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Hunter. WASHINGTON_Roger S. Greene. WYOMING—James B. Sener. DISTRIOT
OF COLUMBIA— David K. Cartter, Chief Justice, $4,500. Alexander B. Hagner,
Walter S. Cox, Charles P. James, Andrew Wylie, Arthur McArthur, Associates,
$4,000 each.
Court of Claims.

Salary. O. D. Drake, Missouri, Chief Justice..

.$4,500

4,500 Glenni W. Scofield, Pennsylvania .

4,500 Charles C. Nott, New York..

4,500 William A. Richardson, Mass..

4,500 J. C. Bancroft Davis, New York....

4,600 Archibald Hopkins, Clerk...

3,000 John Randolph, Assistant Clerk...

2.000 Court of Commissioners of Alabama Claims. Presiding Justice-HEZEKIAR G, WELLS.

.$6,000 Judge-James Harlan, of Iowa....

6,000 Judge-Asa French, of Mass....

6.000

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.

Salary. . $3,000

1,800 2,000 2,000 2,000

Commissioner of Agriculture-GEORGE B. LORING, of Massachusetts .
Chief Clerk-E. A. Carman, of New Jersey...
Statistician-C. Worthington, of Maryland.
Entomologist-C. V. Riley.
Chemist-Peter Collier, of Vermont...
Superintendent of Botanical Gardens-Wm. Saunders, of Pennsylvania..
Superintendent of Seed Room-A. Glass, of Dist. of Columbia....
Botanist G. Vasey, of Illinois
Librarian-E. H. Stevens, of Louisiana
Disbursing Clerk--B. F. Fuller, of Illinois

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE:

Halary. 3,600

Congressional Printer- STERLING P. ROUNDS, of Illinois
Chief Clerk-A. F. Childs, of Dist. Columbia..

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION.

Commissioner of Education-Gen. JOHN EATON, Jr., of Tenn....
Chief Clerk-Charles Warren.....
Translator-Herman Jacobson..

Salary . $3,000

1,800

UNITED STATES MINT AND BRANCHES

Bela

do

A. Landon Snowden, Superintendent Philadelphia
Thomas C, Acton,

New York..
Henry L. Dodge,

do San Francisco, Cal. Henry S. Foote,

do New Orleans, La. James Crawford,

do Carson City, Nev.
Calvin J. Cowles, Assayer Charlotte, N.C.....
Herman Silver, do Denver, Col....
Wm. Penn Prescott, do Carson City, Nev..
Albert Walters, do Boise City, Idaho...
Charles Rumley, do Helena, Montana.
Benjamin F. Flanders, Treasurer, New Orleans, LA.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH OF THE GOVERNMENT.

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The National Legislature consists of a Senate of two members from each State, making the full Senate now consist of seventy-six members, and a House of Representatives, now having two hundred and ninety-three members. The Senators are chosen by the Legislatures of their several @tates, for a term of six years, either by concurrent vote or by joint ballot, as the State may prescribe. The members of the House of Representatives are usually elected by a plurality vote in districts of each State, whose bounds are prescribed by the Legislature, for the term of two years. In a few instances they have been elected at large : i.e., by the plurality vote of the entire State.

The Constitution requires nine years' citizenship to qualify for admission to the Senate, and seven years to the House of Representatives. An act approved July 26, 1866, requires the Legislature of each State which shall be chosen next preceding the expiration of any Senatorial term, on the second Tuesday after its first meeting, to eiect a successor, each House nominating viva voce, and then convening in Joint Assembly to compare nominations. In case of agreement, such person shall be declared duly elected; and if they do not agree, then balloting to continue from day to day at 12 M. during the session until choice has been made Vacancies are to be filled in like manner. The members of each House receive a salary of $5,000 per annum, and actual mileage at twenty cents per mile. For each day's absence, exccpt when caused by sickness, $8 per diem is deducted from the salary. The Speaker of the House of Representatives receives $10,000.

CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS.

The House of Representatives of the United States is composed of moonbers elected by Districts. The number apportioned to the Statea bas varied at each decennial census, as shown by the following Table : Censua When Apportioned.

Whole No. Rop.

Ratio, One to
By Constitution...

65..
1790.
April 14, 1792.

105.

33,000 1800.

Jan. 14,
1802.
14

23,008 1810.

Dec. 21,
1811.
181

33,000
1820
March 7, 1822.

22.

40,00€ 1920

.May 22,
1832.
240.

46,700 18.10.

June 25,
1842.
223.

70,6
.July 30, 1852.

93,435 April 1801.

........127,000 Dec. 1871.

281

........142.000 1880

1882.
825

.154,816

233..........
242...

Mar. -,

Presidents under the Federal Constitution.

Age

Age at Years
Names.
Inaugurated. Born. Inaugu in

Died.

at ration. office.

Death 1. Goorge Washington, of Virginia .. | April 30, 1789 1732 57

8 Dec. 14, 1799 68 2. John Adams, of Massachusetts Mar. 4-1797 1735 62

4 3. Thomas Jefferson. of Virginia .

July 4–1826 91 Mar. 4-1801 1743 58

8 '4. James Madison, of Virginia

July 4—1826 83 Mar. 4–1809 1751 58

8 June 23, 1836 85 5. James Monroe, of Virginia

Mar. 4-1817 1759 58

8 July 4–1831 72 18. John Quincy Adams, of Mass. Mar. 4—1825 1767 58

Feb. 23, 1948 80 7. Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee.. Mar. 4—1829 1767 62

8 June 8-1845 78 8. Martin Van Buren, of New York Mar. 4–1837 1782 55

4 July 24, 1862 79 9. William Henry Harrison, of Obio. Mar. 4-1841 1773 68 10. John Tyler, of Virginia, Vice-Pres

April 4, 1841 63 ident, succeeded President Harrison, who died April 4, 1841... Apr. 4--1841 1790 57

Jan. 17, 1862 79 11. James K. Polk, of Tennessee Mar. 4—1845 1795 49

4 June 15, 1849 54 12. Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana. Mar. 4-1849 1784 65

1 13. Millard Fillmore, of N. Y., Vice

July 9—1850 66 President, succeeded Pres. Taylor, who died July 9, 1850...,

July 9—1850 1800 50

3 Mar, &_1874 74 14. Franklin Pierce, of N. Hampshire Mar. 4—1853

1804 49

Oct. 8-1869 65 15. James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania Mar. 4—1857 1791 65

4 June 1-'1869 77 16. Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois. Mar. 4-1861 1809

52

4 17. Andrew Johnson, Vice-President,

April 15, 1865 56 succeeded President Lincoln, who was assassinated April 14, 1865 ... Apr. 15–1865 1808 57

4 July 31,1675 07 18. Ulysses S. Grant, of Illinois

Mar. 4-1869 1802 47 19. Rutherford B. Hayes, of Ohio.... Mar. 4–1877 1822 1 55 20. James A. Garfield, of Ohio.

Mar.4-1881 1831

49

12 Sept. 19, 1881 50 21. Chester A. Arthur, of N. Y., Vice

President, succeeded President
Garfield, who was assasinated July
, but lived till Sept. 19, 1881 Sep.22—1881

1825
Vice-Presidents.

1

Names.

Inaugurated.

Born.

Died.

1. John Adams, of Massachusetts

1789

1735 2. Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia

1797

1743 3. Aaron Burr, of New York

1801

1756 4. George Clinton, of New York

1805

1739 5. Elbridge Gerry, of Massachusetts.

1813

1744 6. Daniel D. Tompkins, of New York

1817

1744 7. John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina.

1825

1782 8. Martin Van Buren, of New York..

1833

1782 9. Richard M. Johnson, of Kentucky

1837

1780 10. John Tyler, of Virginia ...

1841

1790 11. George M. Dallas, of Pennsylvania

1845

1792 12. Millard Fillmore, of New York.

1849

1800 13. William R. King, of Alabama..

1853

1786 14. John C. Breckenridge, of Kentucky

1857

1821 15. Hannibal Hamlin, of Maine.

1861

1809 16. Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee

1865

1808 17. Schuyler Colfax, of Indiana.

1869

1823 18. Henry Wilson, of Massachusetts..

1873

1812 19. William A. Wheeler, of New York..

1877 20. Chester A. Arthur, of New York..

1881
Chief Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States.

1826 1826 1836 1812 1814 1825 1850 1862 1850 1862 1865 1874 1853 1875

167

1875

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Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States.

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Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the U. S. (Continuod.)

Namo.

Stato.

Term of
Service.

Born.

Died.

1741 1759 1755 1771 1757 1765 1779 1751 1767 1776 1785 1779 1786 1779 1786

Bam vel Chase.
Busbrod Washington.
Alfred Mooro
William Johnston
Brockholst Livingston
Thomas Todd
Joseph Story:
Gabriel Duval.
Smith Thompson.
Robert Trimblo
John McLean.
Henry Baldwin
James M. Wayne
Philip H. Barbour.
John Catron
John McKinley,
Peter V. Daniel.
Samuel Nelson.
Lovi Woodbury.
Robert C. Grier.
Benjamin R Curtis..
James A. Campbell
Nathan Clifford
Noah H. Swaypo.
Samuel F. Miller
David Davis..
Stephen J. Field
Winiam Strong
Joseph P. Bradley
Ward Hant..
John M. Harlan
William B. Woods.
Stanley Matthews..
Horace Gray.
Samuel Blatchford..

Maryland
Virginia
North Carolina.
South Carolina.
New York
Kentucky..
Massachusetts
Maryland
New York
Kentucky.
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Georgia
Virginia
Tennesseo
Alabama.
Virginia
New York
New Hampshire
Pennsylvania..
Massachusetts
Alabama
Maino
Ohio..
Iowa
Illinois.
California
Pennsylvania
New Tersey
New York
Kentucky
Alabama
Ohio.
Mass
New York...

1796-1811
17981829
1799-1804
1804–1834
1806-1823
1807-1826
1811-1845
1811-1835
1823-1845
1826-1829
1829-1861
1830-1846
1835-1867
1836-1841
1837-1865
1837–1852
1841–1860
1845-1851
1845—1851
1846—1870
1851-1857
1853--1856
1858-1891
1862-1881
1862
1862-1877
1863-
1870-1892
1870
1872-1882
1877
1881
1881
1882
1882

1811 1829 1810 1834 1823 1826 1845 1844 1845 1829 1861 1846 1867 1841 1865 1852 1860 1863 1851 1870

1881

1785 1792 1790 1794 1809 1802 1803 1805 1816 1815 1817 1809 1813 1811 1814

APPORTIONMENT OF REPRESENTATIVES.

NEW APPORTIONMENT BILL. Be it enacted, dcc., That after the 3d of March, 1883, the House of Representatives shall be composed of 325 members, to be apportioned amocg the several States as follows: Alabama. 8 Illinois.

20 | Massachusetts.. 12 New Jersey.... ? South Carolina ? Arkansas, 5 Indiana

18 Michigan.... 11 New York...... 84 Tennessee..... 10 Californis. 6 Iowa

11 | Minnesota
5 North Carolina. 9 Texas..

11 Colorado 1 Kansas. 7 Mississippi.

7 Ohio.

21 Vermont.. Connecticut 4 Kentucky 11 | Missouri 14 i Oregon.

1 | Virginia.. .... 10 Delaware ......

1 Louisiana. 6 | Nebraska 3 Pennsylvania .. 28 West Virginia. 4 Florida.. 2 | Maine.. 4 Nevada

1 Rhode Island... 2 Wisconsin 9 Georgia......... 10 Maryland 6 | New Hampshire 2

SEO.2. That whenever a new State is admitted to the Union, the Representative or Representa ives assigned to it shall be in addition to the number, 325. SEC. 3. That in each State entitled under this

apportionment, the number to which such State may bo entitled in the Forty-eighth and each subsequent Congress, shall be elected by districts composed of contiguous territory, and containing

as nearly as practicable an equal number of inhabitants, and equal in number to the Re resentatives to wbich such State may be entitled in Congress, no one dis. trict electing more than one Representative; provided, that upless the Legislature of such state ihall otherwise provide, before the election of such Representatives shall take place as provided by law, where no change shall be hereby made in the representation of a State, the Representatives thereof to the Forty-eighth Congress shall be elected therein as now provided by law. If the number 18 hereby provided for shall be larger than it was before this change, then the additional Representative of Representatives allowed to said State, under this apportionment may be elected by the State at large, and the other Represe tatives to which the State is entitled by the districts as now prescribed by law in said State, and if the number hereby provided

for shall in any State be

less than it was before the change hereby made, then the whole number to such State hereby provided for shall pe elected at large,

unless the Legislatures of said States have provided or shall otherwise provide before the time ixed by law for the next election of Representatives therein.

Expense of maintaining the government, not including the interest on the bonds, for each year from 1861 to 1880:

June 30, 1862.

1863 1864. 1865. 1866. 1867. 1868. 1869. 1870.

$570,841,700 25
714, 709,995 58
865,234,087 86
1,290,312,982 41
1,141,072,666 09

346,729,124 33
377,340,284 00
321,490,597 75
309,653,560 75

June 30, 1871...

1872. 1973.. 1874.. 1875.. 1876. 1877. 1878. 1879. 1880.

$292,177,188 25 270,559,695 91 262, 254, 216 97 302,633,873 76 268,447,543 76 258,459,797 10 238,660,008 93 236,964,326 80 161,619,933 63 109,090,002 25

STATS DE BS.

MANUFACTURING STATISTICS,

1880.

AGRICULTURAL WEALTH, 1880.

BTATES AND

TERRITORIES.
Alabama .........
2 Arkansas ............
3 California
4 Colorado
8 Connecticut.
6 Delaware ............
7 Florida ..............
8 Georgia .
9 Illinois
10 Indiana .........
11 Jowa
12 Kansas ..............
13 Kentucky
14 Louisiana
15 Maine .....
16 Marvland.
17 Massachusetts..
18 Michigan
19 Minnesota
20 Mississippi.
21 Missouri
22 Nebraska ....
23 Nevada ...
24 New Hampshire.
25 New Jersey
26 New York
27 North Oarolina.
23 Ohio
29 Oregon
30 Pennsylvania ..
31 Rhode Island.
32 South Carolina.
33 Tennessee
34 Texas
35 Vermont
36 Virginia.
37 West Virginia
38 Wisconsin

VALUATION OF PROPERTY, 1880.

TATES, Nor NA

TIONAL, OF EACH

TRUE, 1880.
ASSESID.

STATE.
Total.

Real Estate. Personal Real & Pers'l Eat. Totals.
$122,867,228 $77,374,008 $45,493,220 $207,651 878 $2,982,929
86,409,364 86,760,388 30,648,976

173,162,873 2,866,890
684,678,036 466.273,585 118,304,451 1,278,963.125 7,817,115

74,471,678 35,604,197 38,867,496 156,821,786 362,197
327,177,385 228,791,267 98,386,118 805, 234,181 6,064.843
69,951,643 69,302,739 9,348,904 103,759,295

418,092
30.938,309 18,885,151 12,053,158 61,643,117

496,166
239,472,599 139,982,941 99,488,658 812,067,203 2,627,029
786,616,394 675,441,053 211,175,341 3,144,108,319 21,825,008
727,815,131 638,683,239 189,131,892 1,654,217,825 10,791,121
308,671,251 297,254,342 101,416,909 1,027,173,289 9,055,614
160,891,689 108,432,049 52,459,640 339,263,122 2,673,992
350,503,971 265,085,908 85,478,063 683,718,297 5,730,118
160.162,439 122,362,297 37,800,142 325,128,726 7,060,522
235,978,716 173,356,272 62,622,474 361,274,183 5,348,645
497,307,675 868,442,913 128,864,762 1,092,681,547 6,632,842
1,684,756,802 1,111,160,072 473,596,730 2,817.291,666 24,922,900
617,884,359 433,063,561 84,820,798 1,386,583,454 5,412,927
258,028,687 203,446,781 54,581,906 709,616,297 2,648,372
110,628, 129 79,469.530 31,158,599 219,006,493 3,736,432
632,755,861 381,985,112 150,810,689 1,402 779,018 13,908,498
90,585,782 55,073,372 35,512,407 217,168,800 1,027,327
29,291,459 17,941,030 11,350,429 58,605,129

820,308
104,299,531 122.277,454 42,022.057 306,182,009 3,255,793
572,515,361 442.632,638 129,885,723 1,091,813,997 7,416,724
2,651,940,006 2,329,282,359 322,657,647 8,279,100,716 48,550,308

156, 100,202 101,709,326 54,390,876 313,251,429 2,352,809
1,534,360,508 1,093,677,705 440,682,803 3,327,698,247 23,526,548
52.522,184 32,559,996 19,937,118 105,128,334

580,956
1,683,45,016 1,540,007,957 143,451,059 4,568,299,108 24,531.297
252,536,673 188,224,459 64,312,214 329,614,903 2,170,152
133,560,135 77,461,670 56,098,465 261,827,419 2,767,675
211,778,528 195,649,200 16,131,338

513,211,791 3,381,579
320,364,515 205.308,924 114,355,591 627,196,820 1,129,577

86,806,775 71,436,823 15,370,152 229,735 207 2,135,919
308,455,135 233,601,599 74,853,536 454,186,954 4,613,798
139.622,735 105,000,306 34,622,299 199,272,183 1,722,158

438,971.759 344,788,7211 94.183.030 878637,801 5,387,970 16,774,542,264 12,976,492,063 3,708,050,201 40,014,267,070 278,391,286

Totals.

Capital Invested. Produets in 1880. Value of Farms. Products in 1880 $13,277,164

$9,668,008 $13,565,504 $67, 739.03€ $67,622,336 4,151,162

2,953,130 6,766,179 40,029,698 40,701,699 18,089,082

61,243, 7811 116,227,973 141,240,028 49,856,024 681,158

4,311,714 14,260,159 3,335, 7481 2,335,106 17,088,906

120,480,275 185,680,211 124,241,382 26,483,160 626,125

15,655,822 20,514,438 46,712,870 8,171,667 2,185,838

3,210,680 1,546,448 9,907,920 8,909,746 21,753,712

20,672,410 86,447,448 94,559,468 80,390,228 42,191,869

140, 652,066 414,864,678 920,506,346 210,860,585 7 818,7101 65,742,962 148,006,411 634,804,189 122,914,302 8,043,1331

33,957,886 71,045,926 392,652,441 114,356,441 6,442,282

11,192,315 80,790,212 90,327,040 27,630,651 18,953,484

45,813 039 75,483,377 311,238,916 87,477,374 63,087,441

11,462,468 24,205,183 68,215,421 52,006,622 16,624,624

49,984,571 79.825,893 102,961,951 33,470,044 29,032,577

58,735,684 106,771,393 179,369,684 35.343,927
69,211,538

303,806,185 681,811,484 116,432,784 32,192,378
6,725,231 92,930,959 150,692,025 398,240,578 81,508,623
2,788,797 31,004,811 76,065,198 97,847,442 33,446,400
2,594,415 4,727,600 7,495,802 81,716,576 73,137,953
46,909,865

72,507,844 165,384,005 392,908,047 103,035,759
2,089,264

4,881,150 12,627,3861 30,242,186 8,604,742
1,986,093

1,323,300 2,179,626 1,485,505 1,659,713
11,153,373 51,112,263 73,978,0281 80,589,313 22,473,547
22,854,304 106,226,593 254,378,236 257,523,376 42,125,198
150,808,234 514, 246,575 1,080,638,696 1,272,857,766 253,526,133
22,474,036 13,045,639 201,084,237 78,211,083 57,845,940
22,241,988 138,9:39,614 848,305,90 1,054,465, 226 198,256,907

218,480 6234,256 10,879,982 22,352,989 7,122,790
89,027,131 474,499,903 744 748,048 1,063,481,582 183,946,027

5,938,612 75,575,943 104,163,621 21,574,968 4,761,163
13.075, 229 11,205,894 16,788,008 44,308,763 41,909,402
48,827,191 20,092,845 37,074,886 218,743,747 86,472,887

1,613,907 9,245,561 20,719,928 60,149,950 49,185,170
3,594,700 23,265,224 81,854,366

139,367,075 34,647,027
55,921,255 26,968,990 01,810,692 213,020,845 61,774,800

561,7671 13,883,390 22,867,126 101,604,381 23,379,692
5,903,532 73,821,802 128,245,480 300,414,064 78,027,032
864,785,067

20

State Debts ; Capital Invested in and Product of Manufactures in 1880. Assessed and true Valuation of Properly in the United States in 1880 ; Taxes of each State and Territoryf

VALUATION OF PROPERTY IN THE UNITED STATES IN 1880.

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