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sured the meeting that there were some of the bordering on the Dead Sea; the Palestine bulbul, most lovely spots on the surface of the globe. throughout the country; the long-tailed mocking After giving an eloquent description of the thrush, or crateropus, only close to the Dead Sea. scenery, Mr. Tristram exhibited to the meeting Ethnology of Cambodia. ---At the meeting of the a great variety of birds which he had selected British Association Mr. Markham read a paper and brought home, and among which were speci- by Dr. A. Bastian on this subject. The more the mens of the following new and hitherto unde extent of those splendid stone monuments, which scribed species. The Ceylonese eagle owl, only spread over Cambodia, Laos, and the adjoining hitherto known in South India and China; Gur- provinces of Cochin-China, becomes known and ney's sparrow-hawk, peculiar to Palestine; the investigated, the more urgently will rise the dePeregrin falcon, on the coast; the Lanner faleon, mand on scientific research to solve the problem on the highlands; and the Saker faleon, the of their construction. As the chronicles of Camlargest of all, in the interior; a new species of bodia are quite modern, and on the annals of the night jar, confined exclusively to the Dead Sea; Siamese no reliance can be placed, before their the Galilean swift, confined to the Jordan valley; appearance in history, one naturally looks to that the Great Alpine swift; the Smyrna king-fisher, other neighboring state which, thanks to its Chioriginally described by Linnæus from Asia Minor, nese civilization, presents something like Chinese unknown from his day to this, until discovered regularity and order in its records, namely, to by Captain Spratt in Asia Minor, and by Mr. Tonquin. Till now, however, the study of TonTristram in the Jordan, where, and on the Sea quinese history has been bare of any valuable reof Galilee, it is abundant; the red-winged swal. sults. Those parts of the present Cochin-China low (Hirundo rufula), generally distributed which must have been in communication with, through the country, but a migrant, while the and exercised influence on, Old Cambodia, constiEnglish chimney - swallow remains through the tuted formerly the kingdom of Ciampa; and the year; the Palestine sun-bird, ignorantly mistaken Cochin-Chinese have, since its conquest, done for a species of humming - bird, not absolutely everything in their power to destroy the witnesses confined to the Jordan valley and Dead Sea, but of its original civilization, to extinguish its lanmay run beyond it; the Drymoica gracilis, same guage and literature, and to disperse the inhabias the Egyptian bird ; the Olintræa warbler; the tants, if they could not convert them into CochinElais warbler; there are eighteen species of chat, Chinese. In his “ Embassy to Siam and Cochinthe same genus as our wheatear, all found in the China,” Mr. John Crawfurd has already observed, Desert of Beersheba, including two species dis- many years ago, that the jungles of the ancient covered in the Sahara, and most of them descend-Ciampa (the present province of Binthouan) con. ing into the Dead Sea; beautiful diminutive cealed valuable treasures of Hindu architecture in sparrow, called by me the Moabite sparrow, with their impenetrable recesses; and when the conyellow cheeks and black thront, only found by tinuation of my voyage brought me to Saigon, ) the shores of the Dead Sea; the scarlet-winged lost no opportunity of collecting the information bulltin h of Siberia, obtained by J. H. Cockram extant, in this new European colony, about the oniy, on Mount Lebanon ; a new and undescribed adjoining province of Binthouan; but my inqui. species of canary finch, only found by Mr. Tris- ries were always cut short with the answers that tram under Mount llermon and under the cedar the dense forests there were nearly uninhabited, of Lebanon; the short-toed rock sparrow, only that they were overrun with tigers to a frightful in the Northern Desert, not hitherto discovered extent, and that travellers landing on the seain Syria; short - tailed desert crested lark, new coasts could not get beyond the small ports there, species, found at Beersheba ; a new Isabil lark, as the mandarins were watching and closely fol. very diminutive, confined to the neighborhood of lowing them, wherever they went. The whole the Dead Sea; the brown-necked raven, in South of the information, therefore, I can impart, limits ern Palestine; a new small blue raven, only found itself to a few notes I took down on meeting a at the southeast end of the Dead Sea; the white small colony of fugitive emigrants in the interior collared jackdaw, peculiar to the Jordan valley of Cambodia, and to some communications I gathand the Valley of the Jabbok, while the European ered from a Tonquinese savant, whose acquaintance jackdaw inhabits the rest of Palestine ; the I happened to make at Saigon. There were settled black-headed jay in the hill country; the Pales- in several parts of Cambodia, and on the hilly tine great spotted woodpecker; the great-crested ranges of Cochin-China, colonies of a people called cuckoo; a new species of Indian cuckoo; the Cham by the Siamese, or Djam by the Cambodichestnut-breasted Indian nuthatch; the Syrian ans. The original country of the Djam is said to nuthateh, a new nuthatch, very like that of the have been the provinces of Binthouang and of Ural Mountains and the Caucasus ; the horn- Bink-dink, or the old kingdom of Ciampa. Some crested lark, of Persia, inhabiting the snowy represent the Siam to have been the civilized inregions of Hermon and Lebanon ; the great. habitants of the plain, whereas the Djam had occollared turtle - dove, in the Jordan valley and cupied the mountains. The Djam appear, howDead Sea; the Egyptian turtle-dove, throughout ever, although originally the mountaineers, to the country; the common turtle - dove, every- have received among them the remnants of the where, in summer only; the Greek partridge, plains, who escaped from the remorseless destrucon the rocky hills; the Francolin, in the marshes tion which fell on Ciampa, after the Cuchin-Chiby the Sea of Galilee; Hey's desert partridge, nese conqnest. The Djain are at present Mohampeculiar to the Dead Sea and its shores; the medans, but still preserve many traces of their great black - headed eagle gull, in the Sea of former Buddhism, and have a great number of Galilee; the sand grouse; three species in the Malayan words mixed up in their language. The desert, in immense flocks-- perhaps the quail of sacred books of the Djam are at present written Scripture; Tristram's grakle, confined to the cliffs ' in Arabic (as in all other Mohammedan countries),
bnt for profane purposes, they have preserved | per to place it before the Association. The learn(out of their paganism) an alphabet of their own, ed gentleman came to the returns, and classed the letters of which resemble the Siamese a good | them under the following heads: 1st, Known deal, and differ, like them, from the alphabets of thieves and deprecators; 2d, Receivers of stolen Pali extraction, as in Birma, Cambodia, Lais, etc. goods; 3d, Prostitutes; 4th, Suspected Persons; The kingdom of Ciampa appears to have occupied 5th, Vagrants and Tramps; these making up that the territory which constitutes at present the large body of persons designated by the title of Cochin-Chinese provinces of Binthouanard Bin “The criminal classes at large.” Taking these dinh. The country to the north had, at an early classes in each year, we find that in the year 1858 date, been occupied by the Tonquinese (to form they numbered 134,922; 1859, 135,766; 1860, afterwards the nucleus of the Cochin-Chinese em-131,024; 1861, 123,049; 1862, 127,051; 1863, pire), and the swampy plains, in which the French 126,139; showing a decrease in five years of 8783. have established the colony of Saigon, were in But in this return we have included a class of performer times frequently in the hands of the Cam sons whom it is hardly fair to designate as “crinbodians (the Chin-la of the Siamese), under the inals” — I mean vagrants and tramps, who are name of Than-lap or Bay-Encor) the province of often honest people, and the number of whom is the jungles). The modern Cochin-China, or the affected greatly by merely temporary causes, such old Ciampa, is bordered on one side by the sea, as, in the present day, the cotton famine. If, and on the other by a high mountain-chain, which, therefore, we exclude this class from the returns, as a spur of the Yunan mountains, runs all along we shall find the numbers the criminal classes the whole length of its castern frontier.
at large, as follows: 1858, 112,363; 1859, 112,traveller described it to me, Cochin-China forms 413; 1860, 108,760; 1861, 99,048; 1862, 102,635 ; an inclined plain, which slopes down from the 1863, 92,957; showing a decrease in five years of eastern mountains to the sea-coast. The moun- | 19,406. Now, when it is understood that there tain ranges between the high land of Korat and are annually set at liberty either upon tickets of the eastern banks of the Mekhong are inhabited | leave, or upon expiration of sentences, between by the Kong and other tribes (often related to two and three thousand prisoners who have been the Laos), who collectively are called Suay or condemned to penal servitude, and that during tribut (bearers), because the duty to perform pub- the five years from 1858 to 1863, no less than lic work is reversed for them in the task of gath- 12,281 such persons had been thus released from ering the produce of the country, beeswax or confinement, the decrease in numbers of the ivory or eaglewood, or other articles, and send criminal classes at large is as satisfactory as it is them to Bangkok. In the eastern part of the remarkable. Hand in hand with this diminution province of Bindinh, where the old capital of the of the criminal classes, we find a diminution in Cam was situated, the Annamites discovered, the number of houses of bad character—those the some years ago, amidst the jungle, a large town resorts of thieves and prostitutes; there being a in ruins, consisting of fifty towers, which were decrease since 1859 of no less than 3566, or nearly ornamented with figures of men and animals, and 14 per cent. ! But these facts, although highly satsurrounded by a square wall of white stone. The isfactory in themselves as showing the gradual dimChinese traveller, who visited Cambodia in the inution of our criminal population, from which we year 1295, speaks of fifty-four towers in the cap- may fairly anticipate a decrease of crime, are not in ital, each containing the statue of a deity, with a themselves necessarily conclusive of the fact, that serpent in its hand (as it is seen in Java), to ward less crime really does exist in the country; for it off those passing. The ruins of Nakhon Vat were is quite possible, that from the greater activity of likewise accidentally discovered by the Cambodi- the criminal classes, and the lessened vigilance of ans in the year 1570, after having lain buried in the police, a larger number of crimes may be perthe jungle for many centuries; and in travelling petrated by a smaller number of criminals. llapover the frontiers, between Birinah and Siam, I pily, however, the facts do not warrant this suphad many spots in that desolate region pointed position, for we find that the diminution of crimes out to me, where traces of former cities were over-has kept pace with the lessened numbers of the grown and secreted by the dense vegetation. criminal classes. In the two following years exi-t3, and it will be the object of the present pa. (1862 and 1863), there is certainly an increase,
Statistics of Crime in England. -For the last but as the increase in the year 1862 was not susthree or four years the belief that, as regards tained in the year 1863. we may well conclude crime and criminals, this country is in a deplora- that the check in the decrease of crime has been ble condition, and that our altered system of but temporary. Such facts as these conclusively secondary punishments is deluging the nation show the tendency of crime to confine itself to the with the most hardened criminals, has become untrained and ignorant, and to leave the eduwell and firmly established. To the abandon-cated almost wholly free from its association. ment of the practice of transporting our worst Crime and ignorance clearly go hand-in-hand, and offenders to the colonies, and the substitution of although it by no means follows that an untaught penal servitude at home, this evil is almost univer- man will become a criminal, instruction would eally attributed. To assert that this general be appear to afford a guarantee against the educated lief is founded upon a fallacy, that crimes and man becoming such. Before quitting this subject, eriminals have not really increased, and that with | I may refer to the very gratifying fact that a subreference to both this country was never in a stantial check has been put upon the growth of more satisfactory condition than at the present crime amongst our juvenile population, thus entime, would be perfectly idle, unless the assertion couraging a hope that the recruiting of our crimwere to be supported by evidence of the most in- | inal classes will for the future be much less active. disputable character. Happily, such evidence | The decline in the number of commitments of
prisoners under sixteen years of age has been , fauna to a great extent: thus on granite and one third in seven years, the number in 1856 be schistose shores, the number of species and indiing 13,981, and in 1863 only 8459. The statis- viduals is large, whilst on calcareous cousts it is tics which I have now brought under your atten- correspondingly small. --- Pop. Science. tion, I think, establish these propositions—that, The Fossil Elephant of Malta.—Dr. Leith notwithstanding we now keep all our criminals in Adams has lately discovered more relics of this this country, instead of transporting a large pro interesting fossil. The specimens were found in portion of them to our colonies, the criminal extensive excavations, which have been made classes have greatly declined in numbers, whilst under his superintendence, among the caverncrime itself is at as low an ebb as at any period deposits and breccias of Crendi. One of the of our history; that our detective and penal ma chief points with reference to the elephant in chinery works well and that crime is more and question is the small size of its teeth, which, more becoming the associate of the untaught and coupled with other characteristics, leaves nó ignorant, and, in like degree, is abandoning the doubt that it was not only distinct from any instructed and educated. If I am correct in the living or extinct species, but that it was, as refacts I have stated, and the conclusions I have gards dimensions, a pigmy compared with them. drawn from them, our duty and policy alike point It is supposed to have been no larger than a lion. out that, whilst we should not neglect by penal Such specimens, together with the bones and discipline to endeavor to reform the criminal, and teeth of hippopotami, which of late years have by the terror of his example work healthily upon been met with in great abundance in different the minds of those whose misfortune it may be to parts of Malta and Gozo, tend to show that these be brought within criminal influences, we should islands are but fragments of what may at one redouble our efforts by a judicious system of edu- time have been an extensive continent, in all cation to place the humbler classes in such a po- probability connected with either Europe or Afrisition as will enable them to escape or success
ca, or both. fully resist all temptations to the commission of The African Scorpion. The Academy of crime.—Report of British Association.
Sciences has received a paper from Dr. Guyon The Geographical Distribution of Annelids.— on the mortal effects of the African scorpion's M. De Quatrefages has just completed his great sting. Its scientific name (Androetonus funestus) treatise on the Annelid group and its distribution, indeed expresses that it is fatal to man, and yet and has drawn the following conclusions as to the Dr. Guyon states that perhaps out of 100 persons manner in which the members of this class are stung there is scarcely one that dies of it. The spread over the globe: (1) The class of Annelids ancients, who under the naine of scorpion cerproperly so called (Errantes and Tubicola), has tainly mean the same insect, since it is found rep. the same area in salt water as the earthworm and resented on Egyptian monuments and even ennaïs have in fresh water. (2) The former division graved on precious stones, had a much stronger (to which alone M. De Quatrefages applies the opinion of its deadly effects. Lucan, in his term Annelids), has representatives in every sea. Pharsalia, B. IX., says, “Who would believe, on (3) This wide range seems to extend to the more seeing the scorpion, that it had the power of typical genera of this class, as well as to the causing such a sudden death?" Leo Africanus most exceptional sub-types. (4) Hence the An- states that the houses of Biskra are infested with nelid fauna presents no division into zoologic scorpions, which are so venomous that death enregions or centres of creation, which in other sues immediately after the sting. Abu-Allatiff, classes are so well marked out. (5) The tendency an Arabian physician and traveller, says, “ At to the diffusion of genera and sub-genera is Koos abundance of scorpions are found, whose counterbalanced by the tendency to the localiza- sting is frequently mortal.” Dr. Guyon knows tion of species. (6) The number of similar spe- of eight cases in which the sting of the African cies inhabiting the two continents, if not repre- scorpion was followed by death; three of the sented by cypher, inust always be extremely sufferers were men, two were women, and three limited. There is but one species common to children. Two of the latter cases occurred in the French and Mediterranean shores. (7) The 1856, near Laghonat, in Algeria. One was that few exceptions to the law of localization of spe- of a boy nine years old, who was sting on the cies may be explained by reference to the action fore-finger of the left hand by a scorpion, which of marine currents. Thus it was that I found was seen and crushed on the spot. This ocRousseau's large Eunice at Saint-Jean-de-Luz, a curred at eight o'clock A, M., and before noon on species which Cuvier confounded with the great the following day the patient died. The sting Eunice of the Indian seas, This worm, which had caused violent pain, increasing in proportion belongs to the Antilles, had evidently been car as the swelling extended to the arm. The boy had ried by the current of the gulf-stream from the cried a long time, and then vomited considerably. coast of Mexico. (8) From the wide area of dis- The swelling was in a great measure owing to tribution possessed by the types, and the localiza- the ligature which the Arabs always effect tion of the species, it follows that we must not above the wound in such cases. The other case look for corresponding geographical limits in the was nearly similar. Dr. Guyon states that chillatter. (9) The Annelid class does not present dren are more liable to die from the effects of the elevation or degradation of organization in ac- sting than adults, and that among the latter those cordance with latitude, a phenomenon which is who are stung somewhere on the head are most exceedingly well marked in other groups, as the likely to die of it.-Galignani. crustacea, for example. Equality of organization Desiccation of Dead Bodiex. -At the last sitis one of the most constant laws regulating this ting of the Royal Academy of Sciences at Turin, group of beings. (10) The nature of the coast a highly interesting paper was read on the subline influences the development of the Annelid | ject of an embalming process invented by Pro
fessor Gorini, who had submitted various dead / swine. It is conjectured that the animals may bodies to the examination of a commission ap- have perished in the streets during the burning pointed by the Academy for that purpose. Pro of the town by Archbishop Thurstan, in order to fessor Gorini's object was to show: 1. That by dislodge the Scots, in 1135. The bones, through this method dead bodies may be preserved for long burial, had become flint-like, and quite as the space
of about six months in a state of soft-hard.—Bath Chronicle, ness and freshness sufficient to fit them for dis The Precious Metals in India.-Of late years, section after the lapse of such a period; so that but especially since the discovery of the gold of if a dead body, so preserved, be taken for a sub-California and Australia, the importation of the ject of study, say three months after death, the precious metals has greatly increased, arising dissection may be continued for a couple of wholly from the increased prosperity of India. months longer, without the operators experienc. The reader may judge of this increase by the ing the slightest inconvenience from Cadeveric value of our own imports from that country at exhalations, and, what is still more important, two not very remote periods. In 1854 the value without his having any infection to fear in case of our imports was but £13,000,000, and in 1862 of his cutting himself inadvertently during dis- they had risen to £39,000,000, or in eight short section, an accident which has caused the death years had been multiplied threefold. In the of many an able practitioner. 2. That at the ex- last-named year the value of our exports to piration of six months the same dead bodies | India was but £17,000,000, and even adding fifty begin to be mummified, and after a couple of per cent, to this sum, so as to approximate it to months longer become completely desiccated and the Indian value, the whole will only amount to hardened, and may continue in that state for an £25,500,000, making a difference in the value of indefinite number of years, until the operator the imports and exports of £13,500,000, to be chooses to dissect them; in which case he has balanced by a payment in specie which accounts only to put them into water for about a fortnight, for the millions exported yearly to India. There when they will reässume the turgid appearance the money is not hoarded or buried or expended and softness of dead bodies of recent date, and in trinkets; but, with trifling exceptions, it finds will be found fit for dissection. 3. That Professor employment in new branches of industry or the Gorini is able to harden dead bodies with such extension of old ones.—Ecariner. little alteration in their appearance as to enable persons to identify them.—Galignani.
Old Blackfriars Bridge.-The bridge was built by order of the Corporation, Mr. Robert Mylne,
ART. a native of Edinburgh, being the architect. The first pile was driven on the 7th of June, 1760, Acquisitions at the British Museum. It is seland the first stone laid on the 31st of October in dom that we have to record so important an adthe same year, by Sir Thomas Chitty, Knt., then dition to the art treasures of Great Britain as that Lord Muyor. It was finally opened for traffic on which has just been purchased by the trustees of the 19th of November, 1769. "When first opened the British Museum. Specimens of ancient sculpa toll of one halfpenny each on week-days, and ture, in the form of statuary, are not only very one penny on Sundays, was taken and continued rare, but are generally in the hands of those who until the 'the 22d of January, 1785, when they cannot be tempted to part with them on any were redeemed by government. The following terms. The gems of the “Glyptothek” at Murecords as to the laying of the first stone, and nich were procured with the utmost difficulty by what may be expected to be found when that King Louis, and it is said that the famous Barstune again is brought to light, are just now in. berini Faun” had to be lifted by night over the teresting. The Annual Register for the year wall of Rome, lest its removal should be prohib1760 sars, after describing the ceremony, "Sev-ited. How we came by the Elgin marbles is well eral pieces of gold, silver, and copper coins of known, and though the outcry against Lord Elhis late Majesty (George II.) were placed under gin's vandalism may have been unreasonable, the stone, torether with a silver medal given to there can be little doubt that even the Porte Mr. 3 slne, the architect, by the Acadleiny of St. would have grudged us these masterpieces of Luke, with a copper rim round it having the fol- | Athenian art, had it been aware of their real yalowing inscription : 'In architectura præstantiæ ture and value. As it was, they cost the nation premium (ipsa Roma judice) Roberto Mylne | £35,000, and are believed to have cost their colpontis hujus architectori grato animo posuit.'” lector a great deal more, though the sums given In the Gentleman's Magazine of the same date by other governments for works of an inferior we are told that there was, upon a plate or order show that they would have been a good plates of pure tin, a Latin inscription, written at bargain at the higher price. The statues from the request of the Court of Common Council." the Farnese Palace, which are now deposited in
Ronin Roals.-In Malton, on Monday, in ex the British Museum, must not, of course, be classeavating for drainace round the Post-office cor ed, in point of value, with that precious and ner, portions of two Roman roads were cut unique collection, but several of them rank very through about three feet below the present surhigh among the extant monuments of Greek sculpface. One road was that which led towards the ture. The “Diadumenos” of Polyeletus, in parwest (York, etc.), and the other, in Wheelzate, ticular, was estimated by Pliny to be worth the to the north (Isurium), and also to Pretorium equivalent of £20,000 in his own day, and ranked (Dunsley). Both were paved, and run together third, if not second, among the productions of with a cement or mortar. Upon the road burnt that celebrated artist. What we have got, it is stones and earth were plentiful, intermingled true, is but a copy of it, but it is the only copy in with quantities of bones of the horse, ox, and i existence, and of such matchless beauty as to rival
the fame of the lost original. The “Mercury," | cannot be placed on the same level of perfection also a copy, but of the finest quality, is the coun with the torsos and mutilated fragments which terpart of one that has long been considered a attest the genius of antiquity. Our climate is chief ornament of Lansdowne-house. The eques confessedly unfavorable to the sculptor's art; it trian figure of a Roman emperor is not only in seems to freeze his conceptions, while it deters teresting in itself, but curious as one of the only the public from lingering over their embodiment four equestrian statues that have descended to us in marble or bronze. Our obligations in this re. from antiquity.
spect to the Elyin Marbles have been recognized To have succeeded in transferring these noble by the highest authorities, from Flaxman down. pieces of sculpture from Rome to London, from wards, and Dr. Waagen does not hesitate to set the palace of the ex-king of Naples to a build that one acquisition against the noble picture galing where they may be admired by thousands and leries which are the glory of so many private thousands who must make up their minds to die mansions. The accession of two statues, at least, without having seen Rome, is no ordinary feat of not unworthy to stand by the side of the “ Townley negotiation. Ever since the plunder of the Eu Venus” and the “Theseus and Ilissus,” will sensi. ropean galleries by the French, and the restora-bly enrich the most attractive and not the least tion of their spoils at the close of the great war, the valuable department of the British museum. The taste for public exhibitions of statuary, as well as statues are nine in number. An interesting noof paintings, has immensely developed. The com- tice of them from the pen of Prof. Gerhard, of petition for a recognized chef d'auvre, instead of Berlin, is to be found in Bunsen's great work on being confined to one or two princely connoisseurs, the topography of Rome. These statues formed is practically extended to most civilized nations, part of the celebrated Farnese collection, the reand an increasing class of wealthy individuals. mainder of which is now in the Museo Borbonico The fortunate possessor of it, having a monopoly, ) at Naples, and most, if not all, were found in the can set almost any price upon it, and yet find a Baths of Caracalla.-- T'imer. purchaser. We probably owe the opportunity of Painted Windows in Glasgow Cathedral.—The procuring these marbles in part to the precarious completion of a series of painted windows in position of the late King of Naples as the guest Glasgow Cathedral called forth some remarks of the Pope. They belong to the great treasury with regard to the criticisms which have been of antiquities collected by the Farnese family, made upon the character of those works. In mostly from the Baths of Caracalla, and distrib- these remarks it was alleged that the chief comuted between the Farnese Palace at Rome and the plaint made on the subject referred to the emnMuseo Borbonico at Naples. It is easier to un- ployment of foreign, in preference to native derstand why his Majesty should have been will artists, for the windows in question. It is well ing to dispose of them than how we, in spite of the public mind should not be led from the point the French saying, Les Anglars sont toujours at issue on this subject. The strongest ground trop tards,” have managed to get the option of of objection to these windows is their total intaking them. The Popes, better judges of art congruity of character with a Gothic church. If than Sultans, are wont to guard with much jeal- they were the noblest productions of Renaissance ousy artistic remains that might adorn the Vati. Art they would be out of keeping in Glasgow
We must give the trustees of the British Cathedral. Again, an objection to the works as Museum credit for skilful diplomacy in outwitting produced in Munich arises, not from the fact of or outbidding Catholic competitors, and thus se that city being German, but because the kind of curing their prize. We are informed that their art there practiced in stained glass is based upon ultimate success was “mainly due to the friendly principles apt to paintings intended to be seen intervention of Mr. William Storey," one of the by reflected light, but illogical and inapplicable most eminent among the band of American sculp- when transmitted light is the medium of display. tors who have established themselves at Rome. A painted window is part of a building, and Mr. Storey's own statues of “ Cleopatra" and the should conform to the laws of architectonic deco“ African Sibyl,” the former of which was already ration: these laws prohibit art that is merely known to the English public through the descrip- imitative--which is not only the lowest form of tion of Mr. Hawthorn, occupied much the same design, but ridiculous when applied to archiplace in the last Great Exhibition as the “Greek tectural services, as in painting imitations of men, Slave” of Mr. Hiram Powers did in that of 1851. etc., through which the light shines. All the No one has more carefully studied, or more ex- noblest qualities of art can tind, and have found quisitely reproduced, the spirit of ancient sculp- expression in design which is not imitative; and ture in its best period, and we feel the more con- there is no need for us to go out of our way and fidence in our purchase when we know that it was produce transparent men, as if for the purpose transacted through him. The service thus ren- of pleasing folks who delight in seeing things " so dered to the interests of art in this country is one very like life.” The idea of decorating St. Paul's which all can appreciate, and which deserves to with glass of the pictorial sort, is at least less be publicly acknowledged. We need all the really absurd than that carried out at Glasgow, because pure models of sculpture that we can get, for we the Metropolitan Cathedral is not a Gothic buildhave as yet very few good exanples accessible ing, and its systems of construction and ornato the multitude, Such galleries as those of mentation are in keeping with decorative art of Lansdowne-house and Chatsworth contain no in- the imitative sort. It is true that those who considerable proportion of the statues of which looked for some benefit to native art in the pracwe may be justly proud. Of those which we tice of decorating two cathedrals regretted that see in our streets and squares we need not speak, our artists should be deprived of the opportunibut even the best works of Canova, Thorwaldsen, ties, but these persons have not done so and the reputed masters of the English school, 'grounds of mere nationalism, The points at