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[Translation.]

HEAD-QUARTERS, ARMY OF OCCUPATION,

Corpus Christi, March 8, 1846. Order No. 30.

The army of occupation of Texas being now about to take a position upon the left bank of the Rio Grande, under the orders of the Executive of the United States, the general-in-chief desires to express the hope that the movement will be advantageous to all concerned; and with the object of attaining this laudable end, he has ordered all under his command to observe, with the most scrupulouš respect, the rights of all the inhabitants who may be found in peaceful prosecution of their respective occupations, as well on the left as on the right side of the Rio Grande. Under no pretext, nor in any way, will any interference. be allowed with the civil rights or religious privileges of the inhabitants; but the utmost respect for them will be maintained.

Whatsoever may be needed for the use of the army will be bought by the proper purveyor, and paid for at the highest prices. The general-in-chief has the satisfaction to say that he confides in the patriotism and discipline of the army under his command, and that he feels sure that his orders will be obeyed with the utmost exactness.

Z. TAYLOR,
Brevet Brig. Gen. U. S. A., commanding.

HEAD-QUARTERS, ARMY OF OCCUPATION,

Corpus Christi, Texas, March 11, 1846. SIR: I have respectfully to report that the last column of the army marched this morning, to be followed by the head-quarters in a few hours.

I enclose a field return of the army, exhibiting its actual marching strength. Major Munļoe's company, which goes round by water, is not included. The weather continues favorable, and everything promises well for our march.

Please address me as usual, to the care of the quartermaster in New Orleans. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

. Z. TAYLOR,

Brev. Brig. Gen. U. S. A., commanding. The ADJUTANT GENERAL of the Army,

Washington, D. C.

HEAD-QUARTERS, ARMY OF OCCUPATION,

Camp at Los Pintos, route to Matamoras,

31 miles from Corpus Christi, March 12, 1846. Sir: I respectfully report that the United States brig Porpoise i arrived yesterday off Aransas. Her commander, Lieutenant Hunt, has been ordered by Commodore Connor to communicate with the army, and render us all the aid in his power. I gladly avail myself of this vessel, in conjunction with the cutter “Woodbury," to convoy our transports to Brazos Santiago, and assist Major Munroe's command in effecting a landing and establishing a depot in that harbor.

Commodore Connor writes by the brig Porpoise, from Vera Cruz, under date of March 2d. I enclose an extract of so much of his letter as relates to Mexican affairs. I have nothing of interest to communicate from the frontier, except the enclosed proclamation of General Canales, which, so far as I know, had not at the - last advices been made public on the Rio Grande. It was put in my hands just as I was leaving Corpus Christi, or it would have been forwarded from that place.

The different columns are advancing with great regularity, and without any obstacle worthy of note. I have passed the rear brigade, and hope to encamp to-morrow with General Worth's, which is now fourteen miles in my advance. I shall overtake the cavalry before it reaches the Little Colorado.

I have to acknowledge your communications of February 24th and 26th; your letter to Colonel Twiggs of February 23d; the communications of Lieutenant Garnett of January 29th and February 9th, returned as contrary to regulations; and “special orders”. Nos. 12 to 15 inclusive.. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Z: TAYLOR,

Brevet Brig. Gen. U. S. A., commanding. The ADJUTANI GENERAL of the Army,

Washington, D. C.

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U.S. Shi' FALMOUTH,

Off Vera Cruz, March 2, 1846. Sir: * * *

* * * * As I have but little intercourse with the shore at this place, my means of obtaining information as to passing events are consequently very limited. From the papers published in the city of Mexico, I learn that General Almonte has resigned the office of Minister of War and Marine, and has been succeeded by General Tornel. The government has been for some time endeavoring to obtain (but without success) a loan of nearly two millions of dollars, for which the property of the church was offered as security.

The papers of the capital also state that within the last ten days a force of nearly eight thousand men, including a large portion of the garrison of Mexico, has marched for the northern frontier. I attach little credit to the statement. It is the general opinion here that the present state of affairs cannot last for any length of time. With the exception of the military, the recent revolution is rea ceived by all classes with much dissatisfaction. Even a union of the federalists with the Santa Annaists is spoken of as probable for the overthrow of the present party.

Mr. Slidell is still at Jalapa; and, though unlikely as it may ap- . pear, I have it from very good authority that it is probable he will yet be received by the Mexican government. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

D CONNOR,

Commanding home squadron. Brig. Gen. Z. TAYLOR,

Commanding army of occupation, Texas.'

[Translation.)

Antonio Canales, brigadier general of the republic of Mexico, colo

nel of active militia, and in command of an aurilliary regiment • on the northern frontier.

CITIZENS: An arbitrary power has been established in Mexico, derogatory to our legally constituted authorities. One part of the army (or, if you like, the whole of it) has been the author of so scandalous an achievement. Like the Prætorian guards, who destroyed the nationality of Rome, our soldiers have been made the arbitrators and regulators of the destinies of our country. Can you suffer this with supineness? The inhabitants of the northern frontier are not to be so persuaded. I am satisfied of their sentiments, and they will perish a thousand times before they will recognize a government without a national election, and without more authority to command than the ephemeral and momentary triumph of his arms over the capital of the republic.

Citizens: This is worthless, as we have before seen-a council of generals is not able to judge of the institutions of the country. These are not military crimes that the regulations will bring under their cognizance.

More than this it is useless to say of the grievances of those unnatural soldiers who have turned their arms against their country. But if you are sensible of it, what necessity for explanations? Eloquence and even language itself is superfluous. No one knows the intenseness of grief better than him who suffers. By your efforts, you passed from a federal to a central government, under which you were promised the loftiest riches, glory, and respectability, but a mournful and very grievous experience has convinced us that to nations once thus constituted, such a change, instead of

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benefits, has brought nothing but bumiliation before strangers, misery, and, if we succumb, our slavery and that of our children. The federal constitution was sanctioned in 1824, by the constitutional congress; let us turn and read its glorious manifest, and then hate more and more the authors of our disgrace.

Let us then declare an eternal war to the death; thus should the people do who rise against their oppressors. Let our voice be unanimous; liberty or death to our tyrants, and triumph will crown your efforts.

• This plan which I have this day announced to my regiment has no other object. To save Mexico or perish is our resolution. God will help us; for his providence only, in wrath, has given these tyrants dominion over us.

These are the sentiments of the northern frontier, and those of your fellow-citizen and friend,

ANTONIO CANALES. CAMARGO, February, 1846.

HEAD-QUARTERS, ARMY OF OCCUPATION,
Camp at " El Sauce," 119 miles from Corpus Christi,

March 18, 1846. SIR: I avail myself of a chance opportunity to Corpus Christi to report that I have advanced to this point with the cavalry and 1st brigade of infantry. The 2d brigade encamps to-night about seven miles in my rear; ihe 3d brigade about nineteen. I shall concentrate all my force on reaching the Little Colorado, thirteen miles in my front, so as be prepared for any contingency. I am happy to say that all the corps of the army are in fine condition and spirits, equal to any service that may be before them.'

Within the last two days, our advance has met with small armed parties of Mexicans, who seemed disposed to avoid us. They were, doubtless, thrown out to get information of our advance. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

2. TAYLOR, · Brevet Brig. Gen. U. S. A., commanding. The Adjutant General of the Army,

Washington, D. C.

HEAD-QUARTERS, ARMY OF OCCUPATION, Camp 3 miles south of the Arroyo Colorado, March 21, 1846. Sir: I respectfully report that my forces are now concentrated at this point, the 3brigade having joined me to-day. We are nearly north of Matamoras, and about 30 miles distant. .

The Arroya Colorado is a salt river, or rather lagoon, nearly one hundred yards broad, and so deep as barely to be fordable. It would have formed a serious obstruction to our march had the enemy chosen to occupy its right bank, even with a small force. On the 19th, the advanced corps encamped within three miles of the ford, and a reconnoissance was pushed forward to the river. A party of irregular cavalry (rancheros) was discovered on the opposite bank, but threw no obstacle in the way of examining the ford. They, however, signified to the officer charged with the reconnoissance that it would be considered an act of hostility if we attempted to pass the river, and that we should, in that case, be treated as enemies. Under these circumstances, not knowing the amount of force that might be on the other bank, I deemed it prudent to make dispositions to pass the river under fire, for which please see my "orders,” No. 33. At an early hour on the 20th, the cavalry and 1st brigade of infantry were in position at the ford, the batteries of field artillery being so placed as to sweep the opposite bank. While these dispositions were in progress, the party that had shown themselves the day before again made their appearance. I sent Captain Mansfield tô communicate with the officer in command, who said that he had positive orders to fire upon us if we attempted to cross the river. Another party then made its appearancc, and passed the river to communicate with me. One of them (who was represented as the adjutant general of the Mexican troops) repeated substantially what had been sent before, viz: that they had peremptory orders to fire upon us, and that it would be considered a declaration of war if we passed the river. He placed in my hands, at the same time, a proclamation of General Mejia, issued at Matamoras a day or two previous, which I enclose. I informed the officer that I should immediately cross the river, and if any of his party showed themselves on the other bank after the passage commenced, they would receive the fire of our artillery. In the meantime, the 2d brigade (which had encamped some miles in my rear) came up and formed on the extreme right. The crossing was then commenced and executed in the order prescribed. Not a shot was fired; and a reconnoissance of caralry, sent immediately forward, discovered the party which had occupied the bank retreating in the direction of Matamoras. Agreeably to my orders, they were not molested. The cavalry and 1st and 2d brigades of infantry, with a train of two hundred wagons, crossed over and encamped at this point, three miles distant, at an early hour in the afternoon.

I have thought proper to make a detailed report of this operation, as being the first occasion on which the Mexicans have shown themselves in an attitude decidedly hostile. It has also furnished an excellent opportunity for the instruction of the troops, and for displaying their discipline and spirit, which, I am gratified to be able to say, were everything that could be desired.

I am compelled to remain at this point until joined by the supply train of the 3d brigade, which is unavoidably in the rear. On the 23d, at latest, I expect to resume the march, but am not fully decided as to the direction. While Matamoras is the point to be ultimately attained, it is necessary, at the same time, to cover our supplies, which will soon arrive at Point Isabel.

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