Imagens das páginas

8. Mr. F. M. Dimond is appointed collector of the port of Vera Cruz. Mr. Dimond will receive special instructions in respect to his duties.

9. The following regulations will be observed by the collector in respect to army sutlers, &c. All soldiers' and officers' necessaries, (a list of which will be hereafter furnished,) are to be free of duties; all goods of general merchandise are to be subjected to the * same duties as are imposed upon other merchants; the tariff of duties to be immediately arranged.

10. The collector will make to this office, weekly, a detailed account of receipts, and pay out no moneys collected, without the written approval and sanction of the governor and commanding general,

11. The collector will execute a bond, in the usual form, in the sum and security of one thousand dollars.

By order of Major General Worth, governor and commanding general.

W. W. MACKALL, Acting Adjutant General.



Vera Cruz, March 31, 1847. 1. All persons, whether neutrals or natives, who received, in deposite, public property, such as munitions of war, tobacco, &c., during the siege, or since the occupation of Vera Cruz and its dependencies, will, sorthwith, deliver the same to the custody of the following officers, appointed for that purpose, to wit: Lieutenant Colonels Childs and Duncan.

2. C. Markoe is appointed notary public, and invested with all the powers and authority attached to that officer under the laws of Louisiana, and the Mexican laws.

3. Felix Peters is appointed inspector of revenue, with all the powers and authority attached to that office under the laws of the United States.

By order of Major General Worth, governor and commanding officer.

W. W. MACKALL, Acting Adjutant General.



Vera Cruz, April 1, 1847. 1. Señor Ramer P. Vela, finding it necessary to leave the city to attend to his private affairs, desires to relinquish the office of alcalde, in which capacity he ceases to act, from this date.

2. Lieutenant Colonel Holzinger is hereby named and appointed alcalde, with all the honors which, by the Mexican laws, appertain to his office.

3. Jonas N. Levy is appointed harbor master, in connexion with the customs.

By order of Major General Worth, governor and commanding officer.






Vera Cruz, April 1, 1847. 1. To prevent exactions which fall principally on people in modo erate, or indigent circumstances, after consultation with the civil authorities, the following tariff of prices for the necessaries and comforts of life is decreed and ordered: 1. Bread, loaf of 12 ounnes.

12} cents. 2. Beef.....

per pound. 3. Mutton

183 4. Venison

123 5. Pork

12 6. Milk


per quartillo. 2. Every exaction beyond the foregoing regulations, will subject the offender to be debarred the privilege of vending, and to a fine of ten dollars for each offence.

3. Army moat contractors are prohibited vending meat except as required under their contracts, and to officers and followers of the army of the United States.

By order of Major General Worth, governor and commanding officer.




Vera Cruz, April 1, 1847. 1. Juan Bell and Mr. Gallis are authorized to keep fondas, with privilege to vend liquors to be used therein, for which privilege each is to pay into the city treasury monthly, in advance, fly dollars.

2. Senibrelo, Bonificio, and Harry Evans, are authorized to open cafes, without privilege of keeping or vending liquors, to pay ten dollars per month for said privilege.

3. Any and every unauthorized person who shall be detected in keeping liquors for sale by retail, or vending the same, shall, be: side a forfeiture of stock, be subjected to a fine of two hundred dollars and imprisonment.

By order of Major General Worth, governor and commanding officer.


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General Orders,

No. 101.

Vera Cruz, April 9, 1847. 1st. Before a military commission, convened at this place by general orders, Nos. 83, 88 and 90, head-quarters of the army, and of which Lieutenant Colonel Anderson, 1st Tennessee foot, is president, was tried Isaac Kirk, a free man of color, a resident of the United States of America, charged as follows:

Charge 1st.— Rape.

Specification.—In this, that the said Isaac Kirk, colored man and a citizen of the United States, did commit, or attempt to commit, a rape on the person of Maria Antonias Gallegas, a Mexican woman, on or about the 4th of April, A. D. 1847, on the road between the ruins of Malibran and her residence, called “La Boticana," (Mexico.)

Charge 2d.Theft.

Specification.-In this, that the said Isaac Kirk, a colored man, and a citizen of the United States, did, on or about the 4th of April, A. D. 1817, steal from Maria Antonias Gallegas, the sum of ten dollars and a comb; this on the road between Malibran and her residence, called “La Boticana,” (Mexico.)

To all which the accused pleaded not guilty.


The commission found the accused, Isaac Kirk, guilty as charged, and sentenced him-four fifths of all the members present concurring therein-to be hanged by the neck until dead; and that such execution take place at such time and place as the general-in-chief may appoint, and may God have mercy on his soul.

4th. The general-in-chief approves the proceedings and sentence in the case of Isaac Kirk. The sentence will be carried into execution at such hour to-morrow, and such place without the walls, as may be designated by the governor of the city, who is requested to cause this order to be executed, and also to cause public notice to be given of the same in the Spanish language. By command of Major General Scott:


A. A. General. Official:


A. A. General.



Vera Cruz, April 9, 1847. The sentence awarded in the case of Isaac Kirk, approved by the general commanding-in-chief the armies of the United States, will be carried into execution, at 5 o'clock, p. m., to-morrow, beyond the city walls, and west of the road leading from the gate de Merced.

By order of Major General Worth, governor and commanding general.


A. A. General.


Vera Cruz, April 9, 1847. Sir: I send you a paper giving information which, I think, may be confided in to some extent.

If you are, contrary to my hopes, unable, from bad health, to proceed with your marching division, send these papers forward to Brigadier General Twiggs, to be shown, in passing, to Brigadier General Pillow.

If the former should ask for reinforcements from your division, you or Brigadier General Pillow will please hasten forward the field battery of Captain Wall, (the 12-pounder battery,) together with the squadron of cavalry with the same division, and follow without delay with your infantry.

Should I receive information from you, Brigadier General Pillow, or Brigadier General Twiggs in front, confirming that I now communicate, I shall immediately proceed to the front of our advancing forces.

If you are detained, or likely to be detained, I need not say that your written instructions from me should be immediately transferred to Brigadier General Pillow.

Please send me word, orally, what is the state of your personal health, and let this noté and the accompanying papers go forward, as above, without delay. With great respect, &c., &c.,

WINFIELD SCOTT. Major General PatterSON,

United States army, &c., &c.


Vera Cruz, April 11, 1847. Major General Scott, general-in-chief of the armies of the United

States of America:



Mexicans! At the head of a powerful army, soon to be doubled, a part of which is advancing upon your capital, and with another army under Major General Taylor, in march from Saltillo towards San Luis de Potosi, I think myself called upon to address


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Mexicans! Americans are not your enemies, but the enemies, for a time, of the men who, a year ago, misgoverned you, and brought about this unnatural war between two great republics. We are the friends of the peaceful in habitants of the country we occupy, and the friends of your holy religion, its hierarchy, and its priesthood. The same church is found in all parts of our own country, crowded with devout Catholics, and respected by our government, laws, and people.

For the church of Mexico, the unoffending inhabitants of the country, and their property, I have, from the first, done everything in my power to place them under the safe guard of martial law, against the few bad men in this army.

My orders to that effect, known to all, are precise and rigorous. Under them, several Americans have already been punished, by fine, for the benefit of Mexicans, besides imprisonment; and one, for a rape, has been hung by the neck.

Is'this not a proof of good faith and energetic discipline? Other proofs shall be given as often as injuries to Mexicans may be detected.

On the other hand, injuries committed by individuals, or parties of Mexico, not belonging to the public forces, upon individuals, small parties, trains of wagons and teams, or of pack mules, or on any other person or property belonging to this army, contrary to the laws of war, shall be punished with rigor; or, if the particular offenders be not delivered up by the Mexican authorities, the punishment shall fall upon entire cities, towns, or neighborhoods.

Let, then, all good Mexicans remain at home, or at their peaceful occupations; but they are invited to bring in for sale, horses, mules, beef, cattle, corn, barley, wheat, flour for bread, and vegetables. Cash will be paid for everything this army may take or purchase, and protection will be given to all sellers. The Americans are strong enough to offer these assurances, which, should Mexicans wisely accept, this war may soon be happily ended, to the honor and advantage of both belligerents. Then the Americans, having converted enemies into friends, will be happy to take leave of Mexico, and return to their own country.


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