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I beg leave to state that I do not wish to claim anything for which any officer may have received credit, as they all deserve even more thän has been awarded them; but I wish to place the facts of my own case fully before yourself and the division commander; and feel that both you and himself will be pleased to give me some credit, after knowing the facts. The position I had attained at 1, p. m., on the 13th, was in advance of the army. It was creditable to my regiment, and to myself. I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient servant,
JNO. H. GORE,
First Lieut. 4th Infantry. To Major F. LEE,
4th Infantry, commanding the regiment.
[Endorsement.] It gives me much satisfaction to be able to fully concur with Lieutenant Gore in the whole of the within remarks; the substance of the most of them being embraced in my official report of the action of the 4th infantry at the capture of the city; and furthermore, I am most happy to give testimony to the gallantry of Lieutenant Gore, not only on this occasion, but in the two other battles in this valley, in which he was engaged, Churubusco and Molino del Rey, where he did conspicuous and good service; and was noticed in my official reports of both, with credit and distinction.
FRANCIS LEE. Major 4th Infantry, commanding regiment.
Mexico, January 5, 1847. (1848.] I am fully aware of the zealous soldiership and gallantry of Lieutenant Gore, and shall greatly regret if the injustice of omission has been done him. The regimental reports are not before me, nor within my reach, nor am I in correspondence with any authority in this army or the government. This being the case, I am not at liberty to take any further action than to make this endorsement, with which the paper is returned to the regimental commander.
W. J. WORTH. Major LEE,
Commanding 4th Infantry.
JANUARY 14, 1818. Respectfully transmitted by the direction of the general-inchief.
H. L. SCOTT, A. A. A. Gen.
City of Mexico, October 5, 1947. Sir: I have the honor to make, for your information, a statement which justice to my company and to myself demands.
On the 8th ultimo, I was in command of H company, of the 5ti infantry, which was one of the four companies of the light infantry battalion commanded on that day by Captain E. K. Smith. 5th infantry:
At the time of the commencement of the action of Molino del Rey, the battalion was in reserve near the battery com manded by Captain Huger. Soon after the fire from the enemy's lines opened, it was ordered to advance to support the assaulting party, a portion of which party had entered the Mexican battery but were driven out again by superior numbers of the enemy. The assaulting party was immediately thrown into confusion. It was just at this critical moment that the light battalion was ordered to charge, which it did, and entered the gateway between two of the buildings on the left of the enemy's lines, known as the mills
. I had the honor to be the first to pass this gateway. Sergeant Flyna, of H company, 5th infantry, was the first man to report to me. Iy company followed
followed him, mixed with the other companies of the battalion. Immediately after passing the gateway, I went to the housetop, on which I found the enemy in position in a trench, or mill-race, which runs around two sides of the house, to the left of the gate as you enter. My men followed me to the housetop, where we contended for a short time with the enemy, and effectually silenced his fire. But two escaped, to my knowledge, and they were both severely wounded. Captain Reeve, 8th infantry, placed a portion of his men on a shed, where they kept up a most destructive fire on the Mexicans on the housetops.
They fought desple
. rately, as we had cut off their only means of retreat. I even found 'it necessary for me to use a musket for my personal defence. I had forgot to mention that, a short time after I went to the housetop, Captain E. K. Smith came up. The enemy kept up a con: tinual fire on us from his battery, which was about one hundred yards from the gateway, and to the left as you enter. I came dowe from the housetop—the idea struck me that we could charge the battery and take it. I resolved at once to put it in executica. Fortune favored me with a good opportunity; for, just at this time
, a regiment of our troops appeared on the plain, some distance in front, and to the left of the battery. The Mexicans saw ther, and I discovered that they showed signs of uneasiness, and a disa position to leave the battery. This was the moment to charge. gave the command, and with a cheer we went at the battery, and into it.
Again, sir, I had the gratification of being the first to enter the battery.
A destructive fire, poured upon us from the housetops to the left, and extending to the rear of the battery
, stopped a large portion of the men who started with me in the charge. They halted to return the fire, and drove the enemy' troops from the side of the house next to them, so that I entered the battery with but few men. Sergeant Flynn, of H company, 5th infantry, and Private Murray, of same company, being the only men in the battery with me. Lieutenant Simpson as far as to the wall which surrounds the guns, and seeing that he were too weak to hold the battery, returned to bring up more med: With the assistance of the two men above mentioned, I attempted
to bring the gun I had taken to bear upon the enemy, who were now coming back into the fort, but did not succeed. I sent the sergeant for more men; Private Murray was struck, and I directed him to retire. I remained in the fort, standing by the gun, with one foot on the trail; the Mexicans continued to advance towards me, firing at me all the time. I determined to hold the gun until my men came up, or die in its defence. I was struck in the thigh by a musket ball, but was still able to remain at my post. I was becoming faint from the loss of blood, when I saw Captain E. K. Smith and Lieutenant Simpson coming into the fort with some men. I then retired, and fell just after I had gotten over the wall. The gun, of which I have spoken above, remained in our possession; it was never retaken by the enemy. I do not claim the second gun, because, when I went up to it, I was driven back by the Mexicans, who still remained in the fort. To others have been given the credit of being the first to pierce the enemy's lines, the first to capture his guns, and to enter and hold the fort. The 4th infantry, and some of the artillery of the 1st brigade, followed us through the gateway above mentioned.
I have the honor to refer the general to the following officers: Captain Reeve, Lieutenant Peck, Lieutenant Simpson, Lieutenant s. Anderson, Lieutenant Pitcher, Lieutenant Porter, Lieutenant Nichols, aid to Colonel Garland, Captain . Walker, 6th infantry, storming party, Captain Mason, and Lieutenant Foster, corps of engineers.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
F. T. DENT,
2d Lieutenant, 5th Infantry. To Brevet Maj. Gen. Worth,
Commanding 1st Division.
CITY OF Mexico, November 24, 1847. In the battle of El Molino del Rey I. commanded the pioneers of the storming party. In the charge on the enemy's battery I was wounded in the ditch, near the battery. While lying there, I saw the storming party repulsed, and the battery afterwards taken by a detachment of the light battalion, and held until supporting troops came up: Yours,
JOHN G. FOSTER,
Brevet 2d Lieutenant Engineers. Lieutenant F. T. DENT.
TacuBaYA, Mexico, January 11, 1848. Sır: I have the honor to enclose, herewith, two papers relating to Molino del Rey, copies of which were sent to General Worth some time before his report was made to the general-in-chief. General W. has not done me justice in his report. May I reques: a perusal of the enclosed by the general, and if consistent with his pleasure, that they may be sent, through the Secretary of War, to the President of the United States? Respectfully submitted.
F. T. DENT,
2d Lieutenant, 5th Infantry Captain H. L. Scott,
A. A. A. General.
Respectfully forwarded, by direction of the general-in-chief, fo: file with other papers relative to the operations of the army before the city of Mexico, and for the information of the Secretary of War.
H. L. SCOTT, A. A. A. G.
HEAD-QUARTERS, 6TH INFANTRY,
City of Mexico, December 18, 1847. Sir: I desire, very respectfully, to lay before the general-inchief the following facts in relation to the battle of Churubusco, which do not seem to have come to his notice.
The first gun that was fired at Churubusco was fired upon the 6th infantry, as it advanced upon the causeway against the teté du pont, and at this time the regiment sustained the fire of both this work and the convent, which were not otherwise engaged. With the small force that we had, unsupported, it was impossible that the attack could be successful, and after remaining under the enemy's fire for some time, a part of the command being close to his work, we were ordered to fall back. I believe we lost more officers and men in this attack than during theis remainder of the battle.
Having re-formed upon the causeway, at a point where it was still exposed to a fire of grape and canister, the regiment was ordered, by the commanding general of the division, to assault the teté du pont again. . This order was promptly obeyed, but the fire upon us was terrible, both direct and from the convent on the left, and forced us from the causeway, not to fall back, however, but to attack the enemy's infantry entrenched on the left of the work.
Whatever attack was made on this part of his line was made by the 6th infantry, as the principal force joined by parts of other regia ments; and it is not the less creditable that the force was small, and that the comparative multitudes of the enemy ran at our ap: proach. It was at this time that the 8th and 5th advanced against the teté du pont, and the officers who led that attack candidly acknowledged that, to our advance, which drew the attention and the fire of the enemy, their success was, in a great degree, attributable. After crossing the stream we continued to pursue the retreating enemy till a deep and impassable ditch compelled us to return to
the causeway, where we found ourselves in advance of all other troops.
I have given only the conspicuous points of the battle as far as we were engaged, which I do without fear of contradiction, and have spoken of the active part of the regiment, as the regiment.
It is a source of much mortification to us that, after having been in the front during the whole battle, the general-in-chief should only notice us in his report by saying, the 6th followed the 8th and 5th. I have the honor to be your most obedient servant,
Captain 6th infantry, commanding. Captain H. L. Scott,
A. A. A. General.
[Forwarded by Major General Scott, January, 1848.]
CITY OF Mexico,
December 29, 1847. Sır: In the official report of the capture of the city of Mexico, “ dated September 18, 1847,” republished in the “Star " newspaper, and which I had the opportunity of seeing yesterday for the first time, the following paragraph occurs:
" Within those disgarnished works I found our troops engaged in a street fight against the enemy posted in gardens, at windows, and on house.tops, all flat, with parapets. Worth ordered forward the mounted howitzers of Cadwalader's brigade, preceded by skirmishers and pioneers, and pick-axes and crow-bars, to force windows and doors, or to burrow through walls. The assailants were soon in an equality of position fatal to the enemy. By 8 o'clock in the evening, Worth had carried two batteries in the suburb. According to my instruction, he here posted guards and sentinels, and placed his troops under shelter for the night. There was but one more obstacle, the San Cosme gate, (custom-house,) between him and the great square in front of the cathedral and palace—the heart of the city; and that barrier, it was known, could not, by daylight, resist our siege guns thirty minutes.''
“ I had gone back to the foot of Chapultepec, the point from which the two aqueducts begin to diverge, some hours earlier, in order to be near the new depot, and in easy communication with Quitman and Twiggs as well as with Worth."
I beg leave to bring to the notice of the general-in-chief, that he has entirely misconceived the facts in the case.
Passing by, for the present, several errors in the report, I proceed to invite his attention to the marked sentences; they read
" By 8 o'clock in the evening, Worth had carried two batteries in the suburbs.” “ According to my instruction, he here (that is in