Practical Applications of Fuzzy Technologies

Capa
Hans-Jürgen Zimmermann
Springer Science & Business Media, 30/11/1999 - 667 páginas
Since the late 1980s, a large number of very user-friendly tools for fuzzy control, fuzzy expert systems, and fuzzy data analysis have emerged. This has changed the character of this area and started the area of `fuzzy technology'. The next large step in the development occurred in 1992 when almost independently in Europe, Japan and the USA, the three areas of fuzzy technology, artificial neural nets and genetic algorithms joined forces under the title of `computational intelligence' or `soft computing'. The synergies which were possible between these three areas have been exploited very successfully.
Practical Applications of Fuzzy Sets focuses on model and real applications of fuzzy sets, and is structured into four major parts: engineering and natural sciences; medicine; management; and behavioral, cognitive and social sciences. This book will be useful for practitioners of fuzzy technology, scientists and students who are looking for applications of their models and methods, for topics of their theses, and even for venture capitalists who look for attractive possibilities for investments.

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Índice

FUZZY CONTROL IN THE PROCESS INDUSTRY COMMON PRACTICE AND CHALLENGING PERSPECTIVES
3
12 DESIGN OF SIMPLE FUZZY CONTROLLERS
7
121 Structure of a fuzzy controller
11
122 Table based controller
24
123 Inputoutput mapping
26
124 TikagiSugeno type controller
29
125 Summary
31
13 ADVANCED FUZZY CONTROL IN THE PROCESS INDUSTRY
32
1042 Fuzzy control applications
330
1043 Expert systems
332
106 References
333
APPROXIMATE REASONING IN COMPUTERAIDED MEDICAL DECISION SYSTEMS
337
112 CRITICAL SURVEY OF SIGNIFICANT SYSTEMS
338
general internal medicine
340
diet monitoring
344
1124 Fuzzy arithmetic
346

131 Advanced control schemes based on simple controllers
33
133 Fuzzy internal model control
34
134 Fuzzy modelbased predictive control
35
135 Fuzzy decision making in control
39
136 MIMO aspects of fuzzy control
41
14 HIGH LEVEL PROCESS CONTROL
43
141 High level control expectations
45
142 High level control configurations
46
143 Design of high level control strategies
48
144 Installation of high level control strategies
53
145 Conclusion
54
FUZZY SETS IN ENGINEERING DESIGN
57
22 FUZZY SETS IN ENGINEERING DESIGN METHODOLOGY
59
222 A Fuzzy Design Method FDM
68
223 Fuzzy Design by Evolutionary Strategies Combined with Fuzzy MADM
83
23 IMPLEMENTATION OF FUZZY DESIGN METHODS SOFTWARE TOOLS FOR FUZZY ENGINEERING DESIGN
85
232 The KONWERK Workbench
89
24 FUZZY SETS IN ENGINEERING DESIGN APPLICATIONS
93
242 Preliminary Design and Configuration of Future Space Launch Systems
100
243 Configuration of a Personal Computer
105
References
112
SUPERVISION FAULTDETECTION AND FAULTDIAGNOSIS METHODS Advanced Methods and Applications
119
32 FAULT DETECTION AND FAULT DIAGNOSIS
120
321 Analytic symptom generation
121
322 Heuristic symptom generation
122
MODELBASED FAULT DETECTION METHODS
123
332 Fault detection with parameter estimation
127
333 Fault detection with state estimation and observers
128
334 Fault detection with parity equations
132
335 Fault detection with signal models
134
336 Change detection and symptom generation
135
337 Comparison of faultdetection methods
136
34 FAULTDIAGNOSIS METHODS
138
342 Diagnosis using classification methods
140
343 Diagnosis using reasoning methods
141
35 APPLICATIONS
149
352 Fault diagnosis of a machine tool feed drive with fuzzy reasoning
153
REFERENCES
155
QUALITY CONTROL AND MAINTENANCE
161
42 OVERVIEW OF INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS OF FUZZY TECHNIQUES IN QUALITY CONTROL AND MAINTENANCE
162
43 PRESENTATION OF APPLICATIONS FOR QUALITY CONTROL
164
432 NonDestructive Testing of MetalBondedtoRubber Components
166
433 An Optical Color Measuring System based on a Fuzzy Classifier
168
44 APPLICATIONS OF FUZZY LOGIC FOR MAINTENANCE
171
442 Diagnosis Systems and their Integration into the SiteWide Production and Maintenance Management
176
443 Maintenance of petrochemical plants
178
45 CONCLUSION AND FUTURE PROSPECTIVES
182
USING FUZZY LOGIC FOR MOBILE ROBOT CONTROL
185
52 FUZZY BEHAVIORS
187
53 IMPLEMENTATION OF A FUZZY BEHAVIOR
189
54 TAKING GOALS INTO CONSIDERATION
191
55 BLENDING OF BEHAVIORS
193
56 EXPERIMENTS
196
57 DISCUSSION
200
58 CONCLUSIONS
202
References
203
CIVIL ENGINEERING Including Earthquake Engineering
207
61 HISTORIC PERSPECTIVE
208
62 SCOPE OF APPLICATIONS
209
63 HOW FUZZY SETS ARE APPLIED
213
641 Structured processing
214
642 Unstructured processing
215
643 Expert Systems
224
644 Intelligent Systems
227
65 OTHER RESOURCES
231
66 FUTURE OUTLOOK
232
662 More comparative and modeling studies
233
663 More comparison of models with experiments
234
664 More applications of genetic and intelligent algorithms
235
References
236
ECOLOGICAL MODELING AND DATA ANALYSIS
247
72 FUZZY APPROACH TO ECOLOGICAL MODELING AND DATA ANALYSIS
248
73 FUZZY CLUSTER ANALYSIS
250
731 A Fuzzy Cluster Analysis of Chemicals According to their Ecotoxicological Properties
251
74 FUZZY KNOWLEDGEBASED MODELS
256
741 A Fuzzy KnowledgeBased Model of the Annual Production of Skylarks in Pure Crop Areas
257
742 A Fuzzy KnowledgeBased Model of the Population Dynamics of The YellowNecked Mouse Apodemus Flavicollis in a Beech Forest
261
75 FINAL REMARKS
264
FUZZY SETS APPROACH TO SPATlAL ANALYSIS
267
82 APPROXIMATE CHARACTERIZATION OF FUZZY SPATIAL CONCEPTS
268
821 Linguistic Characterization of Distance
269
822 Linguistic Characterization of Connection
271
83 REGIONAL CONCEPTS AND REGIONALIZATION
273
832 Regional Assignment
277
833 Grouping for Regions
279
84 PREFERENCE STRUCTURE AND SPATIAL EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS UNDER FUZZINESS
280
841 Fuzzy Preference Structure
282
842 Fuzzy Utility and Optimization
283
85 SPATIAL PLANNING THROUGH FUZZY OPTIMIZATION
285
86 SPATIAL INFORMATION AND INTELLIGENT SPATIAL DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS
287
861 Geographic Information Systems
288
862 Intelligent Spatial Decision Support Systems
290
87 CONCLUSION
291
REFERENCES
294
CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
301
92 APPLICATION AREAS
302
922 Application of Fuzzy Logic in Theoretical Chemistry
307
923 Application of Fuzzy Logic in Medical Chemistry
310
924 Chemical Engineering
313
93 SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK
315
References
316
II
319
FUZZY LOGIC AND POSSIBILITY THEORY IN BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING
321
An intelligent decision supportand alarm system for cardiac anaesthesia
322
A fuzzy controller for a total artificial heart TAH
326
104 Other applications of fuzzy logic and possibility theory in biomedical engineering
328
1125 Fuzzy pattern matching
347
1127 RENOIRMILORD
350
1128 Cardioanaesthesia monitoring
351
1129 Other Systems
352
113 CONCLUDING DISCUSSION
355
References
358
IMAGE PROCESSING IN MEDICINE
363
122 NUMERICAL PATTERN RECOGNITION
365
123 PERFORMANCE EVALUATION
368
124 FEATURE EXTRACTION
371
125 IMAGE SEGMENTATION
373
TRACK USA
375
TRACK USB
385
TRACK Su
387
129 DIGITAL MAMMOGRAPHY
390
1210 DATABASES FOR DIGITAL MAMMOGRAPHY
392
1211 A TYPICAL MAMMOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS SYSTEM
395
1212 THREE DIMENSIONAL APPLICATIONS
399
1213 CONCLUSIONS AND DISCUSSION
405
REFERENCES
409
III
417
STRATEGIC PLANNING
419
132 FUZZY PORTFOLIO ANALYSIS
421
133 HIERARCHICAL STRUCTURES OF FUZZY RATINGS
426
134 A FUZZY LINGUISTIC APPROACH IN STRATEGIC PLANNING OF CIM IMPLEMENTATION
435
135 FUZZY EXPERT SYSTEMS IN STRATEGIC PLANNING
438
136 SUMMARY
442
DECISION AND PLANNING IN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
445
142 STRATEGIC PLANNING OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
446
143 SELECTION OF RD PROJECTS AND PROGRAMS
451
144 RD PROJECT MANAGEMENT IN UNCERTAIN ENVIRONMENTS
463
145 SIMULTANEOUS ENGINEERING CONFIGURATION DESIGN
471
146 CONCLUSION
473
REFERENCES
474
PRODUCTION PLANNING AND SCHEDULING FUZZY AND CRISP APPROACHES
479
152 MANAGEMENT OF IMPRECISION
481
153 FUZZY EXPERT SYSTEMS
482
1531 MODULES OF AN EXPERT SYSTEM
483
154 KNOWLEDGEBASED SYSTEMS
485
155 AGGREGATE PRODUCTION PLANNING AND DETAILED SCHEDULING
487
1551 DETAILED SCHEDULING PROBLEMS
488
1552 CLASSIFICATION OF SCHEDULING PROBLEMS
490
1553 NOWAIT AND BLOCKING PRODUCTION PLANNING AND SCHEDULING
492
1554 EXAMPLES OF CLASSICAL EXPERT SYSTEMS
493
156 DETAILED FUZZY PRODUCTION PLANNING AND SCHEDULING
503
157 FUZZY SYSTEMS FOR JUST IN TIME JIT PRODUCTION PLANNING AND SCHEDULING
510
1571 PUSH AND PULL SYSTEMS
511
158 CLUSTER ANALYSIS IN PRODUCTION PLANNING AND SCHEDULING
513
1581 PARTITIONING IN CLASSICAL PRODUCTION PLANNING AND SCHEDULING
515
1582 GROUP TECHNOLOGY
516
1583 LOT SIZING
517
1510 REFERENCES
518
FUZZY SETS METHODOLOGIES IN ACTUARIAL SCIENCE
531
162 UNDERWRITING
535
163 USING FUZZY ACTUARIAL PRESENT VALUES AND FUZZY ARITHMETIC
536
164 RISK AND CLAIM CLASSIFICATION
539
165 PROPERTYCASUALTY INSURANCE PRICING
544
166 FUZZY TAXES
546
167 THE FUTURE OF FUZZY SETS METHODS IN ACTUARIAL SCIENCE
549
IV
555
FUZZY SET THEORY AND APPLICATIONS IN PSYCHOLOGY
557
172 GRADED CATEGORIES AND FUZZY CONCEPTS
558
173 MEASUREMENT AMD DATA ANALYSIS
561
174 MODELING LINGUISTIC VARIABLES
563
175 KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION AND CATEGORIZATION
568
176 PERCEPTION
572
177 LANGUAGE PROCESSING
574
178 CONCLUSION
576
References
577
V
587
FUZZY SETS IN HUMAN FACTORS AND ERGONOMICS
589
182 MODELS OF HUMANMACHINEENVIRONMENT SYSTEMS
591
1822 The Human Functioning
592
1823 Assessment of Human Workload
595
184 HUMANMACHINE SYSTEM AS A FUZZY SYSTEM
596
185 FUZZINESS AND HUMANSYSTEM INCOMPATIBILITY
597
186 RECENT APPLICATIONS OF FUZZY METHODOLOGIES IN HUMAN FACTORS
598
1862 Ergonomic Fuzzincss in HumanComputer Interaction
599
1863 Fuzzy Modeling of Physical Tasks
604
1864 Modeling of Workrelated Musculoskcletal Disorders
607
187 FUZZY SYSTEMS IN HUMANMACHINE RESEARCH
611
1872 Modeling of Human Stress
612
188 ASSESSSMENT OF MENTAL WORKLOAD
613
1882 Modeling of Human Cognitive Processes
614
189 HUMANROBOT INTERACTION
616
REFERENCES
617
FUZZY SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT SOFTWARE METHODOLOGY AND DESIGN TOOLS
623
192 SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE MODEL
624
1921 Fuzzy controllers in the framework of life cycle model design issues
626
193 CLASSES OF SOFTWARE RESOURCES
628
194 HARDWARE VERSUS SOFTWARE IMPLEMENTATION
629
1952 FUZZY LOGIC DESIGNER ver 10
631
1953 FuzzyTECH 30 Explorer Edition
632
1954 Linguistic Fuzzy Logic Controller for Education LFLCedu ver 10
634
1955 Fuzzy Logic Development Kit FULDEK
636
1956 MATRKXSystemBuild
637
1957 A Fuzzy Logic Knowledge base generator for the MC68HC11 and MCH68HC05 Inference Engines
639
1959 FuziCalcver 100 for Microsoft Windows
640
19510 FUZZY DECISIONMAKER ver 21
641
19511 DataEngine ver 12
642
19512 RTFCM ver 14
643
19513 Winrosa
644
196 CONCLUSIONS
646
Index
647
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