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EDITOR'S PREFACE.

The Editor of the present edition of Dr. Blair's Lectures on Rhetoric and Belles Lettres, has endeavoured to present the work to the public, in a style which he thinks will meet with entire approbation. The plates irom which it is printed, were originaliy cast for Mr. George F. Hopkins, from a late London copy, and were, in general, found to be very correct; a few errors were, however, on critical examination, detected; but these having been carefully removed, the Editor has now no hesitation in saying, that this is as perfect an edition of the work, as any previously issued from the press, either in this country or in Great Britain.

In addition to its correctness, this edition has to recommend it, a copious collection of questions, which were prepared with the greatest care and attention. The Editor is, however, aware, that this method of teaching has, by some gentlemen of science, been objected to; and considering the manner in which questions have almost uniformly been written, the objection is certainly not without soumdatjóni But that: Are student may be preserved from the disadvantagds: arising from using questions unskilfully prepared, and, at the same tíme, be relieved from the tediousness of studying the work without them, the Editor has been.careful, so to construct these questions, that the answers which they require, necessarily include every senlence of the work itself; 'thuis effecting the double purpose of greatly facilitating the recitations of classes; and, at the same time, of compelling cach scholar to learn every word of the author.

To the lectures that require them, the Editor has also affixed analyses, which are principally designed to facilitate the studies of young gentlemen at college, and of young ladies at school, who may be sufficiently advanced to pursue this course; and it affords the Editor peculiar pleasure here to state, that they have been used by a number of classes of young ladies, educated by himself, in this city, with entire success..

In preparing these analyses, the Editor has generally followed the natural divisions of the lectures, as they are laid down by the author himself; but from the necessity of making each one of neariy the same length, he has, perhaps, in a few instances, extended the number of his subdivisions beyond their natural length: he presumes, however, that no inconvenience will result to the student from the course which he has pursued. as the omission of such subdivisions as may appear unnecessary, will be attended with no material consequences. NEW-YORK, August, 1929.

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CONTENTS.

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I. INTRODUCTION,.

9

II. Tasteg.....

16

III. Criticism--Genius-Pleasures of Taste-Sublimity in Objects,

27

IV. The sublime in Writing,.......

37

V. Beauty and other pleasures of taste,..

49

VI. Rise and progress of language,.......

58

VII. Rise and progress of language and of writing,

68

VIII. Structure of language,...

78

IX. Structure of language-English tongue,.

89

X. Style-Perspicuity and precision,

101

XI. Structure of sentences,.....

112

XII. Structure of sentences,

128

XIII, Structure of sentences-Harmony,..

134

XIV. Origin and Nature of Figurative Language,.

146

XV. Metaphor,....

158

XVI. Hyperbole-Personification-Apostrophe,

169

XVII. Comparison, Antithesis, Interrogation, Exclamation, and other figures

of Speech,...

181

XVIII. Figurative Language-General Characters of Style-Diffuse, Concise

-Feeble, Nervous—Dry, Plain, Neat, Elegant, Flowery,........ 192

XIX. General characters of Style—Simple, Affected, Vehement-Directions

for forming a proper style.....

205

XX. Critical Examination of the Style of Mr. Addison, in No. 411 of the

Spectator,.....

216

XXI. Critical Examination of the Style in No. 412 of the Spectator, 226

XXII. Critical Examination of the Style in No. 413 of the Spectator,..

XXIII. Critical Examin-. 'n of the Style in No. 414 of the Spectator,...

XXIV. Critical Examinawon of the Style in a Passage of Dean Swift's writ-

ings,....

250

XXV. Eloquence, or Public Speaking-History of Eloquence-Grecian Elo-

quence-Demosthenes,..

260

XXVI. History of Eloquence continued-Roman Eloquence-Cicero-Mo-

dern Eloquence,...

273

XXVII. Different kinds of Public Speaking-Eloquence of Popular Assemblies

-Extracts from Demosthenes,.

284

XXVIII. Eloquence of the Bar-Analysis of Cicero's Oration for Cluentius,... 298

XXIX. Eloquence of the Pulpit,......

312

XXX. Critical Examination of a Sermon of Bishop Atterbury's,..

326

XXXI. Conduct of a Discourse in all its Parts-Introduction-Division-Mar-

ration, and Explication,.....

31)

XXXII. Conduct of a Discourse—The Argumentative Part-The Pathetic Part

- The Peroration,....

363

XXXill Pronunciation or Delivery,.

365

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edition heretofore published. Mr. Mills has made an From the New York Daily Advertiser, October immense number of corrections in typography and

RECOMMENDATIONS

TO G. & C. & H. CARVILL'S STEREOTYPE EDITION OF BLAIR'S LECTURES ON

RHETORIC AND BELLES LETTRES.

From the New York Evening Post, September | many more, some of which, it is obvious, must have
25th, 1829.

rendered the sense doublful, have been correctel ir.

this edition.
Blair's Lectures.-The excellence of Dr. Blair's
Lectures on Rhetoric and Belles Leures, has been so

Bub, although it is important to have the work
Jong and generally acknowledged, that the work hastion which ihe Messrs. Carvill are aboui to publish,

freed from inaccuracies of these kinds, yet the edi.
acyuired the authority of a standard, and is the one
most used in our colleges and principal seminaries.

has a still stronger recommendation. To every lec-
The best and most correct edition of this work hith-

ture, Mr. Mills has attixed a list of questions, which
erto before the American public, is one that was pub- answer which necessarily implies a sufficient ac.

embrace the whole subject matter, and to be able to
lished about three years ago, by Mr. G. E.) Hopkins, quaintance with the author. li is remarked in the
from stereotype plates, the proofs from which were
revised by several distinguished literary gentlemen, I end of tuition by questions, has been objected to by

editor's preface, that this method of forwarding the
with an especial view to the correction of whatever
errors might have occurred in the quotations from

some well informed gerilemen; but we are inclined
the Latin and Greek. From these plates the brothers

to think, that their objections must have had rese-
Carvill are now about to publish another edition ; but interrogatorics, with which many excellent books on

rence to the numerous interpolations, notes, and
in order to render it still inore deserving of patronage, education have b.un encumbered by quacks in lite
than any previons one, they have not only been et
greater cost with regard to the quality of paper, &c.

rature, desirou!), the reputation of authorship,
but have procured the entire work to be carefully

without possessing the ability to write. For our own
read by Mr. Abraham Mills, teacher of Rhetoric and part, we are weli convinced that the questions which
Belles Lettres, whose edition oi Burke on the Sul

Mr. Mills has added to the lectures, cannot but have
ame and Beautiful, our readers may remember that a tendency to fix the topics of discussion more firmly
we mentioned with deserved approbation. In the

on the mind of the student. In addition to the ques-
course of his examination, Mr. Mills has discovereill tions, an analysis, or brief of the content of each
a very great number of errors, (not legs than eighteen 'll lecture, is given, by a perusal of which, after the
hundred in all,) of greater or less moment, but all of

lecture has been read, all its topice, and in their pro-
sufficient magnitude to require correction. We have li per order, are brought at once to mind. In every re-
a copy before us containir:g his annotations, and in of the editor, and the quality of the paper and typon

spect, both as regards the additions and corrections

looking over it, have remarked a great number of in; l graphy, this edition of Blair's Lectures, more than

etances where verbal inaccuracies had occurred, and

where, by the substitution of a word that had been any other we have seen, is worthy of public patron.

age.

omitted, or the restoration of the one intended by the
author, for the improper one that had crept into its
place, and been hitherto overlooked, the sense, from

From the Morning Courier and Enquirer, Sep
being obscure in some cases, and in others unintelli-

tember 29th, 1829.
gible, has been rendered perfectly plain. Besides Blair's Lectures.-Messis, G. & C. & II. Car.
ihesc important alterations and aniendments, the vill have published a sterotyped edition of Blair's
punctua'ion, which was before very imperfect, has Lectures, adapted to the use of schools, by Mr. Abra.
undergone careful revision: and a good number of hain Mills, one of our most respectable and popular
inerely literal errors of the press, such as possing teachers. We have examined inis work, and care
instead of passion, seeks instead of speaks, and Il fully compared it with the most approved American

2d, 1829. punctuation, we should suppose rearly two thousand. At the end of each leciure, Mr. Mills gives a

Corrected Stereotyped Edition of Blair's Leo list of questions, so worded as to call upon the recol.

tures.-Messrs. Carvill have just published an edi. jection of the learner, without putting the answer

tion of Blair's Lectures, from the stereotype plates of into his mouth. He also appends to each lecture a Hopkins, after making numerous corrections, and summary analysis, arranged with great care and introducing many additional pages of matter, peculi

arly well calculated to make the work still inore use judgment.

This edition is decidedly superior to any other that ful in the study of rhetori:. we have ever seen, English or American.

I is a well known fact, to all persons familiar with

the highly popular and useful lectures of Dr. Blair, From the New York American, September 30th, work, in which the very faults of style which the au

that numerous cases occur, in different parts of the 1829. Blair's Lectures, by Mills. We have looked

thor' criticises and condemns, repeatedly occur. over this new edition of Blair, published under the surprising, even to learners themselves, that they

These faults are so obvious, that it must have seemed direction of Mr. Mills, of this city, well known as a successful teacher ; and, upon comparing it with editions, even the most recent, as well as our own. In

should have been allowed to disfigure all the English the best previous American exition, are satisfied a

addition to this, there were almost innumerable irreits superior accuracy in typograpny ano punctuatiot. Indeed, but for the evidence this comparison has gularities in punctuation, calculated to confuse and furnished of the fact, we shouid have hardiy thought I mislead the reader or pupil; and Mr. Mills, to whom

the defects o::he work had become intimately known, it possible, that a book so constantly used as a stan. dard work in education, and printed with great ap- of rhetoric in some of the most respecuable academies

through a long course of professional use, as a teacher parent care too, could have been so faulty.

Mr. Mills has appended to each chapter a series or of this city, was very judiciously engaged to make questions, the answers to which embrace, of necessi.

the necessary corrections. We have had an opportu. iy, every sentence in the chapter, so as to require the nity to judge of the extent and importance of the la. student to master the whole. This is followed by an

pour he had to perform. About two thousand correcanalysis of each topic treated in the chapter. The

tions were made in the plates; and, in addition to two together wil' boch aid and test the scholar's profi-closely

connected with the ..ject, and requiring in

these, a series of questions follows every lecture, ciency.

the pupil a thorough knowleuse of the lesson. These From the Mercantile Advertiser, October 1st, 1829. || ifty in all ; and each lecture is also furnished with

a

questions amount to five thousand seven hundred and Blair's Lectures.-We observed a few days brief analysis, of great convenience and use. eince, a notice of a new edition of this standard work on Rneloric and Belles lettres, in which high praise shall expect to see this improved work.eublished in

England. was awarded w Mr. Abraham Mills, for the detection of numerous errors in a late American edition for an analysis of each iecture, and copious questions arising from them. This praise was awarded on

From the New York Commercial Advertiser, Ocwhat was said to be a careful comparison of the two

lober 3d, 1829. editions; and, as we were struck with the strength

The Messrs. Carvills have just issued a new edi. the remarks, and wondered not a little at the bold- tion of Blair's Lectures, the text for which is perhape ness which had attempted the emendation of Blair, 1 entiiled to be called immaculate. A few years ago we took the trouble to call on the publishers, Messrs.

an edition was printed with extraordinary care, from Carvill, to examine and compare for ourselves. The stereotype plates. Nearly two thousand errors have result has been, that although Mr. Mills may have, in however, been detected by Mr. Abraham Mills, web one or two instances, been too fas:idious in his corres

known as a teacher in this city. Some few of these tions, yet, in the main, they are judicious, and, whe- may, by possibility, have escaped Dr. Blair himsell, ther the errors arose from inadvertence in the learned though they are violations of his own rules. The author, or the carelessness or ignorance of some of

bulk of them, however, had been accumulating his editors, the present corrections are invaluable to through the successive editions of the work, as they those for whom the work was intended. The correc- were published in Great Britain and this country. tions in punctuation are very numerous, and almost | Many were of a serious character, deforming the invariably unexceptionable. The analysis is such as sense ; while all were important in a work expresely could not have been made but by one who, like Mr. treating of accuracy in style. The punctuation in the Mille, has been in the long and daty practice of in- || former editions was very slovenly. It has, as we have structing by means of these lectures; and ine ques || ascertainel ny an examination of the copy sent ic tions which he has arrangeul at the close of ali the ec- uy, and by companng it with enat imprinted iron tures admitung of Ilustration ov question, are aix old plates, been judiciously corrected by Mr. the results of reserve and new prior wriin? Mills. The questions ani analysis annexed to each of the audir vir

my went n (? iecture, are calculated to be of much practical use in of our most wurkar female, and one of our vest male | schools, and even in colleges, according to the

pre seininanies. Wow be usis war's 739 Xaricarska 1:

sent standard of education in this country. The the labour bestowed upon it

, and remunerate the questions comprehend the literal whole of each lete publishers ice inair enteroris., vil!o acenian: exture; the analysis, the whole of each of them in sute. Denise on! sa 3

dal2

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