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pears in the highest of these apes—the Orangs- , the administration of physic and the application to have a tendency to atrophy.-Vide a paper of the process known as Haradisation, for a period read before the French Academy.

of two months, she became worse. The facial New Lens.-An optician in Philadelphia has muscles were attacked with spasms which were recently introduced a new lens, for which he more severe upon the right than on the paralyzed claims many qualities of no small importance, side. The memory was so much impaired that ' namely, a flat field, wide aperture, and unusual the patient was incapable of describing even the clearness and sharpness in the images produced. details of her disease. The day after the “conIt consists of two achromatic lenses, one 27 inches stant current” had been allowed to travel through in diameter, with a focus of 44 inches; the other, the cervical ganglion of the left sympathetic, there an achromatic negative lens, similar in construc was a decided improvement observed, for the contion to that of the well-known orthoscopic com vulsions had in great measure abated. This bination. If the claims advanced are well found application of the current was repeated (in the ed, this new lens will be a welcome addition to presence of Herr Remak's pupils) three times a our photographic appliances.- Popular Science. week for a period of about three months, and at

How do Flies - Walk upon Smooth Vertical Sur- the end of that period a complete transformation faces ? -In regard to this question, which has was found to have taken place; her mental powfrom time to time been answered in all manner ers were restored, the convulsions had ceased, of ways, Mr. Blackwall announced his views to a and the faculty of sensation was recalled.-- Vide meeting of the Linnean Society, held during the Comptes Rendus, LIX., No. 11. present session. From several experiments and Flint Weapons beneath the Skull of Rhinoceros observations carried out by this gentleman during hemitæchus !-In M. Lartet's memoir on the ossifthe past summer, he arrives at the conclusion erous cave of the Périgord, a serious mis-statethat these insects are not enabled to maintain ment has been made, which in some measure their position by means of suckers which exhaust affects the reputation of one of our distinguished the air between the foot and the surface (pane of geologists, Dr. Falconer. M. Lartet states that glass, etc.) to which it is applied. To prove the in “the cavern of Long Ilole, several flint weapons truth of this view, he employed the air-pump, and were found under the head of this latter Rhinoceabstracted the air from a chamber in which some In a previous passage he alludes to the flies were confined, when he found that they main- discovery of certain fossils in this cavern by tained their positions as easily as before. He Messrs. Wood and Falconer, and hence the latter appears inclined to think that their power of ad-gentleman becomes associated with the assertion. hering to vertical smooth surfaces is due to a gela- | Dr. Falconer now emphatically denies that there tinous fuid which is secreted by the foot-pad. were any flint weapons found beneath the skull of

Imperial Observatory of Paris.—The illustrious R. hemitechus. He writes to the editor of Annals savant, M. Leverrier, who directs this establish- / of Natural History as follows: No skull of R. ment, has founded a scientific association designed hemitachus above tlint knives was ever discovered to popularize and advance the interesting studies by my friend and fellow-laborer, Col. Wood, in of astronomy, physical forces, and meteorology. Long Ilole cave, nor was any skull of that extinct Each associate pays an annual subscription of ten species ever found in it. The flint implements francs (8s. 4d.). IIe assists at the réunions, which which he found there, together with the immeditake place the second Monday in every month. ately associated fossil remains, were at the time The inembers are received on the evening of that transmitted to me for investigation, and out of day, on the terrace of the observatory, and in my hands they have never passed.”

" A de struments are placed at their disposal for study- tached shell of a milk-molar was among the numing the most favorable aspects of the moon. ber; hence, probably, the origin of the assertion Those members who live in the provinces, and about the skull—a small milk-molar having been find it impossible to be present at these séances, exalted into a skull, found above flint implements, receive a report of each of the meetings. Ladies doubtless from inadvertence, misconception, or are admitted.

This society, although founded error of recollection.” It would appear that M. only last year, already numbers over 1800 mem Lartet's assertion was founded upon the authority bers.-- Le Grand Journal.

of Sir Charles Lyell, who, strange to say, in his Electricity as a Means of Cure.—There can be appendix to the third edition of his Antiquity of little doubt that galvanism will eventually hold a Man asserts that Colonel Wood "detected Hint high position among therapeutic agents, notwith- knives beneath the skullof Rhinoceros hemitochus." standing the great discouragement which its ad- - Popular Science Review. vocates have from time to time received at the Contents of Skull Mounds in Keiss, in Caithness. hands of the majority of the profession. Herr -At a meeting of the Anthropological Society, Remak, of Berlin, has been instituting some very held on Tuesday, December 6th, Mr. Laing read interesting experiments on neuralgic patients, a paper on the organic remains found in a kist with a view to ascertain the really curative effects near Kiess. In the lowest stratum of the mounds of electricity. The results arrived at have cer were discovered, mingled with the skulls of limitainly been surprising, as the following case will pets and periwinkles (which appear to have conshow: Some time ago (May 11th, 1861) a woman, stituted the principal articles of food of the peoaged forty, applied to Herr Remak under these cir- ple of those times), some bones of oxen, horses, cumstances: Fifteen months before she had been and pigs, and stone implements of the rudest posattacked with complete facial paralysis of the left sible kind. In continuing his explorations, Mr. side, followed by acute pain, anesthesia of the Laing came upon some kists, which consisted of ramifications of ihe trigeminal nerve, and very a slab of stone, just large enough to hold the marked diminution of the mental powers. Despite body of a man, and inside, covered with sand, he

discovered the skeletons of those who had been , tween £8000 and £9000 sterling. The writer interred. Most of them were very short, not be- winds up with the remark, En France on peient ing more than five feet four inches long, and in micus et à plus juste prix."-Under Marshal Vailthese kists no implements of any kind were found; lant and the Count de Nieurkerke's dispensation, but in two instances he discovered kists of a much which has superseded the old academy, reforms larger size, in which the skeletons measured six are in progress of realization in the Ecole des feet and six feet four inches. These were pre- Beaux Arts. One of these was surely wanted. sumed to have been the chiefs of the race; and, Under the effete academic arrangement, there buried with one of them, were fifteen stone imple were twelve professors who guided the evening ments of small size, and of the rudest character, studies of the more advanced class of scholars. exhibiting a lower degree of art than the flint The consequence was that each month brought a implements found with the bones of extinct ani new master and all manner of conflicting sysmals in tertiary geological deposits. Mr. Laing tems, by which the youths were seriously perregarded some of the skulls as presenting the plexed and annoyed. This is now set aside, and character of those of Ancient Britons, and others the whole responsibility of directing the tuition as being of negro type; but Professor Owen, who is thrown upon the shoulders of M. Yvon, whose was present, said that the skulls differed in sev- great military illustrations have proved him to be eral essential particulars from the form of the at the least" a most accomplished draughtsman. Ethiopian skull: one of them might be mistaken The measure has given satisfaction to all

, except from part of its configuration for that of an Aus- the devoted adherents of the antagonistic acadtralian, but the small size of the molar teeth emy.-Madame Pompadour, the bright particushowed that it was of a different type. In com- lar star of Louis XV., was, in addition to her menting upon a child's jaw-bone, which Mr. Laing other great accomplishments, a devoted adnirer exhibited, the Professor observed that he was of Art, and, moreover, herself an artist of no well acquainted with the marks made by savages ordinary skill. This won for her the following on the jaws of animals they devoured as food, and tribute from the pen of Voltaire: he feared the evidence which the child's jaw

"Pompadour, ton crayon divin, afforded tended to prove that our progenitors,

Devait dessiner ton visage. who inhabited Scotland at a remote period, must

Jamais une plus belle main have been cannibals. The dental cavity is filled

N'auvait fait un plus bel ouvrage." with nerve-pulp, which savages relish, and the To be rendered freely thus: child's jaw-bone indicated that it had been broken “ From no other pencil but thine, to extract that substance.-Popular Science Re Pompadour, should thy portrait be given;

And then-what a work all divine view.

We should have from a hand fair as heaven."

--Art Journal.

Nuremberg, according to a statement in the ART.

Builder, "promises a monument to Stonewall

Jackson. The way in which Nuremberg has Art in Paris.-Something like an apotheosis of come to promise it is rather curious. A young Delacroix notified the last month of the past man from Nuremberg, named Volk, emigrated to year. A considerable collection of the works America as a journeyman cooper. After arriv. of that great master was exhibited in the exten ing there his early passion for Art grew strongsive saloons of the Boulevard des Italiens, and er; he made sketches for illustrated papers, and two appropriate tributes have been further paid gradually became a self-taught artist. The war therein to his merits and his memory. One of found him at Baltimore, whence he wandered these was in the form of a lecture given by the South, and was engaged as draughtsman on the veteran Dumas, who happened to have enjoyed staff of one of the Southern generals. He made the intimate friendship of the painter, and who, a bust of Stonewall Jackson from a mask which in rich strain of colloquy, rather than less formal he took from the dead face; and when the monuand ungenial disquisition, pictured forth his vig- ment was put up to competition by the Southern orous and various peculiarities of character. So government, the young German artist won the greatly was this outpouring of the author of prize. But even then he had to find means for Monte Christo relished, that its repetition became executing his work, and for this he ran a ship expedient. The other tribute took the form of laden with cotton through the blockade, and a réunion of artists at a dinner in the same quar- brought it to Europe, where the sale of the cotter, under the presidency of the well-known critic, ton gave him the funds required. The monuTheophile Gautier. This also passed off effect- ment represents the general on horseback; a fine ively. The reputation, however, of Delacroix Arabian steed from Stuttgart serving as a model now rests, not upon the eulogistic advocacy of for the horse."- Art Journal. friends, but upon the verdict which the present A group, consisting of statues of the Counts D'. and the future will mete out to the canvases Egmont and De Ilorn, has just been inaugurated which crowded the walls of that locale where in the great square at Brussels. The ministers these two scenes took place.- Apropos of French of the interior and of foreign affairs, with the Art, and the modest self-sufficiency of its adher- municipal councils and several thousand spectaents, it is amusing, to say the least, to find in tors, were present, and an address appropriate one of the favorite publications devoted to it-in to the occasion was delivered by the burgomaster. a notice of one of your London sales of native The monument consists of a pedestal, forming works of Art-an expression of surprise at the a fountain, gurmounted by a group representing high prices which some dozen pictures realized, the two victims of the Duke of Alva. Count amounting altogether to 210,300 francs, or be- Egmont embraces Count Horn with his left arm,


and the attitude of both is expressive of firmness “Macbeth” by Locke (1657;) and choruses to and resignation. On the lower part of the ped- the same by Gallus. Arne (1750) wrote music estal is the following inscription, in French and to "The Merchant of Venice” and “Tempest," Flemish, on an unburnished gold ground: “To Mendelssohn to “Midsummer Night's Dream," Counts Egmont and Horn, condemned by an Taubert to the • Tempest," Tausch and André unjust sentence of the Duke of Alva, and be to “ As You Like It.” Of orchestral works headed on this spot on the 5th of June, 1568." founded on Shakspeare we mention Romeo

The Dublin Erhibition.-Active exertions are and Juliet,” a dramatic symphony, by II. Berlioz; being made in various quarters, official and pho- overtures to the same by Steibelt and Ilinski. tographic, to secure an unusually creditable dis- There are overtures to “Hamlet” by Gade, Liszt, play of photographic art at the Dublin Interna- and Joachim, and a march by Pierson. To the tional Exhibition, which is to be opened in May, Tempest” overtures have been written by 1865. The committee intrusted with the man- Rietz, Hlager, and Vierling, to Macbeth” by agement of this department announce the fine art Spohr and Pearsall, for “ King Lear” by Berlioz, claims of photography as thoroughly recognized, for “ Julius Caesar" by Schumann, for the “Two and describe a system of classification very su- Gentlemen of Verona” by Street, for “King perior to that adopted by the Commissioners of John” by Radecke, for “ Coriolanus" by B. A. 1862.

Weber, (Beethoven's overture of the same title - The Charivari publishes a wood-cut, in was intended for Collins's piece,) for "Othello" which 1864 is giving instructions to 1865, both by C. Müller, etc. Entr'actes and “battle represented under the guise of young women. music” to several of the pieces were done by In front of them is to be seen a tremendously fat Emil Titl, and Kuhlau, finally, denominated an Prussian soldier, walking about with great self- overture “William Shakspeare."The Reader. complacency. “If that customer,” says 1864, Chinese Visiting Cards.—They pay visits in "should call for anything be sure not to serve China just as the thing is done in Europe; and, him, for ever since I have been here he has done when they do not find the person at home to nothing but help himself."

whom the visit is made, they leave a card. The The Edinburgh statue of Prof. John Wilson, use of these cards among the Chinese dates back, executed in bronze by Mr. Steel, is described as it is said, for more than a thousand years, and it a most beautiful work of art. It will probably would appear that our European fashion, in that be inaugurated on the same day as the marble respect, is taken from the Celestial Empire: only statue of Allan Ramsay, by the same sculptor, the size of these articles with us has much dithe site of the first being in East Princess-street minished from its original proportions. Thus, Garden, corresponding to the site of the latter the Chinese use a sheet of paper, in the middle in West Garden.

of which is written the name, surname, and so Potsdam.-A copy, in marble, of “The Angel on, of the holder, with his rank appended; and of the Resurrection," in the church of St. Maria this sheet is augmented or diminished in size da Gloria, at Rome, has been placed over the according to the importance of the person visitvault containing the body of Frederick William ed, or to the respect with which the visitor deIV., King of Prussia, in Friedenskirche. The sires to address him. Also, the color of his card copy was executed by Tenerani, of Rome. varies according to circumstances connected with

the position of its owner. Thus, one of the prin

cipal persons attached to our expedition—now in VARIETIES.

the country-has forwarded to us a visiting card

left at his door by a mandarin, on the eve of his Shakspeare and Musical Composers. — Shaks- departure. It is a roll of paper of a reddish purpeare's relation to music forms the subject of an ple tint, and of a size big enough, with other essay in the Vienna Recensionen, from which we cards of a similar character, to be adopted for extract the following items: Instrumental music the purposes of papering a room. is found in connection with Shakspeare's works Penmanship.-Babbitt & Wilt, Principals of in the dead march (act i., scene 1) of “Henry Miami Commercial College, Ohio, have published IV.;" further, in the “ Midsummer Night's the system of Penmanship which is used in that Dream” and “ Tempest;" in “Henry VIII” (act institution, and known as the “ Babbitonian.” It i., scene 1) and “ As You Like It" (act v., scene consists of a chart and ninety copies, illustrated 4.) No less frequently does vocal music occur. by sixty fine wood-cuts. It seems to be well Witness the songs of Ophelia, the duet between adapted to the purposes of self-instruction, and Guiderius and Arviragus in “Cymbeline," the could be used with advantage in schools. song in “Much Ado About Nothing," those in Photographic Art.— There is a marked differ. “ As You Like It," the duet in “The Merchant ence in the artistic skill and taste with which of Venice,” (act iii., scene 2,) etc. That Shaks- photographers copy the human face and form. pearian pieces have been used as librettos for Some operators seem to make anything but good operas is well known, for example: “Romeo and portraits. Without making comparisons, we wish Juliet,” by Zingarelli, Vaccai, and Bellini; to invite attention to the admirable skill with “Othello,” by Rossini ; “Macbeth,” by Chelard, which Jordan & Co., No. 229 Greenwich-street, Verdi, and "Taubert; “The Merry Wives of New York, bring out into life-like expression the Windsor," by Nicolai, Balfe, (“Falstaff,") Adam, lineaments of the human face and features. We and previously by Salieri (“Falstaff o le tro are not informed if they make the portraits caburle”;) “Coriolanus,” by Nicolini; Hamlet,” pable of talking, but some of them look as if they by Buzzola (even as a ballet !); “The Tempest,” were about to open their lips. We recommend by Reichardt, Zumstæg, Jullien, Sullivan. Be- to our friends to make trial and proof of the skill sides these, there were composed “musics” to of Jordan & Co. in copying their faces.

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Dublin University Magazine. little shreds and patches of no great CHARLES LAMB, HIS FRIENDS AND quality beyond having a reference to this BOOKS.

arch-essayist, and most delightful man.

For a writer so unique in his kind, where ABOUT this unique and delightful being the species, as he himself said of a book, there has been plenty written in a loving, is the whole genus, surprisingly little has but official way. His ways and manner been said. Yet he might be studied over of life have been woven for us into a and over again—lectured and commented piece, and as we go over it carefully we on by the hour and by the volume. It is find but few threads dropped. Some of pleasant to think that one so nice and these, and of very small importance in- dainty in palate as he was about the deed, may be thought worth while pick- dressing of books—so sensitive and ing up..Anything, surely, will be wel- epicurean as regards typography, paper, come that helps, even in a small way, to and editions, should, in his own works, bring us in contact with this engaging have been gratified by all the little elewriter. As we might fancy ourselves in gances of typography. To be a dandy, his room after his death, taking up his or petit maitre, in such things is very inkstand—his pen—the book he last read, pardonable; and there is a fond and delwith the leaf turned down-the folios; icate homage in the offering of fine type, “my midnight darlings,” he called them, broad margin, and toned paper, to a wrihalf pathetically—“huge armfuls”—even ter that we love, almost akin to the flowhis forsworn pipe, (and with what rever- ers and draperies with which the altar of ence and delicacy we would lay our a patron saint is dressed. Charles Lamb hands on such relics); so we might relish would have looked down the line of his these little “odds and ends,” gathered own books with fond admiration. They ap out of by-ways and out of corners harmonize prettily.



One year Mr. Edward Moxon, whose that mean, straitened suit, many sizes too name, someway, always chimes in a sort small, like some predecessor's livery, all of “third” with that of Lamb—the man straitened, without a fold, or even a whom Leigh Hunt called the “book- wrinkle. This seems a cruel and wanton seller of the poets, and with no dispar- degradation for one who has gloried in agement to him from the antithesis, a fine clothes, and who could stretch his poet among booksellers”— starting in arms with freedom. As he said of Burbusiness, was anxious to show the public ton, so it might be said to Mr. Moxon, with what elegance he would equip his “what need was there of unearthing the books. “You were desirous,” said his bones of that fantastic, old, great man, friend, Lamb, to him, “of exhibiting a to expose them in a winding-sheet of the specimen of the manner in which publi- newest fashion?" Yet never were the cations intrusted to your care would ap- “ shabby genteel” double columns so pear. They are simply advertisement fined and polished, or given in such rich verses." And thus was introduced this material—best of type and paper ; but pretty little volume, “ Album Verses, still nothing can carry off the cut and with a few others," by Charles Lamb; pattern. Had this abomination fairly an inviting title-page, with a graceful taken root in the days of “Elia,” what a vignette of a “pastoral boy” busily wri- pleasant protest he would have given ting. A bright, gay little volume, printed against the well-meaning but grovelling by Bradbury and Evans, now tolerably fashion. rare, and not to be seen on the stalls. The original “Elia,” now open before

After all, there is a sort of fanciful me, is at the sign of Taylor and Hessey, luxury in reading the book we love in 95 Fleet-street, (we hear Charles Lamb the "original shape.” Very few have telling how a copy was waiting for a had in their hands the first collected friend “penes Taylor and Hessey"). It edition of the immortal essays—a small

, is tolerably rare. At the end is a good bright volume, entitled “Elia,” not " The analysis of that famous London magazine Essays of Elia,” as they were to become in which they first appeared, requesting later. Someway there is an aroma about the attention of the public particularly” these original books. It was the shape to the six hundred original articles writthe author's own eye rested on and ap- ten by “gentlemen of the first talents;" proved. It is a link between him and and first in order among these contribuus; just as Charles Lamb, I believe, used tions is placed “The Essays of Elia.” by a sort of chain of “ handshakings

» How rich those six volumes were, may comically fancy he might have indirectly be conceived when they contained “The shaken Shakspeare's hand. The delight- Opium Eater;" Allan Cunningham's ful paper on books and editions lets us “Scottish Traditions ;” poetry by Montinto a hundred little whims and minau- gomery, Keats, Clare, and Barry Cornderies of this sort which the book col- wall; and a pleasant class of paper now lector will comprehend. “On the con- unhappily dropped out of magazine proytrary, I cannot read Beaumont and ince, on such subjects as “Specimens of Fletcher but in folio; the octavo editions the Early French Poets;” additions to are painful to look at.” But there are Walpole's “Royal and Noble Authors;” "things in books' clothing” which make additions to "Johnson's Lives ; " "Tableone writhe and shiver, and which distress talk ;” “Speculations on Richter and the the eye;--the well-meant compromise Germans. between meanness and abundance-be Pursuing this bibliographical review, I tween cheapness and good measure-be- have before me now a little volume, in tween “nastiness” and a “good arm- rather mean dress, dated 1796, being the ful” notion, which takes the shape of the “Poems on Various Subjects, by S. T. "complete works” in “one vol.,” with Coleridge, late of Jesus College, Camdouble columns. “I know nothing,” bridge,” printed by Robinson of London, says Lamb, “more heartless than the re- and Cottle of Bristol. It is curious that print of the 'Anatomy of Melancholy."" Talfourd should not have noticed the apBut he little dreamed he himself should pearance of three of Lamb's sonnets in be taken, packed, and compressed into this collection, which was a year previous

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