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Constantinople, Feb. 14. ON the 24th of January, an English brig arrived in the Straits of the Dardanelles, when the commandant of the castles informed its captain, that under the present circumstances he could not permit him to pass, without sending for instructions how to act. The captain of the English brig, unwilling to wait, immediately sailed on, and continued his course till his masts were shot away. It was generally thought that this captain was the bearer of dispatches to Mr. Arbuthnot, according to which the Porte would have to choose, between renewing its alliance with England and Russia, or an immediate attack upon Constantinople.
Mr. Arbuthnot has written to the English factory, advising them to take measures for their safety. Till the 29th ult. it was uncertain what part the Porte would take, when the English ambassador formally demanded his passports in writing, with leave to dispatch a courier. In the mean while, a French courier brought advices of the defeat of the Russians in Poland, which the Porte immediately communicated to the English ambassador.
On the thirtieth, Mr. Arbuthnot and his countrymen went on board the Endymion frigate. He has since arrived at Tenedos, where he joined the
ing of the passage of the Dardanelles. The works are strengthened, and floating batteries constructed, while the ships of war under the captain Pacha are augmented every day. Batteries are also erecting at the extremities of the Seraglio, upon the Seven Towers, Leander's Tower, and as far as Scutari. Twenty thousand men are already as sembled at Gallipoli, to oppose the landing of the English.
On the seventh, several of the diplomatic corps received letters from Mr." Arbuthnot, dated on board the admiral's ship, Canopus, off Tenedos, in which he declared, that his only object in leaving Constantinople was to obtain a position where he could carry on his negociation with safety. This negociation continues through the medium of the captain Pacha.
A circular note has appeared to-day, which affords little hope of his proposals being accepted by the Ottoman Porte; and we have just learned that the English minister has received his ultimatum, to the following import :The Porte does not think it consistent to enter into negociations with an am ⚫bassador who has deserted his post, and has, consequently, determined to transmit the explanations demanded immediately to London.'
Feb, 19. The English ambasador,
general Sidmoratz has effected a junction with general Bennigsen's army. He brought with him about 1400 Prussian and some Russian prisoners, as well as 2 or 300 French by whom they were guarded. Bonaparte's retreat has all the precipitation of a fight, and it is alone owing to the speed of the Cossack horses that so many prisoners are daily made. Within these three days 750 prisoners, several officers, and a quantity of waggons and forage have been brought in. At the sight of the Russians, detachments of French, exhausted by fatigue and famine, throw down their arms. The Russian advanced guard is already at Liebstadt. The main army is advancing towards the Vistula, and in a short time it will be seen on the other side of that river.
Feb. 23. The skirmishes which preceded the retreat of the French army, and the frequent flags of truce sent in by them, gave sufficient indications of their design. In all these skirmishes the bravery of our troops deserves, notice, and only tended to establish the superiority of our light troops over those of the enemy. We gained considerable advantages on the 14th at Borchersdorff, and on the 15th, at Mansfeld; and on the 16th also, when the enemy sustained considerable loss, we obtained great advantages.
Feb. 25. The pursuit of the enemy affords brilliant opportunities for our troops almost every day.
On the twenty-first, the Hetman Platow entered Lichstadt with the advanced guard, where he took a large quantity of baggage from the enemy, made several prisoners, and set 200 Russians at liberty.
On the same day, general Lestocq attacked Heilsburg with two battalions
According to the last official accounts from Turkey, of the 3d March, no treaty had yet been concluded between the Porte and the courts of London and Petersburg, but the negociations with the English ambassador, Mr. Arbuthnot, were broken off, and the preparations for defence on the part of the Turks carried on more actively than ever-Why the English fleet sailed back to the Dardanelles-whether, as some suppose, its return was merely to be ascribed to a gale of wind, is not known with certainty.
March 31. The following intelligence, of the date of the 3d March, has been received from Constantinople :—
On the 28th February, the English endeavoured to make a landing on what is called the Prince's Island, but failed in the attempt. Their loss on this occasion, it is said, was 400 men, killed or wounded, and 200 prisoners. The next day the fleet weighed anchor, and sailed towards the Dardanelles.
The preparations for defence at Con. stantinople, are continued with extraordinary vigour. The French and Spanish ambassadors promote them by their advice and activity. The council of the Grand Signior is likewise permanent. On the evening of the 1st of March, the negociations were broken off, and the English ambassador saited away with the fleet. The English have been disappointed in their expectations of reinforcements from Malta and the Black Sea.
The number of Turks who are armed in and about Constantinople, amounts to nearly 100.000. Public order has not been in the least disturbed. The Grand Signior has not shewn the least inclination to leave Constantinople, as had been falsely asserted.
Berlin, March 6. Official accounts from the head-quarters at Osterode, 18th of Foo state that ail
London, March 24. YESTERDAY morning at nine o'clock, John Maycock was executed on the platform at the top of the new prison in Horsemonger-lane, pursuant to his sentence at the late Kingston assizes, for the murder of Mrs. Pooley,
The same obduracy and insensibility to his fate, which this culprit evinced at the moment of receiving sentence, continued to mark his demeanour till the last moment. Neither the entreaties of the clergyman who attended him, nor the repeated requests of Mr. Ives, the keeper, could induce him to acknowledge his guilt; for he persevered to the last in asserting his innocence, and arraigning the injustice of his sentence. Such were the popular abhorrence and indignation, that shouts proceeded from the multitude on his being launched into eternity.
At half past one yesterday morning, a reprieve was received at the prison from the judge who had presided in the criminal court of Kingston, deferring until Thursday the execution of William Duncan, the gardener, who was convicted of the murder of Mr. Chivers, his master.
March 26. On Tuesday night, lord
lord Grenville, first lord of the treasury; lord H. Petty, chancellor of the exchequer; ear! Spencer, viscount Howick, and Mr. Wyndham, the secretaries of state; earl Moira, master-general of the ordnance; and the hon. T. Grenville, first lord of the admiralty.
All of whom had private audiences of his majesty, according to their rank in office, and resigned their seals, except the lord chancellor. The audiences lasted till near two o'clock.
At three o'clock his majesty held a private levee, which was attended by
The archbishop of Canterbury; the duke of Portland; earls Aylesford, Elgin, Selkirk, Westmoreland, Chatham and Camden; viscount Castlereagh; lords Arden, Hawkesbury and Lowther; sir S. Cotrerell; Messrs. Sheridan, Falkener, Verney, and Mr. Perceval.
The following had the honour of being presented to his majesty, and kissed hands on their several appointments:
Earl Westmoreland, upon his being appointed the lord privy seal.
The duke of Portland, upon his being appointed first lord of the trea
Lord Hawkesbury, upon his being