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Street, goldsmith; and to Ann, wife of Christo-
Dr. Whitaker gives two sons of the name of Laurence, both married men, to Banastre Halsted. The latter Laurence was son of Nicholas Halsted, and first cousin of the Laurence who married Elizabeth Ashton (Hist. Whalley, 3rd ed. p. 383). This, and other errors, were corrected in May, 1846; when the pedigree was continued from the Visitations, and recorded in the Heralds' College (Lanc. MSS., vol. xxxvii. p. 539).
F. R. R.
CHARITY (3rd S. iv. 267.)-Mr. Baxter will find the paraphrase on 1 Cor. xiii., to which he refers, amongst the Poetical Works of Prior, edit. 1779, vol. i. p. 340. Perhaps this poet's writings at the present day may not be more highly appreciated than they were by Bishop Burnet, who spoke of his "Henry and Emma" as the work of one Prior. I shall, therefore, not apologise for giving the closing lines of this paraphrase; which, from their beauty, are well worthy of being universally
2. The mother of Joan Holland, second wife of Edmund, Duke of York, was Alice, daughter of Richard, Earl of Arundel. (See Dugdale, Baronage, vol. ii. p. 75.)
TITLES BORNE BY CLERGYMEN (3rd S. iv. 235.) I am obliged to ABHBA for his note. My authority was the Clergy List for 1863, and I confess I had some suspicion as to the two names he mentions. JOB J. BARDWELL WORKARD, M.A. SKETCHING CLUB OR SOCIETY (3rd S. iv. 248.) I have never myself heard of any amateur sketching club, but consider E. ROBERT's proposal that one should be formed, an excellent one. Ladies, I suppose, would be included in the club. A summer tour in the west of England, or a stay in any one particular spot, something on the plan of Mr.gree of the Wakes, inserted as an illustration of Gosse's sea-side zoophyte classes of ladies and gen- Saxon, printed in the Lincoln Diocesan Architecthe Rev. E. Trollope's paper on Hereward, the tlemen, might be practicable, the expenses being tural Society's Report for 1861, gives Joan as the paid from one common stock; and all being under Christian name of Margaret Wake's mother; but the guidance of one who must be the head, a most he has not ascertained her surname. HERMENindispensable person. I trust that some of your TRUDE will find some notices of Margaret Wake correspondents may be able to furnish information in Blore's Rutland, pp. 38-40. on the subject of rules and regulations. Jos. PHILLIPS, Jus.
3. Eleanor, wife of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, was the daughter of Reginald, Lord Cobham, who married two wives, 1. Eleanor, daughter of Thomas Culpeper; 2. Ann, daughter of Thomas Lord Bardolph. From the name it may be inferred that Eleanor Cobham was the daughter of the first wife. See Dugdale, Baronage, vol. ii. p. 69. MELETES. Mr. Close, in his elaborate and illuminated pedi
"Then constant Faith, and holy Hope shall die,
Shalt stand before the host of Heaven confest,
Johnson admitted that, "on high occasions and noble subjects, Prior wanted not elegance as a poet."
WIVES OF ENGLISH PRINCES (3rd S. iv. 188, The following notes will probably be of some assistance to HERMENTRUDE:
Another paraphrase of the same passage in Scripture will be found amongst Anstey's Works; but there is little doubt that the preference will be given to the older writer. J. H. MARKLAND.
1. The mother of Isabel, first wife of Richard, Earl (not Duke) of Cornwall and King of the Romans, was Isabella, daughter and heir to Richard Strongbow, Earl of Pembroke, sometimes styled from his residence, Earl of Striguil.
N.B. In the Pedigree given by Dugdale in his Baronage, vol. i. p. 209, this Isabella is made to appear as the daughter of Gilbert, Earl of Clare; but this is evidently an error of the printer.
FRANCHISE IN GREENOCK (3rd S. iv. 218.) —I am obliged to G. for his correction; but I had, a few days before the publication of your last number, discovered the real extent of my error in relation to Greenock. In that borough there was a franchise very nearly universal, but it differed from that of Preston. In Preston the franchise was parliamentary, in Greenock it was municipal. In Greenock the person who became proprietor of the smallest portion of land-of a house or part of a house, of a flat* or part of flat-became possessed of the privilege to vote for the Provost, for the Baillies, and for the Harbour Master; which latter is also an elective office. I believe this privilege was peculiar to Greenock, and of ancient date.
I may, while writing, correct a trifling inaccu racy in the communication of MR. DURRANT COOPER. The case of Taunton is not referred to, I think, by Defoe, but by Chadwick, the latest
*All of your readers may not know the nature of land and house tenure in Scotland. A house may have as many proprietors as it has flats or floors: and, I believe, that flats also are or may be divided among different proprietors.
biographer of Defoe; and it was a note to this work which suggested to me the inquiry. doubt Potwaller is the proper name, but the electors are universally called "potwallopers."
PEALS OF TWELVE (3rd S. iv. 240.)-Whoever first asserted that there were twelve bells at Gresford-misleading many who have read it must have been under the influence of Wrexham ale, and heard double, for there never were more than six-1st, dated 1775; 2nd, 1623; 3rd, 1775; 4th, 1623; 5th, 1836; 6th, 1836. There is a peal of twelve at Halifax, and another peal of twelve at St. Mary's-at-the-Tower, Ipswich, and at West Bromwich, which I omitted in my list, p. 96. H.T. ELLACOMBE.
Clyst St. George.
TOISON D'OR (3rd S. iii. 169, 233.)- Allow me to thank D. P. for the account of the picture of the Institution of the Golden Fleece. I had observed (and made a note of) the discrepancy which exists between Favyn and Chifflet with regard to the place of the first Chapter of the Order. Chifflet is of course correct. I did not notice the escutcheon of Edward IV. in the choir of the church of Nôtre Dame at Bruges, but I did that of Henry VII. in one of the chapels of the church of St. Rumbold at Malines. The chapter held by Philip II. at Ghent, on July 25, 1559, was not only the last held in the Netherlands, but the last ever held at all.
Prescott, in his History of the Reign of Philip II., book ii. chap. 2, says:
"The presence of the Court" (at Ghent) "was celebrated with public rejoicings, which continued for three days, during which Philip held a Chapter of the Golden Fleece for the election of fourteen knights. The ceremony was conducted with the magnificence with which the meetings of this illustrious order were usually celebrated. It was memorable as the last Chapter of it ever held. Founded by the dukes of Burgundy, the Order of the Golden Fleece drew its members immediately from the nobility of the Netherlands. When the Spanish sovereign, who remained at its head, no more resided in the country, the chapters were discontinued; and the knights derived their appointment from the simple nomination of the monarch."
story in a very amusing manner in the Aurea Legenda (ed. Th. Graesse, Lipsia, 1850, p. 104.) As this compilation was very popular in the Middle Ages, it is not improbable that it was frequently used as a text-book by artists.
It is likely that the well known lines of Virgil— "Variæ illudent species atque ora ferarum. Fiet enim subito sus horridus, atraque tigris, Squammosusque draco et fulva cervice leæna.
Omnia transformat sese in miracula rerum, Ignemque, horribilemque, feram, fluviumque liquentem,'
had some effect in moulding the tradition.
August Potthast, in his Wegweiser durch die Geschichtswerke des Europäischen Mittelalters, gives the following references:
"AA. SS. Boll. 17 Janr. ii. pp. 120-141.-Apophthegmata et collationes aliaque ad vitam S. Antonii pertinentia ex Cassiano et vitis Patrum, ibid. pp. 141-148.-De translatione, i. et ii. reliquiarum S. Antonii, ibid. pp. 148-150. Translationis Historia ex officiis ord. Antoniani, editis Romæ, 1592, ibid., p. 151.-Eadem Histotoria ex MS. Ultraiectino, ibid. pp. 151-152. Eadem Historia ex hist. Antoniana Aimari Falconis, ibid. pp. 152-156.-Miracula, ibid, pp. 156-160.-Ordo S. Antonii, pp. 160-162.-Erl.-Schr., ibid. Die Abhandlung, pp. 107120; cf. p. 1135.-Clarus, L., Die Grundzüge der christl. Mystic im Leben des h. Einsiedlers Antonius dargegestellt u. erläutert. Münster 1858.-Hauber, J., der h. Antonius d. Grosse, Einsiedler a. d. 3 u. 4 Jahrh. Augsburg, 1840, 8vo." K. P. D. E.
The original account of the temptations of St. Anthony will be found in his life written by St. Athanasius, which fills fifty pages folio in double columns, Greek and Latin. F. C. H.
HUISH (3rd S. iv. 128.) — In answer to W. BARNES (the Rev., as I presume), Huish House, in the parish of Winterbourne-Telstone, near Blandford, stands on the left bank of the little river Winterbourne, but not on particularly high ground.
The name Winterbourne, as Hutchins observes, may be aptly rendered by the Greek word xeμáppos, as both the appellations signify the same thing. The Dorsetshire stream is nearly dry in the summer. W. D.
NUMISMATIC QUERIES (3rd S. iv. 218.) — B. H. C. is referred to A View of the Origin, Nature, and Use of Jettons or Counters, especially those known by the name of Black Money and Abbey Pieces, by Thomas Snelling. In plate 2, No. 15, he will find a representation of his counter; and in that or the preceding pages. no doubt those of HERMENTRUDE's may be found 19.
MADAME DE GENLIS (3rd S. iv. 86, 134.) — If A. R. will consult the London reprint of Madame de Genlis's Mémoires (8 vols. 8vo, chez Colburn, 1825), he will find numerous references to Pamela in vols. iii. iv. v. and vi., which are provided with excellent tables of contents.
NOTES AND QUERIES.
Pamela was a little English girl of five or six years of age, who was engaged in the household of the Duc de Chartres for the purpose of speaking English with the children of his Royal Highness. Her real name was Nancy Syms, but she had the name of Pamela given to her by Madame de Genlis. The following description of this little English girl occurs at p. 109 of tome iii. :
"Cette infant étoit en effet ravissante par sa grâce, ses manières, sa douceur et sa figure. Son visage ressem bloit beaucoup, mais en beau, à la Duchesse de Polignac; elle a eu de mieux qu'elle une jolie taille, un joli front, et une expression plus angélique encore; elle s'appelloit Nancy Syms, je la nommais Pamela; elle ne savoit pas un mot de Français, et en jouant avec les petites princesses, elle contribua beaucoup langue Anglaise." les familiariser avec la
Pamela afterwards married Lord Edward Fitzgerald, of unfortunate memory in the Irish Rebellion. Her father's name was Seymour, as may be seen at p. 120 of tome iv. woman of much inferior rank to himself. He married a J. MACRAY.
CEREAL PRODUCTIVENESS (3rd S. iv. 145.)-A writer in the Paris Moniteur (Septembre 10) has communicated a long paper on the artificial fecundation of cereals; and the plan he adopts is briefly to move about, by mechanical means which are described, a fringe of wool in the middle and over the top of the ears of corn at the time of efflorescence. No change is made in the necessary operations of tillage, dunging, and sowing. The fringe has been made to imbibe a certain portion of honey, for the purpose of supplying the loss of the small drop of honey on the female pistil. The writer, who signs his name Hooibrenck," expects to find few believers when "Daniel he states that by this means fifty per cent. may be added to the usual produce. He mentions, he says, the official results as reported to the French government by a special Commission. The experiment has been successfully carried out this year on a piece of ground of more than 160 acres, on the estate of Sillery, belonging to M. A. Jacquesson, a wine merchant of Châlons-sur-Marne. The Emperor Napoleon was made acquainted with the process, and has invited the discoverer to make it public. The pages of "N. & Q." are not the proper place to detail the full particulars of the process, which will no doubt be communicated to the world in some appropriate publication for the common good. J. MACRAY.
COATBRIDGE: STRANGE PRODUCTION FROM A BLAST FURNACE (3rd S. iv. 146, 217.)-This is a very interesting subject, showing how much may be learned from the study of these artificial volcanoes, for such a blast-furnace assuredly may be called. Slag is neither more nor less than
[3rd S. IV. OCT. 10, '63.
volcanic glass, or obsidian; and the precise phelarger scale, in the volcano of Mouna Loa, in Hawaii, and also in one at Bourbon. nomenon described is produced by nature on a Humboldt, Cosmos, v. 392, Bohn's edition.) The Hawaiians call these glassy threads, which, after (Vide an eruption, are blown all over the island, the hair of the Goddess Pele. A good specimen of this be satisfactory to see an example of the Coatsingular formation may be seen in the Museum of Practical Geology in Jermyn Street, and it would bridge "hair placed by its side.
W. J. BERNHARD SMITH.
the Isle of Reunion he mentions the fact, that in In a communication made by M. Rambosson to the eruptions of 1812 and 1860, it poured forth a the French Academy relating to the volcano in shower of dark cinders, and of long flexible fila. ments of glass-like golden hair. Sir William Hamilton saw similar filaments which had been emitted by Vesuvius in 1779. See The Intellectual Observer, vol. ii. p. 472. New Shoreham. JOHN WOODward.
making from linen rags was first practised by one John Spielman at Dartford, Kent, in 1588; but PAPER (3rd S. iv. 226.) The art of paperfacture of paper a century previous to this an attempt at the manuone of his books-was made by John Tate at on which too Caxton printed printer obtained his paper from the Netherlands. Which of his books was printed on the paper Seel Mill, Hertford. As is well known, our first made at Seel? 2, Devonshire Grove, Old Kent Road, S.E. JAMES GILBERT.
H. G. H. will find Jack Cade makes reference to a fourth in denouncing the high crimes and misdemeanours of Lord Say. I extract the passage:—
"Cade. Be it known unto thee by these presence, even the presence of Lord Mortimer, that I am the besom that must sweep the court clean of such filth as thou art. Thou hast most traitorously corrupted the youth of the realm in king his crown and dignity, thou hast built a paper mill.” erecting a grammar school, and whereas before our forefathers had no other books but the score and the tally, King Henry VI., Part II. Act IV. Sc. 7. thou hast caused printing to be used, and contrary to the
Few will feel inclined to trust Jack Cade as an
authority to prove the peaceful art of paper mak-
he can prove that there ever lived one Robert BLOUNT OF BITTON (3rd S. iv. 228.)—I shall be Blount. Atkyn's account of the family is nearly very much obliged to MR. JOHN WOODWARD if all wrong; and so is the pedigree in Croke's History of the Croke Family, taken probably from
Atkyn. I possess copies of all the post-mortem inquisitions, and other records of the family, from David le Blund, who married Petronilla de Vivon (who died a widow, in the vicarage house at Bitton, 1286), to Margaret Blount, the last heiress; who married Lord John Hussey, who, after her death, sold the Bitton estate, in 1515, to Maurice, Lord Berkeley. The same Lord Hussey who was executed at Lincoln in 1538.
On the death of Isabella, daughter of William Blount, 1403, her uncle John Blount (not Robert) succeeded as heir.
In the volume of the Proceedings of the Archæological Institute of Bristol (p. 253), there may be seen more about this family; but if MR. WOODWARD should ever find it convenient to favour me with a call, he may see the Records to which I allude; or he may address me, if he pleases, direct. If he had given his own habitat, I would have written to him more fully than it is fair to intrude on the pages of " N. & Q."
H. T. ELLACOMBE.
ON THE DEATH OF THE MARQUIS OF TICHFIELD.
Born Aug. 21, 1795; Died March 5, 1824.
"When the grave closes o'er some honoured name,
"But still they feel 'tis Nature's fixed decree,
"But when invidious Death, as if to show
"Illustrious youth! if thousands mourn thy doom, So early gathered to th' oblivious tomb; Thousands, who but admired thy rising fame, Nor knew thy private worth's endearing claim; How must they feel whom Friendship's smile decoyed To weave those social ties so soon destroyed? How must they now that vacant space deplore Which thou, beloved, revered, must fill no more?
"Yes! let him tell, to whom that theme is dear, Thy heart unsullied, generous, and sincere; Thy noble soul, yet nobler than thy birth, Thy manly virtues, and thine honest worth; The vigorous powers of thine upright mind, Thy judgment cool, thy feelings warm and kind: Severe but when Corruption reared her head, Slow to decide, yet spurning to be led. Whene'er thou raised thy voice, with loud acclaim, Th' admiring senate hailed thy growing fame;
Fond of such fruits, the ripening to foresee,
Ne'er gave one fault, one error to deplore,
J. S. B." Y. B. N. J.
"BY THE SIDE OF A MURMURING STREAM" (3rd S. iv. 208.)- I enclose a copy of this ballad for your correspondent F. H. It is transcribed from The Young Singer's Book of Songs. selected and adapted to Popular Melodies, 1853, 2nd edit. p. 33. The name of the author is not given: "By the side of a murmuring stream An elderly gentleman sat;
On the top of his head was his wig,
Where this elderly gentleman sat,
And plunged in the river his hat.
Which lay by his side as he sat,
In attempting to get out his hat.
Though still from the place where he sat,
To swim with his wig and his hat.
As this elderly gentleman sat,
As he rose from the place where he sat,
To swim with his wig and his hat."
By the side of a murmuring stream,
A'top of his wig was his hat," &c.
It can hardly be necessary to state that the ballad, respecting which F. H. inquires,
is merely a parody on one by Rowe: "Despairing beside a clear stream, A shepherd forsaken was laid, And while a false nymph was his theme, A willow supported his head," &c. →
which latter is printed in the Elegant Extracts,
If the parody was by Canning (which I greatly doubt), it must have been one of his earliest productions, and written at Eton: for I remember it in my schoolboy days in Messrs. Newbery's window at the Ludgate Hill corner of St. Paul's Churchyard, where I had often seen and read it, illustrated by a coloured plate of the elderly gentleman-and his hat and wig blowing into the stream. Time was when I could have repeated the parody, but now I forget it; as Horace ob
Singula de nobis anni prædantur euntes;
TERRIER (3rd S. iv. 126.)- Surely C. F. is because it is a dog that destroys by vigorous shaking. wrong in supposing that this name has been given I have always supposed it meant a dog that takes the earth. Compare also its use, when we speak property, principally land, attached to a benefice. of the terrier of a living, i. e. the schedule of the If C. F.'s etymology were right, the name would have been terrifier, not terrier; but is there any authority for the use of "terrify" in the sense of "shake ?" "N. & Q." should have some better voucher than an illiterate maidservant. C. H. WILLIAM, EARL OF GLOUCESTER (3rd S. iv. 248) died Nov. 23, 1183. GEORGE PRYCE.
PAUL JONES (3rd S. iv. 269.)-It may not be amiss to add to LOYAL's note the story that in a few days after the plunder of Lord Selkirk's house, Jones wrote to the countess, entreating her pardon for the outrage. He added that he would endeavour to become possessed of the stolen plate dresses are given for that purpose:
and return it to her ladyship. Years passed away, until at length, in the spring of 1783, the whole of the plate was returned, "carriage paid," to the delight and surprise of the countess. It was in precisely the same condition in which it had been taken away, the tea-leaves being still in the silver teapot, as they were left after breakfast on the morning of Jones's visit. It has been said that Dr. Franklin severely censured Jones for his attack upon St. Mary's Isle. The "fitful fever of the rover's life was "rounded with a sleep the year 1792. in He was so wretchedly poor that Blackden was obliged to raise a subscription in order to bury him decently; and we learn that a deputation of members of the National Assembly followed his body to the grave. Sir Walter Scott had a lively recollection of Paul Jones. In a letter to Miss Edgeworth, Feb. 24, 1824, when speaking of Cooper's novel of The Pilot he says,—
"The hero is the celebrated Paul Jones, whom I well remember advancing above the island of Inchkeith, with three small vessels, to lay Leith under contribution. I remember my mother being alarmed with the drum, which she had heard all her life at eight o'clock, conceiving it to be the pirates who had landed."
W. BOWEN ROWLANDS.
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Particulars of Price, &c., of the following Books to be sent direct to the gentlemen by whom they are required, and whose names and aa
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Notices to Correspondents.
EDWIN will find the line -
"A faultless monster-which the world ne'er saw," in Sheffield, Duke of Buckingham's Essay on Poetry.
THE COBRA AND MONGOOSE.-If our Correspondent, who takes so great an interest in this narrative, will refer to the Indian Army List, he will find that the officers who attest its accuracy belong to the 23rd, or Wallajabad Light Infantry.
KING WILLIAM III. (3rd S. iv. 230.)—The second of the two volumes inquired after by AвHBA is, as the editor states, by Richard Kingston, and the first is by Dr. Abbadie, who originally abolished or revoked, and at the same time (Dec. 24) the patent to the wrote it in French, and then translated it into English. Dr. Abbadie was a friend of King William, and was advanced by him to be Dean of Killaloe (see Kippis's Biographia Britannica, art.
VEBNA. The apophthegm will be found in Ovid, Tristium, lib. iii, eleg.
PAUL (Deptford). Mrs. Agnes Beaumont's Autobiography is noticed in Bunyan's Works, edited by George Offor, vol. i. p. 45, ed. 1853. Considerable additions to her Life by Samuel James in the tenth edition of his Abstract of the Dealings of God with Eminent Christians, 1842, were made by the last editor from her manuscript.
E. We have two letters for this Correspondent.
Abbadie.") In the Jacobite Trials at Manchester in 1694, one of the Chetham Society's volumes, some remarks will be found on both the above volumes. W. B.
issued in MONTHLY PARTS. The Subscription for STAMPED COPIES FO "NOTES AND QUERIES" is published at noon on Friday, and is also Six Months forwarded direct from the Publishers (including the Halfyearly INDEX) is 118. 4d., which may be paid by Post Office Order in favour of MESSRS. BELL AND DALDY, 186, FLEET STREET, E.C., to whom all COMMUNICATIONS FOR THE EDITOR should be addressed.
LLALLAWO. Royd, as a local name, has been noticed in our 1st S. vols. v. and vi.