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envoy to Mexico and the Mexican minister for foreign affairs; and so much of the correspondence between that envoy and the Secretary of State, and between the Secretary of War and the general in command on the Del Norte, as is necessary to a full understanding : of the subject.
JAMES K. POLK. WASHINGTON, May 11, 1846.
List of papers.
No. 1. Mr. Buchanan to Mr. Black, of 17th September, 1845.
2. Mr. Black to Mr. Buchanan, of 17th October, 1845. Two enclosures
1. Mr. Black to Mr. Peña y Peña.
2. Mr. Peña y Peña to Mr. Black.
1. Mr. Black to Mr. Peña.
4. Mr. Black to Mr. Peña.
1. Mr. Slidell to Mr. Peña.
(Letter of credence.]
4. Mr. Peña to Mr. Slidell.
1. Mr. Slidell to Mr. Peña.
3. Mr. Slidell to Mr. Peña.
1. Mr. Peña to Mr. Buchanan. 9. Mr. Buchanan to Mr. Slidell, of 20th January, 1846. 10. Mr. Buchanan to Mr. Slidell, of 28th January, 1846. , 11. Mr. Slidell to Mr. Buchanan, of 6th February, 1846. One enclosure
1. Mr. Peña's report to the council of government. 12. Mr. Slidell to Mr. Buchanan, of 17th February, 1846. 13. Mr. Slidell to Mr. Buchanan, of 1st March, 1846. One enclosure
1. Mr. Slidell to Mr. Castillo. 14. Mr. Buchanan to Mr. Slidell, of 12th March, 1846. 15. Mr. Slidell to Mr. Buchanan, of 18th March, 1846. Two enclosures
1. Mr. Castillo to Mr. Slidell.
2. Mr. Slidell to Mr. Castillo. 16. Mr. Slidell to Mr. Buchanan, of 27th March, 1846. 17. Mr. Slidell to Mr. Buchanan, of 2d April, 1846. One enclosure
1. Mr. Castillo to Mr. Slidell.
Mr. Buchanan to Mr. Black.
asion of Tery in a comthe same's
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, September 17, 1845. Information recently received at this department, both from yourself and others, renders it probable that the Mexican government may now be willing to restore the diplomatic relations between the two countries. At the time of their suspension, General Almonte was assured of the desire felt by the President to adjust amicably every cause of complaint between the governments, and to cultivate the kindest and most friendly relations between the sister republics. He still continues to be animated by the same sentiments. It was his duty to place the country in a condition successfully to resist the threatened invasion of Texas by Mexico, and this has been accomplished. He desires, however, that all existing differences should be terminated amicably by negotiation and not by the sword. He is anxious to preserve peace, although prepared for war.
Actuated by these sentiments, the President has directed me to instruct you, in the absence of any diplomatic agent in Mexico, to ascertain from the Mexican government whether they would receive an envoy from the United States, intrusted with full power to adjust all the questions in dispute between the two governments. Should the answer be in the affirmative, such an envoy will be immediately despatched to Mexico.
If the President were disposed to stand upon a mere question of etiquette, he would wait until the Mexican government, which had suspended the diplomatic relations between the two countries, should ask that they may be restored. But his desire is so strong to terminate the present unfortunate state of our relations with that republic, that he has consented to waive all.ceremony and take the initiative.
So soon as you shall have received the answer of that government, you will communicate a copy of it, without delay, by some safe opportunity, to F. M. Dimond, esq., our consul at Vera Cruz. You will also transmit a copy to this department. It is of great consequence that you should use as much despatch as possible in executing this important commission. The future course of this government way, and probably will, depend upon the answer which you may receive.
I need scarcely warn you to preserve the most inviolable secrecy in regard to your proceedings, making no communication to any person, with the exception of Dr. Parrott, not indispensable to the accomplishment of the object. There will be a vessel-of-war at Vera Cruz, ready to receive your despatch for this department, and to convey it to the United States with the least possible delay.
I shall transmit this despatch, under an unsealed cover, but with the strictest injunctions of secrecy, to Mr. Dimond, as it is deemed advisable that he should be acquainted with its contents.
The President relies with confidence on your zeal and ability in executing the important duty committed to your charge.
I am, &c.
Mr. Black to Mr. Buchanan.
I had the the 11in ultimo instant, I ob
CONSULATE OF THE U. S. OF AMERICA,
Mexico, October 17, 1845. I had the honor, on the 10th instant, of receiving your commu
On Saturday evening, the 11th instant, I obtained a confidential interview with the minister of foreign relations of the Mexican republic, in relation to the important charge which his excellency the President of the United States was pleased to confide to me, and am happy now to have it in my power to advise my government of a favorable result; the proceedings had with the Mexican governwent in this affair will be seen by reference to the enclosed documents, Nos. 1 and 2.
No. 1 is a copy of a confidential communication addressed by this consulate to his excellency the minister of foreign relations of the Mexican government; and No. 2 is a copy of the said minister's answer to said communication.
When I handed the aforesaid communications to his excellency on Monday the 13th instant, I requested that an answer might be given as early as possible, and desired to be informed at what time it would likely be given. He promised that on Wednesday evening the 15th, and requested at that time a private interview with me, to be at eight o'clock in the evening, (not at the department, he said, but at his private dwelling,) in order, as he said, that the affair might be kept as close and as little .exposed to public view as possible, to avoid suspicion. At the time appointed, I went to his house; he (being alone in his study) received me cordially and politely, and told me the answer was ready, and only wanted his signature, which he placed to it in my presence, stating, at the same time, that he would accompany the answer with some verbal, frank, and confidential explanations; which, after reading to me the answer, he did, in the following manner:
He said that the Mexican government, notwithstanding it felt itself very much aggrieved and offended by the acts of that of the United States, in relation to the affairs of Texas, yet it would appear to be out of place to express these feelings in a communication of this nature; and that, if the government had but itself to consult, the expression of these feelings would have been left out of the communication, as they only tend to irritate; but that I knew, as well as he did, that governments like ours must endeavor
re, that heential es follow
thereforhat, in relation to the sent out by the perences,
to reconcile the feelings and opinions of the people to their public acts; and that I also knew, very well, that a strong opposition were daily calling the attention of the public to, and scrutinizing and condemning every act of, the government, and that the government endeavored to give them as little pretext as possible; and, therefore, wished me to make this explanation to my government.
And that, in relation to the qualities he had recommended to be possessed by the person to be 'sent out by the government of the United States for the settlement of existing differences, it was the wish of the Mexican government, and would be for the good of both countries that a person suitable in every respect should be sent, endued with the necessary qualities, and not one against whom the government or people of Mexico should, unfortunately, entertain a fixed prejudice, which would be a great obstacle in the way to an amicable adjustment of differences.
* And that, in order that the coming of the commissioner might not have the appearance of being forced on them by threat, his government wished the naval force of the United States, now in sight of Vera Cruz, should retire from that place before his arrival; and requested that I should inform his government, by a communication, as soon as I should know the fact, of their having left. These things he repeated more than once, and with the appearance of a great deal of earnestness, and enjoined it upon me not to fail to advise my government; and that he communicated these things to me, not as a minister, but as an individual and friend, who wished for the good exit of the contemplated mission.
Notwithstanding my communication to the Mexican government of the 13th instant was of the most confidential character, as well as all the proceedings in relation to the affair, and this at the request of the Mexican minister, who himself enjoined secrecy upon me, and promised the strictest adherence to it, on his part,
So you will be able to see what reliance can be placed on the most solemn injunctions of secrecy, as far as this government is concerned.
[Enclosure No. 1.]
Mr. Black to Mr. Peña y Peña.
CONSULATE OF THE UNITED STATES,
Mexico, October 13, 1845. The undersigned, consul of the United States of America, in a confidential interview with his excellency Manuel de la Peña y Peña, minister of foreign relations and government of the Mexican republic, which took place on the evening of the 11th instant, had