, library, and theatre. There are twenty-four places of public worship; viz. twelve congregationalists (nine of which are said to be unitarians,) two episcopalian, three baptist, one for blacks, one quaker, one universalist, one Roman catholic, two methodist, and one travelling methodist preachers. These buildings are in general very handsome, and most of the churches are brmamented with spires, clocks, and bells. There being here no peculiar state religion, men may choose to which of the sects they shall belong ; but they are compelled to support one of them, and should they neither attend to the worship, nor believe in the doctrine of any of them, the payment must equally be made ; and then it goes to the funds of the congregationalist body. The principal societies in the state hold their meetings in this town, and are, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Massachusetts Historical Society, the Athenaeum, Agricultural Society, Mechanic Society, Marine Society, Charitable Fire Society, Humane Society, Medical Society, Dispensary, and the Female Asylum. Education is upon an excellent footing. There are a number of public schools, supported at the expense of the town, which are open to the children of every class of citizens, free of expense. They are managed by a committee of twenty-one Persons, chosen annually, and are under good regulations. Besides these, there are many private seminaries, where

all the various branches of education are taught; the ex

penses at one of which is about 100 dollars per annum;

fifty at a best English school; thirty-two for a middling

do. ; board from two to three dollars per week extra:

female education about twelve per cent, cheaper. Upon

the whole, Boston may, in this respect, challenge a com

petition with any city in Europe, Edinburgh perhaps excepted. The fruits of this attention to education are very apparent in the deportment of the citizens, who are intelligent, sober, and industrious; and though much attached to the subject of religion, they are extremely liberal on that head. The morals of the working classes are exemplary, and very different from what may be observed among the lower orders in the large towns of Europe. This regular conduct arises in a great measure from the comparative state of independence in which they are placed, by receiving a proper remuneration for their labour; and it appears conspicuous by the infrequency of crimes in that large and populous town. At the monthly sessions held in Boston, for May, 1818, there was only one criminal who had committed any offence whatever; this person, for entering into a merchant's office with a felonious intention, was committed to the state prison for five years. There are no beggars to be seen in the streets, nor any person that seems distressed ; all are to be found at work, or going to or from their labour; nor is employment difficult to be obtained by industrious and honest inel).

The markets are well supplied with abundance of beef,

pork, mutton, lamb, veal, and poultry, of a quality equal to any in the world; and also with meal, butter, cheese, roots, vegetables, and fruits of various kinds, in great plenty. The fish market is also excellent, and not only furnishes the tables of the rich with some of the greatest dainties, but is also a singular blessing to the poor. The following were the prices of provisions in the first week of January, 1819: beef from 4%d. to 7d. per lb.; pork 53d. to 6d. : veal, the same; mutton, 4d. to 6d. ; lamb, 3d. to 4.d.; poultry, Ild. to 13d. each ; butter, in tubs, 11d. to 12d.; ditto, fresh, 12d. to 14d. ; eggs, per dozen, 9d.; potatoes, per bushel, 1s. 10d. to 2s. 6d. ; cod-fish, haddock, &c. per lb. 2d.; ditto, per cwt. 9s. ; bay (best) per ton, twenty, dollars; flour, per barrel of 196lb. 10% dollars. , Boston is well situated for foreign commerce, of which it has a very, large share. The harbour is spacious, and capable of containing 500 sail of vessels; and there are’ above eighty wharfs constructed, one of which, Long wharf, extends into the bay 1,740 feet. The number of vessels that enter and clear out annually is immense, carrying on a commercial intercourse with all parts of Europe, with the East and West Indies, and China, besides a very extensive coasting trade. The annual exports amount to . more than 9,000,000 of dollars, and the tonnage to above 150,000 tons. The principal manufactures of Boston are of iron, leather, paper, and glass, which are brought to great perfection in all the various branches; they have also thriving manufactures of hats, sailcloth, wool and cotton cards, soap, candles, refined sugar, spermaceti, ashes, rum, paper hangings, tobacco, chocolate, &c. &c.; but one of the most important branches is ship-building, as the inhabitants seem generally more inclined to the shipping trade than to any other. The keel of a line of battle ship is laid, the frame collected, and will be set up in the summer of 1819: the frames of another ship of the line and a frigate are also preparing in the same place, where there. are large deposits of timber, iron, and copper, for the use of the navy. Workmen in any of the above trades are extremely well paid for their labour; and from the moderate price of the necessaries of life, live very comfortably. There are in Boston three incorporated banks, besides a branch of the United States bank, whose joint capitals. amount to upwards of 3,000,000 dollars, and there are three or four insurance offices, with capitals of 4 or 500,000. dollars each. Taken altogether, Boston is really a fine place, and the state of society is better than at New York. The spirit of: aristocracy, however, prevails in a great degree, and distinctions are observed to an extent rather inconsistent with . a free and popular government; especially in the town where the revolution originated, which terminated in the independence of America; a town which gave birth to Dr. . Franklin, and a number of other patriots, who were : among the most active and influential characters in effecting that revolution. Here are what they, foolishly enough, . call the “first class, second class, third class,” and the “old families:” titles, also, are very diffusely and ridiculously distributed. Boston was greatly damaged by an earthquake in Octo. “ ber, 1727, and since that time has suffered severely by numerous fires, in consequenee of so many of the houses having been built of wood. The settlement of this town : took place in the year 1630, by people from Charlestown;

adjoining; it was then called Shamut by the Indians, but its new inhabitants gave it the name it now bears, in token of respect to the Rev. Mr. Cotton, a clergyman of Boston, in England, and minister of the first church here. Salem, fifteen miles from Boston, is the second town in Massachusetts for wealth and importance, and contains 12,613 inhabitants. The houses are built partly of wood, and partly of brick; and many of them are very elegant: the principal buildings are a court-house, five congregational churches, and one each for quakers and episcopalians. The inhabitants carry on a very extensive shipping trade, more business being done here in that line than in any town in the eastern states, Boston excepted. There is a ship-yard at this place, and a considerable manufactory of sail-cloth; two banks have been long established. The people of Salem are industrious and uncommonly frugal; a general plainness and neatness in dress, buildings and equipage, and a certain gravity of manner, distinguish them from the citizens of Boston. The melancholy delusion of 1692, respecting tritchcraft, originated in this town, in the family of the parish minister; and here was the principal theatre of the bloody business. At the upper end of the town, at a place called Gallows-hill (from the number of executions, or rather murders, which took place there) the graves of the unhappy sufferers may yet be traced. Worcester, forty-four miles distant from Boston, is a handsome place, and the largest inland town in the state; the houses are generally of wood, painted white, and the number of inhabitants 2,527, who carry on a large interior trade, and manufacture pot and pearl ashes, cotton and linen goods, besides some other articles. Printing in its various branches is carried on very extensively here, by Isaiah Thomas, who, as far back as 1791, carried through his presses two editions of the Bible, the one

royal quarto, the other a large folio, with fifty copper

plates, besides many other extensive works. His printing apparatus at that time consisted of ten presses, with types in proportion; but it has been greathy enlarged since, and is now the largest establishment of the kind in the United States. On the road from Boston to Salem, and nine miles from the former, stands the town of Lynn, containing about 3,000 inhabitants. It is an agreeable place, and celebrated for an extensive manufacture of women's silk and cloth shoes; more than 400,000 pair having been made here in one year, for home consumption and ex

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