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1852.

DOCUMENT No. 5.

ANNUAL REPORT of the Inspectors of the State

Prison, for the year ending November 30, 1851. To the Governor of the State of Michigan:

The Inspectors of the State Prison, in accordance with the requirements of law, submit their annual report. Several tables, embracing information required to be furnished by the Inspectors, are appended, as also otbers containing interesting statistics.

The reports of the Agent, Physician and Chaplain, herewith submitted, exhibit a full siatement of the condition of the Prison, and

the conduct of its affairs during the year. The number of convicts at the close of the fiscal year, exceeds that of any former period.

The last year closed with one hundred and thirty-one, while at the date of this report there are one hundred and seventy-six. Last year the average number was one hundred sideteen and one-half, while this year shows an average of one hundred and forty-one. It can bardly be expected that the relative increase the ensuing year will be so great as it has been during the Jear now closed; but the Inspectors do not doubt that the average will amount to nearly two hundred. This increase arises from two or three causes, but principally from [C.] Statement of accounts with the County Treasurers, showing the amor

of moneys belonging to the Trust Funds received by them up to Nov.: 1851, under Act No. 25, of 1849, the amount paid over to the Sto Treasurer, and the balances due.

COUNTIES.

Allegan
Barry
Branch
Calhoun
Cass
Clinton
Eaton
Genesee
Hillsdale
Ionia.
Jackson
Lapeer
Lenawee
Livingston
Macomb
Monroe
Montcalm
Oakland
Ottawa.
Shiawassee
St. Joseph
Van Buren
Washtenaw

Amount received. Accounted

Balances due

the State. $344 43 $197 231 $147 2 25 87 15 00

10 2,135 95 2,073 21 627 2,864 32 1,894 06 970 691 70 683 83

7 & 55 17 55 17 4 90

4 9 952 45 678 95 273 5 1,591 051 1,101 42 4896 244 94 84 82

160 1 1,022 18 1,046 22

133 99 133 99 3,414 17) 3,414 16

01 1,157 22 1,011 26 115 96

602 22 602 22
579 97 579 97

105 98 76 59 29 30 2,685 01 1,943 31 741 70

25 20 25 20
67 53

67 53
2,066 54

2,634 86 434 75 357 58 77 17 2,883 50 2,844 92 38 58

$24,089 04 $21,521 50 $3,159 90

1852.

DOCUMENT No. 5.

ANNUAL REPORT of the Inspectors of the State

Prison, for the year ending November 30, 1851. To the Governor of the State of Michigan:

The Inspectors of the State Prison, in accordance with the requirements of law, submit their annual report. Several tables, embracing information required to be furnished by the Inspectors, are appended, as also others containing interesting statistics.

The reports of the Agent, Physician and Chaplain, herewith submitted, exhibit a full statement of the condition of the Prison, and of the conduct of its affairs during the year.

The number of convicts at the close of the fiscal year, exceeds that of any former period. The last year closed with one hundred and thirty-one, while at the date of this report there are one hundred and seventy-six. Last year the average number was one hundred nineteen and one-half, while this year shows an average of one hundred and forty-one. It can hardly be expected that the relative increase the ensuing year will be so great as it has been during the year now closed; but the Inspectors do not doubt that the average will amount to nearly two hundred.

This increase arises from two or three causes, but principally from

the greater efficiency of our courts of justice. Crime unquestiona bly keeps pace with the advance of our population; but there was time when the number of convicts sensibly diminished, while crim in the State certainly did not retrograde. The establishment a fe years since, of a judiciary system of doubtful character, and th election of many men under it, as judges, of questionable qualifica tions, will readily account for a diminution of convicts in the Stat Prison. The subsequent adoption, by constitutional provision, of system of courts which will be respectable and responsible, and henc beyond the reach of petty influences, gives assurance that hereafte crime will be adequately punished.

The affairs of the prison since our last annual report, have been conducted, it is believed, with whatever of economy has been pos sible, keeping in view a due regard to the necessities which hav surrounded us. The enhanced number of prisoners (the great increase having occurred towards the close of the year) has not aug mented very much the receipts from convict labor; but there has been rather a large outlay in consequence of this increase, for clothing, bedding, finishing new cells, and the erection of additional shop room. There is an existing immediate necessity for building some thirty or forty cells, there being now but one hundred and sixty-four cells, and one hundred and seventy-six convicts, with a prospect of continued increase. Beyond this the Inspectors believe there need be no expenditure for building purposes, the coming year, except for ordinary repairs, and finishing the interior of the new main or centre building—the latter involving no considerable expense. Though it may be thought expedient so to alter some of the shops as to reduce the number of keepers employed therein.

When, however, there shall be a session of the Legislature, the Inspectors will urge in the most earnest manner the making of a sufficient appropriation to eract a suitable building for the safe keeping and punishment of those convicts who have been or may hereafter be sentenced to solitary confinement at hard labor for life. There are at this time seven convicts under such sentence, only three of whom are kept in solitary confinement, and they in small cells not at all fitted for the purpose; the remainder, under a resolution of the Legislature of 1849, being released, by direction of the Inspectors,

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and employed in the same manner as the other convicts, constantly wearing, however, shackles upon their ancles. There are no cells for purposes of solitary confinement, and there cannot be any such within the walls of the prison buildings. For the views of the In. spectors upon this subject, more largely expressed, reference is made

to their last annual report. Is The existing contracts for convict labor are as follows: 13Joseph E. Bebee; wagon, carriage and sleigh making; from twenty-five to thirty-five convicts. This contract expires on the thirtieth day of April next. The price paid for each convict is thirty-five cents per day.

Harvey B. Ring, twice assigned, and now in the hands of Frank W. Anthony; the manufacture of boots and shoes; from fifteen to twenty-five convicts. This contract expires on the thirty-first day of August next. The price paid for each convict is forty cents per day.

Pinney, Connable & Co.; the manufacture of farming tools; from sixty to one hundred and twenty convicts. This contract expires on the thirtieth day of April, 1853. The price paid for each convict is thirty and one-fourth cents per day.

In view of the expiration of the wagon, carriage and sleigh making contract in april next, the Inspectors have directed the Agent to ad. vertise for proposals for the labor of from twenty five to fifty convicts, at the same business, for five years from the close of the present contract.

The discipline of the prison was never more perfect than at this time, and in this respect a marked improvement has taken place since the present Agent has been in office, he at all times having seconded the efforts of the Inspectors to secure improvement. Through. out the entire establishment a clock-work regularity prevails. The convicts themselves evince a large degree of contentment and a disposition to perform the duties imposed upon them. In this regard the change is visible, and it is attributable mainly to the faithful man. ner in which the Chaplain performs his duties, and to some regulations which were adopted by the Inspectors, at his suggestion, prohibiting the admission of newspapers among the convicts. The practice that has obtained within two or three years past of allowing

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