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Arabian Nights grew. Nor need this appear | or traditional. If we put the Orlando Furiso, the strange. The original of the Arabian Nights is Gierusalemme Liberata, Robinson Crusoe, and Bocprobably separated by quite as wide an interval caccio's tales together, and hand them down as from modern Asiatic life as Homer from modern, the sole relics of our civilization to posterity, Greekdom. We know infinitely more about the what would they make of them? Five thousand modern Greeks than we do about the modern years hence suppose any of these books to be disOrientals, at all events we understand them in- cussed by a foreign nation of say highly civilized finitely better, for they stand on the same plane blacks, civilized as highly; or more highly, in of civilization, that is to say, within the same fo- some different way—for the forms of civilizacus of ideas as ourselves. All we know of mod- tion are apparently endless, teste Egypt, China, ern Greek life does not of itself throw any light on Japan-than we now are. Suppose them even the authorship of Homer, or on the state of society more wary, more critical, more scientific, indefiout of which the Homeric poems sprang. Yet nitely more ardent in the pursuit of truth, yet the literary filiation from "Homer downwards even with the humblest spirit of honest and faiththrough ancient Greek literature to modern times ful inquiry, it seems almost impossible that they is perhaps the most luminous instance of literary could get over the preliminary difficulty of their filiation on record, and there is perhaps nothing ignorance whether the author, whoever he was, to compare with it in history except the filiation- ; invented his story, and if he invented how much we are here speaking of the literary and social re- he invented, where fiction began and truth ended. lation—of the Bible to modern European thought. How could they, except with knowledge which
Nor does any knowledge we may have of con we can with difficulty conceive, say “This which temporary Asiatic life seem to afford more than reads so simply is a bitter sarcasm, that which is the most general help. In the first place, the so vehemently told is pure imagination; that, complexity of the existing Asiatic life is immense. again, is plain fact, and this, playful irony foundIn the next place, it is surprising how few Eng- ed upon twenty different threads of thought?" lishmen, even after a long and intimate acquaint Apply, again, the same canon to Gulliver's ance with Oriental life, ever seem to have pene- Travels. How innocently grave and infinitely trated beyond the mere outward shell and husk of child-like are the most poisonous sarcasms, how the Oriental character. But it is precisely the simple and matter-of-fact is the narrative, how relation of the inner idea of a people to the ex- candid and truthful to all appearance is the narternal evolutions of that idea in literary monu- rative of the most monstrous fictions, the art ments which it would be interesting to recover, rising just in the proportion of the apparent truth and which it is impossible to recover without pen- and andor, and who could unravel all these etrating from the circumference of a nation's per- elements looking at them out of a different civilispective to its centre. Mr. Lane indeed tells us zation ? in his learned work on the Arabian Nights that Upon this principle it is that the Arabian Nights the Arab sheikhs about Cairo delight in the Ara- are a perpetual source of speculative wonder. No bian Nights, and are minutely familiar with them, book ever took possession of the world without, so and that they are excellent commentators with to speak, an antecedent national pedigree of overregard to the manners and customs and religious whelming literary power and force? No savage allusions, -mostly, it would seem, Mahomme- could have written Robinson Crusoe. All the dan-contained in them. But what does not ap- bitterness of a nation's lifetime is in Gallirer's pear is in what light the Arabian Nights affect Travels, and it took the concentrated literary the modern Arab reader ? Is it as Homer af- energy of antecedent centuries to inspire Swift fected the contemporaries of Homer, or the con- with the very candor and transparency of his temporaries of Pericles, or the contemporaries livid animosity. A whole antecedent phase of of Lucian ? Is it as Chaucer, for instance, civilization came to a head in Cervantes' Don affected Englishmen of the days of Chaucer, or of Quixote. The loves and hatreds, the myriad the days of Elizabeth, or of our own day? This thoughts of centuries of bitterness, and suffering, is clearly a necessary inquiry before we can apply and joy and ridicule, and passion, and contempt, contemporary Oriental life and feeling, supposing are all condensed in the production of that book. us to understand it, as a key to the exposition of And is it conceivable that the Arabian Nights the Arabian Nights. But this is only a prelimi- with all their apparently elemental simplicity are nary. We ourselves know well enough what im- nothing more than an assemblage of mere childish pression Chaucer's works make upon us. Yet, fictions, with no other meaning of any kind than instead of abandoning ourselves to random im- the surface of each line conveys? To us this suppression created upon us by their lazy perusal, an position is simply inconceivable. If, however, we impression compounded of our own modern ideas | are asked what do you conceive they really mean, flavored by his antique language, if we set to we must confess our simple ignorance. We read work in earnest to reconstruct the real temper, them with wonder and helpless speculation. and feeling, and thought, the internal civilization As an illustration, however, of what we mean, of his day upon which his poetry blossomed as a consider this passage taken at random from Gulhnatural and necessary fruit, how difficult the task ver's Travels. Gulliver is vindicating the reputais, even for us looking straight back in the line of tion of the Lilliputian lady whose coach and six our own familiar growth!
he was in the habit of lifting upon his table :Again, if we look at the question of the author "" "I am here obliged,' says he, to vindicate ship it will make a difference whether the stories the reputation of an excellent lady, who was an were written by one man or more, in one genera- | innocent sutferer on my account. The treasurer tion or several, whether they are fictions properly took a fancy to be jealous of his wife, from the so called and purely imaginative, or fictions founded | malice of some evil tongues, who informed him on a subtratum of fact, and that fact contemporary that her grace had taken a violent affection for
my person, and the court scandal ran for some' virulence and passion of his age aud time. To time that she once came privately to my lodging. us the superfic ia glaze is still transparent. What This I solemnly declare to be a most infamous will it be five thousand years hence? Butler's falsehood, without any grounds further than that Hudibras already requires elaborate study, and her grace was pleased to treat me with all inno- many an antiquarian who piques himself on his cent marks of freedom and friendship. I own penetration may, time upon time, be a hundred she came often to my house, but always publicly, miles from the true mark of the author. nor ever without three more in the coach, who To return to Mr. Dalziel's new edition of the were usually her sister, and young daughter, and Arabian Nights, we lately had occasion to remark some particular acquaintance. But this was com- upon the very great merit of the illustrations. mon to many other ladies of the Court. And I They are gems in their kind, real works of art, will appeal to my servants round whether they at containing an immense amount of thought, care, any time saw a coach at my door without their imagination, and wonderfully in harmony with knowing what persons were in it. On those oc- the spirit of the tales themselves. They are in casions, when a servant had given me notice, my conception and expression mellow, childlike withcustom was to go immediatly to the door, and out being childish, surely one of the best features after paying my respects to take up the coach and of good art, and totally free from the affectation two horses very carefully in my hands—for if of young sentiment. They have the best characthere were six horses the postilion always unhar- teristics of the modern. English realism, without nessed four—and place them on a table, where I any of its modern conventionalities, nor have they had fixed a moveable rim quite round of five in- , any of the conventionality of the late euphuistic ches high, to prevent accidents, and I have often school of English engraving, which reached its had four coaches and horses at once on my table, height in the hackneyed Oriental album. It is full of company, while I sat in my chair leaning not too much to say that Mr. Dalziel's Arabian my face towards them, and while I was engaged Nights constitute a new phase in the art of illuswith one set the coachman would gently drive the tration. But having said this, we must repeat others round my table. I have passed many an our criticism, that the predominant fault, throughafternoon very agreeably in these conversations. out the earlier part of the volume especially, is a But I defy the treasurer or his two informers. I certain monotony of mechanical effect from the will pame them, and let them make the best of rough contrast of white and black which impairs
the delicacy of the result. The defect wears Five thousand years hence what will the best away, however, towards the end of the volume. scholar, nursed in a different civilization, make of Thus in the illustration of the lady, showing Alnuthis passage beyond the bare sequence of physical char the hidden treasure, there is not a trace of ideas? How will he unravel the fun, the irony, this, and a more exquisitely beautiful female figthe bitter ridicule, poured by the bitterest of ure in every detail, the firmnes and delicacy of Tory pamphleteers upon the, in his eyes, the bust, the ripe and nervous beauty of the arm, most contemptible of Lilliputians-Whig prince- the beauty of the foot, the grace and modest genlings and hop-o'-my-thumbs in their rela- ' tleness of the whole, we never remember to have tions with what he considered really great men,
seen. It is drawn by Mr. Tenniel. Many of himself among the number? Here is a passage the plates are evident copies from nature. Two taken equally at random from the Arabian Nights. will strike almost every one. One is a likeness of The tailor is telling a story about the chattering Mr. Leighton, the artist, wrapped in adoration of barber :
a lovely Jewess playing on the guitar. It is drawn " "Think what a situation was mine! What by Mr. Thomas Dalziel, and the plate is called, could I do with so cruel a tormentor ? "Give him "The Concert at the Palace of Schemselnihar.' three pieces of gold,' said I to the slave who man- The other, also by Mr. Dalziel, is a photographic aged the expenses of my house, and send him likeness of the Baroness Alphonse de Rothschild away, that I may be rid of him; I will not be in her girlhood. In the plate, “Prince Amgiad shaved to-day.'— My master,' cried the barber and the Wicked Lady," the expression of female at hearing this, what am I to understand by wickedness is well defined, a dry, cold, haughty, these words? It was not I who came to seek yet flaming and resplendent wickedness, as of a you, it was you who ordered me to come; and that stalactite of cruelty, lit up by the blaze of a volbeing the case, I swear by the faith of a Mussul- cano. Did Mr. Tenniel imagine the woman, or man I will not quit your house till I have shaved does he know her? you. If you do not know my value it is no fault, The Life of Robert Stephenson, F.R.S., late of mine. "Your late honored father was more just President of the institution of Civil Engineers. By to my merits. Each time when he sent for me to H. JEAFFRESON, Barrister-at-Law, with descripbleed him he used to make me sit down by his tive chapters on some of his most important preside, and then it was delightful to hear the clever fessional works by William POLE, F.R.S., M.I. talk with which I entertained him.''
C.E. Two vols. Longman & Co. 1864.—The And so on.
plan of double editorship of these volumes is most It so happens that in this story the comedy of judicious. To Mr. Jeaffreson has been intrusted boredom, let us say, is distinctly marked. But the personal history of these distingnished inen. behind the simple, elementary, obvious comedy, Though professing to be the life of Robert, a very
of , allusive and irrecoverable sarcasm which exists? character of the father, are necessarily brought In the passage quoted from Swift, there is on the again before the public. Mr. Jeaffreson seems to surface a gentle vein of almost childlike comedy, have been very diligent and painstaking in tracing Beneath this slender film there is Swift himself
, the early career of the father. During the latter wallowing—wallowing is the word—in all the part of 1860 he spent a great deal of time in North
umberland and Durham, gathering material from bility about three-tenths of a second. It first the oral communications of relatives
, from the appeared at the lower part of the field of view, reminiscences of men who had been the com- and passed nearly vertically towards the centre. panions or patrons of either George or Robert, It had a slightly curved tail, with two very confrom parish registers, or the account-books of siderable " serrations” on its eastern edge. Mr. collieries or factories. From these materials he Brodie describes it as a very brilliant body, far has been able to correct so many errors which surpassing in lustre that of the sun itself. As have appeared in other biographies of the elder the telescope has an object-glass of 89 inches Stephenson, that he found it necessary to rewrite aperture, and the eye-piece specially adapted his lite so far as it was mixed up with the history for looking at the sun, and found to be in good of his son. Mr. Pole undertook to describe the order, there can be no doubt in respect to the great works in which Robert was from time to time reality of the appearance.--Popular Science. engaged. This portion of the book takes up the Bright Band round the Moon's Edge in Solar, life of Robert Stephenson at 40, and carries it on Eclipses. Professor Challis recurs to this subtill its close at 55. The “Battle of the Ganges, ject in the last number of the Astronomical So"Iron Bridges," "The Britannia Bridge," "The ciety's notices. He now admits with Professor High-level Bridge at Newcastle,” “Chester and Airy that this bright band can not be explained Holyhead Railway, " " As Politician, ” “In Lon- by refraction through a lunar atmosphere. He don Society," "The Great Victoria Bridge,” are has examined three of the photographs taken of some of the subjects selected by the biographer; the last solar eclipse by Professor Alexander, but the second volume in reality takes in the his- and finds that, when they are looked at too tory of the railway system with all its fights before closely or too distant, for distinct vision. a white Parliament and with the public, together with a band not only appears round the edge of the graphic description of the difficulties which had moon, increasing in intensity towards the cusps, to be overcome when crossing rivers, or making but also in the interior of the sun's border. On levels to suit the prejudices of people, or to con- viewing them with distinct vision, the bands, tend with natural causes. There are excellent however, disappeared entirely. But at the same portraits of George and Robert, and engravings of time a narrow luminous fringe, not of unitorm the Britannia, the Conway, and the High-level breadth or brightness (the latter increasing tobridge at Newcastle, and of the Victoria bridge at wards the limb), was seen surrounding the Montreal. The book is in the highest degree moon, but could not be detected on the sun. interesting, and well worthy of careful study by He likewise tried the effect of pasting a piece all who have faith in steady industry and enthu- of the dark photographic paper across the bright siasm.—Popular Science.
lune, and also saw the luminous band at its
edges. Professor Challis is of opinion that the The Hillyards and the Burtons : A story of two bands and the fringe are different phenomefamilies. By HENRY KINGSLEY. Boston: Tick- na, the former being due to indistinct vision, nor & Fields, 1865. The name of the popular while the latter is plainly seen. It is clear that author of this volume will secure for it a large it is not due to photographic effect, as it bas number of readers.,
been seen by eye-observation, both by Mr. De Cape Cod (the same publishers). By HENRY D. La Rue and Professor Argelander. It has been THOREAU, 1865. All who have read Thoreau's stated, however, that the same sort of fringe is previous works will be likely to read this new
sometimes observed in photographs of mounvolume. There is a peculiar fascination about his been surmised that it is due to the illuminations
tain scenery along the dark outlines, and it has pen, especially when he describes natural objects of the atmosphere from light reflected beyond and scenery:
the dark boundary from the innumerable facets Poems. R. W. EMERSON. Essays. By R. of objects. He is of opinion that the corona and W. EMERSOX. First and Second Series. The red flames can not be accounted for by the resame publishers, 1865. These volumes belong to flection of the light of the photosphere from the the blue and gold series and are brought out in solar atmosphere, but thinks that the ether in its the exquisite style which characterizes it. We neighborhood may be so disturbed that it may are not among Emerson's special admirers, but become luminous, and adduces the great height there are in these Poems, and especially in the of the Aurora Borealis as a case in point, which volume of Essays, many beautiful gems of thought. is sometimes found to be much greater than the
supposed limits of the earth's atmosphere.-Popular Science.
Value of Sewage as a Manure.—It is well that SCIENCE
the farming world should know that, though the
sewage of large towns contains many of the Meteors on the Sun's Surface. It will be re- ingredients of plants, and will, on the first apmembered that a few years ago, while viewing plication to a soil produce an increased crop, it the sun through a telescope, Mr. Carrington per- is, nevertheless, not to be regarded as a true ceived a meteor passing across the disc. This manure. Sewage does not contain all the minewas at his observatory at Redhill; but the ap- ral ingredients of plants, and hence can not be pearance was independently seen and described depended on by the agriculturist for the restoby Mr. Hodgson, at London. A similar phenom- ration of the plant-ashes to the soil. These facts enon was noticed by Mr. Brodie, of Uckfield, have very recently been urged upon the attenat 10:30 A. M. of October 2d. The length of its tion of the English public by Baron Liebig, path in the field of view was about one minute who addressed a long letter upon the subject of arc, the breadth of the head about four or to Lord Robert Montagu, M.P. In what may five seconds of arc, and the duration of its visi- ' be termed its natural state, says the Baron,
sewage is not a universal manure like stable / A. R. A., from the Picture by W. P. FRITH, R. dung, which is efficacious at all times and in all A. Published by the Art-Union of London. localities, but a special manure, the continued This is the print which the Art-Union of London application of which tends to impoverish the offers to its subscribers of the current year. In land. Stable dung contains all, a special man- making selections of subjects year by year for this ure only some, of the elements which ought to purpose, the society, actuated by the policy which be restored to the soil in order to make it per- can alone render it popular, chooses those that manently fertile. Peruvian guano, for exam are likely to attract the multitude, yet without ple, belongs to the class of special manures ; ignoring the real merit of the picture as a genuine and experience has shown that in certain coun- work of Art. To do otherwise—that is, to select tries (eg., Germany and Scotland), the applica- a truly dignified subject which only the few could tion of guano to meadow land, which produced, appreciate—might imperil the existence of the in the first year, enormous crops of grass or hay, institution; it was once tried in the case of Hilhad later no effect at all ; and that the same ton's “Crucifixion,” and failed. No other reman who at first overrated the use of guano, source, then, is open, but to adopt what will eventually cursed its employment. Sewage please, even if it does not teach. Such a work is contains ammonia, potash, and phosphoric acid, Mr. Frith's “Claude Duval,” exhibited at the like guano, but phosphoric acid in much small. Royal Academy not very long since. The picer proportions. On a soil rich (in its natural | ture must be well remembered, for it was one of state) in phosphoric acid, sewage will have an the principal attractions of the gallery that year. excellent effect; it will produce, for instance, This noted highwayman, who rendered himself large crops of grass, turnips, and corn, if the a terror to all aristocratic travelers about the soil supplies the quantity of phosphoric acid early part of the last century, by levying black wanting in the sewuge ; but, as in each sucessive mail on all who carried with them any thing worth crop a certain quantity of phosphoric acid is taking, has with sundry other freebooters, his abstracted, the total quantity in the soil is, by companions, stopped some grandee's family coach, continual application of the sewage, gradually turned out its occupants, and while some of the diminishing every year, and a time must arrive scoundrels are possessing themselves of the valuwhen the phosphoric acid will be insufficient ables, Claude compels a handsome young lady, for further crops, and when sewage will cease
one of the travelers, to dance with him on the to produce its former effects. Such being the heath. The story is capitally told in all its vaprobable results of the application of sewage ried incidents, but the interest of the spectator per se, there are two things to be done : Firstly, centres in the dance and in the young lady, who it must be made intelligible to all that sewage tries hard to make herself an agreeable partner matter in its natural state does not replace at such an unusual “ball,” though the anxiety of stable-manure, and that if used exclusively it her face shows her to be but ill at ease. Howevwill produce abundant crops only for a time; secondly, the farmer must be made acquainted er, there is honor among thieves, for, as the story with the names of those ingredients which it goes, Claude releases the ladly and her companwill be necessary to add to the sewage in order ions, taking only a small proportion of their to render it a permanent and useful madure, lite request of standing with him in a coranto, the
property, because she had complied with his poBaron Liebig suggests that—the composition dance of the period. of sewage being known-a recipe should be placed in the hands of the farmer, for the addi- Stocks, who, presuming, and rightly too, that
The engraving-a large one in line—is by Mr. tional elements to be employed.— Vide Letter the subject is not over refined, has treated to the Times, November.
with boldness rather than delicacy in the cutting; An Ancient Mining Wheel, upwards of twenty but it comes together very effectively, while the feet in diameter, and eleven feet six inches figure of the young lady appears in great contrast, breast, has recently been exhibited at the by the softness of texture in both flesh and drapAcademy of Arts et Métiers” at Paris, by, M. ery. It is most highly finished. The print can A. Sanson, who states that it was discovered in scarcely fail to be popular, aed deserves to be so, a Portuguese mine, and was doubtless employed if only for the excellency of the engraving. The by the Romans to raise water in the operation Art Journal. of draining the mine. Eight other of these wheels have lately been discovered by the
Lord Camden in the Stocks.-A ludicrous story miners, who are now working the same old is told of his being on a visit to Lord Dacre, mines. These wheels are made of wood—the in Essex, and accompanying a gentleman, notoarms and felloes of pine, and the axle and its rious for his absence of mind, in a walk, during support of oak, the fabric being remarkable which they came to the parish stocks. Having for the lightness of its construction. It is sup-, a wish to know the nature of the punishment, posed that these wheels can not be less than the chief justice begged his companion to open 1,450 years old, and yet the wood is in a per- them so that he might try. This being done, fect state of preservation, owing to its immer- his friend sauntered on, and totally forgot him. sion in water charged with salts of copper and The imprisoned chief tried in vain to release iron. From their position and construction, himself, and, on asking a peasant who was passthese wheels are presumed to have been worked ing by to let him out, was laughed at and told as treadmills, by men standing with naked feet he “wasn't set there for nothing." He was upon one side. - Vide The Artizan.
soon set at liberty by the servants of his host; and afterwards, on the trial of an action for
false imprisonment against a magistrate by some VARIETIES.
fellow whom he had set in the stocks, on the Claude Duval. Engr by LUMB STOCKF, counsel for the defendant ridiculing the charge
and declaring it was no punishment at all, his sidered the ne plus ultra of Chinese cookery ; lordship leaned over and whispered, “Brother, deers' tendons-a royal dish which the Emperor were you ever in the stocks ?" The counsel himself sends as a present to his favorites; and indignantly replied, “Never, my lord.” “ Then Venus's ears-a kind of unctuous shell fish; I have been," said the chief justice ; "and I lastly, boiled rice, served in small cups, with can assure you it is not the trifle you represent acanthus seeds preserved in spirits, and other it.”-Foss's Lives of the Judges."
condiments. Last of all tea was served." — Sir William Napier's Truthfulness.—Sir Wil
Galignani. liam Napier was one day taking a long country
Fate of Sir John Franklin's Expedition - The walk near Freshford, when he met a little girl singular fate of La Perouse and his expedition about five years old sobbing over a broken
was unknown to the civilized world for thirtybowl; she had dropped and broken it in bring- eight years, and then brought to light only by the ing it back from the field to which she had taken exertions of one individual, Captain Dillon, an her father's dinner in it, and she said she would English master of a merchant ship. Here, too, be beaten on her return home for having brok- we have the first intimation of the fate of Froen it; then, with a sudden gleam of hope, she bisher's five men---after being shrouded in mysinnocently looked up into his face, and said, tery for two hundred and eighty-five years-all “But you can mend it, can't ee?" Sir William but determined by personal inquiry among the explained that he could not mend the bowl, natives. Why not, then, be able to obtain from but the trouble he could, by the gift of a six- the same natives-that is, of the same Innnit race pence to buy another. However, on opening ---all those particulars so interesting, and many his purse, it was empty of silver, and he had to of them so important to science, concerning the make amends by promising to meet his little Lost Polar Expedition ? I was now convinced, friend on the same spot at the same hour next
more than I had ever been, that the whole mysday, and to bring the sixpence with him, bid- tery of their fate could have been, and may yet ding her meanwhile tell her mother she had be determined.---- Life with the Esquimaur." seen a gentleman who would bring her the Survey of Jerusalem.-While the survey of the money for the bowl next day. The child, en- city is proceeding, Captain Wilson has been extirely trusting him, went on her way comforted. ploring underground, and has made some imOn his return home he found an invitation portant discoveries to elucidate its ancient topoawaiting him to dine at Bath the following eve- graphy, the most important of which is the disning. to meet some one whom he specially covery of “ one of the arches of the causeway wished to see. He hesitated for some little which led from the city to the Temple, in a very time, trying to calculate the possibility of meet- good state of preservation, the span of which is ing his litile friend of the broken bowl, and between forty and fifty feet, and composed of still being in time for the dinner party in Bath. large stones like those seen in the Jewish wail. Finding this could not be, he wrote to decline ing-place.” He has also discovered another the invitation, on the plea of a “pre-engage- large cistern in the Haram or Temple area, and ment," saying to one of his family as he did so, says the whole area is perfectly honeycombed "I can not disappoint her, she trusted me so im- with passages and cisterns; and he had himself plicitly."
lowered eighty-two feet down a well, which is A Chinese Dinner. A traveler recently ar
in what was formerly the Valley of the Cheeserived from Pekin, gives the following descrip- mongers, and followed the stream for a contion of a Chinese dinner :-" The first course siderable distance till he came to the spring, consisted of a kind of square tower formed of with some steps down into it, which were cut slices of breast of goose, and of a fish which the in the solid rock.- Colonel James, of the Ord. Chinese call · cow's head,' with a large dish of nance Survey Office. hashed tripe, and hard eggs of a dark color Steel-Pen Making at Birmingham.—A quick sepreserved in lime. Next came grains of pick- male worker will cut out in one day of ten led wheat and barley, shell-fish unknown in working hours 250 gross, or 36,000 pens, which Europe, enormous prawns, preserved ginger, involves 72,000 distinct motions of the aim, two and fruits. All these are eaten with ivory in every second.- Report of Children's Enploychopsticks, which the guests bring with them. ment Commission. On grand occasions the first dish is always In the last advices from Senegal, that country birds'-nest soup, which consists of a thick gela- is reported as infested by locusts in numbers tinous substance. Small cups are placed round larger than ever, and a fact is mentioned wbich the tureen, each containing a different kind of enables readers at a distance to judge of the
The second course was a ragout of sea- prodigious swarms. A French steamer, with snails. At Macao these are white, but at Ningpo the governor on board, was lying in the river, they are green, viscous, and slippery, by no when a swarm of locusts passed, flying inland, means easy to pick up with small sticks. 'l'heir | in such inconceivable numbers as completely taste resembles that of the green fat of turtle. to hide the shore from the company in the vesThe snails were followed by a dish of the file h sel. It was, in fact, a dense cloud of locusts, covering the skull of sturgeons, which is very forty-five miles long, which occupied from suncostly, as several heads are required to make rise to sunset in passing. As an illustration of even a small dish. Next was a dish of sharks the proverb concerning an ill-wind, we read fins mixed with slices of pork, and a crab salad ; further, that while this invasion of lucusts filled after these a stew of plums and other fruit, the the black farmers with despair, the Moors, who acidity of which is considered a corrective for are not agriculturists, were in high spirits, as the viscous fat of the fish ; then mushrooms,' they kill and preserve large quantities of the inpulse, and ducks' tongues, which last are con- sects for food.-Leisure Ilour.