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Par. Right, so I say.
Par. It is, indeed: if you will have it in showing, you shall read it in, —What do you call there?!
Laf. A showing of a heavenly effect in an earthly actor.1 Par. That's it I would have said; the very same.
Laf. Why, your dolphin is not lustier;2 'fore me I speak in respect
Par. Nay, 'tis strange, 'tis very strange, that is the brief and the tedious of it; and he is of a most facinorous spirit, 3 that will not acknowledge it to be the
9 Par. It is, indeed; if you will have it in showing, &c.] We should read, I think: It is, indeed, if you will have it a showing -you shall read it in what do you call there. Tyrwhitt.
Does not, if you will have it in showing, signify in a demonstration or statement of the case? Henley.
1 A showing of a heavenly effect &c.] The title of some pamphlet here ridiculed. Warburton.
2 Why, your dolphin is not lustier : ] By dolphin is meant the dauphin, the heir apparent, and the hope of the crown of France. His title is so translated in all the old books. Steevens.
What Mr. Steevens observes is certainly true; and yet the additional word your induces me to think that by dolphin in the passage before us the fish so called was meant. Thus, in Antony and Cleopatra:
" The element he liv'd in." Lafeu, who is an old courtier, if he had meant the king's son, would surely have said-the dolphin. I use the old spelling.
Malone. In the colloquial language of Shakspeare's time, your was frea quently employed as it is in this passage. So, in Hamlet, the Grave-digger observes, that “ your water is a sore decayer of your whorson dead body.” Again, in As you Like it : “ Your if, is the only peace-maker.” Steevens.
facinorous spirit,] This word is used in Heywood's English Traveller, 1633:
“ And magnified for high facinorous deeds."
Laf. Very hand of heaven.
Par. And debile minister, great power, great transcendence: which should, indeed, give us a further use to be made, than alone the recovery of the king, * as to be Laf. Generally thankful.
Enter King, Helena, and Attendants. Par. I would have said it; you say well: Here comes the king
Laf. Lustick, as the Dutchman says:5 I 'll like a
Facinorous is wicked. The old copy spells the word facinerious ; but as Parolles is not designed for a verbal blunderer, I have adhered to the common spelling. Steevens.
which should, indeed, give us a further use to be made &c.] I believe Parolles has again usurped words and sense to which he has no right; and I read this passage thus :
Laf. In a most weak and debile minister, great power, great transcendence; which should, indeed, give us a further use to be made than the mere recovery of the king.
Par. As to be
When the parts are written out for players, the names of the characters which they are to represent are never set down; but only the last words of the preceding speech which belongs to their partner in the scene. If the plays of Shakspeare were printed (as there is reason to suspect) from these piece-meal transcripts, how easily may the mistake be accounted for, which Dr. Johnson has judiciously strove to remedy? Steevens.
5 Lustick, as the Dutchman says:] Lustigh is the Dutch word for lusty, cheerful, pleasant. It is used in Hans Beer-pot's Invisi. ble Comedy, 1618:
can walk a mile or two " As lustique as a boor --." Again, in The Witches of Lancashire, by Heywood and Broome, 1634:
“What all lustick, all frolicksome !" The burden also of one of our aneient Medleys is
“Hey Lusticke.” Steevens. In the narrative of the cruelties committed by the Dutch at Amboyna, in 1622, it is said, that after a night spent in prayer, &c. by some of the prisoners, “the Dutch that guarded them offered them wine, bidding them drink lustick, and drive away the sorrow, according to the custom of their own nation." Reed.
maid the better, whilst I have a tooth in my head: Why, he's able to lead her a coranto.
Par. Mort du Vinaigre: Is not this Helen?
[Exit an Attendant,
Enter several Lords. Fair maid, send forth thine eye; this youthful parcel Of noble bachelors stand at my bestowing, O'er whom both sovereign power and father's voice6 I have to use: thy frank election make; Thou hast power to choose, and they none to forsake.
Hel. To each of you one fair and virtuous mistress Fall, when love please!-marry, to each, but one!?
Laf. I'd give bay Curtal, 8 and his furniture,
Peruse them well:
o O'er whom both sovereign power and father's voice - ] They were his wards as well as his subjects. Henley.
marry, to each, but one!) I cannot understand this passage
sense, than as a ludicrous exclamation, in con. sequence of Helena's wish of one fair and virtuous mistress to each of the lords. If that be so, it cannot belong to Helena ; and might, properly enough, be given to Parolles. Tyrwhitt.
Tyrwhitt's observations on this passage are not conceived with his usual sagacity. He mistakes the import of the words but one, which does not mean one only, but except one.
Helena wishes a fair and virtuous mistress to each of the young lords who were present, one only excepted; and the person excepted is Bertram, whose mistress she hoped she herself should be; and she makes the exception out of modesty: for otherwise the description of a fair and virtuous mistress would have extended to herself. M. Mason.
bay Curtal,] i. e. a bay, docked horse. Steevens. 9 My mouth no more were broken -] A broken inouch is a mouth which has lost part of its teeth. Johnson.
Hel. Gentlemen, Heaven hath, through me, restor'd the king to health.
All. We understand it, and thank heaven for you.
Hel. I am a simple maid; and therein wealthiest,
Make choice; and, see, Who shuns thy love, shuns all his love in me.
Hel. Now, Dian, from thy altar do I fly;
| Lord. And grant it.
Thanks, sir; all the rest is mute.2 Laf. I had rather be in this choice, than throw amesace3 for
1 We blush, that thou should'st choose; but, be refus'd,
Let the white death &c.] In the original copy, these lines are pointed thus:
We blush that thou should'st choose, but be refus'd;
Let the white death sit on thy cheek for ever, &c. This punctuation has been adopted in all the subsequent editions. The present regulation of the text appears to me to afford a much clearer sense. " My blushes (savs Helen) thus whisper me. We blush that thou should'st have the nomination of thy husband.However, choose him at thy peril. But, if thou be refused, let thy cheeks be for ever pale; we will never revisit them again."
The blushes which are here personified could not be supposed to know that Helena would be refused, as, according to the former punctuation, they appear to do; and, even if the poet had meant this, he would surely have written and be refused, not “ - but be refused.”
“ Be refus'd,” means the same as—thou being refused, or, be thou refused. Malone.
The white death is the chlorosis. Johnson. The pestilence that ravaged England in the reign of Edward III was called “the black death.” Steevens.
all the rest is mute.] i. e. I have no more to say to you So, Himlet: 6 - the rest is silence.” Steevens.
ames-ace – ] i.e. the lowest chance of the dice. So, in The Ordinary, by Cartwright: “ may I at my last stake, &c. throw ames-aces thrice together.” Steevens.
Hel. The honour, sir, that flames in your
eyes, Before I speak, too threateningly replies: Love make your fortunes twenty times above Her that so wishes, and her humble love!
2 Lord. No better, if you please. Hel.
My wish receive, Which great love grant! and so I take my leave.
Laf. Do all they deny her?4 An they were sons of mine, I'd have them whipped; or I would send them to the Turk, to make eunuchs of. Hel. Be not afraid [to a Lord] that I your hand should
Laf. These boys are boys of ice, they 'll none have her: sure, they are bastards to the English; the French ne'er got them.
Hel. You are too young, too happy, and too good, To make yourself a son out of my blood.
4. Lord. Fair one, I think not so.
Laf. There's one grape yet, 5 — I am sure, thy father drank wine. But if thou be'st not an ass, I am a youth of fourteen; I have known thee already.
Hel. I dare not say, I take you; [to Ber.] but I give Me, and my service, ever whilst I live, Into your guiding power. This is the man.
4 Laf. Do all they deny her?] None of them have yet denied her, or deny her afterwards, but Bertram. The scene must be so regulated that Lafeu and Parolles talk at a distance, where they may see what passes between Helena and the lords, but not hear it, so that they know not by whom the refusal is made.
Fohnson. 5 There's one grape yet,] This speech the three last editors [Theobald, Hanmer, and Warburton) bave perplexed themselves, by dividing between Lafeu and Parolles, without any authority of copies, or any improvement of sense. I have restored the old reading, and should have thought no explanation necessary, but that Mr. Theobald apparently misunderstood it.
Old Lafeu having, upon the supposition that the lady was refused, reproached the young lords as boys of ice, throwing his eyes on Bertram, who remained, cries out, There is one yet into whom his father put good blood but I have known thee long enough to know thee for an ass. Fohnson.