Imagens das páginas

before the Fire, when a hundred and thirty thousand citizens were packed, almost in bulk, into the narrow walled space between Cripplegate and Queenhithe, the Fleet River and Aldgate, is what a hospital and a dead-house are to the practical physician. In the records of the one will be found the most. typical illustrations of nearly all insanitary things in their full, unchecked development, as in the beds and on the tables of the others will be discovered all morbid objects, open to him who can observe. If a student of medicine tells me that he has just seen two “good cases,” I, as a student of old-world sanitation, can give him two, out of hundreds of equal interst. 1st. I read* that, on October 9, 1551, Giles, the King's beer brewer, dwelling at St. Catherine's, who had bled to death from a scratch on his leg, was buried this day at Aldgate, with heraldic emblazonments of his arms and the craft of the brewers. Here is a very natural death (of which more than one parallel instance has come under my notice) in a person who breathes a mixture of marsh and sewer gases, and has unrestrained access to intoxicating liquor. 2nd. I note that the inhabitants of the houses on London bridge always escaped the Plague- an early and very striking evidence of the value of free sewage and thorough perflation.

It is a remarkable, but by no means new, observation, that, when I have been engaged in search of any particular branch of knowledge, 1 have scarcely ever taken up the most ancient and best of all books without discovering, to my surprise, information closely germane to my inquiry. I will give only two instances out of many. The tanks of Bengal are ponds upon which the sun generally shines all day long, and the natives are constantly seen bathing or drawing water there. Magistrates and civil surgeons are well aware that a by no means unhealthy looking Bengali is not unfrequently found lying dead, face downwards, in very

shallow water. On post mortem examination no traces of mortal disease are discovered, and much doubt has often arisen as to how the individual came by his death. The neighbors generally say that he had mrigi, epilepsy; and this is probably true in many cases. Then there are also many other instances in which Indian epileptics fall into the fire or into the huge kettles

Henry Machin's Diary.


in which rice is boiled for large parties at festivals. When I mentioned this to Dr. Francis Warner, he remarked that he had recently seen a case in which the epileptic paroxysm was excited by the sight of any bright or dazzling object. So it always is with the spasm of hydrophobia. How clearly is this law in disease expressed in the sacred account of the epileptic demoniac : “Ofttimes it ” [the dumb spirit] “ hath cast him into the fire,

( and into the waters, to destroy him” (Mark ix. 22).

Again, it is well known that the Cucurbits are a rather dangerous family, the worst of their number being Cucumis colocynthis; but gourds, melons, and cucumbers are generally considered to have a doubtful character for wholesomeness. ID working out the subject of Indian poisons, I of course inquired about the Cucurbitacea, but found little or nothing for the three editions of my book except the case of a retired officer, at a hill station, who was attacked with symptoms of irritant poisoning, and rapidly died, after eating kuddo, a generally inoxious pumpkin. In May, 1871, there appeared in the Indian Medical Gazette two cases of poisoning by Cucurbita lagenaria, a wild variety of white pumpkin or bitter cucumber. Not long after I had made a note of this, I came unexpectedly upon the passage * in which we are told that Elisha prepared to scethe pottage for the sons of the prophets, “And one went out into the field to gather herbs, and found a wild vine, and gathered thereof wild gourds his lap full, and came and shred them into the pot of pottage: for they knew them not. So they poured them out for the men to eat. And it came to pass, as they were eating the pottage, that they cried out and said, O thou man of God, there is death in the pot.” Here were two absolutely new cases of the present day, standing quite alone and needing confirmation, distinctly capped and paralleled by the very oldest case of poisoning on record !

To the occupations which I have recommended we may justly apply the words of Cicero ;—“Hæc studia adolescentiam alunt, senectutem oblectant; secundas res ornant, adversis perfugium ac solatium præbent; delectant domi, non impediunt foris, pernoctant nobiscum pereginantur, rusticantur."

These remarks are not intended for medical men exclusively.

• 2 Kings IV, 38.


In their general drift they have application to men of all professions who live by a combination of physical toil with mental effort.

“ Cease to work on Sundays," was Johnson's dying adjuration to Joshua Reynolds. Medical men are, of course, unable to command any given moment of their time; still, all those who wish it can generally make Sunday a day of rest. It is clearly indispensable that the medical man shall be an early riser, and, when in large practice, he is rarely allowed to waste time in sleep; but, whenever he can get it, his sleep should be quite ad libitum. I could never understand a judge who boasted that he restricted himself to five hours' sleep; but it appeared to me that the singular irritability and want of dignity and equanimity which he displayed on the bench were largely attributable to this

The greatest and most laborious ruler of India in modern times, Lord Dalhousie, considered that hard study or intense mental labor of any kind cannot be habitually maintained longer than six hours. When more is attempted, the result is muddle.

. Of one practical fact there can be no doubt: he who works and thinks hard all day cannot afford, systematically or frequently, to spend half the night in any frivolous amusement or intense study. Many elderly men lose their reserve force and break down in vainly attempting these modes of life.

I ought perhaps to apologize here to those who have listened to these details with attention, which is, at once, so courteous and so kind, considering that they, admittedly, have no taste for antiquarian pursuits. Let me entreat them to recur to the advice conveyed in the first part of this address. Let them allow theinselves, throughout their active life, a fair amount of rest and recuperative leisure, and search diligently for some well chosen and appropriate mode of occupying that leasure, and employ it, as they work out their professional duties, in a manner becoming the noble calling of enlightened scholars, gentlemen, and physicians.

DR. FERDINAND COLETTI, Professor of Therapeutics in the University of Padua, died recently. Dr. Colletti was the first of the most zealous apostles of cremation in Italy, and he desired, in his will, that his corpse should be transmitted to Milan to be cremated there. His wish was carried out, and the body was burned in the presence of a large assemblage of citizens and of his colleagues, and of political and scientific authorities. Many orations were pronounced in his honor. The ashes were enclosed in a beautiful glass urn, and presented to his family at the expense of the Italian Cremation Society.

The thirty-second annual session of the Medical Association of Georgia, was held in Thomasville, on April 20 and 21, 1881. The following are the officers for the ensuing year : President, William F. Holt, Macon; First Vice President, Eugene Foster, Augusta; Second Vice

Vice President, T. M. McIntosh, Thomasville ; Secretary, A. Sibley Campbell, Augusta ; Treasurer, K. P. Moore, Forsyth. The next session will be held in Atlanta on the third Wednesday in April (19th) 1882. Communications should be addressed to · A. Sibley Campbell, Secretary.

ANATOMICAL Plates.-Messrs. G. P. Putnam & Sons desire to state that, through a clerical error, the name of the late Prof. GRANVILLE SHARP PATTISON, as translator and editor of the edition of MASSE'S ANATOMICAL PLATES, issued in 1845, has been omitted from the title page of their present edition. They would also explain that Prof. RANNEY's labor as editor embraced such alterations of the plates and text as was required to bring these fully up to date, together with the preparation of important new material in the way of diagrams and descriptive text. Please puste over preface ofAnatomical Platesof Masse, and oblige

A. L. RANNEY, M.D. A larger portion of this preface should be accredited to the late Prof. PATTISON, a former editor of these plates, to whom due credit has been omitted by an oversight on the part of the present editor.

Chicago Medical Society-Mondays, June 6-20.
West Chicago Medical Society—Mondays, June 13-27.
Biological Society, Wednesday, June 1.

Eye and Ear Infirmary-2 p. m., Ophthalmological, by Prof.

Holmes ; 3 p. m., Otological, by Prof. Jones. Mercy Hospital—2 p. m., Surgical, by Prof. Andrews. Rush Medical College—2 p. m., Dermatological and Ven

ereal, by Prof. Hyde. Woman's Medical College—2 p. m., Dermatological and Ven

ereal, by Prof. Maynard ; 3 p. m., Diseases of the Chest,

Prof. Ingals.
Cook County Hospital—2 to 4 p. m., Medical and Surgical

Mercy Hospital—2 p. m., Medical, by Prof. Quine.

Chicago Medical College-2 p.m., Eye and Ear, by Prof. Jones.
Rush Medical College—2 p. m., Medical, by Dr. Bridge ; 3

p. m., Ophthalmological and Otological, by Prof. Holmes ; 3:30 to 4:30 p. m., Diseases of the Chest, by Dr. E.

Fletcher Ingals. THURSDAY. Chicago Medical College—2 p. m., Gynæcological, by Prof.

Jenks. Rush Medical College—2 p. m., Diseases of Children, by Dr.

Knox; 3 p. m., Diseases of the Nervous System, by Prof.

Lyman. Eye and Ear Infirmary–2 p. m., Ophthalmological, by

Dr. Hotz. Woman's Medical College—3 p.m., Surgical, by Prof. Owens. FRIDAY. Cook County Hospital—2 to 4 p. m., Medical and Surgical

Clinics. Mercy Hospital—2 p. m., Medical, by Prof. Davis. SATURDAY. Rush Medical College—2 p. m., Surgical, by Prof. Gunn; 3

p. m., Orthopaedic, by Prof. Owens. Chicago Medical College-2 p. m., Surgical, by Prof. Isham;

3 p.m., Neurological, by Prof. Jewell. Woman's Medical College—11 a. m., Ophthalmological, by

Prof. Montgomery ; 2 p. m., Gynæcological, by Prof. Fitch. Daily Clinics, from 2 to 4 p. m., at the Central Free Dispensary, and at the South Side Dispensary.

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