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AMERICAN SELECTION

Lessons in Reading and Speaking.

CALCULATED TO

IMPROVE THE MINDS AND REFINE THE

TASTE OF YOUTH.

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DIRECTIONS FOR EXPRESSING THE PRINCIPAL PASSIONE

OF THE MIND.

BY NOAH WEBSTER, Esq.

a New Edition.

From Sidney's Press, New-Haven for
1. BEERS & Co. AND I. COOKE & Co.

1804.

PUBLIKA

ASADVERTISEMENT TO THE REVISED EDITION,
TILDEN FOUND.
R . 1919

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. THE American Selection, tho' well received and much used in schools,has been thought susceptible of improvement; the compiler has therefore made some alterations, omitting some pieces which are believed to be less adapted to interest young minds, and substituting others, which cannot fail to be as entertaining as useful. The present editition comprehends a great variety of sentiment, morality, history, elocution, anecdote and description, and it is believed, will be found to contain as much interesting matter, as any compilation of the size and price.

NEW-HAVEN Sept. 1804.

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Diftri&t of Connecticut, fs. BE it remembered that on the thirtienth day of January in the twenty. ciobth year of the Independence of the United States of America, NOAH WEBSTER Jun, of said Difriet Esg, bath deported in this office the title of a book the right whereof be claims as author, in the words following, viz. « An American Selection of Leffons in Reading and Speaking, calculated to improve the minds and refine the taste of youtb-To which are prefixed Rules in Elocution and directions for expressing the principal paffions of ihe mind.. By NOAM WEBSTER Fun. Author of Dissertations on the English Lang guage, Collection of Essays and Fugitive Writings, the Prompter, &c." In conformity to the act of the Congress of the United States, entitled an act for the encouragement of learning by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times tberein mentioned.

Charles Denison, Clerk of the Difria

of Connetticut.
ConneEticut, fs.
District Clerk's Office. Jan, 30, 1804.
A true Copy of Record. Att.

CHARLES DENISON, Clarke

RULES FOR READING AND SPEAKING.

RULE I.
Let your articulation be clear and distinct.
A GOOD articulation coħsists in giving every letter and

syllable its proper pronunciation of sound.
Let each fyllable, and the letters which compose it, be pro..
nounced with a clear voice, without whining, drawling, lifp-
ing, stammering, mumbling in the throat, or speaking through
the nose. Avoid equally a dull drawling habit, and too much
rapidity of pronunciation : for each of these faults destroys a
distinct articulation.

RULE II.
Obferve the Stops, and mark the proper Pauses ; but make no

pause where the fenfe requires none.
The characters we use as stops are extremely arbitrary, and
do not always mark a suspension of the voice. On the contra-
ry, they are often employed to separate the several members
of a period, and how the grammatical construction. Nor
when they are designed to mark paules, do they always deter-
min the length of those pauses, for this depends much on the
sense and the nature of the subject. A semicolon, for exam-
ple, requires a longer pause in a grave discourse, than in lively
and spirited declamation. However as children are incapa-
ble of nice distinctions, it may be best to adopt, at first, fome
general rule with respect to the pauses, and teach them to
pay the same attention to these characters as they do to the
words.* They should be cautioued likewise against pausing in
the midst of a member of a fentennce, where the sense requires
the words to be closely connected in pronunciation-

RULE IIÍ.
Pay the Ari&teft attention to Accent, Emphasis, and Cadence.

'Let the accented fyllables be pronounced with a proper stress of voice ; the’unaccented, with little stress of voice, but disa tinctly.

* See my American Spelling book, in which the pauses of the com58, femicolon, colon, and period, are fixed at one, two, four, fix.

604.

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