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them in the field of batile, they will go, for they shall receive any insult from any of the inhabitants, are all volunteers; but I for my part am, I do aver, he is to seek redress in a legal way, and no other. sir, heartily willing to sacrifice my sons, believing
Any non-commissioned officer or soldier or others. that with such sacrifice Guil is well pleased: for under my command, who shall be guilty of robbing he has hitherto marvellously blessed our arms and or plundering in the town, are to be immediately conquered our enemies for us, and he who, in the confined, and will be most rigidly punished. All days of his flesh, spoiled principalities and powers, officers are therefore ordered to be very vigilan: and made a shew of them on enly, will in the end, 1 in the discovery of such offenders, and report their doubt not, evince to the world that he is conqueror.”
names and crime to the commanding officer in the This, my lord, is the language of the American
town, as soon as may be. women; your lordship knows it is generally the
The inhabitants and others, are called upon to reverse with the English, the mother's and sister's
make known to the quarter.master.general, or any lives are bound up in the boys; but I am afraid I
of his deputies, all stores belonging to the minis. shall trespass on your lordship's patience: There.
terial army, that may be remaining or secreted in fure,
the town: any person or persons whatever, that In the great name, and for the sake of the ever shall be known to conceal any of the said stores, blessed Trinity, I now beseech your lordship to
or appropriate them to his or their own use, will weigh thoroughly, and with patience, impartiality, be considered as an enemy to America, and treated and love, this narrative of facts; and may that ever
accordingly. blessed adorable person, Jesus Christ, the wonder. ful councellor and prince of peace, give your lord.
The seleat men and other magistrates of the ship a right judgment and understanding in all town, are desired to return to the commander in
chief, the names of all or any person or persons, things, and council and influence administration to
they may suspect of being employed as spies upon act wisely, and repeat the acts in dispute, and so
the continental army, that they may be dealt with make peace. I am, my lord, your lordship’s ready
accordingly. and willing servant, for Christ's sake, B. P. Maryland, Dec. 20, 1775.
All officers of the continental army, are enjoined
to assist the civil magistrates in the execution of Town of Boston.
their duty, and to promote peace and good order.
They are to prevent, as much as possible, , t the The following proclamation was published by gene soldiers from frequenting tippling-houses, and ral Washington, on his taking possession of the
strolling from their posts. Particular notice will town of Boston:
be taken of such officers as are inattentive and By his excellency George Washington, esq. gene- remiss in their duty; and on the contrary, such
ral and commander in chief of the thirteen unit. only as are active and vigilant will be entitled to ed colonies.
future favor and promotion. “Whereas the ministerial army has abandoned Given under my hand, at head quarters, in the town of Boston, and the forces of the united
Cambridge, the 21st day of March, 'one colonies, under my command, are in possession of thousand seven bundred and seventy-six. the same: I have therefore thought it necessary
GEORGE WASHINGTON." for the preservation of peace, good order and Boston, March 29. discipline, to publish the following orders, that no person offending therein, may plead ignorance as
The address of the honorable council and house of re. an excuse for their misconduct.
presentatives to his excellency George Washington,
esq. general and commander in chief of the forces All officers and soldiers are hereby ordered to
of the united colonies. live in the strictest peace and amity with the
May it please your excellencyinhabitants; and no inhabitant, or other person,
“When the liberties of America were attacked employed in his lawful business in the town, is to by the violent hand of oppression—when troops, be inolested in his person or property, on any hostile to the rights of humanity, invaded this pretence whatever.
colony, seized our capital, and spread havoc and If any officer or soldier shall presume to strike, destruction around it; when our virtuous sons were imprison, or otherwise ill-treat any of the inha- murdered, and our houses destroyed by the troops bitants, they may depend on being punished with of Britain, the inhabitants of this and the other the utmost severity; and if any oficer or soldier American colonies, impelled by self-preservation
and the love of freedom, forgetting their domestic
His ercellency's answer. concerns, determined resolutely and unitedly to "Gentlemen-) return you my most sincere and oppose the sons of tyranny.
hearty thanks for your polite address; and feel Convinced of the vast importance of having a myself called upon, by every principle of gratitude, gentleman of great military accomplishments to to acknowledge the honor you have done me in discipline, lead, and conduct the forces of the this testimonial of your approbation of my appointcolonies, it gave us the greatest satisfaction to hear went to the exalted station I now fill; and what is that the honorable congress of the united colonies more pleasing, of my conduct in discharging its had made choice of a gentleman thus qualified; important duties. who, leaving the pleasure of domestic and rural
When the councils of the British nation had life, was ready to undertake the arduous task. And formed a plan for enslaving America, and depriv. your nobly declining to accept the pecuniary emolu. ing ber sons of their most sacred and invaluable ments annexed to this high office, fully evidenced privileges, against the clearest remonstrances of to us that a warm regard to the sacred riglts of the constitution, of justice and of truth; and to hinmanity, and sincere love to your country, solely execute their schemes, bad appealed to the sword, influenced you in the acceptance of this important i esteemed it my duty to take a part in the contest, trust.
and more especially, on account of my being called from your acknowledged abilities as a soldier, thereto by the unsolicited suffrages of the reprcand your virtues in public and private life, we had sentatives of a free people; wishing for no other the most pleasing hopes; but the fortitude and reward than that arising from a consciencious disequanimity so conspicuous in your conduet; the barge of the important trust, and that my services wisdom of your councils; the mild, yet strict gou might contribute to the establishment of freedom vernment of the army; your attention to the civil and peace, upon a permanent foundation, and merit constitution of this colony, the regard you have at the applause of my countrymen, and every virtuous all times shewn for the lives and health of those citizen. under your command; the fatigues you have with
Your professions of my attention to the civil concheerfulness endured; the regard you have shewn
stitution of this colony, whilst acting in the line of for the preservation of our metropolis, and the
my department, also demands my grateful thanks. great address with which our military operations
A regard to every provincial institution, where not have been conducted, have exceeded our most
incompatible with the common interest; I hold a sanguine expectations, and demand the warmest
principle of duty, and of policy, and shall ever form Teturns of gratitude.
a part of my conduct. Had I not learnt this beThe Supreme Ruler of the universe baving smiled
fore, the happy experience of the advantages reon our arms, and crowned your labors with re.
sulting from a friendly intercourse with your honor. markable success, we are now, without that effu.
able body, their ready and willing concurrence to sion of blood we so much wished to avoid, again aid and to counsel, whenever called upon in cases in the quiet possession of our capital; the wisdom
of difficulty and emergency, would have taught me and prudence of those movements, which bave
the useful lesson. obliged the enemy to abandon our metropolis, will ever be remembered by the inhabitants of this
That the metropolis of your colony is now reliev. colony.
ed from the cruel and oppressive invasions of those May you still go on approved by Heaven, revered who were sent to erect the standard of lawless by all good men, and dreaded by those tyrants who domination, and to trample on the rights of huclaim their fellow men as their property. May the manity, and is again open and free for its rightful united colonies be defended from slavery by your possessors, must give pleasure to every virtuous victorious arms. May they still see their enemies
and sympathetic heart, and being effected without
the blood of our soldiers and fellow-citizens, must flying before you; and (the deliverance of your
be ascribed to the interposition of that Providence, country being effected) may you, in relirement, enjoy that peace and satisfaction of mind, which which has manifestly appeared in our behalf through always attends the good and great and may future the whole of this important struggle, as well as 10 generations in the peaceful enjoyment of that free. the measures pursued for bringing alcut the happy dom, the exercise of which your sword shall establish, raise the richest and most lasting monu. May that Being who is powerful to save, and in ments to the name of a Washington."
whose hands is the fate of nations, look down with
an eye of tender pity and compassion upon the silent and commander in chief in and over the whole of the united colonies; may he continue to colony of South Carolina, and by the honorable the smile upon their counsels and arms, and crown legislative council and general assembly of this them with success, whilst employed in the cause colony, and by the authority of the same, that if of virtue and mankind.-May this distressed colony any person or persons within this colony do, or and its capital, and every part of this wide extend. shall
, from, and immediately after, the passing af ed continent, through his divine favor, be restored this act, take up arms with a hostile intent, and to more than their former lustre and once happy by force and violence, or by words, deeds, or writ. state, and have peace, liberty, and safety secured ing, or any other means whatsoever, cause, induce, upon a solid, permanent, and lasting foundation.' or persuade, or attempt to cause, induce, or per. GEORGE WASHINGTON, suade any other person or persons, with such hostile
intent, to take up arms, and by force and violence South Carolina.
to oppose and subvert the authority of the govern. At a general assembly begun and holden at Charles- ment of this colony, established by the constitu
ton, on Tuesday the twenty-sixth day of March, tion, agreed on and confirmed in congress at in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hun. Charleston, on the twenty-sixth day of March, one dred and seventy-six; and from thence continued, thousand seven hundred and seventy-six, or to by divers adjournments, to Thursday the eleventh wound, maim, or kill any person or persong, or day of April, in the year of our Lord one thau. destroy any of the houses, goods, or chattels of sand seven hundred and seventy-six.
any such persons, who shall under, and by virtue An act to prevent sedition, and punish insurgents and of any authority of the said government, be acting ilishurbers of the public peace.
in support and defence of the same, or the execu“Whereas a horrid and unnatural war is now
tion of any power, authority or office derived there. carried on by the ministry and parliament of Great from, all and every of such person or persons, and Britain, against the united colonies of North Ame. the aider and abettor, or aiders and abettors of rica in general, and this colony in particular, with such person or persons so offending, in either of a cruel and oppressive design of robbing the colo. the offences aforesaid, shall, on being indicted and nies and good people of this colony of their dearest convicted of the same, by due course of law, be and most valuable rights as freemen, and reducing deemed and adjudged guilty of felony, and suffer them to a state of the most abject slavery and op.
death without benefit of clergy. pression: and whereas, also, in order further to
And be it further enacted by the authority aforea accomplish the said iniquitous and unwarrantable said, That if any persons within this colony shall, designs, every means has been adopted by a wicked immediately after the passing of this act, or at administration to sow civil dissentions and animosi- any time thereafter, by letter, writing, message, or ties, and to create disorder, confusion and blood. other means of intelligence, hold any correspon. shed amongst the good people of this colony, by dence or intercourse, or conspire or concert in any employing secret emissaries to stir up in the miods manner whatever with, or aid or abet any land or of wicked and evil-disposed persons, persuasions naval farce, raised or to be raised, or which shall and principles inimical to the ties of humanity, and be sent by Great Britain, in a hostile manner, the common rights of mankind, and thereby induc against this colony, or any other force or body of ing them not only to disturb the common peace, men within this colony, who shall, in a hostile safety, and good order of this colony, but to take intent or manner, oppose the power and authority up arms and spill the blood of their fellow citizens, of the present government of this colony, establishwho are only acting in the defence of their lives, ed as aforesaid, with an intent to promole the ac: liberties, and properties, against tbe hands of a complishments of any hostile plan of operation, lawless and despotic power: to the intent, there. designed by such force or forces against the lives, fore, and in order the more effectually to preserve liberties and properties of all or any of the inha. and secure the peace, order, and good government bitants and friends to the constitution of this coof this colony, and to deter and prevent such evil-lony, established as aforeseid-every such person minded persons from committing such offences, or persons, so offending in any of the said offences, and all such other offences declared in this act, to shall, on being indicied and convicted thereof the great danger of the lives, liberties, and pro. by que course of law, be deemed and adjudged perties of the inhabitants of this colony: Be it guilty of felony, and suffer death without benefit of enacted by his excellency John Rutledge, esq. pre.' clergy.
And be it further enacted by the authority afore, against all enemies wbatsoever, who shall invade said, That if any person or persons within this co-or attack the same, or endanger the safety thereof. lony shall, immediately after the passing of this act,
And be it further enacted by the authority aforedr at any time thereafter, furnish or supply, or cause
said, That if any person or persons within this or procure to be furnished or supplied, with any colony shall, immediately after the passing of bills of exchange, monies, goods, provisions, liquors, this act, or at any time thereafter, colļect or assemor other necessary articles of subsistence, or any ble with any body or assembly of persons, or cause military or naval stores whatever, any of the land or naval forces, raised or to be raised, or sent by with intent, in a riotous and seditious manner, to
or procure them to be so collected and assembled, Great Britain, or any authority derived from that
disturb the public peace and tranquility, and the government, against this colony, or shall, in like
good order of the government, and by words or manner, furnish or supply, or cause to be furnish
otherwise to create and raise traiterous seditions ed or supplied, any force or body of men who shall,
or discontents in the minds of the good people of in a hostile manner, oppose the government of this
this colony, against the authority of the present colony, established as aforesaid every such person government established as aforesaid every such or persons, so offending in either of the offences
person or persons, so offending in any of the said aforesaid, and the aider or abettor, or aiders and
offences, shall, on conviction thereof, by due course abettors of any of the said offences, shall, on being of law, be deemed and adjudged guilty of felony. indicted or convicted thereof, by due course of law, be deemed and adjudged guilty of felony, and
And be it further enacted by the authority afore. suffer death without benefit of clergy.
said, That the lands and tenements, goods and
ebattels, and other real and personal estate of all And be it further enacted by the authority afore such person or persons, who shall be duly convictSaid, That if any person or persons within this ed, by virtue of this act, of any of the crimes and colody stall, at any time after the passing of this offences thereby made felony, shall, within one act, compel, induce, persuade, or attempt to oom- month after such conviction, by the skeriff of each pel, induce, or persuade any white person, or per district respectively, in which such real and per. gons, er any free negro, or negroes, mulatto orsonal estate of the person or persons so 'convicted, mulattoes, Indian or Indians, to desert from their
or any part thereof, shall be found, with three free. babitation or habitations, or any negro or other holders of the said district, be appraised upon oath, slave or slaves, to desert from his or their master, and the said appraisement duly returned, by tbe mistress, or owner, and to join any land or naval said sheriff of such district, to the secretary's of force, raised or to be raised, or sent by Great Bri- fice in Charleston, within one month after such aptain, or any authority derived from that govern- praisement is made, and the said sheriff of quch disment, against the united colonies of America, ortrict in which the appraisement is made, as afore. this colony, or to join any person or persons armed
said, shall, within one month thereafter, expose in a hostile manner, with intent to oppose or subvert such estate so appraised to public sale, first giving the government of this colony, established as afore twenty-one days public notice of the sale; and shall, said, or with intent of killing any person or persons, within three months after such sale, deposite the or destroying his, her, or their goods or property, amount of the same, deducting legal poundage and who shall be acting, or ready and willing to act in charges, in the office of the colony treasury in support and defence of such government, or any of
Charleston, and the commissioners of the colony the inhabitants of this colony and friends to the
treasury, or any one of them, on receipt of such same-every such person or persons, so offending in
monies from the sheriff, as aforesaid, shall give a any of the above offences, and all such as shall aid
receipt or voucher for the same. and abet the said offender, or offenders, in the per. petration and execution of any of the said offences, And be it further enacted by the authority aforesball, on conviction thereof, by due course of law, said, That if any sheriff or sheriffs, for any of the be deemed and adjudged guilty of felony, and shall districts in this colony, shall in any wise transgress, suffer death without benefit of clergy. Provided or disobey, or neglect the putting in execution, any always, nevertheless, that nothing in this act con- of the provisions or clauses in this act, respecting tained shall be construed or taken to prevent the their duty and office-every sheriff so offending, good people of this colony from arming of slaves disobeying or neglecting the same, shall forfeit his or negroes, for the better defence of this colony | office, and incur the penalty of one thousand pounds
carruat money, to be sued for, and recovered by Hongrabe gentlemen of the legislatite csuncibill or plaint in any court of record in this colony, Y- Speaker and gent enn of the zone al evezi, wherein no esign, privilege, protec:isa or wage? It has afforded be much satisfaction to observe, oi law, or more than one imparlance, shall be
that though the season of the year readered your allried
sitting very incootenieni, your private conceras, An:! teir further enacted by the agthority afote. which most have sultered greatly by your loog sai?, Thas the monies aisir.g from the sale of all and close application, in the late congress, to the such estates as shall become forfeited, by virtue of affairs of the colony, requiring your presence in li.is ac i, shall be appropriated for a fund, and stati ihe county, yet con: inuing to prefer the public become a reprisal fund, for reimbursing all such weal to ease and retirement, you have been basily losies and damages which have been, 07 sball be engaged in framing such laws as our peculiar cirsustained by any person or persons who have been, cumstances rendered absolutely necessary to be arc, or shall be, engaged in opposition to the op. passed before your adjourtmest. Having giren pressive measures of the British ministry, or the my assent to them, I presume you are now desirous defence of the present established constitution, and of a recess. the liberties of this colony.
On my part, a most solemn oath bas been taken And be it further enacted by the authority afore. for the faithful discharge of my duty; on yours, a said, That no person or persons shall be reimbursed, solemo assurance bas been given to support me by virtue of this act, for any losses or damages therein. Thus, a public compact between us sustained from persons acting in open hostility stands recorded. You may rest assured that I shall against the present constitution of government, keep this oath ever in mind—the constitution shall and the liberties of this colony, unless the said be the invariable rule of my conduct-my ears shall reimbursem ent be, on application, and oath made be always open to the complaints of the injured, of the damages actually sustained, deemed just justice, in mercy, shall neither be denied, or delar. and reasonable by the general assembly of this ed-Our laws and religion, and the liberties of colony, or such other body or persons as the legisla. America, shall be maintained and defended, to the tive body of this colony shall appoint: Provided utmost of my power. I repose the most perfect always, nevertheless, That such person or persons,
confidence in your engagement. to whom such reimbursement shall be thought rea.
And now, gentlemen, let me intreat that you sonable, do first, before the receipt thereof, take will
, in your several parishes and districts, use and subscribe the oath of fidelity, ordained in the
your influence and authority to keep peace and present constitution, if such person or persons had good order, and procure strict observance of, and not before taken and subscribed the same.
ready obedience to the law. If any persons thereAnd be it further enacted by the autbority afore. in are still strangers to the nature and merits of I said, that the fines and penalties to be incurred, the dispute between Great Britain and the colonies, by virtue of this act, shall, upon recovery thereof, you will explain it to them fully, and teach them, be paid into the colony treasury, to be applied to,
if they are so unfortunate as not to know their and for such uses and purposes as are herein men.
inherent rights. Prove to them, that the privileges tioned. G. G. Powell, speaker of the
of being tried by a jury of the vicinage, acquainted Legislative council.
with the parties and witnesses; of being taxed only James Parlsons, speaker of the
with their own consent, given by their representaGeneral assembly
lives, freely chosen by, and sharing the burthen In the council chamber, the 11th day of April, equally with themselves, not for the aggrandizing 1776-Assented to,
a rapacious minister, and his dependent favorites,
and for corrupting the people, and subverting their In general assembly, South Carolina, April 11, 1776. liberties, but for such wise and salutary purposes,
Ordered, That the speech this day delivered to as they themselves approve; and of baving their both houses, by his excellency the president and internal polity regulated, only by laws consented commander in chief of this colony, be forthwith to by competent judges of what is best adapted to printed and made public, as well in the newspapers their situation and circumstances, equally bound as otherwise.
100 by those laws, are inestimable, and derived Ny order of the house,
from that constilution, which is the birth-right of Pæren TimotuY, clerk G. 1. the poorest man, and the best inheritance of thic