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the searching ones; the latter being al-, obstacles, will believe in the practicability ways bent upon plundering the former. of the plan; and since your private affairs To come to the point, however, I barc, call you to the East, you may as well repyou know, signed a treaty of peace with resent there my Envoy-extraordinary. the Emperor Alexander of Russia, but it Take with you a few able officers to assist is very doubtful whether our good on you in your military task. I will give derstanding will be of long duration. die orders to that effect; but as your We both stand at the extreme points of own treasure seems to me rather uncerEurope, and balance of power is not my tain, I shall take care to secure you a policy. I must, therefore, look for al. handsome existence at the Persian court. lies in the East, and the Shah of Persia You will there train and form good solcan serve me most efficaciously in that diers capable of executing my design, respect, both materially and politically. and I shall not bargain for the price. You I wish, therefore, that my ambassador can set out tomorrow, and this evening to that sovereign should drill and train you will receive an order for a hundred his troops, and make them real corps ihousand crowns. Napoleon's ambassade bataille. The Persians are, generally, dor must show the Persians that though brave and persevering, and sixty thou- the soil of Western Europe produces less sand well-disciplined men, who would gold than theirs, it produces, nevertheless, know how to manæuvre between the iron and steel in sufficient quantity to Russians and the English in the East In-conquer, and to allow us to support our dies, might serve me as an excellent van ambassadors in splendor and with muguard. The alliance of the Shah appears nificence." to me of such importance that I would Gardanne at once departed for Ispahan, not spare any sacrifice to obtain it. You taking with him a certain number of milunderstand me, the Rhine-Bund territo- itary officers selected from various regiries are for me at any time a military ments. We shall not trouble the reader road. Prussia will permit the passage with a description of the entry of the of my troops, while my good Poles will ambassador into an Eastern capital, nor receive them with open arms, and follow with the details of the ceremonies attendthem. Russia, then, if she understands ing the first audience of Gardanne at the her own interest, will readily open to me Persian court, or the pipes, cushions, perthe plains of Lithuania, and if not, I can fumes, and the scores of black slaves boweasily force my way at the point of the ing with bands above their heads before bayonet to the frontiers of Persia, where the eldest son of the Sun, and a thousand I shall find an Eastern army, well trained other details of Oriental absurdities. by my skilful general, to fill up the chasms The Shah was pleased to review, in the in my ranks caused by battles and garri- presence of bis new guests, a few regisons of occupation in my rear. With ments of his troops, which at once conthese fresh recruits I will march to India, vinced the general of the difficult task he where I mean to restore the natives their had before him of drilling, training, and liberty and country, refresh the remem- disciplining such soldiers in the art of brance of Tippoo Sahib, and make them European warfare. rally under the standard of my Eagle. The ceremonies of presentation were The power of England, her true wealth long and tedious, and it may easily be and preponderance at sea, will then be imagined how impatient Gardanne was paralyzed; for it is only India, and not to repair to the spot where the treasure what is called Great Britain, that consti- was supposed to be deposited. An early tutes her superiority. After this, I intend night was at last fixed for the explorato give a firm and lasting peace to the tion, and during the interval the general world. It will be possible, since I shall was visited by sweet dreams of fairies then have removed all the obstacles put holding before his eyes large diamonds, in the way of peace by England.” rubies, emeralds, and other precious

"A grand plan!” exclaimed Gardanne. stones, while a carbuncle showed bin the

“People without insight and courage, way where the scores of barrels of gold Tesumed Napoleon, “may find it gigantic, were deposited by his relative. perhaps Utopian, but those who know Late on the appointed evening, Gar how to weigh and examine resources and i danne, accompanied by a few confiden

tial officers, repaired to the spot. All called republics have been torn by inwere provided with lamps, pickaxes, ternal commotions, or desolated by the shovels, hammers, and other implements ambition of each other. The present required for the occasion. At last the Emperor of Brazil is distinguished by general stopped, and whispered to his his personal beauty, which he legitimatecompanions, “We are close by; here is ly inherits from his father Dom Pedro I.; the grove of aloe-trees, and there the old but he is far more remarkable for his ruin so plainly sketched in the plan.” great mental endowments and his love

He then proceeded, in advance of his of study. lIis mother was Donna Leoparty, step by step, with his head bent poldina of Austria, the sister of Marie to the ground, searching for a rose-bush Louise, the second bride of Napoleon I. which was planted over the entrance of The marriage of Dom Pedro II. with the cave. All at once he disappeared. the Princess Theresa (Austro-Bourbon) His followers, terrified, hastened to the of Naples resulted in the birth of four spot, and discovered that he had fallen children, two sons and two daughters. into a clay-pit half filled with slime, from The sons died in infancy; the princesses wbich they had much difficulty in extri- have grown up into full blown and beaucating him. Having at last got him on tiful womanhood. It was natural that dry ground, they entered a small cave, husbands for Donna Isabella—the heir as indicated in the sketch, but it was en to the throne and for Donna Leopoltirely empty, and scarcely large enough dina should be sought amongst the to hold the whole party.

princes of Europe. The choice has “I have been robbed-plundered !” ex- fallen upon the Count d'Eu, eldest son claimed Gardanne. “There is no treas of the Duke of Nemours, and upon ure here. However, I have got some- Prince Louise Auguste de Saxe-Coburgthing that I did not anticipate.”

Gotha. Both are grandsons of Louis “What is that, General ?” asked an Philippe. The official journal of Rio de officer.

Janeiro announced that the marriage of “A cold, and a lame leg. And now, the Princess Imperial with the Count gentlemen,” continued he, “let us basten d’Eu would take place on the 15th of home, and think no more of fairy tales, this month, and also the definite engagewhich have, no doubt, deluded many a ment of the Duke of Saxe with Donna fool before me. What we have hence- Leopoldina. The French mail of Ocforth to do is to execute the emperor's tober 24th will bring us intelligence of mission, and if we succeed in forming the marriage of the elder sister the fifty or sixty thousand well-trained troops, future empress. we may rely upon a reward of which no Donna Isabella, the heir to the throne goblin will deprive us."

of Brazil, was born at Rio de Janeiro on The mission perfectly succeeded. Gar- the 29th of July, 1846, and was consedanne and his officers returned to France quently eighteen last July. She is tall, decorated with the Order of the Sun, finely formed, and fair. Donna Isabella which the general declared he would not is a blonde, in this respect taking after exchange for all the fairy treasures of the her imperial father, who inherits from East.

his Hapsburg mother fair hair and blue eyes. The education of the princesses

has been the object of the constant THE ROYAL FAMILY OF BRAZIL. and personal attention of the emperor.

While the best of professors and tutors TWENTY-ONE years have elapsed since have been employed, the emperor, notthe Prince de Joinville sought a bride withstanding many cares of state, has in the tropical empire of Brazil. All brought his ripe scholarship to bear on the world knows that the only stable con the instruction of their imperial highstitutional government in South Amer

He is himself master of six ica is Brazil, which from the beginning living languages for fluent conversation of its independence adopted the monar- and from the enjoyment of their literachical form. There a descendant of the ture, while for mere reading there is House of Braganza rules over a peaceful scarcely a modern tongue of Europe with and progressive empire, while the so- which he is not acquainted. With the


Latin, he recently informed one of our of honor; he was also promoted to be correspondents, he is as familiar as with captain of cavalry. He was in garrison his own tongue; to Greek and to Hebrew at Barcelona, when he received permishe has devoted great attention. His sion to return to England (May, 1864), to Majesty, according to the testimony of be present at the marriage between liis eminent naturalists who have visited cousins, the Count de Paris and the Brazil, has always taken the deepest daughter of the Duke of Montpensier. interest in physical science, especially in But few days passed after this wedding bechemistry. Under such a father have fore he was selected as candidate for one the princesses received their education. of the princesses of Brazil. The Count

It is said by those who have long d'Eu, accompanied by General Dumas been near the imperial princess, that she and the Duke de Saxe, arrived in Rio is a person of great judgment, and one on the 2d of September, and were re. who inquires into the reason of things, ceived by M. Lisboa (the Brazilian who weighs, deliberates, and balances minister to the United States-home on every question before making her de- leave). M. Lisboa is an alumnus of the cision. Such qualities are most needful Edinburgh University, and the choice for a constitutional monarch.

of the emperor for an attendant upon Donna Leopoldina, the younger prin- the princes could not have fallen upon a cess, was born July 13, 1847, and is now more cultivated or worthy gentleman. seventeen. Like her sister she is a Both the Count d’Eu and the Duke de blonde, though not inheriting so fully Saxe instantly won the favor of the the Hapsburg features. She possesses Brazilian public by their fine appearance great vivacity, and is said to be exceed- and by their great affability. ingly happy at repartee. It is not known The Duke de Saxe is the son of the when her marriage with the Duke de Prince Auguste de Saxe Coburg-Gotha Saxe will take place, but, doubtless, not and of the Princess Clementine d'Orleans, many months will elapse before Euro- daughter of Louis Philippe. pean courts will have an opportunity of therefore, cousin to the Count d’Eu. seeing the young princesses.

His uncle is the father of the King The Count d'Eu is the eldest son of of Portugal. The young duke, who the Duke of Nemours, and of the Prin- is the fiancé of the second princess cess Victoire de Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, and of Brazil, was born in France, at the was born at the Palace of Neuilly, near Chateau d'Eu, August 9th, 1845. He Paris, April 28th, 1842. He was scarce early entered the Austrian marine, and ly six years old when, with the family served in the Danish war. of Louis Philippe, he came to England. It is curious to see how the House of In the quiet retreat of Claremont he Brazil is allied by blood and by marriage received an Anglo - French education to the various imperial and royal houses until he was seventeen, when the young of Europe. The father of Dom Pedro coant was appointed by his royal relative, II. was a Braganza, his mother an the Qucen of Spain, to an under-lieu- | Austrian archduchess, sister to the sectenancy in the Spanish cavalry. He was oud Empress of the French. Dom made a member of the Etat-major of Pedro Il. was thus cousin-german to Marshal O'Donnell in the expedition Napoleon II. and by marriage to Napoagainst Morocco. In one of the first com- leon III. His step-mother (the Empress bats he so distinguished himself in a Amelia, now in Portugal, the second cavalry charge, which he led on the wife of Dom Pedro I.) is the daughter plains of Tetuan, that he was decorated of Eugene Beauharnais, and thus by on the field of battle by the marshal. marriage alliance the present Emperor His conduct from the beginning to the of Brazil is related to Napoleon III. and end of the war in Africa reflected honor to the present reigning families of Swe. upon the young officer. After the cam- den, and of Russia. Ìlis sister, the late paign was finished he entered the mili- Donna Maria II. of Portugal, was martary school of Segovia, and there for three ried to Ferdinand, Duke of Saxe-Coburgyears devoted himself to the severest Gotha, cousin to the Queen of England. study. By bis examinations he merited The present King of Portugal, the a lieutenancy of artillery and the sword nepnew of the Brazilian emperur, mar

ried the daughter of the King of Italy. | are still visible and traceable on the The emperor's sister married the Prince east side-the line crossing the governde Joinville and the Prince d'Aquila ment property close by the powder mag(Naples and Sicily). The Empress of azine. The camp had in old times been Brazil (Austro-Bourbon of Naples) is accessible to the Danish galleys by the sister to the ex-Queen Maria Christina, Swin, and a passage of water still winds of Spain, and to the late King Ferdinand, up through the sands to the same spot to of the two Sicilies. The Emperor the remains of the fortifications. A small, Maximilian, of Mexico, is a blood rela- old-fashioned house, now used as the of tive of both Dom Pedro II. and his fice of the Royal Engineers, was originalempress, and the royal houses of Prus- ly known as Shoebury Hall

, and its digsia, Denmark, Holland, and Belgium, nity is still recognized by its establishing are remotely allied by blood and mar- a right of way through the grounds in riage to the imperial House of Brazil. - spite of its being the government prop ; English Paper.

erty—a privilege which our continental neighbors would not long tolerate. It

is a credit, certainly, to the tight little London Society Magazine.

island in which we live that the freedom

and convenience of the subject is so SHOEBURYNESS, AND THE BIG GUNS. much considered. Shoebury is not easy

of access.

Accustomed as we are nowThe very mention of Shoeburyness adays to have stations at every visitable suggests all kind of combustibles : heavy place—to Southend by railway is the charges of powder ; high velocities; bal. first step, thence by fly about five miles, listic pendulums of the past; Navez's or three and a half by the beach. We electrical instrument of the present; big will go by the latter, passing through plates of old England; small plates of the lower part of Southend. We leave France ; “Big Will ” (Sir William Arm- the town, and, much to our satisfaction, a strong); monster tickler ; Whitworth’s parish ditch, which is enough to typhoidship rib - roaster with hexagonal shells; ize any man, woman, or child, except Lancaster's oval cannon which hurled an, habitué of this “charming locale." forth the “Whistling Dicks” of the Past the tea and shrimp invitation boards, Crimea, the pioneer, in 1854, of rifled we start along the upper part of a bank artillery and all the sisterhood, as guns covered with most luxuriant weeds, are always feminine. We have, too, grasses, and wild flowers innumerable. Lynell Thomas - the persevering Com- Passing under the coastguard station we mander Scott-rockets. Hale and Stout come upon sandy, rabbity soil, which

- mortars, bombs, and cohorns; and ushers into the practice ground. By wind


with all the offensive and de- this time passing the black boundary, fensive iguanodons and ichthyosauri of we come to the palings of the “sacred modern war. But of these hereafter. ground," as a big -gun enthusiast once Having come to see Shoebury in its termed it, and now more rabbits than entirety you should know that its ante- ever. Why are cannon and rabbits so cedents are interesting. Less than twen- intimately associated ? For at Woolty years ago, Shoebury was a 'sandy wich the rabbit warren is the place where waste, with its long sands running out the guns are stored. Keeping the upper at low water to an immense distance-a bank, we leave on our left the débris of pleasant recreation ground for gulls, sea the iron-plate strife and the targets, and birds, crabs, and crustacea; and, not to pass a basin for pontoons, where Canaslight the vegetable world, we would dian, Uphir, Belgian, and other bridges mention the horrors of marine stinging- are constructed, and artillery officers nettles, which make bathers tingle again, work in their long course of shirt-sleeve and for some time afterwards. But the labor. On our right are the sands over site is one of antiquarian interest. The which we look to the Nore Light, the derivation of the present name is taken Isle of Thanet, and Sheerness : along from the early period of the Danish these is an unlimited range—10,000 yards settlements of which Schu Berg (ness) if required. The general appearance at was the first. Danish intrenchments I first suggests rather the idea of a marine

gymnasium, for there are long lines of Charge....

70 lbs. powder. pegs vanishing to nothingness, tall poles Rifling, number of grooves { 10sftunt

| 10 grooves and for initial velocities and the register of

Width over trunnions....... 6 ft. 2.5 in. trajectives-endless targets ever changing in form and position. Sea - horses The gun is built up of eight layers of literally, or amphibious horses, move coiled cylinders-barrel inclusive. Toabout with target - carriages, and the tal weight, 22 tons 18 cwt. water orderlies ride in sea-boots, white The segment shell fired from it consuits, and white covers to their caps to tains 510 segments of 6 oz. each, and the keep off the glare of the sun-looking steel shell carries a bursting charge of more like sun - baked 'Indians than any- 24 lbs., which is covered by a hollow castthing else. But as there is nothing iron head in front, in order that the perfect in this world, and well adapted powder may take effect forward after as Shoebury is for artillery practice, yet piercing through the iron plates. there is a troublesome brick-field close The figures of the gunners working by. Barges will moor from necessity or this monster seem very small, but the some other equally disagreeable cause, very tompion which stops up the muzand stop for a time the experiments, in zle reminds one of the cover of a water spite of a new act of parliament by butt. which they are rendered liable to fines. The projectile is raised to the muzzle

Whilst we are patiently sitting down, of the gun and hooked on by means of let us look at some of the common ob- a cradle, which done, the sluds are ready jects on the sea-shore at Shoebury. We in position to run into the grooves and approach the jetty, alongside which the be rammed home. The 70 lb. charge lighters land the big guns, carriages, am- / leads one to expect a great crash; but monition, and heavy projectiles from although every one must be struck with the arsenals and dockyards. Our atten- the tremendous boom of its fire, yet it tion is at once arrested by a leviathan is not proportionately great compared in repose. The shell shown here is the with the smart crack of the old 3 and 600 - pounder, the body of steel, with i 6 pounder brass guns, which generally studs to fit the rifling, the head of cast- make the ears of No. 2 tingle smartly. iron. The shot are recovered at low But how one longs one's self to hear the water and collected on the shore, pre- lion roar his dreadful thunder.”. How vious to being returned to Woolwich. can the giant be worked—the projectiles The long shot in the foreground shows so massive-how can they be adjusted the cannelures into which the Arm. I to the studs to take the grooves without strong lead coating fits, but which in damaging the latter? Of course, as this this case has been ripped off. It was is only an experimental gun, the time described to us a few days since, by a now taken to load is longer than if the little child, as “looking very fat and regular working gear were arranged and rather nicky-looking.” Dark against organized for service; necessarily the the horizon this huge six-slided opera- time now taken to load is comparatively glass - looking 600-pounder peacefully long. At present a gin, or triangle, is rests, a triumph of iron manufacture and placed at the muzzle of the gun, and the science, but, at the same time, ugliness shot, placed in the cradle, is hoisted up personified. The beautiful and elegant and hooked on the muzzle ready for lines of the old ordnance are past, and ramming home, then to come down upon beauty of form swept away before the a cartridge which may be described as necessity for practical stability and mat- a perfect bolster carried on a man's ter-of-fact strength. Placed on a car- shoulder. Strange contrast to the careriage weigbing 54 cwt., the gun recoils ful way in which No. 7 covers up the apon a platform weighing 75 cwt., its insignificant i lb. 5 oz. charge of a 6own weight and dimensions being as fol- pounder, and runs from the limber up to lows:

the gun. The first time of seeing “ Big Length....

15 ft. 3 in.

Will ” fired is certainly a red-letter day Weight

22 tons 18 cwt.
gunnery calendar.

“Ready, sir, Breadth of breech..

4 ft. 3.5 in. was soon heard from the officer in comBore.

13.3 in.

mand to the commandant, and every one

in our

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