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H. OF R.]

The Cumberland Road.

[MARCH 2, 1831.

may rest assured that if this wasteful course is persevered Pennsylvania, for he could not believe that any member in, this eternal drain upon the treasury, it will go further of Congress would be actuated by such selfish principles; and faster to undermine this now favorite policy, than any yet it was somewhat strange that the only opposition in thing else which can be said or done. One hundred thou- Pennsylvania came from that quarter. It was not for him, sand dollars granted the session before the last, on a con. he said, to give the reason; he presumed the gentleman dition, at least so understood by many, that more would had one, satisfactory to himself. He said his colleague apnot be again asked--expended with fifteen thousand dol-peared to be in favor of erecting gates; but he would ask lars more, paid by us in May last--and now we are, and him, what would be the use of gates on a road that could last year were, importuned for another one hundred thou- not be travelled? And unless an appropriation should be sand dollars. This road, first and last, has cost a prodi- now made, that would be the case with this road in a short gious sum of money, as is shown by the exhibit submitted. time. Those who feel an immediate interest in the road The road from Cumberland to Wheel.

do not object to gates, and the collection of so much toll ing cost,

$1,702,395 63 as will keep the road in repair in future; but until it is imSurveys in Ohio, Indiana, and

proved, toll could not be collected, were gates now on Illinois, 20,000 00

the road. By refusing the appropriation, you deprive us Road in same States, , 945,000 00

of the only means left of preserving the road in future.

965,000 00 He begged of the House to consider the situation in which Bill of this session provides

this part of the Cumberland road was placed; it was locked For Illinois,

60,000 00

up from the respective States, in the hands of the GeneFor Indiana,

60,000 00

ral Government; so that if the States through which it West of Zanesville, 100,000 00

passes were disposed to repair it, they have not the power. Repairs during 1830,

950 00

All we ask is, that the General Government put the road 220,950 00 in such repair as will justify the collection of toll, and we

have no objection to making the travel keep it in repair

$2,888,345 63 in future. He said that he had promised that he would Besides some two or three thousand

not detain the House with a speech; and he would only dollars for further repairs, which I can

express a hope that the House would not deprive the pubnot note particularly, as I have not the

lic of this useful and important road, but would grant the bill before me.

small sum now asked for, which was indispensably necesRepairs since 1823, cast of Wheeling, 171,259 00sary to preserve the road from utter ruin.

The amendment was negatived, and the bill was report$3,059,604 63 ed to the House.

In one House.

Besides which, it is estimated that the expense of its

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 2. contemplated construction from Vandalia, in Illinois, to

Mr. POTTER, from the select committee on the rules Jefferson, in Missouri, will be one million of dollars.

of the House, reported a resolution directing the arrangeTo the appropriations for making roads, that are pro- ment and printing of the existing rules, and the designaper objects for General Government effort, I go cheerfully tion of such as clash with each other. To this Mr. MERand willingly, though I do not always think that the mo- CER proposed an amendment, which went to modify the ney is prudently or economically expended. Upon this

operation of the previous question, so as to enable it to be system of repair, I will not enter at all. For any constitutional method of raising toll, preferring one mode to ments; but ihe report and amendment were, on motion

put without (as at present) excluding all pending amendanother, but preferring any to none, I will vote; but I can- of Mr. CONDICT, laid upon the table. not consent to wither a system so exuberant with good

Mr. WHITE proceeded with his speech on the sugar to dry up a fountain, whose waters, if not scattered and bill till he was arrested by the expiration of the allotted thrown ipon the ground where they cannot be gathered, hcur, and an additional half hour allowed by a vote of the are sufficient to refresh and invigorate us all. word, I will not aid this lavish expenditure of money this squandering of it, might I not say, upon a single object, rule at this late hour of the session.

[Mr. RENCHER was opposed to the suspension of the

There was no possito the exclusion of others requiring, perhaps not in so bility of legislating on the subject at this session, and the great a degree, but still requiring the assistance of the only object of discussion at this time was to produce effect Government. This subject might be pursued at great elsewhere. He, therefore, hoped, if the House should length, but I have too much respect for the House, and I will add, too much self-respect, on this the last business day pension for a general discussion, and not for the accommo

agree to suspend the rule, it would be an indefinite susof the session, to obtrulle myself further upon its notice.

dation of any one member. Mr. R. said he had been Mr. McCREERY, of Pennsylvania, said that although he would, under different circumstances, feel himself very anxious to embark in this debate, and should now be bound to take notice of some of the arguments of his friend friend from Louisiana, if he could do so without setting

glad of an opportunity of replying to the argument of his and colleague, [Mr. Crawford,] yet he could assure the aside, and thereby sacrificing, important measures that Hlouse that he did not intend to make a speech. He said were' pressing upon the attention of the House. The rule that he would merely observe that, unless the appropria. was suspended, however, and Mr. White concluded his tion now asked for be granted, the road would inevitably speech, the whole of which is embodied in the preceding go to ruin; and the only question to be determined was,

pages.) whether it was the true policy of the Government to grant an appropriation to repair the road, and adopt some mea

THE CUMBERLAND ROAD. sure for its permanent preservation, or to abandon this This bill coming up, Mr. IRWIN, of Pennsylvania, regreat national work, and lose all that has been heretofore newed the motion he made yesterday in committee, to add expended, and thus deprive the people and the Govern- a section appropriating one hundred thousand dollars for ment of all the advantages contemplated in the construc- the repair of the road east of Wheeling. He supported tion of this road. He said he was sorry that bis colleague his motion by a short speech explaining the facts of the had considered it his duty to oppose this appropriation. case, and adverting to the new policy adopted by Ohio and He would not say that he was influenced by any consider- Pennsylvania for the preservation of the road by the erec. ations of interest which he may have in a certain road in tion of toll gates.

March 2, 1831.]

Choctaw Treaty.- Fortifications.--Trade to Danish Islands.

[H. OF R.

EVENING SESSION.

last year:

The amendment was again opposed by Mr.CRAWFORD. gives $200,000 instead of $100,000 towards arming the

Mr. LETCHER explained in reply-briefly urging forts, was advocated by Mr. DRAYTON. that, unless the road was to be abandoned, the amendment Mr. YANCEY opposed the amendment, as did Mr. must prevail. The same ground was taken by Mr. Mc- REED, on the ground that the contracts were unfavoraCREERY, to whom Mr. DENNY eplied; when the ble, and the ord ce might be furnished thirty per cent. amendment was rejected-yeas 53, nays 94.

cheaper; and Mr. TUCKER, on constitutional grounds. Mr. PETTIS'S amendment, proposing $10,000 for ex- Mr. WILLIAMS inquired if the contracts were advertised tending the road west of Vandalia, shared the same fate; for. Mr. REED stated there was a monopoly. Mr. as did another offered by Mr. DUNCAN, proposing DRAYTON dissented from this statement; when, the $5,000 for a different route in the same quarter, by the question being taken, the amendment was rejected. intervention of the previous question, on motion of Mr. The committee then rose, and reported the bills. On POLK.

concurring with the committee on the disputed amendThe bill was then ordered to a third reading-yeas 78, ments to the Indian appropriation bill, Mr. ELLSnays 67; and was subsequently passed by yeas and nays-- WORTH demanded the yeas and nays, which, being oryeas 89, nays 66.

dered, stood-yeas 92, nays 72. On motion of Mr. VERPLANCK, the House agreed to So the House concurred, and the clause was stricken out. the request of the Senate for a conference on the general Mr. VERPLANCK, from the committee of conference, appropriation bill; and Messrs. VERPLANCK, White, of reported a unanimous agreement of that committee in New York, SPENCER, of New York, Wayne, and DRAY- the following compromise: to strike out all the specificaTON, were appointed a committee on the part of the House. tions of items of expense of the negotiation with the Otto

man Porte, and inserting the following in lieu thereof: CHOCTAW TREATY.

“ For the contingent expenses of foreign intercourse, in The military appropriation bill was next considered in addition to the sum of twenty-five thousand dollars hereinCommittee of the Whole, Mr. Condicr in the chair. after appropriated, the sum of fifteen thousand dollars.”

The amendment which went to appropriate $80,000 for this report was agreed to. the expenses of the Choctaw treaty, out of the treasury, And the House then alljourned to half past six o'clock and not out of the sum of $500,000 appropriated by the this evening. Indian bill of last year, being read, Mr. BELL explained, and strenuously advocated the

TRADE TO DANISH ISLANDS. amendment, answering several queries of Mr. Vinton, in relation to the expenditure of part of the appropriation of

Mr. CAMBRELENG, from the Cominittee on Com

merce, to which was referred the message from the Pre Mr. ELLSWORTH opposed the amendment, insisting sident of the United States, transmitting the correspondthat the $500,000 of last year was intended to cover the ence between the Danish minister and the Secretary of expenses included in this sum.

State, concerning the commerce between the United Mr. STORRS took similar ground, and quoted the In- States and the island of St. Croix, made the following redian bill in support of his position, comparing the treat- port; which was read, and laid on the table: ment of the Iljuse by the Executive to the child's play of

“The Committee on Commerce, to which was referred “shut your eyes and open your mouth.”

the correspondence between the Danish minister and the Mr. POLK replied, contending that the House hacl Secretary of State, concerning the commerce of the Unitabundant light, and insisting that the objects of this ap- ed States with the island of St. Croix, make the following propriation never were contemplated when the $500,000 report: were granted by the bill of last year.

“ The Danish minister represents that the produce and Mr. HUNTINGTON further quoted the law, and ar-manufactures of the United States have been uniformly gued to show that the objects now proposed might be admitted into the island of St. Croix, without duty, or at paid for out of the sum in that law; and whether or not, very moderate rates, and that the vessels of other courthe House might now so direct.

tries have been excluded. The navigation of the United Mr. BURGES earnestly argued on the same side.

States has been permitted by Denmark to enjoy the almost Mr. WICKLIFFE advised that no reply be made, as the entire monopoly of her colonial commerce. While that speeches would avail nothing, save for political effect.

Government has extended to us these advantages, the Mr. BELL replied, insisting on the distinct character Danish minister complains that we have augmented our of the objects now asked for; arguing, with great warmth, duties upon the produce of the island of st. Croix, so to show that the President would have violated the act of much as to render it impossible for the planter to pay for last session if he had applied the money then given him to his supplies; and that unless some change should be made, the objects of education, farming utesils, rifles, council the commerce of that island must, of necessity, be driven houses, &c. comprised in the present appropriation, and into some other channel. then the gentleman would have taken opposite ground,

“ The committee have also before them a memorial of and cried out autocracy, &c., and repelling the ideas sug- American citizens, interested directly and indirectly in gested by Mr. Burges, that the fund in the hands of the the plantations of St. Croix, sustaining the representation President was to be reserved as a treasure for bribery.

of the Danish minister. To revive this branch of comMr. STORRS replied, and explained.

merce, the minister proposed certain commercial arrangeMr. WHITTLESEY remonstrated against the consump-ments, which were declined by the President, as they were tion of time in this debate.

founded upon concessions of an exclusive character. Mr. WILDE demanded the question, and threatened the request of the minister, the correspondence was refera full discussion should the debate be further pursued.

red to Congress. The question was taken accordingly, and decided in the “ The following proposals were offered by Denmark: affirmative-yeas 93; s? the House concurred, and the 1. " That, in the intercourse of the island of St. Croix clause was stricken out which takes the $80,000 out of the with foreign countries beyond the West Indian seas, no fo$500,000 of last year.

reign ships but those of the United States shall be admitted

to an entry at the custom-houses of the island, nor suffered FORTIFICATIONS.

to export produce thence; (the whole trade of the island The next bill considered in Committee of the Whole was will thus be reserved to the Danish and American flags.) that for fortifications. The Senate's amendment, which) 2. “ That Indian corn and Indian corn mcal, imported

At

H. OF R.]

Importers of Salt. --Suspension of Rule.

[Manch 2, 1831.

ble, and many

into the island of St. Croix from the United States, shall Ordered, That the said bill do lie on the table. be subject to no duty whatever; (this article amounts to The House proceeded to the consideration of the bill nearly twenty thousand puncheons annually;) and from the Senate, entitled “ An act supplementary to an

3. * That all other articles, without any limitation act granting the right of pre-emption to settlers on the whatever, shall be allowed to be imported into the island public lands, approved the 29th day of May, 1830;" and, of St. Croix from the United States, subject to such duties after debate on an amendment reported thereto by the only as by this arrangement shall be agreed upon, and Committee on the Public Lands, it was, which shall not exceed five per cent. ad valorem on cer On motion of Mr. HUNT, tain articles, considered necessaries, or of general use and Ordered, That the said bill do lie on the table. consumption, as flour, salted provisions of any kind, but Subsequently Mr. HUNT moved to reconsider this orter, cheese, tallow, candles, fish oil, oil of turpentine, der; which motion to reconsider was also laid on the table. live stock, and horses, staves, hoops, headings, shingles, The House proceeded to the consideration of the bill boards and deals of all descriptions, and all sorts of manu- from the Senate, entitled “An act supplementary to the factured goods of the coarser kind, whether made from several laws for the sale of the public lands;" and, after wood, metals, wool, or cotton, and not exceeding ten per debate on the said bill, it was, cent. ad valorem on all other articles coming more pro On motion of Mr. WILLIAMS, perly under the denomination of luxuries, as furnitures, Ordered, That the said bill do lie on the table. carriages, gigs, &c.

Several other bills were laid on the - The concessions were, however, proposed only upon others passed and disposed of in different ways. condition that the United States would also concede ex

SUSPENSION OF RULE. clusive advantages to the commerce and navigation of St. Croix, including a provision that the produce of that island Mr. RICHARDSON, from the Joint Committee on Enshould be admitted into this country at lower rates of duty rolled Bills, reported the following resolution: than might be levied upon similar productions of other Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives, countries.

That the 17th joint rule of the two Houses, which de" The friendly policy of Denmark, and the recent clares that “no bill or resolution that shall have passed manifestation of her justice towards this country, should the House of Representatives and the Senate shall be prerecommend any proposition of hers to our most favorable sented to the President of the United States for his apconsideration. But with every disposition to receive these probation on the last day of the session," be suspended. proposals in a spirit of mutual liberality, the committee The SPEAKER (Mr. McDuffie at this time officiating) discover too many and substantial objections to any ar- decided that under the rules of the House it was not in rangement of the character proposed. It has always been order for the Committee on Enrolled Bills to make report our wise policy to offer equal commercial advantages to at this period of the day of any matter, except the examiall nations, and to entangle ourselves with no embarrass- nation and presentation of enrolled bills. ing arrangements with any country; granting privileges Mr. SUTHERLAND appealed from this decision, on denied to other countries, and establishing discriminating the ground that, by the lu5th rule of the House, it is deduties in favor of the productions of particular nations, clared that "it shall be in order for the Committee on which are not offered to all. The committee deem it im- Enrolled Bills to report at any

time." politic to enter into any exclusive arrangements, even And the question was put, without debate, on the apwere they not restrained from recommending any such peal, when the SPEAKER's decision was affirmed. measure, by our obligations to other nations. Our duties The amendment of the Senate to the bill to regulate on the productions of St. Croix are undoubtedly too high to the foreign and coasting trade on the Northern and Northadmit of a mutually profitable exchange in our commerce western frontiers of the United States, was read, and with that island. We may, however, indulge the hope adopted. that some modification of our imposts may follow the re [The amendment of the Senate extends the provisions demption of our public debt, which will be more favorable of the bill to the trade on the Northeastern frontier of the to the productions of an island which, from its vicinity to United States.) our continent, may be almost considered a commercial ap The bill for the relief of the heirs and representatives pendage of the United States. But whatever measure we of Thomas Worthington came up; and upon this bill a may adopt, should be of a general character, operating long and animated debate arose. It was principally opwith a just equality on our commerce with all nations. poscd by Mr. ELLSWORTH, of Connecticut, and advoThe coinmittee, therefore, ask to be discharged from the cated by Mr. FOSTER, of Georgia. further consideration of the correspondence."

It was finally ordered to be read a third time, by yeas

and nays-yeas 55, nay's 52. IMPORTERS OF SALT.

The bill was then, accordingly, read the third time, and The House proceeded to the consideration of the bill the question was stated from the Chair, that it do pass. from the Senate, entitled “ An act supplementary to the Upon this question the debate was again renewed with act to reduce the duty on salt,” when a motion was made great earnestness, between Mr. ELLSWORTH and Mr. by Mr. McDUFFIE to strike out the second and third FOSTER. Mr. CREIGHTON also earnestly advocated sections of the said bill; which motion he subsequently the bill. It was opposed also by Mr. WICKLIFFE and withdrew.

Mr. CHILTON, the latter of whom moved that the bill be A motion was then made by Mr. MILLER to amend laid on the table; which motion was lost-yeas 52, nays 57. the said bill, by inserting, in the second section thereof, The debate was again resumed; during the course of these words: “ And which still remains unsold by the im- which it was suggested that a quorum was not present. porter or importers thereof;" so as that salt which has And then, on motion of Mr. CAMBRELENG, a call of been put into custom-house stores, under the bond of the the House was ordered; and the roll having been called, importer, and remained under the control of officers of one hundred and thirteen members answered to their the customs on the 31st December, 1830, and which still names, which being more than a quorum, further proremains unsold by the importer or importers thereof, ceedings in the call were dispensed with. shall be subject to no higher duty than if the same were And some gentleinan having announced that the Senate imported after the 31st December, 1830.

had adjourned, And, after debate on this amendment, it was,

The House then also adjourned at half past three On motion of Mr. WHITTLESEY,

o'clock in the night, between the 20 and 3d of March.

MARCH 3, 1831.]

Thanks to the Speaker.— Raising of Silk.-Slave Trade.-- Treaty with Austria.

[H. of R.

concurrence.

THURSDAY, MARCH 3.

SUPPRESSION OF THE SLAVE TRADE. After sundry reports,

Mr. MERCER moved to suspend the rule, to enable him Mr. DWIGHT moved the following resolution, viz.

to submit the following resolution: Resolved, That the 17th joint rule be suspended, with

Resolved, That the President of the United States be the concurrence of the Senate, so far as to allow the bills requested to renew and to prosecute from time to time of this House, which were passed or acted upon yester- such negotiations with the several maritime Powers of day, as also the bill making appropriations for building Europe and America, as he may deem expedient, for the lighthouses, lightboats, beacons, monuments, and plac-effectual abolition of the African slave trade, and its ultiing buoys, the bill for the relief of Percis Lovely, and the mate denunciation, as piracy, under the law of nations, by bill from the Senate for the relief of the heirs and repre- the consent of the civilized world. sentatives of Thomas Worthington, deceased, to be finally

And on the question shall the rule be suspended, acted upon, and presented to the President of the United It passed in the affirmative-yeas 108, nays 36. States.

The said resolution was then received; and, after debate This resolution was read, when a message was received thereon, from the Senate, notifying the House of the passage by

The previous question was moved by Mr. POLK; and the Senate of a resolution of similar import, and asking being demanded by a majority of the members present,

The said previous question was put, viz. Shall the The resolution was then read, and concurred in by the main question be now put? House.

And passed in the affirmative. And then the amendments of the Senate to the bill The main question was then put, viz. Will the House entitled " An act making appropriations for building light- agree to the said resolution? houses, lightboats, beacons, monuments, and for placing

And passed in the affirmative, as follows: buoys;” and

YEAS.--Messrs. Anderson, Angel, Arnold, Bailey, The amendments of the Senate to the bill entitled Barber, Barringer, Bates, Beekman, Bockee, Borst, “ An act for the relief of Percis Lovely;” were read, and, Brodhead, Burges, Butman, Cahoon, Campbell, Childs, being considered in Committee of the Whole House on

Condict, Cooper, Coulter, Cowles, Craig, Crane, Crawthe state of the Union, were concurred in by the llouse. ford, Creighton, Crocheron, Crowninshield, Davenport,

A motion was made by Mr. POLK, that the rule of the Jolin Davis, Denny, De Witt, Dickinson, Draper, DrayHouse which allots one hour for the making reports and ton, Dwight, Eager, Earll, Ellsworth, George Evans, the presentation of resolutions, be suspended for the rc- Edward Everett, Horace Everett, Findlay, Finch, Fry, mainder of the session.

Gilmore, Gronnell, Halsey, Hammons, Harvey, Hawkins, And the question being put, two-thirds of the mem- Nemphill

, Hodges, Holland, Hoflinan, Howard, Hubbard, bers present did not vote in the affirmative, and the ques-Hunt, Huntington, Ibrie, Thomas Irwin, Jarvis, Johns, R. tion was therefore decided in the negative.

M. Johnson, Kendall, Kincaid, Perkins King, Adam King,

Leavitt, Lecompte, Leiper, Letcher, Lyon, Magee, MarTHANKS TO THE SPEAKER.

tindale, McCreery, McDuffie, Mercer, Miller, Mitchell, Mr. CARSON rose (Mr. McDcffie temporarily occu- Rose, Scott,' w. B. Shepard, A. H. Shepperd, Shields,

Muhlenberg, Pearce, Pettis, Ramsey, Reed, Richardson, pying the chair) and said, the House of Representatives Semmes, sill, Smith, Ambrose Spencer, Richard Spenof the twenty-first Congress had met for the last time; cer, Stanbery, Sterigere, William L. Storrs, Strong, Suand when we separate to-day, said he, many of us will therland, Swift, Taliaferro, Taylor, Test, John Thomson, have parted to meet no more forever. My hcart admon. Tracy, Tucker, Vance, Varnum, Verplanck, Vinton, ishes me that this is a fit occasion for us to offer up all our Washington, Weeks, Whittlesey, C. P. White, Edward animosities upon the altar of peace, kindness, and good b. White, Williams, Wilson, Young.-118. will. In rising, sir, to perform a last act of legislative duty upon this occasion, I do it the more willingly, and with the Blair, Bouldin, Carson, Daniel, w. R. Davis, Desha,

NAYS.--Messrs. Alexander, Barbour, Barnwell, James more pleasure, because, while it is an act of justice, it is Dudley, Foster, Gaither, Hall, Haynes, Hinds, C. Johnan act of friendship. I ask leave to introduce the following resolution, which Polk, Potter, Rencher, Roane, Speiglit, Wiley Thomp

son, Lamar, Lea, Loyall, Nuckolls, Overton, Patton, I hope will be unanimously received and adopted:

son, Trezvant, Wickliffe, Wilde, Yancey.--32. Resolved, That the thanks of this House be presented

So the resolve was agreed to. to the honorable ANDREW STEVENSON, Speaker, for the dignity, impartiality, proinptitude, and ability, with which bill from the Senate, entitled “ An act for the relief of the

The House then again resumed the consideration of the he has discharged the duties of the chair during the pre- heirs and executors of Thomas Worthington, deceased;" sont session.

and after a warm and animated discussion, in which Mr. RAISING OF SILK.

FOSTER, of Georgia, and Mr. ELLSWORTII, of ConMr. SPENCER, from the Committee on Agriculture, necticut, bere the principal part for and against the bill, to which was referred a letter to the Speaker from Count

The question was put, Shall the bill pass? and was deFontaniellere, of Paris, accompanied with a translation of cided in the negative. a treatise by Count Dandalo, on the art of cultivating the

A motion was made by Mr. SPENCER, of New York, mulberry, by Count Veru, and also observations by count that the rule be suspended, to enable him to submit a reFontaniellere on two different varieties of mulberries, by Gales and Scaton's Register of Debates.

solution authorizing a renewal of the subscription to leave of the House reported the following resolution: Resolved, That the Speaker be requested to answer, in

TREATY WITH AUSTRIA. behalf of the House, the aforesaid letter, and to express the acknowledgments of the House for this manifestation of the United States, by Mr. Donelson, his private Secre

A message, in writing, was received from the President of the interest taken by distinguished foreigners in the welfare and prosperity of the United Statcs, and that the said books be placed in the public library.

To the House of Representatives of the United States: The said resolutiou was read.

I communicate to Congress a treaty of commerce and And on the question, Will the llouse agric thcrcto? navigation between the United States and the Emperor of It passed in the aflirmative.

Austria, con luded in this city on the 25th March, 1830, VOL. VII.--51

tary, viz.

H. OF R.]

Adjournment.

[MARCH 3, 1831. the ratifications of which were exchanged on the 10th of nation in the intelligence, virtue, and patriotism of its February last.

Representatives, must ever render the approbation or ANDREW JACKSON. censure of this House a matter of no ordinary importance Washington, March 2, 1831.

to those who fill high places of public trust and confidence.

This station, justly esteemed among the first in distinction The message was laid on the table.

and honor, has always been regarded not only as one of The SPEAKER laid before the House sundry commu- elevated character, but of severe responsibility and labor, nications from the Executive Departments.

and of extreme delicacy. In discharging its arduous and And then, being half past three o'clock P. M,

multifarious duties, no man can hope to free himself from The House took a recess until six o'clock P. M.

error, or to give unqualified or universal satisfaction. In SIX O'CLOCK, P. M.

times, even, of profound tranquillity and repose, to please

every one cannot, and ought not to be expected. Amid The House resumed its session.

the storms of political and party excitements, it would be On motion of Mr. DWIGHT,

idle and vain to expect it. My path here for the last four Resolved, That a committee be appointed on the part of years has not been strewed with roses. I have had, as you this House, to be joined by such committee as may be ap- well know, my full share of responsibility, embarrassment, pointed by the Senate, to wait on the President of the and toil. I can say, however, with truth, that I have enUnited States, and to notify him that, unless he may have deavored to meet your expectations by a zealous devotion further communications to make, the two Houses of Con- of my time, and even my health, to your service, and by a gress, having completed the business before them, are faithful and independent discharge of my public duty, ready to close the present session by an adjournment. This, gentlemen, was all that I promised when I received

Mr. Dwight and Mr. Roare were appointed of the this high appointment at your hands; and in laying it down said committee on the part of this House. Soon after,

I feel a proud consciousness that I have redeemed my Mr. DWIGHT, from the said joint committce, reported pledge; and if the trust has not been ably, it has, at least, that the committee had, according to order, waited on been honestly discharged. During the entire period of the President, and made the communication to him; and my service, and under all the agitations of the times, it has that the President answered that he had no further com- been my peculiar good fortune and pleasure to receive, munications to make to either House of Congress. in an almost unexampled manner, the kindness and supIt was then

port of the members of this House; and in proof of it I Ordered, That a message be sent to the Senate to notify may be permitted to remark, I hope without vanity, that that body that this House, having completed the business in all the numerous and important decisions which I have before it, is now ready to close the present session by an been called upon to pronounce from this chair, but one adjournment, and that the Clerk do go with said message. has ever been reversed by the judgment of the House,

The Clerk having delivered said message, and being re- and that under circumstances which can cause me no returned, a message was received from the Senate by Mr. gret. Can I, then, feel otherwise than gratified and flatLowrie, their Secretary, notifying the House that the tered, cheered and consoled, by this renewed and distinSenate, having completed the legislative business before guished evidence of your confidence and favor? I receive it, is now ready to close the present session of Congress it, gentlemen, in the spirit in which it has been offered; I by an adjournment.

cherish it in my heart. It is the highest and the only reThereupon,

ward that I either sought or expected; and I shall cherish it The SPEAKER rose from his chair, and addressed the through life with feelings of the deepest respect, and the House as follows:

most affectionate gratitude. God grant that you may long GENTLEMEN: I receive with sentiments of profound re- live to serve and benefit your country, and enjoy its unspect and grateful feeling the renewed expression of your diminished confidence; and, in bidding you an affection, approbation and confidence in my administration of the ate, and, perhaps, last farewell, accept, I pray you, my arduous duties of this high office. The character and cordial and best wishes for your individual health, pros power of this House; the rank which it holds in the eyes perity, and happiness. of the world; the deep and abiding confidence of the He then declared the House to be adjourned sine die,

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