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ous sizes, fixed on a wooden frame with when falling or rolling." They are also four legs. Sometimes these gongs are very fond of a more cruel sport, that of of enormous size, and might be used “deadly combats between wild animals.” comfortably for a bath. When heard The sensational scene on such occasions close at hand, their tone is noisy and is the fight between the tiger and the deafening, but at a distance it is sweet buffalo. Their hunting is of a very cowand lulling. They are struck "according ardly order. “The sportsmen are perched to the fancy of the player, each produc- up in little huts, secured to the upper ing a different tone.” Another instru- part of the trunk of some large tree, ment is something like a rude violoncello, where they wait in readiness to pull the “about four feet long, with an oval back trigger on the appearance of any bird or -the finger-board, tail-piece, and pegs beast, frightened to the spot by a large being of ivory.” Two wires compose number of the regent's men, who surthe strings, which on being tightly drawn round the forest, and by their loud shouts, produce sounds far from pleasing. The yells, and cries, startle the animals from drum is essential to a native orchestra; their lairs, compelling them to run, in a it is oblong in shape, and played with state of excitement and distraction, into the hands instead of drum-sticks, the the very teeth of danger.” player sitting cross-legged on the ground, The Javanese are very polite. Their with the instrument on his lap. There etiquette is strict and elaborate. Whenis also a sort of hybrid fiddle, which the ever a stranger approaches a native who natives call rabup, the sounds of which happens to be riding on horseback, the are so faint, that when Mr. D’Almeida latter immediately dismounts, and waits stood near and watched the fiddler atten- until the traveller has passed by, bowing tively, as he bent his head to the mo- continually. Peasants leading horses, on tions of the fiddlestick, apparently rapt catching sight of strangers, suddenly in enchantment,” he could not catch a check their animals, lead them off the single note, harmonious or otherwise. main road, and, with hat in hand, stand However much the Javanese fail in fid- uncovered” until the travellers have illes, they are the first nation in the world passed. Their respect for office is unfor gongs, the tone of which has been bounded; it amounts to positive devopronounced by one of the most eminent tion. “A young chief, son of the regent, English musicians peculiarly sweet and was following close upon a deer, when deep.

huntsman, in the act of plunging his kriss They are exceedingly fond of dancing into the animal, accidentally inflicted a spectacles. Whenever a company of slight wound in the leg of the young dancers appears, a crowd is sure to man. As the only alternative left, in be attracted. A danseuse, whom Mr. order to expiate what in the eyes of the D'Almeida saw, exhibited some natural natives is regarded as a dreadful crime, grace in her movements. “In one hand the huntsman immediately withdrew and she held a Chinese fan, which in the committed suicide; thus averting, as they dance she coquetted with as well as a believe, the vengeance of Allah from the Spanish donna might have done; whilst heads of his family and relatives.” They in some stages of the performance she have a system of social visiting which concealed her face beneath a frightful more than atones for many of their namask, removing it occasionally with the tional eccentricities. Visits are always unemployed hand." The performance paid in an evening; and if the inmates does not seem to have captivated Mr. of any house wish to avoid seeing callers, D'Almeida, though it was evidently ap- "the front verandah or reception-room preciated by the natives, who clapped is not lighted, in which case the visit of ibeir hands, and gave utterance to hearty any but the most intimate friends would cheers. In more athletic sports the Ja- be considered an intrusion.” This cusvanese are very far behind the natives of tom, however, applies mainly to the India. The game of football, however, Dutch colonists; and it might be imitated is a national sport, which the natives en- with great advantage in the homes of ter into with great enthusiasm. “The Europe. ball is made of basket-work, with many As in all eastern lands, the marriage apertures, so that it may be easily caught ceremony is protracted and imposing.



Mr. D’Almeida took advantage of an numerous ;

she has not only to superopportunity that was offered him of wit- intend the bride's toilet, so as to make nessing a wedding in one of the native her attractive to the bridegroom and villages. His presence was welcomed by guests, but to overlook the arrangethe family as a lucky omen.

In the re ments of the entire wedding, and, above ception room, sitting cross-legged upon all, to see that the bride gets plenty of white mats, were “the elders of the vil- betel nut. The bridegroom has also his lage, priests, relations, and acquaint- waksie, who is a boy dressed generally ances. Cups of tea, à la Chinoise, be like himself. tel nuts, and various native delicacies, The language of the Javanese has were served up to the guests. In another three dialects, the vulgar, the polite, and room, which contained a low bed, with the learned. The structure of each is curtains “ of wbite calico, ornamented simple. Their literature is abundant, with lace, gold, silver, beads, and colored and is generally metrical in its form. bits of silk,” there was a platform raised It is made up mainly of traditions and at the foot of the bed, on which were romances, but possesses little of the spirit spread several bronze trays laden with of poetry,

There is little originative cakes. On the arrival of the bride, the power in the Javanese mind. Intellectuattendants poured water upon her feet, ally the people are below the oriental and an elderly man, a relative, “ carried level, as, indeed, the Mohammedans genher in his arms to the inner room, and erally are. There is a curious story placed her on the platform," at the left connected with the Javanese alphabet, hand of the bridegroom. Her dress was which may have some foundation in fact, simple, consisting only of a long sarong, but which seems to have been devised which, passing under both arms, covered “to impress the letters on the minds her chest, and reached nearly to her an- of juvenile pupils." A priest, walking kles, being confined round the waist by through a forest, lost his kriss. Feeling a silver pinding. Her face, neck, shoul- too fatigued to return for it, he dispatchders, and arms were dyed yellow-a dis- ed a woodman to seek it for him, while figurement which concealed her blushes, he and his servant sat down to refresh but did not enhance her beauty. A coro

themselves. As the woodman did not net of beads and flowers completed her return, the priest sent his servant in quest costume. The bridegroom was also yel- of him. lle soon found him, and the two low - washed, and naked to the waist. quarrelled so violently that both were Round his waist his sarong was fastened killed.

serves as a sort of " by a bright silk scarf, through the folds mnemonic aid to the young Javanese of which glittered the gilt hilt of a kriss.” | learning their letters: On the top of his head, from which his Ho no tjo ro ko—He sent them both. hair fell in long thick masses upon bis Dho to so wo lo—Who fell out and quarrelled. back, was a conical-shaped hat, " made Po do djo jo njo—They were equally couraof some material resembling patent leath geous. er.” The picture of the bridesmaid is

Mo bo tho ngo—Both were killed." not fascinating: “On the left side of the We have not space to go into the quesgirl sat an old haggard-looking woman, tion of the relation of Java to the kingthe waksie, or bridesmaid, on whose dom of Holland. The Dutch have only shoulders, according to the wedding eti acquired their possession by prolonged quette of the Javanese, rests no small struggles and a vast outlay. They have share of responsibility. Before the mar- yet to reap the harvest. Java provides riage is arranged, she acts as a go-be-them with little but the glory of contween, to settle matters for all parties, quest, and an outlet for mercantile enterthough it does not always follow that she prise. The country is capable of im. becomes the bridesmaid on the occasion; provement, but it is too densely populabut as the natives have a superstitious ted to hold ont the prospect of large rebelief that ill-luck will surely fall upon muneration. The temporary occupation: the young pair, unless everything is of the island by the British between 1811 done with becoming propriety, a woman and 1816 was of incalculable advantage of this profession is very frequently select- to it. The policy of Sir Stamford Raffles ed to act as waksie." "Her functions are led to many improvements in labor and

This story


Cornhill Magazine.

trade, though his scheme of taxation is friends beforehand; and one day, when open to objection. The rule of the Dutch none of them could come, he sent his bas been in the main enlightened and servant into the street to pick up the salutary. They have a vast responsibil- first passer-by and bring him in to dinity, and one to which they are equal. ner. He could not bear to be kept waitWith the immense resources at their dis- ing. For this reason he detested cereposal, and with their natural industry, mony at table, and his most agreeable the Javanese ought to rise to the level guest was the one who took a dish withof European civilization ; and with the out offering it to others, so that the turn many facilities which it offers, Java of the host came the more quickly. It ought to become one of the most fertile must be remembered that Kant had eatfields of travel, and of mercantile labor. en nothing all the morning, and had been As the sphere of a yet grander toil, it working steadily. Dinner lasted two should command the holiest sympathies hours or more, and was a very pleasant of the church. The true secret of its meal, the great metaphysician talking in future prosperity and glory lies in the a simple and popular style on all subjects raising, through the length and breadth of the day, especially on politics, of of the land, of the standard of the Cross. which he was a diligent reader. Ilis

passion for them was such that he sometimes flung himself eagerly on the news. papers in the morning, which one would

have thought a profanation. For his THE PRIVATE LIFE OF KANT. study was a sanctuary, sacred to intel

lectual labors, and nothing mundane was KANT lived in a modest and retired ever heard in it. Not till the guests had house, in a quiet street behind the old quitted the study and entered the diningpalace. Every morning, winter and sum- room did Kant relax his philosophic mer, the old soldier who was his servant gravity. After dinner he took his regiicame into his bedroom at five, and said, lar walk up and down a small alley of " It is time.” The philosopher rose in limes, which is called the Philosopher's stantly, dressed with wonderful rapidity, Alley. His walk was always solitary, and by five was seated at his breakfast- except on rainy and threatening days, table, where he drank one or two cups when his servant followed him “ with an of tea-nothing more-smoked a pipe, umbrella under his arm, and with a restand collected his ideas for the work of less and vigilant look, an exact image of the day. At seven he went out for his Providence.” Kant had two reasons for lectures, and on returning set to work walking alone; he wanted to think, and till a quarter to one. Precisely at the he did not want to open his mouth. He quarter he dressed for dinner, took a thought that by breathing through bis glass of wine to incite his appetite, and nose the air would be admitted graduwas ready for the guests whom he had ally to his lungs, and that he had less invited. 'Ile never dined alone, and al- risk of taking cold. On coming home ways breakfasted alone. Dinner was the he read the papers. In the evening be time when he liked to receive his friends. made notes for lectures the next day, or At his breakfast he was so much accus- for his writings, read, and meditated on tomed to solitude that when once a what he read, writing down any ideas friend dropped in at that hour and asked that struck him. At ten he went to to share his meal, Kant was embarrassed, bed; a quarter of an hour before retirand ended by asking his friend to sit ing he suspended all occupations, and where he could not see him, saying that cleared his mind of all thoughts that for more than half a century he had never might prevent him sleeping. His bedseen a soul near him while he drank his room was never heated; its windows tea in the morning. But at dinner he were always kept shut, summer and wincould not bear to be left to himself. He ter, and the light was as carefully exalways took care to invite some of his cluded as the air.


Bentley's Miscellany.

tion. The poetical abode of the pious

knights has become the prosaic seat of THE TWIN-SISTERS OF MALTA.

extensive commerce; it is at once the blessed spot, where with each breath

one inhales renovated health, and whithHow pleasantly are not the rocky

er the aristocracy of England, the bonne shores of Malta still reflected on the

société of France, and fashionable travcalm blue surface of the Mediterranean

ellers from every other nation, resort sea, when the golden rays of the even

with pleasure. In short, Malta need not ing sun are dancing upon it!

regret that it has kept pace with the Yet alas ! This Malta, with its proud times; it has not lost much of its consesteps of granite, its threatening cannons, quence since it exchanged the white banand its peaceful industry; with its sim- ner for the union jack of Great Britain. ple flat roofs, and its fantastic balconies; far carried away by my reflections, which

But I have allowed myself to be too sweetest grapes in the world ; the

are so little suited to my insignificant

aged orphan of the old chevaliers, which lan- tale. I had much better have said a few guishes in eternal minority under Eng. ing island, those women so entirely pe

words about the women of this charmlish guardianship; this Malta is no long culiar, in whom the fire of the Arab feer what it formerly was. wronging it to call it the shadow of its males is so intimately blended with the bygone splendor, for the shadow resem- those of Sicily, who, in gracefulness,

captivating, languishing manners of bles the original, if even only in uncertain and faint outlines; but Malta has yield precedence to none of their southentirely lost its early forms. Perhaps ern sisters. Above all, they recall to here and there a single rare feature of the observer that Africa is in the rear, its past lustre reminds one that the Malta and that there Europe begins. of the nineteenth century as little resem

Among these the twin-sisters, Peppa bles that of the time of IIugo de Payens,

and Magallon, deserved the prize of as the lords of the woolsack resemble the

beauty. Richer and darker hair seldom

adorned brows of more delicate transpargrand masters of old.

Their blue-black eyes sparkled A totally different life now prevails ency; there. The dreaded enemy of the Muslike bright cut steel, and between their sulman faith, who enthusiastically bran- lips, whose redness reminded one of fresh dished the Cross against the Crescent, no pomegranates, glittered teeth as white longer claims tribute from Turk and Pa- as the purest pearls of Coromandel. gan; on the contrary, it has become a

Their features bespoke oriental excitagreat custom-house, while English toll bility, tempered by mildness, which, gatherers demand tribute from every

added to the tone of true amiability that sail which is hoisted on the wide navi

pervaded their whole manner, lent a singable waters of the Mediterranean sea.

gular charm to their words and moveThe naked rocks, to which each Paladin made them both familiar with the first

ments. Education and practice had brought a handful of earth, became a fruitful island, warmed by Atrica's sun, European languages, yet they preferred

, and enlightened by European civiliza

exists among the people, the agreeable * Madame Bosboom Toussaint is considered

sound of which, and the power of its exone of the first female writers of the present age pressions, cause one to forget that it is in Holland. Her historical tales are much ad entirely wanting in literary cultivation. mired for their truthfulness, the power with It would be difficult to say which of which her characters are delineated, and the re- the twin-sisters was the handsomer, or ligious and moral tone which pervades them. She has also written several shorter stories, in which in what Peppa's beanty differed from she has adopted the light and graceful style so Magallon's. In form, face, voice, gait, peculiar to France. This accomplished author- and movement, they were entirely alike; ess was born at Alkmaar, at which town they are and this resemblance was much increased sn proud of her that the magistraey have had her by their dress being exactly the same. city along with a flattering tribute to her merits. They wore the Maltese ouella, which -Trans.

i was fastened to a little satin hat inter

woven with gold thread, thus greatly ( them that they should go with him once heightening the shining blackness of more before their marriages on a trip to their hair. Both wore bodices of cher Algiers, which place, under the hands of ry-colored velvet, richly-embroidered, its French conqueror, was undergoing and light blue over-skirts of slight gauzy such wonderful reforms. texture. Their sleeves, of Venetian sil. The beautiful twins wished for nothing ver gauze, by no means hid their beauti- better, and they soon set out on their ful rounded arms, with the delicate little voyage. But in the way in which they hands, which played with fans the same took leave of their lovers, and in the in color and size. Peppa, however, had manner in which they greeted them on a bunch of flowers in her hat, without their return, there was too striking a difwhich precaution her own father, the ference to escape the notice of the young worthy Paolo Paterno, would not have men. been able to distinguish the first-born Peppa treated Matteo more coldly and from her sister. The same education, formally than she had ever done before, the same fate, always being together and Magallon's proud lover had to bear (they had never yet been separated for whims and violence of which he had longer than an hour or so), could not never suspected her capable. The forfail to have effect upon their feelings and mer bore it patiently, as one who was actions; and even their nurse declared painfully familiar with misfortune and that she had never met with exterior re- suffering; the Greek, on the contrary, semblance joined to such perfect similar- became irritated and suspicious. Notity of disposition. They were sisters in withstanding that the father saw this every sense of the word.

change with great sorrow, he could not Good Paolo Paterno, who had lost his imagine what could be its cause; he wife in the bloom of her youth, and could not understand what had so sudcould never reconcile himself to a second denly transformed his lively, gay daughmarriage, found his only comfort in his ters into such whimsical, morose girls; lovely daughters, who but seldom caused why these gentle dear ones were so cahim to regret that they were not sons, pricious and cruel to those who had to whom he could have bequeathed his claims upon their love. The honest capname and brigantine. He was owner of tain possessed, it is true, plenty of nata merchantman, which, after performing ural common sense for every-day life, for several years successful voyages, had but he understood nothing of the fine made him one of the most wealthy in- shades of the female heart, and he was habitants of La Valetta.

not capable of discovering what lay beWhen Peppa and Magallon bad at- bind the caprices which he daily encountained their fourteenth year, the thoughts tered; this was beyond his power. The of his successor occupied Paolo more truth was, however, that the twenty and more. He therefore took into his days spent by the two damsels, apparhouse the son of an only brother, who ently so indifferently and monotonously, had fallen under Napoleon, and, although within the walls of the house of quaranstill very young, Matteo was betrothed tine, after their return from Africa, had to Peppa. Another and more brilliant been rich in events and experience, inatch had offered for Magallon, the ne- which had suddenly made them much phew and partner of one of the richest older and more knowing, if not more merchants in Malta, who was a Greek sensible. by birth, a Maltese by necessity, and a For those in good health the house of inerchant with all his heart and soul. quarantine at Malta is no gloomy in

The two damsels had not hesitated a valid's prison, full of privations and opmoment to consent to their union with pressive constraint; the only constraint the gentlemen selected for them, and, that one meets with there is that it canwithout further thought, they calmly not be quitted at one's pleasure, and that looked forward to the coming event, there is no communication with the which each day brought nearer. outer world. But it is a roomy, airy

One day Paolo, who was accustomed dwelling, with which every one would every year to take some excursion, ac- be pleased if it only bore another name; companied by his children, proposed to where every one can choose his own

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