« AnteriorContinuar »
A SKETCH BY THE EDITOR.
among flower-beds, corn and potatoes are now grown.
LORD STRATFORD DE REDCLIFFE. I went down into the park, the sun was setting behind Blois, it was a won Tre name of this distinguished Nobledrously mild evening, which harmonized man is widely known and highly honored with my feelings. Everything was still among all the leading governments of around me, and the château seemed Europe, and the United States. At only to be a vast hermitage in the soli- nearly every Court of Europe of any tude of the forest. “Oh, Count de political importance, his Lordship has, Chambord,” I said pensively to myself, at one time or another in the long and
may your end be like this sunset, brilliant career of his diplomatic lite May you never crave for a throne, round of some fifty years, filled the office of which the tempests of revolution howl; Ambassador or Minister plenipotentiary let this nation complete its destiny at its as the representative of the English govown risk.
Your life is tranquil, and ernment. In additon to this, he has been sympathy stands reverentially on the sent on special missions for the adjustment road along which you wander in exile, of difficult questions and treaties so let your end be tranquil too. Since national importance requiring consumate your ancestor Louis XVI. died on the skill and judgment. The fact that the scaffold, since you went into exile, the English government under different cabworld of the new era bas grown recon- inet Ministers has so often called for his ciled with your race, and the revolution eminent talents and services for so long grants you the peaceful happiness of a period, furnishes ample proof of the this life. Be contented with a crown of high estimation in which he is held sorrow, do not listen to the false sugges- among the statesmen of the old world. tions of so-called royalists, who play a Perhaps no Ambassador from a foreign daring game
court, was ever regarded and treated employ your person for their own with higher respect and consideration by profit.
the government of the Sublime Porte, I spent the night here. The next than Lord Stratford de Redcliffe. Six morning I visited the pretty village times—from 1810 to 1858—he had gone church, which has been rebuilt at the as Ambassador to that court at Constancount's expense. He spends the entire tinople. He was present at the celebraincome of the estate-eighty thousand ted Congress of Vienna, in 1814, by francs—in preserving and restoring the order of the English government, to aid chăteau: owing to the smallness of the by his counsels in adjusting the affairs of sum, the works progress very slowly. Europe at the close of the long wars of The glass paintings in the windows rep- the old Napoleon, and perhaps is the only resent St. Clotilde, and Queen Blanca, survivor of that renowned Congress. mother of St. Louis, as well as St. He was Ambassador at Washington in Henri and Charlemagne. It may be 1820, when John Quincy Adams was asked what the last does here. In the Secretary of State, with whom he atfirst place, the Catholic Church made him tempted the adjustment of the boundary a saint, and, secondly, he is reckoned in questions, which, though the treaty passFrănce a French emperor, an ancestor of ed the House of Lords, yet failed at the Count de Chambord, according to the Washington. The sun of his bright and Legitimists. Lilies and H's are every- useful life in the public service still shines where painted on the walls and ceiling. luminous upon his path. His place in In this solitude a monastic silence con- the House of Lords is still well filled and stantly rules. I sat down and thought honored by his presence and counsels. over the varied scenes which I had wit- We make these few obvious statements nessed during my wanderings in Brittany concerning the character and history and the Vendée, and saw how history of this distinguished nobleman in connecburied a dynasty. It was thus I bade tion with his fine Portrait, which adorns farewell to Chambord.
our present number of the Eclectic. We are sure many of our readers who are familiar with his name and public servi
ces will be gratified to possess so good a the Treaty of Alliance between the nineportrait of his face and form. In regard teen cantons, which eventually became to its accuracy and truthfulness, we may the basis of their federal compact. In be permited to say, that it has been care- 1820 having been sworn a member of his fully engraved for the Eclectic by Mr. majesty's Privy Council, he was accredPerine, from a portrait which his Lord- ited as envoy extraordinary and minister ship kindly gave us, at our request at plenipotentiary to the United States, and his house in London, last summer, 1864. remained at Washington for three years ; The kindness of his manner was only during which time he had an opportuequalled by the affluence of his instruc- nity of obtaining correct knowledge of tive conversation of historic interest, on the details of the various questions which the past and present current events on had been left for future adjustment beboth sides of the Atlantic.
tween the two governments by the treaty We beg to record also a brief outline of Ghent. At the end of 1824, Mr. biographical sketch of his lordship, for Stratford Canning was sent to St. Petersthe interest of the reader. Viscount burg on a special mission, having referStratford Canning is the fourth son of ence to the Greek troubles, and another Stratford Canning, Esq., merchant of also to the Emperor of Austria. After London, and first cousin to the late Right accomplishing the duties of these misHonorable George Canning and of the sions he proceeded to Constantinople, first Lord Garvagh, and is descended from having been appointed ambassador
younger branch of the ancient family of extraordinary and plenipotentiary to Canning of Foxcote, in the county of that court on the 10th of October, Warwick. He was born in London, 1825. Here he lost no occasion of neJanuary 6th, 1788, and received his early gotiating with the sultan in favor of education on the foundation at Eton, the Greek nation, whose heroic exerwhere he rose to the captaincy of the tions and horrible sufferings had engagschool. He was admitted a scholar of ed alike the admiration and sympathy of King's College, Cambridge, in 1806, but men of all nations and of all parties; but quitted the university in the following his appeals were unfortunately without year, without having taken a degree, on avail. The obdurate sultan could pardon, being appointed a précis writer in the but would not treat with men whom he Foreign Office under his cousin; and in looked upon as his slaves. Under these the same year he accompanied Mr. Merry circumstances, the three powers—Engas secretary on his embassy to Denmark land, France, and Russia-determined and Sweden. In 1808 he was despatch- upon concerting more effectually for tered as secretary to Sir Robert Adair's minating a condition of things which had special mission to the Dardanelles, for become a scandal to all Europe. In 1827 the purpose of negotiating terms of peace Mr. Canning returned to England for a between England and the Porte, which time, and in the July of that year was had been forcibly interrupted in 1807; signed the treaty of London, by which an object which was eventually accom- the three powers agreed to tender to the plished by the treaty signed January 5, Sublime Porte their mediating offices to1809. These negotiations were secretly wards putting an end to the internal war opposed by both France and Russia ; but and establishing the relations which the Sultan Mohammed remained firm to ought to exist between Turkey and the the interests of Britain. In the following people of Greece, and in event of such April Mr. Canning was made secretary mediation being rejected, to interfere of legation at the Porte, and on the re- by force in the matter. The reply of the call of Sir Robert Adair in 1810 was ac- Porte was a refusal, and was immediatecredited minister plenipotentiary at that ly followed by active measures of coercourt. This important post he retained cion. The battle of Navarino, on the till 1812, when he returned to England policy of which so much discussion and and took the degree of M. A. by royal debate has taken place, was fought in letters at King's College, Cambridge. September 1827, and the allied powers In 1814 he was appointed envoy to Switz- resolved to take the Greek vation under erland, and assisted in the formation of their protection, and consulted on the
propriety and means of establishing it as Shrewd to detect the schemes of that an independent state. Mr. Canning, on government, he met them when discovthe part of the British government, took ered with a bold and resolute front. In an active share in the inquiries and delib- the dispute between the Porte and the erations necessary towards this result. In Court of Russia, Lord Stratford de Red1829 he had conferred upon him the dis- cliffe gave to the Porte the full extent tinction of a Civil Knight Grand Cross of the moral support at his command, of the Bath for these and former diplo- without compromising his government matic services. He had been already beyond the point to which his instrucelected for the borough of Old Sarum, tions warranted him. When, in May, and shortly afterwards was chosen to re- 1854, the Foreign Secretary of the Porte present the since disfranchised constitu- consulted him, in common with the reency of Stockbridge, Hants. In October presentatives of France and Austria, in 1831 he was again despatched on a spe- reference to the ultimatum of Prince Mencial mission to the Ottoman Porte, for zikoff
, the reply was one leaving the Otthe purpose of treating upon and defin- toman governinent free to adopt and deing the future boundaries of the kingdom clare its own line of policy; but that line of Greece, which were eventually settled of policy being once adopted, and anaccording to his recommendations in nounced to the British ambassador, the 1829. The result was another treaty latter did not hesitate to express his apsigned at London, on May 7th, 1832, be- proval of it and to promise the friendly tween the same three powers, and rati- offices of his governinent. Independentfied by Bavaria on the 27th of the same ly of the more important political quesmonth, upon the basis of which Prince tions bearing upon European relations, Otho of Bavaria accepted and ascended to which Lord Stratford has never been the throne of Greece. In the same year blind, and of the part which he has taken Sir Stratford Canning was deputed upon in transactions connected therewith, too a special mission to the courts of Madrid numerous for us to mention, there have and Lisbon, the latter of which however been very many occasions on which he he did not visit. In December 1834 he has been the means of promoting the ends was again elected to Parliament, this of humanity, religious freedom and intime for King's Lynn, Norfolk, which he tellectual progress. Owing to his succontinued to represent down to the month cessful representations, the infliction of of January 1842. In 1836 and again in torture was prohibited in the Turkish 1841 the ministry of Lord Melbourne of- dominions; to him is due the abolition fered to him, though politically opposed of the penalty of death, formerly inflictto them, the governorship-general of ed upon renegades—that is, Christians Canada, the acceptance of which howev- who, having embraced the Mohammedan er he declined. Towards the close of the belief, reverted to Christianity; also the year 1841 he was appointed a third time appointment of the mixed courts for the as ambassador at Constantinople, in suc- trial of civil and criminal causes in which cession to the late Lord Ponsonby: this Europeans are concerned, and the receppost he has held under each successive tion therein of the testimony of Chrisministry down to 1857. In April 1852 tians upon an equal footing with that of he was elevated to the peerage as Vis- Mohammedans; he likewise procured, in count Stratford de Redcliffe, a title which 1845, a firman for the establishment of he chose to mark his paternal descent the first Protestant chapel in the British from William Cannynge, the “pious Consulate at Jerusalem; and in 1855 founder of the Church of St. Marye Red- another firman, establishing the religious clyffe," at Bristol.
and political freedom of all descriptions The policy of Lord Stratford in Turkey of Protestants throughout the Turkish has been manly and consistent. Consid- empire—for which he has received niemoering the integrity of the Ottoman power rials of thanks from the representatives to be essential to the permanent relations of various bodies of Protestants. To of Europe, he gave a firm support to the scientific discovery Lord Stratford has independent policy of the Porte, against always lent his valuable aid. In 1845, the attacks and machinations of Russia. when Mr. Layard could not find a