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De be redundant, — that venerable contrivance for
getting rid of difficult syllables, — it not connected ON THE DERIVATION OF THE WORD with θεάομαι. . THEODOLITE.
The word appeared, for the first time yet re
corded, in 1571, in the Pantometria of Thomas (1• S. iv. 383, 457; 2nd S. i. 73, 122, 201; ü.379; Digges. It is the instrument called Theodeli
v. 466; Phil. Mag. Apr. 1846, Feb. or March, tus," and consists of a graduated circle, with a 1850.)
diametral bar, furnished with a couple of sights. I have waited until all suggestion seems to be This bar always had the name of alhidada, or aliover, and shall now renew an account which I dada, from the Arabic: the word is naturalised in gave in the Philosophical Magazine for 1846. French ; see the Academy's Dictionary, alidude. This I have no doubt contains the true source of | In 1611, Hopton, in his Topographicall Glasse, dethe word; and I have found it to be satisfactory fines the Theodelitus as “ an instrument consisting to many who are used to the study of etymology of a Planisphere and an Alhidada." and the changes of language. I shall first enu- Now theodelitus has the appearance of being a merate the attempts which have been made. Res participle or adjective; and may therefore seem member that the word is certainly of English to refer to the circle as descriptive of an adjunct. formation, as foreign writers tell us.
A circle with an alidade : could it be possible that, 1. Oéa, prospect, onaów, make visible. The pro- in the confused method of forming and spelling poser properly says that this should give theade words which characterised the vernacular Englote. But to this derivation and others it must be lish science of the sixteenth century, an alidated objected that they all suppose a telescope to be an circle should become theodelited ? I never should essential part of a theodelite, to use the old spel. have believed this, if I had not found an intermeling. Now the telescope was not invented till diate form, which suggested the connexion. (Math. Dict.) says the instrument was (only) ers, 1578, describes the use of the circle furnished sometimes furnished with a telescope. The old with an alidade ; or, as his wood engraver spells theodelite had a bar, with two little pinhole sights it, alideday. Bui Bourne himself calls the alidade upon it; no very good way of commanding a pro- an athelida throughout the book; except only in spect.
the page which contains the engraving, in which 2. Oedouai, see, 8620s, stratagem, an old and he follows the engraver. I take this form, athefavourite derivation. The instrument no great lida, to be one part of the chain of confusion by help to a policeman, for reason given. Besides, which what should have been alidated became what mathematician ever confounded the mea
theodelited. If any one should conjecture, or think surement of an angle with the detection of a
it possible, that in that day of rude word-building, stratagem? I only remember one case in which the last who had it on the anvil helped the spelling the two things come together. Horace, in the a little towards the look of derivation from Seris, ninth proposition of his first book, connects them Goil, annos, manifest, I will not oppose him. But as follows:
no such fancy is to be positively imputed as “Nunc et latentis proditor intimo
reasonably likely. I am, of course, aware that Gratus puellæ risus ab angulo,
Bourne comes after Digges in time: but I am not Pignusque dereptum lacertis,
prepared to conclude that either was the first who Aut digito male pertinaci.”
used his word. In fact, Digges, as we see, disBut though proposition ends here, Horace claims invention in his " instrument called Theodoes not annex Q. E. D. And if any one should delitus." charge the old mathematicians with being spoil. This theodelite, whether Digges's or Hopton's, sports, enough to suggest such an addition, and was in fact the thing well known as the astrolabe ; turn a telescope upon the process, I can only say, and this is the name Bourne gives it. The astroNon ego credulus.
labe seems to have become a theodelite when it 3. Oedouai, see, etów.ov, figure. Never used for became a terrestrial instrument.
Further research may throw more light on the 4. pedomai, see, 80xıxós, long. The instrument question. But to me it seems far more probable never a seer of lengths. Nothing better known that the above derivation is the true one, than to a mathematician than that no measurement of that recourse should have been had to Greek. I angles alone will determine a length.
know of no contemporary of the word theodelite 5. Oedouai, see, oñaos, manifest, ftus, circumfer- who formed words from Greek except John Dee, ence. The ladies did not wear hoops till long who did it plentifully in his preface to Billingsley's after.
Euclid (1570). 6. Take oßends, and transmute it into the Æolic I am afraid there is no use in searching the works Beaós ; accordingly, odelited is graduated. Let of R. Recorde, whom one might suppose likely
to have had a band in the job. He refers all mat- This account is the more interesting, as it carters connected with instruments to his Gate of ries us back to the beginning of change-ringing Knowledge, which is enumerated among his works, as now practised. but either was not printed, or else is entirely lost. In 1677, Campanalogia, or, Art of Ringing im
In our dav it is essential to a theodelite to have proved, was published by F. S. ; and this is clearly both a horizontal circle and a vertical semicircle Stedman's second edition of the book, printed for for taking altitudes. Digres, Bourne, and Hopton him in 1668. The first name of the title is altered, had but one circle, which they made horizontal or but the second name is continued ; afterwards, vertical at pleasure. The first I can find who several other editions were published under the described horizontal and vertical graduation in same name, as appears in my first list. one instrument is Aaron Rathborne, in his Sur- One would like to find out who was R. R., the veyor, folio, 1616. This work was dedicated to author of Grandsire Bob, as stated above. The Charles, Prince of Wales, whose portrait - as- initials may be those of one Richard Rock, who sureilly not by Vandyke-has the following verses was a ringer in 16:32; in which year he was adunder it:
mitted a member of the “Schollars of Cheapeside," " To whome greate Prince can els this work be due
a ringing society founded in 1603, and which conThen you, nowe plac'd where All is in yo” view? tinued till 1634: three years after which, the And, being the rule of what the people doo,
Society of College Youths was established, to Are both the Scale, and the Surveyor too."
which Stedman dedicates his book. If Rathborne had published about forty years
I take this opportunity of adding other books later, instead of addressing this nonsense to a boy and tractates on the same subject : of sixteen, he would perhaps have thought it as Nuestra Senora del Puche, Camera Angelica de Maria pretty a conceit to say that the people had sur- Santissima. veyed their king by their own scale, and found Launay der Glöckengiesser. Leipsic, 1834. him too tall by a head. He was more fortunate
Corblet, Note sur une Cloche fondue par Morel de about logarithms, which appeared while he was
Lyon. Paris, 1859.
Heinrich Otte, Glockenkunde. Leipsic, 1858. writing. He is one of the first who pronounced Durandus de Ritibus Ecclesiæ upon Napier, of whom he
that his name Herrera, P. A. Del Origen y Progresso del Officio and honour will never out." A. DE MORGAN.
Guac. F. Mar. de Sonitu Campanarum.
Pol. Virgil. de Invent. Rerum.
Macri, Hierolexicon. Rome, 1677, verbo Campana. (1* S. ix. 241 ; xi. 32.)
Sallengre, Novus Thesaurus Antiquit. 1735.
Pygius ( Al.), de Pulsatione Campanarum pro defunctis. I wish to correct an error in my list of books
Theophilus, translated by Hendric, 1847. [In 85th on bells and campanology, and to add a few more.
chapter he minutely describes the founding of bells. He
wrote circa 1200.] In 1668 there was a little book, printed in
D'Arcet (J.), Instructions sur l'Art de Métal des Cloches. “ London for Fabian Stedman," called Tintinna- Paris, 1794. logia, or, the Art of Ringing, “ by a Lover of the Roujon, Traité des Harmoniques et de la Fonte des Art.". The licence of Roger L'Estrange is clated Cloches. Paris, 1765. Nov. 1, 1667, and I find that it was registered at
Secquet (J. M.), Observations sur le Métal des Cloches. Stationers' Hall Feb. 8, 1667, by Fabyan Sted.
Paris, 1801. man. So there can be no doubt about the author. 1843, Sept. and Oct.
Vorhandlung des Vereins des Gewerbfleisses. Berlin, This is the book so highly spoken of by Dr. Bur- Handbuch zur Berechnung der Baukosten, by F. Triest. ney in his History of Music, vol. iii. 413; and not 12th Part. Berlin, 1827. Tintinnalogia, by J. White (published without
Tansur's Elements of Music. 1772. [Chap. x. on date), as was formerly supposed. It is the earliest Changes
, Chimes, and Tuning Bells.]
Hone's Every Day and Year Book. book yet known; it is dedicated to the Society of Ludham on Bell Founding, in Encyc. Edinburgh. College Youths, and contains the original peal of Lamberts, Noble Recreation of Ringing, in his CounGrandsire Bob by R. R.
tryman's Treasure. The author (who calls himself Campanista) says
Feilleri (J.), Turden Clocke. Leipsic. that “ fifty or sixty years last past, changes were
Emdenii (J.), Clocken, New. 1634.
Spiers (R P.), Mainrad. Tractatus Musicus Composinot known, or thought possible to be rang.” And toris practicus. Auxburgh, 1746. that “ Walking changes, and whole-pull changes, Delfelde, Dissertatio de Origine et Nomine Campanawere altogether practised in former times ;" “but rum. Jena, 1685. of late, a more quick and ready way is practised,
Irenius Montanus Hist. Shemniz, 1726. called 'half-pulls:' so that now, in London, it is
Drabicius de Calo et Cælesti Statu. Metz, 1618. a common thing to ring 720 triples and doubles, This superstitious enthusiast fills 428 pages, to and Grandsire Bob in half an hour."
prove that one of the employments of the blessed in heaven will be the constant ringing of bells ! son épée, et courut se jeter aux pieds du roi, dont Where is there a copy? It is not in the Bod- il obtint sa grâce. C'est de là qu'on menaçait les leian nor British Museum : nor is it at Cambridge, femmes coquettes de la Vnul sonarle. Après un tel Dublin, Manchester, or Paris.
évènement, le séjour de Grenoble lui devint in
supportable. Il s'établit à Paris, où il se livra The Brassfounder's Manual. London, 1829. Powell's Touches of Stedinan's Triples. Folio. Dedi
tout entier aux recherches historiques. Il arquit cated to the College and Cumberland Youths. 1828. une charge de Gentilhomme ordinaire de la Cham.
Allen's Lambeth, 1826, has a good article, with re- bre, fut créé chevalier de St.-Michel, et mourut ferences to many authors.
en 1658. Il avait choisi pour sa devise cet hémiQuarterly Review, article “Church Bells.” Sep. 1854. Several Peals on Bells, in “ Penny Post," 1856.7.
stiche de Virgile : “Uno avulso non deficit alter," Changes; Literary, Pictorial, and Musical: by W. F.
entourant deux arbres, dont l'un est déraciné. Stephenson. Ripon, 1857.
On a de lui plusieurs ouvrages, dont il serait trop Denison on Bells and Clocks, in his Lectures on Church long de donner ici les titres. Le plus connu auBuildings. 1856.
jourd'hui est La Science héroïque, traité de la Many Papers on Bells in the “Musical Gazette” and 'noble-se, de l'origine des armes, de l'art du blason, “Proceedings of the Institute of British Architects;" 1856-7, “ The Ecclesiologist,” and other periodicals.
symholes, timbres, etc. Paris : 1644 et 1649, Baker on the Great Bell at Westminster. 1857.
in-fol. Batty on Church Bells. Avlesbury, 1858.
Le portrait de Vulson a été gravé plusieurs fois : Brown's Law of Church Bells. 1857.
1. La tête, Nanteuil (non Nantunl) del. OrneHistory and Antiquity of Bells. 1856.
ments, Chauveau (non Channe au) del. Regnesson, Lukis's Account of Church Bells. 1857. Words to Church wardens. 1858.
sc., in-fol. — 2. Chauveau, en pied et cartouche à Words to Rural Deans, 1858.
la main, in-fol. - 3. Bosse. Church Bells and Ringing, by W. T. Maunsell, M.A., Si je vous écris, Monsieur, c'est beaucoup moins 1861. Suggestions on the Devotional Use of the Curfew, 1860. pour vous donner un renseignement qui, sans au
cun doute, vous viendra d'autre part, que pour Ellacombe's Practical Remarks and Appendix on Chiining. 1859.
recourir moi-même à l'obligeance et aux lumières Sermon on the Bells of the Church, 1862.
de vos nombreux lecteurs. On s'est beaucoup Dean Ramsay's Letter to the Lord Provost of Edinoccupé en France, dans un certain monde poétique, burgh, on the Expediency of providing the City with an il y a quelque trente ans, d'une jeune Américaine, efficient Peal of Bells. 1863.
morte à dix-sept ans, Lucretia Maria Davidson, In poetry :
dont les @uvres venaient d'être recueillies et Dixon's Songs of the Bells. 1852.
publiées. Je crois que Southey lui consacra un Matin Bells and Curfew. 1852.
long article dans le quarterly Review. Depuis Bells of St. Barnabas. 1851.
j'ai lu, mais sans pouvoir me rappeler où, que Our Sweet Bells; a Song for Bell Ringers: by Hony. cette jeune Muse transatlantique était un per(Novello.)
sonnage fictif et imaginaire, ou, comme vous dites H. T. ELLACOMBE, M.A.
en anglais, je crois, un forgery. J'aurais besoin Rectory, Clyst St. George, Devon.
de savoir à quoi n'en tenir sur la question d'authenticité.
Agréez, je vous prie, Monsieur, mes salutations bien sincères,
G. S. TREBUTIEN. MARC DE VULSON: LUCRETIA MARIA Bibliothèque de Caen.
(3rd S. iii. 492.) Je me permets encore de répondre à la ques.
DENNIS: ARMA INQUIRENDA. tion de M. T. H. LAURENCE. Marc de Vulson
(3rd S. iii. 457.) ou Wlson, sieur de la Colombière, est le véritable créateur de la science du blason, et naquit coat of Dennis mentioned by MR. WOODWARD.
I am glad to see the famous Gloucestershire vers la fin du seizième siècle, dans le Dauphiné, He says, very justly, “ Even this coat perhaps d'une famille protestante, originaire d'Ecosse. admits of an explanation." I think I can give Il était fils du Marc Vulson, conseiller à la chambre de l’Edit de Grenoble, anteur de quelques evidence of the explanation which will be con
sidered sufficient. ouvrages de droit, et avec lequel on l'a souvent confondu. Vulson, dans sa jeunesse, dut em
Guillim, in his Display, gives Dennis thus : brasser la profession des armes, seule carrière “ He beareth gules, three leopards' heads or, jessant ouverte, à cette époque, aux aînés des f:imilles flower-de-lis, Azure, over all a bend engrailed of the third, nobles. Ce qui est plus certain, c'est qu'il avait by the name of Dennis. This is that
ancient coat -armour épousé une femme jolie et coquette. L'ayant Worcester and Hereford, as also in the Churches of Dursurprise en adultère, il perça les deux amants de ham and Auste, and many other places: neverthelesse,
some have of late years altered the flower de lis into Or, Somersetshire. These were the father and mother wherein they have much wronged the Bearers, in re- of John Dennis the builder of this house. jecting the ancient forme, which is both warranted by Antique Monuments, and no way discommendable, sith it
On the road leading out of Pucklechurch to is borne in the naturall colour."
Syston and Bristol, on the right-hand side, stands
a very fine house of moderate size, now known as Opposite this blazon the coat is figured. The Dod's Farm. Over the entrance door is a shield bend goes over all, that is to say, it oppresses the showing eight quarterings,-Dennis, Corbett, Rusleopard's head in the dexter chief.
sell of Dyrham, Neremouth, Gorges of Wraxall, “Durham and Auste" are two places in Glou- Danvers, Popham, Still. This house was probably cestershire. Durham is more usually spelt Dyr. built by William Dennis, who died in 1701 ; and, ham. It it the Deorham where in 571 was fought as the coat is uninpaled, probably before his marthe decisive battle with which began the English riage. He was the son of John Dennis and Mary conquest of the Severn valley from the Welsh. Still; and in his shield his mother's coat, Still, is Now Guillim, besides his great knowledge in all the last. His first quarter, Dennis, has the bend things relating to his profession, must have had a oppressing the head in dexter chief. Taking special knowledge of the Dennis coat; for his Guillim’s blazon, and the examples which I have wife was Anne Dennis of Dyrham. Her father given of the bend going over all, to be the coat sold Dyrham to the Wynters.
as intended by the race who bore it, the explanaGuillim died in 1621. At that time neither tion is obvious: the bend has something interthe beautiful house at Syston nor the two houses posed between it and the field. I think that the in Pucklechurch had been built by the Dennis coat, as it appeared in the “parlour," was profamily. Guillim, therefore, makes no mention of bably a mistake ; but it is a mistake very likely those places. They are both within a short dis
to occur in the hands of an unskilful artist; and tance of Dyrham. Till 1853 there stood in Puc- having occurred elsewhere, as well as here at the klechurch a very beautiful house known as the fountain-head, has given rise to questions about Great Hall or House. It was in a state of neglect this ancient coat. and decay, with the exception of the end nearest There were, close up to the ceiling on one side the road, which had been fitted up for a tenant, of the “ Hall,” five oak'shields, painted : 1. Dennis and still stands. In December, 1853, I saw this and Berkeley ; 2. Dennis and Speke; 3. Dennis. house sold, wall by wall, for destruction. It was 4. Dennis and Still; 5. Dennis and Russell of accordingly pulled down soon after, with the ex
Dyrham. But, I regret to say, my notes do not çeption of the end which I have mentioned. I specify the arrangement of the head and the bave preserved notes of all the dates, initials, and bend.' These shields and the whole pannelled oak arms, which for some years before 1853 I had been side of the room were sold for 41. 10s. in my prein the habit of seeing in this house. The date in
sence. They now probably decorate some room the porch (now destroyed) was 1642; in the
to which they have been furnished at a great ad" Parlour," which opened out of the “ Hall," the
vance of price. I tried, in vain, to induce the date was 1651. Probably these dates give the dealers to sell me the shields separated from the period within which the house was built. The wood-pannelling. One can only hope that whoinitials showed that the house was built by John ever has them is aware that he has the shields of and Mary Dennis. But I must not be tempted one of the ancient families of the West. D. P. into details beyond the subject in band.
Stuarts Lodge, Malvern Wells. The arms in the porch were on two shields, one in each spandrel of the inner arch in which the door was set. The sinister showed, Gutté, three RaLEGH ARMS: CORRECTION (3rd S. iii. 149, roses, Still; for Mary Still, wife of John Dennis. 238, 295, 451; iv. 33.)— It is not often that the The dexter, Dennis, the bend being carried over contributors to “ N. & Q.” have to complain of the leopard's head. But, in the “ Parlour,” the typographical errors : but I would point out a coat was given, over the fire-place, with the bend misprint in the last insertion, probably arising not oppressing the head in dexter chief but going from my own bad calligraphy. With reference past it. However, in the “Hall," the central to the Hele coat, it is said, on p. 34, that the and most important room in the house, which had centre lozenge is charged with " a cross and faced the passage from the porch on one side, and the or.” It should be, charged with “a leoparıl's “ parlour on the other, the coat appeared in face or." There is another error in the same great splendour, carved and painted, and sunk article, which I can well account for. After deep within a massive well-cut wreath of leaves, having written the word Triese, I thought it did with the bend oppressing the head in dexter chief. not appear very distinct, and I therefore re-wrote It had impaled as femme, Argent, two bars azure, it more plainly over- hence it has been introover all an eagle displayed double-tête gules, duced as “ Friese (Triese).” The family was Speke: : for Margaret Speke of White Lackington, never, I believe, called Friese. John MACLEAN,
LUTHER (3rd S. iv. 7.) - As theology is wisely Christiana secreta; si Judæus, inimicus est Christiani excluded from “ N. & Q.," I did not and do not baptismatis ; ergo in terris de hac re nullum poterit reoffer any opinion on the merits of Luther on the periri judicium; de cælo quærendus est judex. Sed ut Gulatians. “As a part of “Fur's” library, and lio testamentum ? Quia hoc loco recte possunt terrena
quid pulsamus ad cælum, cum habeamus hic in Evangequoted effectively by him, I think it may be in- cælestibus comparari; tale est quod quivis hominum cluded among the “ doubtful.” (Fur Prædestina- habens numerosos filios. His, quamdiu pater præsens tus, p. 16. London, 1813.)
H. B. C. est, ipse imperat singulis; non est adbuc necessarium U. U. Club.
testamentum; sic et Christus, quamdiu præsens in terra
fuit (quamvis nec modo desit) pro tempore quidquid SHERIFFS OF CORNWALL (3rd S. iii. 494.)-In C. necessarium erat Apostolis imperavit. Se quomodo terS. Gilbert's History of Cornwall
, Plymouth Dock, renus pater, dum se in confinio senserit mortis, timens ne 1820, 2 vols. 4to, vol. ii. pp. 351-8, there is a list post mortem suam, rupta pace, litigent fratres, adhibitis of sheriffs of Cornwall from 1139 to 1819, inclu
testibus voluntatem suam de pectore morituro transfert in
tabulas diu duraturas. Et si fuerit inter fratres nata consive.
tentio, non itur ad tumulum, sed quæritur testamentum; PARISHES OF ENGLAND (3rd S. iii. 494.) – A vivus, is cujus est testamentum, in cælo est. Ergo vo
et qui in tumulo quiescit, tacitus de tabulis loquitur: General Directory to the Counties, 8c. in England, luntas ejus, velut in testamento, sic in Evangelio inquiraby Thomas Whillier, 8vo, 1825, professes to be a tur.” — S. Optati Op. Parisiis, 1631, folio, lib. v. p. 84. complete directory to every parish or district in The translation is given with tolerable fairness, England which maintains its own poor, comprising though it is not always strictly correct. But it nearly 14,000 places. There is no Shilling Green, not of the Rule of Faith in general that St. Optaor Milling Green; there is a Shilling Okeford, or tus is speaking; but merely of the single point of Shillingstone, in Dorsetshire, Cramborne hun- rebaptism, which was defended by Parmenian, dred.
W. SANDYS. the successor of Donatus in the schismatical see of SIR CHARLES CALTHROPE (3rd S. iii. 489.) –
Carthage. As both parties claimed to belong to Sir Charles Calthrope, Knt. sometime Attorney- the Catholic Church, St. Optatus very obviously General, and afterwards one of the Justices of the refers to the Gospel, as authority admitted by Common Pleas in Ireland, died January 6th, 1616, both, for the decision of the question. For, as he aged about ninety-two, and was buried in Christ observes immediately before = Church, Dublin. He was the son of Sir Francis, "Cujus de sacramento (Baptismatis) non leve certawhose father, Sir William, was High Sheriff of
men innatum est, et dubitatur, an post Trinitatem in
eadem Trinitate hoc iterum liceat facere. Vos dicitis : Norfolk, 1st Henry VI ; and was son of Sir Bar
Licet; nos dicimus: Non licet; inter licet vestrum, et non tholomew, who was son of Sir William, whose father, licet nostrum, nutant et remigant animæ populorum. Sir Oliver, was son of Sir William Calthrop, Knt., Nemo vobis credat, nemo nobis ; omnes contentiosi homiwho lived in the time of the Conqueror.
nes sumus. Quærendi sunt judices,” &c. Sir Charles married, first, Winifred, daughter That a passage like this could have suggested of Antonie Toto, a Florentine, of King Henry to Swift the leading idea of his Tale of a Tub I VIII.'s Privy Chamber, and his serjeant-painter; think very unlikely; but that Swift ever read a she died Aug. 1st, 1605. He married, secondly, line of St. Optatus, much more unlikely. Dorothie, daughter of John Deane, of London,
F. C. H. widow, first, of Henry Perkin, by whom she had several children; and, second, of Robert Con
PIZARRO's Coat of Arms (3rd S. iv. 8.) -A stable. She died June 14th, 1616. Sir Charles B.A.-gives the following explanation of Pi
recent visitor to Trujillo — the Rev. R. Roberts, had no issue by either wife. His arms were, zarro's arms, which I hope may interest your cor
chequy or and azure, a fess ermine;” impaling for 'Toto or Tote, “ Argent, a fess gules, between respondent C. M. : three human hearts vulned, and distilling drops of
" The mansion built by Pizarro, after the conquest of blood on the dexter side ;'
Peru, stands in the Plaza; and, though indifferently
and for Deane, situated, is a handsome building of freestone, decorated “barry of six, argent and azure, a canton gules.”
after the Spanish custom, with boldly-sculptured coats of The above account I have extracted from vol. arms, and other heraldic devices, the most conspicuous iii. of the Funeral Entries, in Ulster Office, Dub- being a couple of pigs feeding under an oak-tree-a badge lin, by permission of Sir J. Bernard Burke. In that not only recalled úis origin and early employment, but these entries the name is spelt “Calthrop,” “Cal- provedl, moreover, that the conqueror of Peru was not
ashamed to own himself the son of a swineberd,” &c.throppe," and "Calthorpe."
An Autumn Tour in Spain in the Year 1859, London, H. LOFTUS TOTTENHAM.
1860, p. 262. SWIFT: “TALE OF A Tub” (3rd S. iv. 5.)—The
Ford, in his Description of Trujillo, speaks of a original of the passage quoted from St. Optatus legend connected with Pizarro, viz. “that he was is as follows:
suckled, not by a Romulean wolf, but by an “Quærendi sunt judices; si Christiani, de utraque
Estremenian sow-a very proper and local wetparte dari non possunt; quia studiis veritas impeditur. De
nurse,” &c. (Handbouk for Spain, Part 11. p. 479, foris quærendus est judex; si paganus, non potest nosse