Imagens das páginas

at the head of a school of geologists / Sir Charles was married to the eldest whose views are not so generally ac- daughter of Leonard Horner, Esq., in cepted. But though a heretic to the 1832. In 1836 he was elected president orthodox, he is yet orthodox to the here- of the Geological Society, an honor which tic. He opposes the development theory he again enjoyed in 1850. For his great of Lamarck and the author of the Ves- and valuable scientific labors, he, in 1848, tiges of the Natural IIistory of Creation, received the honor of knighthood, and and denies that in the history of the in this present year her Majesty has still strata there is any evidence that the further recognized his eminence as a scilowest forms of animals were created entific man, by conferring upon him a first. This controversy has given rise baronetcy. In 1855 he had so far outto numerous schools of philosophy, on ridden the early unpopularity of his whose principles, however, it is not views of geological science that the necessary that we should here dilate. University of Oxford, his own Alma

In 1828, Sir Charles Lyell undertook Mater, conferred upon him the degree a journey with Sir Roderick Murchison of Doctor of Civil Law. (then Mr. Murchison) to France and Sir Charles Lyell has been long conItaly. In this journey they visited the nected with the British Association, in volcanoes of Auvergne, the south of which he has held almost every office, France, Nice, and the north of Italy. and he is generally admitted to be one The two geologists made public the re- of its most active and efficient members. sults of their researches in three me- The Transactions of this body contain moirs, read before the Geological So- many papers from his prolific pen, and ciety, and printed in the Elinburgh the geological section of the Association Philosophical Journal.

would not be deemed complete unless But Sir Charles Lyell has not only assisted and graced by his presence; his travelled over the greater part of Eu- attendance at these sections, and the rope in pursuit of science; he has twice great intelligence and research he brings visited the United States of America to bear upon the various theories started, for the same object, and has delivered always adding much to the interest of courses of lectures before the scientific the meeting. In electing him to the institutions of this country. His chief distinguished position of president of aim, however, has been to examine the the British Association for the Advancegeology of the New World. His papers ment of Science, the learned body bave on this subject are very numerous and evinced a just appreciation of the valued important. In addition to this series of services he has rendered to the cause of papers, Sir Charles bas published two science; they have paid a well deserved works giving an account of his travels tribute to an eminent savant, and have in this country. The first appeared in certainly succeeded, if we may adopt a 1841, and was entitled Travels in North familiar expression, in putting the right America, with Geological Observations man in the right place." on the United States, Canada, and Nova Scotia, 2 vols. 8vo, with a geological map. These volumes contain an

THE LINGERING ROSE. account of personal incident, as well as

Sick Autumn, in her funeral pomp, popular descriptions of the geology of Awaits the blow of Death, the districts visited. They also describe As through the half-stripped wood, there comes the educational institutions of this coun The phantom's icy breath;

While İ, 'mid falling leaves and rain, try, and strongly insist on their superi

Now that the sou'-west gusty blows, ority to similar institutions in Great

Seek beneatli every sheltering bush Britain, on account of the extensive cul

The lingering rose. tivation of the natural sciences. In his

Autumn has knelt her down to die second journey he more particularly vis

A gentle martyr, calm, resignedited the Southern States, and records in She bends her holy, patient face his work his personal adventures, togeth To buffets of the cruel wind; er with an account of the geology of the

While I, all heedless of her doom, districts through which he passed. The

And careless of Death's ruthless blows,

Seek, with a gay and idle care, work is entitled A Second Visit to the

The lingering rose. United States, and was published in 1845. I

-- Chambers's Journal.


Blow homeward, gentle wind;
Blow from the Baltic shore;

And poppies, I pray,

Bend all one way, To show he will come once more.

ON THE CLIFFS. While the little ones gather flowers, Or rustle about in the corn,

I'll pray to the sea

To bring to me,
The schooner, the Golden Horn.
The horizon, gray and dim,
Scarce darker than the sky,

Hides all behind,

That I fain would find. Would I had power to fly Like the gull that now alights On the waves with its snowy breast;

And & moment more

Whirls over the shoreOn sea nor land at rest.

Break faster, faster, surf;
Charge thousands all abreast;

Roll mountain high,

So the little ship fly,
And bring my bird to his nest.

- Chambers's Journal.

Little gray blots of ships;
Nearer, a tawny sail,

Ochry red;

And overhead,
The breath of a southern gale.
A dancing, glittering sea,
Purple and laughing green;

With a ripple of gold

On every fold,
And a rufile of surf between.
The barley is glossy as silk,
Bowing to every cloud;

And clickety-clack,

Tickety-tack, The bird's rattle sounds so loud. The wind-mill there on the hill Is tossing its arms about;


To the ships on the wing, And the waves below that shout.

SONNET. The gray shade falls at e'en; the moon's pale light

Crispeth the dew-gemmed grass upon the wold,

And tints with mellow rays divinely cold Those ringlets pillowed in the haze of night. That wan face lighted with its tearful sight,

Which drooping lashes, sadness-fringed, enfold, The weight of sorrows past might well have

told. As in the bower she sits, the moonbeams white Fell softly on the heavy-laden breast;

But still they cheered not the darksome gloom That, mist-like, shrouded all the gleams of rest.

At eve the flower in-sips a fairer bloom; But yet that flower whose beauty charms the

best Can find its even only in the tomb.




On the longest day,

Heaven was gay,
Flowers and sunshine along the way.

I loitered and stood
In listless mood,
With many a sigh,

I knew not why:
Nothing pleasant; nothing good.


On the shortest day,

Heaven was gray,
Coldness and mire along the way.

How or where
Had I cast off care?
For light and strong,

With a snatch of song,
I stepped through the mud and biting air.


Glitter and dance, ye waves,
And bear my darling home;

The boy with the hair

Curling so fairI love him where'er he roam. Who knows but those broad brown sails, Rounding the Foreland there,

Bring him to me

From over the sea,
Safe from the cruel gales ?
No! for they tack again,
And bear away to the west;

And he I know,

Straight, straight would go Back to his mother's breast. The poppies are fluttering red Over the chalk-cliff's edge;

Nodding to me,

And then to the sea,
From every sun-burnt ledge.
The wild geranium, too,
Has a butterfly fluttering round

But the thistle's alone.

My own--iny own,
He is far on the rolling Sound.

Moods, that drift,

Or creep and shift,
Or change, not a windy cloud more swift,

No fetter found
To hold

you bound-
Can I dare to go

To the depth below Whence ye rise, overspreading air and ground ?.


There in the gulf

Of my deep, deep self, Stranger than land of dragon and elf,


vapor dense

Acts and schemes,

Of waning life its pulsations tell;
Hopes and dreams,

And many a legend does memory recite,
Loves and praises,

That mournfully wrings my heart to-night! Follies, disgraces,

-J. W. Montclair. Swarm, and each moment therewith teems.

They rise like breath

Die down, () dismal day! and let me live,
Of coming death-

And come, blue deeps ! magnificently strewn Of flowers that the soul remembereth

With colored clouds--large, light, and fugitiveThe Present, whose place

By upper winds through pompous motions Is a footsole-space,

blown. Being then ag nought.

Now it is death in life-a But the Present hath wrought All this; and our Will is king, by God's grace. The far snow-shining mountains, and the glens

Creeps round my window till I cannot see - Fraser's Magazine.

W. A. Shagging the mountain-tops. O God! make


This barren, shackled earth, so deadly coldGIVE ME BACK TIIE DAYS.

Breathe gently forth thy spring, till winter flies

In rude amazen nt, fearful and yet bold, Give me, oh! give me back the days

While she performs her customed charities. When I-I too—was young,

I weigh the loaded hours till life is bareAnd felt, as they now feel, each coming hour,

O God! for one clear day, a snowdrop, and sweet New consciousness of power.


- David Gray's Poems, Oh happy, happy time, above all praise ! Then thoughts on thoughts and crowding fancies

sprung, And found a language in unbidden lays;

Unintermitted streams from fountains ever flow-

Two buds plucked from the tree;
Then as I wandered free

Two birdies flown from the nest;
In every field, for me

Two little babies snatched
Its thousand flowers were blowing !

From a fond mother's breast;
A veil through which I did not see,

Two little snow-white lambs
A thin veil v'er the world was thrown,

Gone from the sheltering fold;
In every bud a mystery;

Two little narrow graves
Magic in everything unknown:

Down in the churchyard cold.
The fields, the grove, the air was haunted,
And all that age has disenchanted.

Two little drooping flowers,
Yes! give me-give me back the days of youth,

Growing in a purer air, Poor, yet how rich ! — my glad inheritance,

Blooming fragrant and bright The inextinguishable love of truth,

In the great Gardener's care; While life's realities were all romance

Two little tender birls,

Flown far from fear and harm;
Give me, oh! give youth's passions unconfined,

Two little snow-white launbs
The rush of joy that felt almost like pain,
Its hate, its love, its own tumultuous mind;

In the good Shepherd's arm.
Give me my youth again!


Two little angels more,

Singing with voices sweet,
Flinging their crowns of gold

Down at their Saviour's feet.

Free from all earthly care, 'Tis Sabbath-eve: from the old kirk tower

Pure from all earthly stainMerrily chime the bells by night;

Oh, who could wish them back The organ peals with thrilling power,

In this drear world again? And the windows glow with holy light

--Chambers's. Merrily chime the bells by night. Year by year to the pilgrim throng,

ONE NOTE WRONG. Warningly speak the bells by night: "Life is short, eternity's long;

Blue bends the sky aboveChildren of darkness waken to light”

Blue runs the stream belowWarningly say the bells by night.

Earth quiet as a dove;

Would that my heart were so !
Over the grave of the patriot slain
Solemnly rolls a dirge by night:

Nor leaf nor shadow falls " The good are gathered like ripened grain

On all the green hill-side; Why should we weep when angels delight?' Even to the cuckoo's calls, Solemnly echo the bells by night.

Echo but half replied. Lone do I list to a curfew-bell

So lazy goes the hour, That wofully throbs within me to-night!

The very dragon-fly,

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Perched on the dozing flower

tres et Pens'es. It has often been remarked that Moves neither wing nor eye.

several English writers have conquered a place

amongst the purest and most idiomatic French Bird, blossom, branch, and stream liitérateurs. Madame de Tracy is a case in point; All quiet as the air;

for her maiden name, Sarah Newton, sufficiently And lying, as in dream,

denotes her extraction, and, if we may believe Earth seemeth passing fair

her biographer, she was of the same fainily with

the immortal author of the Principia. Taken to Oh, what a hymn divine

France at an early age, she soon became comBreathes from this golden noon;

pletely French in her lastes, her feelings, and her Only this heart of mine

opinions; but she combined with the feminine Is beating out of tune!

accomplishments of her adopted compatriotes a -Chambers's.

seriousness of character which seems more distinctively English. The Essais Divers, consisting

of three volumes, are an unpretending work, BRIEF LITERARY NOTICES. well-written, and calculated to leave the most

favorable impression of the authoress. We have, The Histoire de la Société Française sous le tirst, the journal of an excursion to Plombières, Directoire, * like the previous book of MM. d in company with Madame de Coigny, which, acGoncourt, will be eagerly read, but the impres-cording to M. Sainte-Beuve, is the gem of the sion which it leaves is painful in the extreme. collection. Then come abridged translations of We here have to deal with one of the most cor two English tales; and, finally, a biographical rupt epochs of French history, and the sketch iloge of Madame de Tracy's father-in-law, the presented to our view is, moreover, painted celebrated id ologne Destutt de Tracy. The secin colors which dazzle us by their brilliancy, ond volume is entirely taken up with essays on whilst at the same time they are ill assorted and Saint Athanasius, Saint Ambrose, and Tertullian, spoiled by want of taste. It is no easy task to illustrated by extracts from their writings; and give an adequate description of the style which the third contains detached thoughts, letters, MM, de Goncourt have thought fit to adopt; all passages from journals, and an account of the we can say is that the volume is made up chiefly lady herself, composed by one of the most disof extracts taken from the newspapers, the tinguished contributors to the Journal des Débats, pamphlets, and the correspondence of the day. M. Cuvillier-Fleury.Ditto. The title Histoire is scarcely applicable to such a work, for where we expected seriousness and dig The Conversion of the Holy Roman Empire : nity we find nothing but anecdotes and compara- the Boyle Lectures for the Year 1864. Delivered tively trivial details. The mass of information at the Chapel Royal, Whitehall. By Charles brought together by MM, de Goncourt is wonder- Merivale, B.D. Longman. Eight lectures are con ful, but it is ill digested, and leaves no distinct trace tained in this volume, with an appendix of illustra upon the memory

The chaos presented by tive and explanatory notes. Mr. Merivale attrib French society immediately after the Reign of utes the conversion of the empire to the following Terror, when a certain degree of quiet seemed to influences: First, the conviction wrought by the be restored, is reflected in the work before us; external evidences of Christianity—that is, by the and in that dazzling panorama where Madame apparent fulfilment of recorded prophecy, and by Tallien, Madame Récamier, and Madame Hamelin the historical testimony to the miracles on which more about like the presiding deities of dissipa- its claims to some extent rested. These evidences tion and pleasure, we regret both the more seri he admits, however, owed much of their weight ous pages of M. Thiers and the lively souvenirs to the uncritical and credulous character of the of the Duchess d’Abrantès. The Histoire de la age in which they were first adduced, and, to Société sous le Directoire belongs neither to the avoid discussion, does not dwell on them. Secclass of historical compositions nor to that of oud, the internal evidence - that is, the appeal memoirs ; it is a cross between the two, and as made by Christianity to the intelligence and such it is not pleasing.–Suturday Review. moral sensibilities of men-a species of testimony

so markedly distinctive of the true religion, We remember reading, in one of M. Sainte- yet bearing a mysterious afiinity to some of the Beure's Causeries du Lun:li

, an interesting article Irighest aspirations of the heathen philosophy, which made us wish that we could, like the critic, By this evilence the most refined and intelligent have access to privately printed books, and to of the heathen were actually converted, and no literary treasures reserved for a limited circle of other possesses equal importance. Third, the friends. The article in question referred to godly examples of the Christians throughout the Madame de Tracy, who was evidently a person trials of life, and especially in the crowning trial of no ordinary merit, and who, without aspiring of martyrdom, which produced millions of conto the dignity of blue-stockingism, bad given versions. Fourth, the temporal success with proof of high intellectual as well as moral quali. which Christianity was eventually crowned. ties. We are happy to say that the restrictions This decided the multitude.— The Reader, imposed by the delicacy of Madame de Tracy's intimes are now remo

noved, and the public at large An American Dictionary of the English Lanis allowed to read and enjoy the three volumes guane. By Noau WEBSTER, LL.D. Thoroughly left by her under the title of Essais Divers, Let- revised and greatly enlarged and improved by č.

* Histoire de la Société Francaise sous le Directoire. Par MM, DE GONCOURT, Paris : Didier.

* E9sair Dirers, Lettres et Pensées de Madame do Trucy. Paris : Plon,

A. GOODRICH, D.D., LL.D., and Noah Porter, Places is a novel attempt, and very successful. D.D. Springfield, Mass.: G. C. Merriam. 1864. Besides this, we have a Pronouncing Vocabulary 4to. Pp. lxxii. 1768. With 3000 Engravings. of Scripture Names, of Greek and Latin Names, In the preparation of this new edition of Web of Modern Geographical and Biographical Names

, ster's Dictionary, no pains have been spared to of English Christian Names; a select list of Quoinake it the most complete and useful Dictionary tations and Phrases from various languages; Abof the English language. It is about thirty years breviations and Contractions; Arbitrary Signs in since Dr. Webster completed his great labors, Writing and Printing; and Ancient, Foreign, and English lexicography has since advanced at and Remarkable Alphabets. Nor must we omit an unprecedented rate. "This edition has been in to commend Professor Hadley's excellent Brief the course of preparation for more than five History of the English Language. years; and full thirty years of literary labor, by This great work is an honor to American highly competent scholars, have been devoted to scholarship. It is a monument of careful and it. The Vocabulary has been enlarged, so that protracted labor. On the whole it is now the it now contains upwards of 114,000 words, being most complete Dietionary of the English Lan10,000 more than are found in any other lexicon. guage. Those engaged in it, and foremost among Rejecting self-explaining compound words, and them that accomplished scholar, Professor Noah words so obsolete or technical that they are sel- Porter, are to be congratulated for their high dom or never used, all terms are retained which success in a laborious undertaking. And the can fairly claim a place. As the English is still publishers have shown great efficiency and a a growing language, there must be in every new laudable ambition, in producing a work which, lexicon some new words or new significations of on the score of typographical clearness and comold terms. The Etymology has been thoroughly pression, and whatever goes to make a convenrevised, under the charge of Dr. C. A. F. Mahn, ient and elegant book, stands foremost among of Berlin; so that, though much remains to be the productions of modern book-making.–Presb. done in this direction, it is here presented more and Theol. Review for Jan. carefully and fully than in any previous work. Able scholars in this country and Europe are

The Autumn Holidays of a Country Parson. now at work in this field, and before many years By the author of “ The Recreations of a Country we shall doubtless have a tolerably complete Parson.” London: Longman & Co. A vein of etymological dictionary of our language; but for sly humor runs through the book, making it very the present this edition of Webster must take pleasant to read. We scarcely know which the lead.

chapters to point to specially where all are good The Definitions of Dr. Webster have always in their way; but the reader will get, perhaps, as had the highest reputation; and the present edi- fair an estimate of the author's powers in the tion improves in this respect upon the previous

chapter * Concerning the Estimate of Human The order of the definitions is, in many

Beings” as in any. Concerning Ugly Ducks; instances, changed so as to give the literal sense

or, Some Thoughts on Misplaced Men;" “Confirst and then the derived. Numerous extracts cerning the Right Tack, with some Thoughts on have also been added from the best writers. No the Wrong Tack;" “ Concerving Needless Fears," one can consult the work without profit on this should also be read by those who like this class score; though there is here, too, an endless field, of gossip. Ticknor & Fields, Boston, have also and, of course, a great variety of usage. Ham- brought out an American edition in good style. ilton, we see, is largely used, and rightly too, for

The Queens of the County, By the author philosophical terms. But Mansel's definition of of “ Margaret and Her Bridesmaids." Second Personality (" as we can conceive it, it is essen-edition. Boston: Loring, Publisher. 1865. An tially a limitation and a relation") represents the English work, dedicated by the authoress to her view of a special philosophical tendency, and is, “ Literary Sisters in America.” It is composed on the face of it, inconsistent with the ascription of some thirty short papers on a variety of of personality to God. A learned friend has topics, mainly illustrative of the habits and manpointed out to us the definition of Temeration as

ners of our common ancestors in the olden time. temerityJeremy Taylor being cited as authority; They are common-sense sketches, not over lively but he uses the word in the sense of stained, and not sensational, but healthful and improving. polluted, (derived from temero.) The same friend criticises the definition of citizen-“one who has Moods. By LOUISA M. Alcott, author of the privilege of voting,etc.—as too narrow: it is “Hospital Sketches." The same publisher. not the American sense or usage. But these are 1865. A novel of decided interest, and one slight points compared with he general fulness which gives tone and breadth to the moral feeland accuracy of the definitions.

ings. Among the other points that give preëminence

Real and Ideal. By J. W. MONTCLAIR. Philato this work are the careful revision of the Pronunciation, with a full list of words differently & Houghton. 1865.

delphia: Frederick Leopoldt. New-York: Hurd

A small book of poetry, pronounced, and Dr. Goodrich's able paper on elegantly printed. The poems are short, some of the Principles of Pronunciation; a Table of dif-them only tolerable, while others possess confering Orthographies, with Mr. Wright's Rules siderable poetic merit. Several of them are transfor spelling certain classes of words; and the ad-lations from the German. We extract one poem dition of a list of Synonymes to the most impor- in our Poetry department. tant words. Some 3000 pictorial illustrations are incorporated in the work, and are much bet History of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the ter than verbal descriptions. Mr. Wheeler's Vo: United States of America. By ABEL STEVENS, cabulary of Names of Fictitious Persons and LL.D. New-York: Carleton & Porter. 1864.


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