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cap tain

capt'n sex ton

sext'n sat in

saton Sa tan

Saton mar ten

mart'n mat in

mat'n mit (t)en

mit'n NOTE: This applies to names of places that end in ton. Care should be taken in pronouncing them to sound the medial t sharply.

Bos ton not Bos 'n
Gro ton Grot'n
Clin ton Clint 'n
Tren ton Trent'n

FINAL SYLLABLES

er

or

84. Exercise. The following final syllables are often carelessly pronounced ar, er, or: Pronounce

ar
attar
alter

captor
secular
fever

donor
angular miner metaphor
regular lever

censor calendar colander testator

85. Exercise. Pronounce

al formal dismal final spinal modal

el jewel hovel bushel vessel model

il pencil civil fossil council tonsil

le stubble trouble huddle middle wobble

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

94. Exercise. Pronounce

ert convert concert expert overt insert

ort effort consort export comfort escort

95. Exercise. There are a number of common words that are very often mispronounced.

Pronounce

of

not uv from

frum was

WUZ for

fer them

thum can

kin catch

ketch and

'un nor 'nd because

becuz history

histry library

libry figure

figger

govmnt government gummunt

governmunt creek

crick February Febuary

CHAPTER IV

WORDS COMBINED INTO SENTENCES

96. Words in sentences. Thus far only the production of vocal sounds and the enunciation of words have been discussed. Let us now consider the utterance of words combined into sentences.

When a sentence is made, the words in it are given certain definite relations to each other. Some words name things to be talked about; others make statements; others modify; others connect. Some sentences make statements; others ask questions; others express exclamations. Some sentences are to be taken literally, others figuratively.

It is frequently difficult, sometimes impossible, for written sentences to express what the writer thinks and feels. It is usually possible for a speaker to express exactly what he thinks and feels. It is important, therefore, to discover if possible how to make oral expression interpret written expression. Oral expression more accurately expresses thought and feeling, because in addition to the words used the speaker may also use a variety of force, of rate, of pitch, of quality of tone, and other devices that appeal to the ear. It is desirable to discuss these elements and their

uses.

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