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EMBARGOES, to regulate and revoke. H. R. May 29, 1794. — Madison, 433
EXPUNGING RESOLUTION. Senate, 1836. — Leigh, 598. Rives, ... 599
FISHERY, COD. Granting Bounties. H. R. February 3, 1792. — Giles, 426.
Williamson, Madison,

427
FRENCH REPUBLIC, on striking out complimentary Reply to. Senate, Jan-
uary 6, 1796. — Ellsworth, Butler,

434
INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT. H. R. February 11, 1796.- Madison, Bald-
win, Bourne, Williams, 434. Thacher,...

435
December 5, 1815. — Madison,

461
Bonus Bill. H. R. February, 1817. — Picker-
ing, Clay, 467. Madison's Objections to the above Bonus Bill,.

468
Dismal Swamp Canal, Senate, May, 1824.
- Van Buren,

477
H. R. January 18, 1825. Cambreleng,
Berrien,

479
Florida Canal, February 14, 1826. - Branch,
Rowan,

480
IMPEACHMENT OF JUDGE CHASE. H. R. February 21, 1805. — Hop-

kinson, 452. (Note from Story's Commentaries.)
INDIAN TREATIES. Senate, May, 1830. — Sprague,..

423
JUDICIARY. Senate, January 8, 1800. – J. Mason, 442. Stone, N. C. 443.

Breckenridge, Hemphill, 444. Bayard, Rutledge, 445. Van Buren, 485,
486. Woodbury,

.487, 488
H. R. January 10, 1825. — Webster,

478
JUDICIAL SYSTEM. Senate, April 7, 1826. – Mr. Van Buren, 485. Wood-
bury,..

487
LOUISIANA TREATY. H. R. October 25, 1803. — Elliot, Mitchell, Smilie,

Rodney, Tracy, 448. J. Q. Adams, 449. (Note. Mr. Jefferson's Opinion

added.)
LYON, MATTHEW, Petition of. Senate, March, 1821. - Smith,...

474
MILITARY APPROPRIATION BILL. H. R. January 4, 1819. — Lowndes, 472
MILITIA BILL. H.R. December 24, 1790. - Bloodworth, Sherman, Madison,

Livermore, 422. Williamson, 423. Boudinot, Jackson, Livermore,.. 424
MILITIA. Bill for organizing, &c. H. R. December, 1796.—Rutherford, ..... 438
MISSOURI QUESTION. H. R. December 13, 1821. - Lowndes,.

474
NULLIFICATION. Senate, April 2, 1830. — Josiah S. Johnson,.

523
OATH to support the Constitution, May 6, 1789. Gerry, 343. Bland, Jackson,
Lawrence, and Sherman,

344
PATRONAGE, Foreign Intercourse Bill. H. R. January 18, 1798. Gallatin,
439. Pinckney, Bayard,.

440
POST OFFICE. Bill to authorize the President to choose a Mail Route.
H. R. December 6, 1791. - Sedgwick, Gerry, Bourne,

425
POST-OFFICES AND POST-ROADS. H. R. Jan. 3, 1792. — Fitzsimons,. 426
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION. Bill to determine the Time When Electors
shall be chosen, &c. H. R. January 14, 1791. — Sherman,

424
, (Amendment) Senate, 1826. — Van Buren, 488
PUBLIC LANDS for Internal Improvements, February 13, 1807. — Bayard,... 455
Disposal of, Senate, May, 1826. — Van Buren,

482
Senate, February 23, 1830. - Woodbury,

522
REFUGEES, ST. DOMINGO, Bill for the Relief of. H. R. January 10, 1794.

- Madison, Nicholas, Boudinot, Dexter, 431. (Note. Relief of the Citizens

of Venezuela, to expend $50,000, passed, ayes, 45; noes, 29.)
REMOVAL, POWER OF, by the President, on the Bill establishing the “De-
partment of Foreign Affairs." H. R. June, 1789,..

350
White, 350.
White, 357.

Lawrence, 367 to 371.
Smith, s. C. 350 to 353. Boudinot, 357 to 361. Jackson, 371 to 373.
Huntingdon, 353.
Ames, 361 to 364.

Clymer, 373 to 374.
Sedgwick, 353.

Livermore, 364 to 366. Page, 374 to 375.
Madison, 354 to 357. Hartley, 366 to 367.

Sherman, 375 to 376

Page

461

REMOVAL, POWER OF, (continued.)
Stone, 376 to 378. Lee, 388 to 389.

Livermore, 398.
Madison, 378 to 383. Boudinot, 389 to 391. Madison, 398 to 400.
Gerry, 383 to 386.

Gerry, 391 to 393. Baldwin, 400 to 403.
Benson, 386 to 387. Sherman, 393 to 394. Gerry, 403 to 404.

Sedgwick, 387 to 388. Ames, 394 to 398.
RESTRICTIONS, COMMERCIAL. H. R. January 31, 1794. - Madison,... 432

H. R. February 14, 1806. - Madison's seven Resolutions,

453 RETALIATION for Aggression. H. R. May 23, 1798. — Sitgreaves,

440 RIGHT OF PETITION. (Abolition.) Senate, 1836. — Cushing, 594. Pren

tiss, 595. Hugh L. White, 596. Grundy, King, of Alabama, Buchanan, 597. King, of Georgia, Calhoun,......

598 SEAMEN'S BILL. Regulation of Seamen, in Public and Private Vessels.

H. R. February, 1813. — Seybert, 460. Archer,
SEMINOLE WAR. H. R. January 21, 1819. - Richard M. Johnson,

472 SLAVE TRADE. Commitment of the Quakers' Memorial. H. R. March, 1790.

Tucker, 406. Gerry, Burke, Scott, Jackson, Sherman, Baldwin, Smith, S. C., 407. Page, Madison, Gerry, 408. Boudinot, Stone, Tucker, S. C., Jackson, 409. Smith, S. C., Boudinot, 410. Note,

411 SLAVERY. Panama Mission. Senate, March, 1826. - Hayne,...

483 (Abolition.) Report on circulating, through the United States Mails, inflammatory Appeals. Calhoun. Senate, February 4, 1836, ......593 STATE RIGHTS. (Debate on Foote's Resolutions.) Senate, January, 1830,.. 496 Webster, 496 to 509.

Hayne, [in reply,] 509 to 516. Webster, [closing remarks,] 516, 519. Ed. Livingston, 519. Woodbury, 520.

Grundy, 521. TARIFF. H. R. April 26, 1820. — Clay,...

473 its Constitutionality. Senate, 1824. — Hayne,.

475 South Carolina Protest,

580 (Nullification.) President Jackson's PROCLAMATION, of the 10th of December, 1833, concerning the Ordinance of South Carolina of the 24th of November, 1832,.

582 to 592 Mr. Madison to Mr. Cabell, dated September - October, 1828, 600 to 608 TAXES, DIRECT. H. R. May 6, 1794. - Sedgwick, ....

433 TREATY, COMMERCIAL, with Great Britain. H. R. January 8, 1816. – Hopkinson; Calhoun, 462. Tucker, 464. Pinckney, 465.

Pickering, Pinckney,...

466 TREATY-MAKING POWER, (Jay's.) H. R. March 23, 1796. — Murray, Gallatin, 435. Madison, 436. Lyman,

437 VOLUNTEER CORPS. H. R. January 12, 1812. - Poindexter, Grundy, Porter, Cheves, Clay,...

459 VETO. Monroe's Objections to An Act for the Preservation of the Cumberland Road,.....

525 Jackson's Objections to “An Act authorizing a Subscription to the Maysville, &c., Road,”

525 a short History of the,

620 VETOES by different Presidents, List of the,

624

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DEBATES

IN

THE CONVENTION

OF THE

STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA,

ON THE

ADOPTION OF THE FEDERAL CONSTITUTION.

At a Convention, begun and held at Hillsborough, the 21st day of July,

in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-eight, and of the Independence of America the 13th, in pursuance of a resolution of the last General Assembly, for the purpose of deliberating and determining on the proposed Plan of Federal Government,

A MAJORITY of those who were duly elected as members of this Convention being met at the church, they proceeded to the election of a president, when his excellency, Samuel Johnston, Esq., was unanimously chosen, and conducted to the chair accordingly.

The house then elected Mr. John Hunt and Mr. James Taylor clerks to the Convention, and also appointed door-keepers, &c. The house then appointed a select committee to prepare

and

propose certain rules and regulations for the government of the Convention in the discussion of the Constitution.

The committee consisted of Messrs. Davie, Person, Iredell, I. M'Donald, Battle, Spaight, and the Hon. Samuel Spencer, Esq.

The Convention then appointed a committee of three members from each district, as a committee of privileges and elections, consisting of Messrs. Spencer, Irwin, Caldwell, Person, A. Mebane, Joseph Taylor, M'Dowall, J. Brown, J. Johnston, Davie, Peebles, E. Gray, Gregory, Iredell, Cabarrus, I. G. Blount, Keais, B. Williams, T. Brown, Maclaine, Foster, Clinton, J. Willis, Grove, J. Stewart, Martin, and Tipton

The Convention then adjourned till to-morrow morning.

TUESDAY, July 22, 1788. The Convention met according to adjournment,

The committee appointed for that purpose reported certain rules and regulations for the government of the Convention, which were twice read, and, with the exception of one article, were agreed to, and are as fol

cows, viz:

VOL. IV.

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“1. When the president assumes the chair, the members shall take their seats.

“2. At the opening of the Convention, each day, the minutes of the preceding day shall be read, and be in the power of the Convention to be corrected, after which any business addressed to the chair may be

pro

ceeded upon.

“3. No member shall be allowed to speak but in his place, and, after rising and addressing himself to the president, shall not proceed until permitted by the president.

4. No member speaking shall be interrupted but by a call to order by the president, or by a member through the president.

5. No person shall pass between the president and the person speaking.

“6. No person shall be called upon for any words of heat, but on the day on which they were spoken.

7. No member to be referred to in debate by name.

8. The president shall be heard without interruption, and when he rises, the member up shall sit down.

“9. The president himself, or by request, may call to order any member who shall transgress the rules; if a second time, the president may refer to him by name; the Convention may then examine and censure the member's conduct, he being allowed to extenuate or justify.

“10. When two or more members are up together, the president shall determine who rose first.

“11. A motion made and seconded shall be repeated by the president. A motion shall be reduced to writing if the president requires it. A motion may be withdrawn by the member making it, before any decision is had upon it.

“ 12. The name of him who makes, and the name of him who seconds, the motion, shall be entered upon the minutes.

“ 13. No member shall depart the service of the house without leave.

“14. Whenever the house shall be divided upon any question, two or more tellers shall be appointed by the president, to number the members on each side.

“ 15. No member shall come into the house, or remove from one place to another, with his hat on, except those of the Quaker profession.

“16. Every member of a committee shall attend at the call of his chairman.

17. The yeas and nays may be called and entered on the minutes, when any two members require it.

“18. Every member actually attending the Convention shall be in his place at the time to which the Convention stands adjourned, or within half an hour thereof."

Mr. Lenoir moved, and was seconded by Mr. Person, that the return for Dobbs county should be read, which was accordingly read; whereupon Mr. Lenoir presented the petition of sundry of the inhabitants of Dobbs county, complaining of an illegal election in the said county, and praying relief; which being also read, on motion of Mr. Lenoir, seconded by Mr. Davie, Resolved, That the said petition be referred to the committee of elections.

Mr. Spaight presented the deposition of Benjamin Caswell, sheriff of Dobbs county, and a copy of the poll of an election held in the said county, for members to this Convention, and the depositions of William

Croom, Neil Hopkins, Robert White, John Hartsfield, Job Smith, and Frederick Baker, which, being severally read, were referred to the committee of elections.

Mr. Cabarrus presented the depositions of Charles Markland, Jun., and Luther Spalding, relative to the election of Dobbs county; which, being read, were referred to the committee of elections.

The Convention then adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow morning.

WEDNESDAY, July 23, 1788. The house met according to adjournment.

Mr. Gregory, from the committee of elections, to whom were referred the returns from Dobbs county, and sundry other papers, and the petition of sundry of the inhabitants of Dobbs county relative to the election of the said county, delivered in a report; which, being read, was agreed to in the following words, viz:

Resolved, That it is the opinion of this committee, that the sitting members returned from the county of Dobbs vacate their seats, as it does not appear that a majority of the county approved of a new election under the recommendation of his excellency, the governor; but the contrary is more probable.

“That it appears to this committee, that there was a disturbance and riot at the first election, (which was held on the days appointed by the resolve of the General Assembly,) before all the tickets could be taken out of the box, and the box was then taken away by violence; at which time it appears there were a sufficient number of tickets remaining in the box to have given a majority of the whole poll to five others of the candidates, besides those who had a majority of the votes at the time when the disturbance and riot happened. It is, therefore, the opinion of this committee, that the sheriff could have made no return of any five members. elected; nor was there any evidence before the committee by which they could determine, with certainty, which candidates had a majority of votes of the other electors.

“ The committee are therefore of opinion that the first election is void, as well as the latter."

On a motion made by Mr. Galloway, seconded by Mr. Macon,

Resolved, That the Bill of Rights and Constitution of this state, the Articles of Confederation, the resolve of Congress of the 21st of February, 1787, recommending a Convention of Delegates to meet at Philadelphia the second Monday in May, 1787, for the purpose of revising the said Articles of Confederation, together with the act of Assembly of this state, passed at Fayetteville, the 6th day of January, 1787, entitled 'An act for appointing deputies from this state to a Convention proposed to be held in the city of Philadelphia in May next, for the purpose of revising the Federal Constitution;' as also the resolve of Congress of the 28th September last, accompanying the report of the Federal Convention, together with the said report, and the resolution of the last General Assembly, be now read.”

The Bill of Rights and Constitution of this state, the Articles of Confederation, the act of Assembly of this state above referred to, and the resolution of Congress of the 28th September last, were accordingly read.

The honorable the president then laid before the Convention official accounts of the ratification of the proposed Federal Constitution by the

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