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is a soft hissing sound between the lower lip and the upper teeth. Pronounce fit, fifty, fife.
is a hard murmured hissing between the lower lip and the teeth. It is the same as f with a throat murmur added. Pronounce vim, vivid, verve,
is a soft puffing sound through the lips. Pronounce pup, papa, peep.
6. b is a hard murmured puffing sound
through the lips. It is the same as p with a throat murmur added.
Pronounce bob, bobbin, bib. 7.
is both a labial and a nasal. It is made by closing the lips and turning the sound into the nasal cavity. Like b it also has the throat murmur.
Pronounce my, mamma, mum. 49. Dentals. 1. t is a soft explosive sound produced by
thrusting the tip of the tongue lightly against the hard palate just above the front teeth, and then suddenly blowing
it away, letting the sound rush out
is the same as t with a throat murmur
palate above the front teeth, and blowing out softly between them. Pronounce sit, sister, sis.
is the same as s with a throat murmur added.
Pronounce zest, huzza, buzz. 5. th (soft) is a soft blowing sound made by hold
ing the tip of the tongue close to the lower edge of the upper teeth, and forc
ing the air out between the tongue and the teeth.
Pronounce thin, smithy, death. 6. th (hard) is the same as th (soft) with a throat
Pronounce this, father, smooth. 7. sh (soft) is a soft blowing sound made by draw
ing back the tongue, raising the center
8. zh is the same as sh (soft) with a throat
Pronounce pleasure, treasure, azure. 9. ch (soft) is a soft explosive sound made by flat
tening the tongue against the hard