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PUBLIO DEBT OF THE UNITED STATES.

JANUARY 1, 1883.

Debt bearing Interest.

Bonds at 3 per cento.
Bonds at 3 per cent......
Bonds at 41 per cent...
Bonds at 4 per cent..
Refunding Certificates..
Navy Pension Fund..

$99,326,200 00 289,663,950 00 250,000,000 00 738,950,560 00

404,750 00 14,000,000 00

Principal...

$1,392,245,450 00 Interest...

12,067,188 00 * Continued at 37 per cent,

Debt on which Interest has ceased since Maturity. Principal..

$14,887,010 00 Interest.....

446,810 00 Deht bearing no Interest. Old Demand and Legal-Tender Notes.....

$346,740,311 00 Certificates of Deposit..

9,585,000 00 Fractional Currency.

7,022,074 00 Gold and Silver Certificates..

137,468,500 On

Principal......

$800,815,885 00 Unclaimed Pacific R. R. Interest ...

6,340 00 Amount of Fractional Currency estimated as lost or destroyed..... 8,375,934 00

Total Debt. Principal...

$1,907,948,350 00 Interest.

12,519,347 00

Total....

$1,920,467,697 00 Cash in Treasury. Total Cash in Treasury, at date....

$312,924,016 00 Debt less Cash in the Treasury, December 1, 1875

.$2,117,917,132 67 Debt less Cash in the Treasury, December 1, 1876

2,089,336,099 42 Debt less Cash in the Treasury, December 1, 1877

2,046,027,065 94 Debt less Cash in the Treasury, December 1, 1878

2,027,414,325 79 Debt less Cash in the Treasury, December 1, 1879

2,016,049,722 83 Debt less Cash in the Treasury, October 1, 1880 .

1,915,594,183 00 Debt less Cash in the Treasury, December 1, 1881

1,778,285,340 00 Debt less Cash in the Treasury, March 1, 1882..

. 1.,742,729,369 00 Debt less Cash in the Treasury, January 2, 1883.

1,607,543,676 00 Bonds to Pacific Railway Companies, Interest payable in Lawful Money. Principal outstanding.....

$64,623,612 00 'Interest accrued and not yet paid..

1,938,705 00 Interest paid by the United States,

55,344,683 00 Interest repaid by Transportation of Mails, etc.

16,123,860 00 By Cash Payments 5 per cent. net earnings..

655,199 00 Balance of Interest paid by the United States.

38,565,623 00

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Balance of Interest paid by the United States, $38,565,623.

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* In the summer of 1881, all the 5 and 6 per cent. Bonds due at that time were made payable at the pleasure of the Government at 332 per cent., or paid at maturity. The Bonds returned to the holders at 8% per cent., amounted to $566.957,400. These have since been refunded into 3 per cents., or paid. off, till, at this time, lanuary, 1883, there are only 99,323,200 of the 3% per cent. extended Bonde out standing.

'PUBLIC DEBT AT ITS MAXIMUM_CURRENCY AT ITS COIN VALUE.

The public debt reached its maximum on August 31, 1865, when it amounted to $2,845,907,626, composed as follows: Funded debt..

$1,109,568,193 Matured debt....

1,503,020 Temporary loans..

107,148,713 Certificates of debt..

85,093,000 Five per cent. legal-tender notes...

33,954,230 Compound-interest legal-tender notes..

217,024,160 Seven-thirty notes....

830,000,000 United States notes, (legal tenders)..

433,160,569 Fractional Currency...

26,344,742 Suspended requisitions uncalled for. .

2,111,000

Total.....

$2,845,907,626

Of these obligatioms $684,138,959 were a legal-tender in the payment of all debts, public and private, except customs, duties and interest on the pubic debt.

The amount of legal-tender notes, demand notes, fractional currency, and national currency, and national bank notes, outstanding on August 31, 1866, and annually thereafter, from January 1, 1866, to January 1, 1883, are shown by the following table, together with the currency price of gold, and the gold price of currency, at each date:

Date.

United States Issue.

Notes of na

tional banks
Old
Legal-tender Demand

Fractional including
Notes.

Currency. Gold Notes.
Notes.

Aggregate.

Cur'ncy price
of $100 Gold.

Gold price of $100 Currency

Jan.

1, 1870

Aug. 31, 1865 $432,757,604 $402,965 $26,344,742 $176,213,955 $635,719,266 $144 25 $69 32 Jan. 1, 1866 425,839,319 392 070

26,000,420 298,588,419 750,820,228 144 50 69 20 Jan. 1, 1867

380,276,160 221,682 28,732,812 299,846,206 709,076,860 133 00 75 18 Jan.

1, 1868 356,000,000 159,127 31,597,583 299,747,569 687,504,279 133 23 75 64

1, 1869 355,892,975 128,098 34,215, 715 299,629,322 689,866,110135 00 74 07 Jan

356,000,000 113,098 39,762,664 | 299,904,029 693,779,791 120 00 83 33 1 Jan. 1, 1871

356,000,000 101,086 39,995,089 206,307,672 702,403,847 110 75 90 29 Jan.

1, 1872 357,500,000 92,801 40,767,877 328,465,431 | 726,826,109 | 109 50 91 32 Jan. 1, 1873 358,557,907

84,387 45,722,061 | 344,582,812 748,947,167 | 112 00 89 28 Jan.

1, 1874 378,401,702 79,637 48,544,792 350,848,236 | 777,874,367 | 110 25 90 70 Jan. 1, 1875 382,000,000 72,317 46,390,598 | 354,128,250 782,591,165 112 50 88 89 1, 1876

371,827,220 69,642 44,147,072 346,479,756 762,523,690 | 112 75 88 69 Jan. 1, 1877 366,055,084 65,462 26,348,206 321,595,606 714,064,358 | 107 00 93 40 Jan. 1, 1878

349,943,776 63,532 17,764,109 321,672,505 689,443,922 102 87 97 21 Xov. 1, 1878

346,681,016 62,065 16,211,193 322,460,715 635,414,989 100 25 99 75 ec. 1, 1881

346,681,016 69,960 / 7,093,129 361.220.003 | 715,054,108 | 100 00 100 00 March 1, 1382 | 346,681,016 59,875 | 7,065,878 361 4.786 714,821.555 100 00

100 00 92.n. 1, 1883 | 846,691,016 | 59,295 ; 7,022,074 | 362,727,747 716,490,132 100 00 100 00

Jan.

REDUCTION OF THE NATIONAL DEBT OF THE UNITED STATES,

from March 1, 1869, to January 1, 1883.

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2,526,463,260
2,505,412,613
2,475,962,501
2,453,559,735

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2,438,328,477
2,406,562,371
2,355,921,150
2,334,308,494

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1869 Mar. 1. June 1. Sept. 1. Dec. 1.

1870 Mar. 1. June 1. Sept. 1. Dec. 1.

1871 Mar. 1. June 1. Sept. 1. Dec. 1.

1872 Mar. 1. June 1. Sept. 1. Dec. 1.

1873 Mar. 1. June 1. Sept. 1. Dec. 1.

1874
Mar. 1.
June 1.
Sept. 1.
Dec. 1.

1875
Mar. 1.
June 1.
Sept. 1.
Dec. 1.

1876
Mar. 1.
July 1.
Sept. 1.
Dec. 1.

1877
Mar. 1.
June 1.
Sept. 1.
Dec. 1.

1378
Mar. 1.
June 1.
Sept. 1.
Dec. 1.

1879
Mar. 1.
July 1.
Oct. 1.
Dec. 31.

1880
April 1.
July 1.
Oct. 1
Dec. 31.

1881
April 1.
July 1.
Dec. 1.

1882
Mar. 1.
June 1.
Oct. 2.
Dec. 1.

1883
Jan. 2.

2,320,708,846
2,299,134,184
2,274,122,560
2,248,251,367

2,114,960,306
2,099,439,344
2,095,181,941
2,089,336,099

1,873,763,593 1,840,698,812 1,778,285,340

2,225,813,497
2,193,517,378
2,177,322,020
2,160,568,030

2,088,781,143
2,063,377,342
2,055,469,779
2,046,027,066

1,742,729,369 1,701,475,157 1,654,120,224 1,622,956,900

1,607,543,676

2,157,380,700
2,149,963,873
2,140,695,365
2,150,862,053

2,042,037,120
2,035,786,841
2,029,105,020
2,027,414,326

DEBT OF EACH ADMINISTRATION.

1793..

.1805...

Washington's First Term... do Second Term.

.1797 John Adam's...

1801. Jefferson's First Term. do Second Term..

1809 Madison's First Term..

1813 do Second Term..

1817 Monroe's First Term..

. 1821 do Second Term..

1825 \John Quincy Adams.

1829 Jackson's First Term.

1833 Interest..

1836 Jackson's Second Term.

1837 Van Buren.

1841 Tyler.

,1845 Polk.

1849 Fillmore.

1853 Pierce

.1857 Buchanan.

..1861. Lincoln

..1865.. Johnson.

.January 1 1866. Johnsou.

..March 4 1869 Grant..

.March 1 1871. do

March 1 1872. do

.March 4 1873. do

March 1 1876.

March 4 1877 Hayes.

March 4 1878 do

March 1 1879 do

March 1 1880. do

.March 1 1881 Garfield and Arthur. Docember 1, 1881. Arthur ...

.January 1, 1883.

$80,352,636 82,064,479 82,038,050 82,312, 150 57,023,192 59,962,827 123,491,965 89,987,427 83,788,439 59,421,413 7,001,022

291,089 1,895,312 6,488,784 17,093,794 64,704,693 67,340,620 29,060,387

90,867,828 .2,682,593,026

2,810,310,357 .2,491,399, 904 .2,320,708,846 .2,225,813,497 .2,157,380,700 .2,114,960,306 .2,088,781,143 2,042,037,123 .2,026, 207,541 .1,996,112,221 .1,879.056.415

1,778,298,349 .1,607.543,676

do

PAPER MONEY OF THE UNITED STATES.

The amount of Legal Tender notes, Demand Notes, Fractional Currency, and National Bank Notes outstanding on August 31, 1865, and annually thereafter, from January 1, 1866, to December 1, 1882, and the amounts outstanding January 1, 1883, are shown by the following table, together with the currency price of gold and the gold price of currency at each date, prepared by the Comptroller of the Currency:

Dato

United States Issues. Notes of

National
Old De-

Banks, in. Aggregate.
Legal. Ten

Fractional
mand

cluding der Notes.

Notes.

Currency. Gold Notes.

Cur'ncy price
of $100 Gold.

$100 Currency

Aug31,1865.. $432,757,604 $402,955 $26,344,742 $176,213,955 $635,719,266 $144 25 $69 32 Jan. 1. 1866.

425,839,319 392,070 26,000,420 298,588,419 750,820,228 144 50 69 20 Jan. 1, 1867

380,276,160 221,682 28,732,812 299,846,206 709,076,860 133 00 75 18 Jan. 1, 1868.

356,000,000 159,127 31,597,583 299,747,569 687,504,219 133 25 75 04 Jan. 1, 1869.

355,892,975 128,098 34,215,715 299,629,322 689,866,110 135 00 74 07 Jan. 1, 1870

356,000,000 113,098 39,762,664 299,904,029 695,779,791 120 00 83 33 Jan. 1, 1871.

356,000,000 101,086 39,995,089 306,307,672 702,403,847 110 75 90 29 Jan. 1, 1872. 357,500,000 92,801 40,767.877 328,465,431 7:26,026,109 109 50

91 32 Jan. 1, 1873.

358,557,907 84,387 45,722,061 344,552.812 748,947,167 112 00 89 28 Jan. 1, 1874.

378,401,702 79,637 48,544,792 350,848,236 777,874 367! 110 25 90 70 Jan, 1, 1875.

382,000,000 72,317 46,390,598 354,128, 250 782,591,165 112 50 88 89 Jan. 1, 1876.

371,827,220 69,642 44,147,072 346,479,756 762,523,690 112 75 88 69 Jan. 1. 1877. 366,055,084 65,462 26,348,206 321,595, 606 714,064,358 107 00

93 46 Jan. 1, 1878.

349,943,776 63,532 17,764,109 321,672,505 689,443,922 102 87 97 21 Nov. 1, 1878..

346,681,016 62,065 16,211,193 322,460,715 685,414,989 100 25 99 75 Jan. 1, 1879.

346,681,016 62,035 16,108,155| 319,652, 121 682,503,327 100 00 100 00 Nov. 1, 1879

846,681,0161 61,865 15,710,9601 837,181,418 699,634,759 100 00! 100 00 July 1, 1880.

846,681,016] 60,975) 7,214,9541 844,505,427 | 696,462,875) 100 00 100 D April 1, 1881

346,681,016) 60,6451 7,181,978 346,456,3471 700,330,486/ 100 001 100 of March 1, 1882... 346.681,016 69,875 | 7,065,878 361,014.786 | 714,821,555 | 100,00 J 100,00 Jan. 1, 1883....

846,681,016 | 69,295 7,022,074 | 861,779,886 '715,542,721 | 100 00 I 100 00 From the organization of the U. S. Government to the 30th day of June, 1861, that day being the close of the fiscal year, the U. S. Government had called into its Treasury from the people the following sums from the following sources : Customs Revenues

$1,575,152,579 92. Land Disposed of...

175,817,961 00 Taxes and other Receipts...

95,305,322 56

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The following sums have been paid out as interest on Bonds for the past 22 years for the fiscal years ending : June 30, 1861. $6,112,296 18 June 30, 1871.

125,576,565 934 1862. 13,190,324 45

1872.

117,357,839 72 1863. 24,729,846 61

1873.

140,947,583 27 1864. 53,685,421 69

1874.

107,119,815 21 1865. 132,937,350 25

1875.

103,093,544 57 1866.. 133,067,741 69

1876,

100,243,271 23 1867. 135,034,011 04

1877.

97,124,511 58 1868. 140,424,045 00

1878.

102,500,874 65 1869. 130,694,242 80

1879.

105,327,949 00 1870. 129,235,498 001

1880,

95,757,875 11 1881.

82,508,741,18 1882

71,077,206 79

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