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port ourselves. Do you know,
I told her that Mrs. Wilson had madain, any lady who wants a chosen my sister for her companion, companion or an assistant in a but that I wanted a situation. school where the knowledge of the Why how is that?' said she;
English tongue and needle-work I thought your brother had proInight' recommend :
vided for you both.' Why no! she knew of no such I said dependence on brothers person Leing wanted. She had was, I believed, in general, very many applications of that sort uncertain ; that ours was married, made to her, but it was an uns and had deserted us. I briefly thankful office to recoinmend. related the particulars you so welli She had once recommended a know. When I had finished, young person as a companion to she was very sorry it was too often a very worthy friend of hers, but the case. But she thought it was she turned out very ungrateful, pity that I did not accept of the and behated very insolent, and oiter of being with a milliner or was so intolerably proud that there mantua-maker. For her part, she was no bearing her; and because had a family, and must look to. he; father had lived in splendour them ; she supposed we were both and kept his coach, she was above in the same plight, and bad enough setting a hand to any thing, and it was.-Maria then repeated that was quite the fine lady. Her she was to continue at Mrs. Wile father had lost a large estate in son's. America, and the family were ob- • Oh! you are,' said she, drawliged to get their living as well as ing herself up, and looking at the they could; some went one way, girls. She had better provide for and some another. This was their you both, I think; and when she eldest daughter; she was thought dies, her husband and you may very handsome, (though for her divide the substance.' part she saw no beauty in her), Maria said she had no such exhad received an accomplished pectation or wish. education, but she was good for No such wish, child !' replied nothing as a servant, and truly she, bursting into a sneering laugh, refused doing many little offices in which her daughters joined her. which she was sometimes required; I know not when their mirth would and one day when her friend de- have ceased, had not a gentleman 'sired her to scour some shelves in entered whose presence imposed a closet, she rang the bell for the silence. house-maid, and pertly said that • How do you, Mr. Rogers I she had not been used to such am extremely glad to see you.
It menial offices, and had the inso- is an age, I am sure, since you lence to mention her birth and was here. How is your good. moeducation, and a great deal more ther? Ann, put down Mr. Rogers' such arrogant stuff, not to be borne hat.'
half through. You have heard, I presume you have nothing to do madam, of the fire that happened yet with the collector of poor ratesi at Goodman Taylor's last night?'= We begged him to accept, but he
Oh yes!' she was sadly disturbed refused; I suppose he judged from by it, and intended to send her our appearance, which was very servant this morning to hear how plain, that we could ill spare it. it happened, and what was the By this time Mrs. Meadows' daniage, but she had forgot it. purse was opened, and-Pray,
• It is well, madain, said the sir,' said she, what hare my gentleman, other people had neighbours given you in general?" better memories. The poor peo- • I hope to receive from you, ple are burnt out of their house, Madam, a free-will offering. I do and have lost all the little property not produce my book before I see they had.'
the cash to be entered in it.' • Dear me! I ain very sorry; it O shame! where is thy blush ! or is a sad thing, indeed. They were why wast thou not discoverable or very industrious, good sort of peo- the cheek of Mrs. Meadows when; ple, I believe?'
fast clinched between finger and • None more so,' said Mr. Ro- thumb, she presented half-a-crown gers :
but it does not rest with towards the relief of a man, his us to call them good people, we wife, and six children. Will that must do what we can to assist do, sir?' said she.. them, and alleviate their distress.'
thing will be accepted, * Pray, sir, what do you sup- madam,' said the gentleman, make pose their loss to be?' said Maria.' ing a profound bow, and drawing
About fifty pounds,' said Mr. from his pocket a list of rames. Rogers.
• Let me see,' said he – Mr. A very large sum,' said Mrs. Jackson, five guiueas; Mr. Perkins, Meadows.
three guineas; Mrs. Morris, three Oh! nothing madam, in this guineas; Mrs. Francis, one guinea; large and rich parish. I hope to Miss Francis, half-a-guinea; Mas raise more than that I am an ter Francis, five shillings; a genexcellent collector of poor rates. tleman unknown, one guinea; But I must not spend my time in John Long, the beadle, who also chattering. You will not refuse assisted at the fire, five shillings; your mite, Madam?"
Mrs. Meadows, two-and-sixpence. He spoke the word mite with so Good morning to you; I must pointed-an emphasis, as convinced speed away, or my fifty pounds me that he knew Mrs. Meadows will not be made up this morning.' perfectly well. Slow went the la- -Away he weut. dy's hand into her pocket, and • I could not conceive,' said the : slowly did she draw thence a lady, what brought him here this fine silk purse with gold tassels.' morning. He frequently drinks 1 Before it could be opened, Maria tea here. He is a rich old widowerga
and I had tonir
first list ? At this rate the people mamma had given more før them, will be enriched by the accident, - Pho!' said her sister, • you which ought not to be; for I dare know mamma says there are pa. say it was caused by carelessness. rishes to take care of the poor peo I care-not who knows what I gave; ple. — Parishes are little helps, I have three children to look to. said I, ' and will maintain no one Well, I must go to dress for din- without assistance from humano mer, but that need not hurry you people who can afford to give.' away,'-We told her it was a very • We had a charity sermon last long walk, not less than two iniles, Sunday,' said she, but mamma
to Mr. Wilson's, and we must beg did not go to church; for she said · leave to sit an hour or two.-Oh, she dared to say
money would by all means,' said she; and per- not be applied properly; and I am haps you would like something to sure there is a man comes here eat.' --If she pleased, we would.- with a book very often collecting She rang the bell, and ordered the for poor people, and mainma ala servant to bring the cold beef. He ways gives. whispered, should he bring the
i The laws of the land,' said I, cold chicken and tongue.-- No, oblige all housekeepers to contrionly the beef.' - She told us that bute according to the rent of their she was generally so long in dress- houses, towards the maintenanceing she feared she should not see
of the poor.' us again, so wished us a good Maria told them a long story of morning, and hoped we should a poor family she once knew: how, meet with success. She would the father died, and nobody would speak to all her friends.-Ann and give the poor widow any thing. Susan would give us a tune on the and she was alınost starved to harpsichord. Away she went, and death, &c. partly her own inventhe entrance of the cold beef was tion, to see what effect it would to me by far a more pleasing ob- have on them. The youngest ject. The young ladies sat some shed tears; I kissed her, and toldtime looking at us, and tittering at her she never looked so agreeable one another. I asked them for in her life. The eldest expressed their brother. He was gone to no concern at all, and I discovered, join his regiment. We supposed that she was mamma ail over. The they found it rather dull with- music master's appearance put an out him. - Oh no, they were end to our conversation, and we
er very glad to get rid of him, for he soon took our leare, not a little was always quarrelling with them disgusted with our cousin Meawhen he was at home.A blessed dows. house, thought I, to live in, this; We were completely tired by: deliver me from the hard" lot of the time we got home, and Mr.it being a companion to either you and Mrs. Wilson said it was a or your mother.
shame we were not sent home in a Maria asked them if they were the carriage. We had walked
ignorance, wonld have thought herself excused from lending us CeservATIONOn the Town and assistance. She was ready, enough MANUFACTURES of MANCHESto pro.nise her interest with acquaintance that did not touch her pocket. Oh, what a blessing is a [From the Letters of Don Ma
nuel Alrarez Espiella.Transhumane and generous heart! How
lated from the Spanish.] much true pleasure does Mrs, Meadows lose?
“ J. Had provided us with letMaria is in daily expectation of ters to a gentleman in Manchester; hearing from Mrs. Ambrose. We we delivered them after breakfast, are surprised at not hearing from a d' were received with that courDorcas. I have written to her, tesy which a foreigner, when he and directed as she mentioned. I takes with him the expected refear the good woman is ill: surely commendations, is sure to receive my brother is not brute enough to in England. He took us to one forsake the poor soul as he has of the great cotion manufactories, Us.
showed us the number of children I mentioned in my last the very who were at work there, and dwelt great and good alteration in Mr. with delight on the infioite good Wentworth s affairs, as told us by which resulted from employing the worthy Mr. Johnson. I hope them at so early an age. I listenwhen he writes to him he will in- ed without contradicting him; for forin him that Maria is not mar- who would lift up his voice against ried. Oh, Susan, I have great hopes ; you can guess what they are. From what I have said re
We are aware that the health and specting my own afairs, I need much neglected in many, though not
morals of the rising generation are too not add my wishes that you and in all, our manufactories. The Lanark your mother would try to devise Mills, for instance, are an exception; some means for my establishment health, morals, and education being in life. I will accept any thing there particularly attended to. Com that is tolerably reputable: any plaints similar to this of Espiella's might thing alnost is preferable to con- be made against almost every emy los tinuing where I am, as you will no
ment by which the labouring classes doubt join me in thinking. Do obtain their bread, agriculture excepted.
Almost all mechanical employments are not be uneasy on account of my less or more detrimental to health : the health and spirits ; the former is mode of life of the soldier and sailor not injured, and I hope I have too might even be attacked if notions of much sense and fortitude to suffer health and morals were pushed to the the late occurrences to prey on the extreme ; but, as we are persuaded that Diana in Ephesus ?-proposed my school for an hour after theg hare questions in such a way as not to done work.' I asked if so much imply, or at least not to advance, confinement did not injure their any difference of opinion, and re- health - No,' he replied, they turned with a feeling at heart are as healthy as any children in which makes me thank God I am the world could be. To be sure, not an Englishman.
in many of our prent manufactories too
many of them as they grew up • Mr. - remarked that nothing went off in consumptions, but concould be so beneficial to a country sumption was the disease of the as manufactures. “You see these English. I ventured to inquire children, sir,' said he. In most afterwards concerning the morals parts of England poor children are of the people who were trained up a burthen to their parents and to in this monstrous manner, and the parish; here the parish, which found, what was to be expected, would else have to support them, that in consequence of hierding is rid of all expense; they get together such numbers of both their bread as soon as they can seses, who are utterly uninstruct. run about, and by the time they ed in the commonest principles of are seven or eight years old bring religion and morality, they were in money. There is no idleness as debauched and profligate as. among us: they come at five in hunian beings, under the infuence the morning; we allow them half of such circumstances must inån hour for breakfast, and an hour evitably be; the men drunken, the for dinner; they leave work at six, women dissolute; that however and another set relieves them for high the wages they earned, they the night; the wheels never stand were too improvident ever to lay still.' I was looking, while he by for a time of need; and that, spoke, at the unnatural dexterity though the parish was not at the with which the fingers of these expense of maintaining them when little creatures were playing in the children, it had to provide for them machinery, half giddy myself with in diseases induced by their mode the noise and the endless motion: of life, and in premature debility and when he told me there was no and old age; the poor rates were rest in these walls day or night, I oppressively high, and the hospithought that if Dante had peopled tals and workhouss always full one of his hells with children, here and overfiowing. I inquired how was a scene to have sup- many persons were employed in plied him with new images of tor- the manufactory, and was told, ment.
children and all, about two hun• These children, then,' said, I, dred. What was the firm of the • have no time to receive instruc- house ?- There were two partners. tion.'— That, sir,' he replied, “is --So! thought I-a hundred to the evil which we have found. one! Girls are employed here froin the . We are well off for hands in áge you see them till they marry, Manchester,' said Mr. —; ‘manuand then they know nothing about factures are favourable to populadomestic work, not even how to tion; the poor are not afraid of mend a stocking, or boil a po- having a family here, the parishes tato. But we are remedving this therefore have always plenty to now, and send the children to apprentice, and we take them as