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THE GOVERNMENT, ARMY, NAVY, DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS, FINANCE
REVENUE, TARIFF, LAND SALES, HOMESTEAD AND NATURALIZA.
TION LAWS, DEBT, POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES, AND
EACH STATE AND CONSIDERABLE CITY, AGRICULTURAL
CONDITION, AREA FOR CULTIVATION, FOREIGN COINS
AND THEIR VALUE, FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC
POSTAGES AND LABOR TABLES, EDUCATION

AND RAILWAYS, ETC., ETC.,

MURNISHING ALL THE NECESSARY INFORMATION CONCERNING

THE COUNTRY,

FOB

THE SETTLER, THE BUSINESS MAN, THE MERCHANT, THE FARMER, THE IMPORTER & THE PROFESSIONAL MAN.

COMPILED BY

L. P. BROCKETT, M. D.,

CROARA PICAL AND STATISTICAL EDITOR OF JOHNSON'S CYCLOPEDIA.

COPYRIGHTED, 1889, BY GAYLORD WATSON.

PUBLISHED BY
GAYLORD WATSON,
878 PEARL STREET (NEAR BEEKMAN

NEW YORK.

CHICAGO:
TENNEY & WEAVER,

88 LAKE STREET.

1883.

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PREFAOE.

THE MANUAL which is now offered to purchasers in a new dress, has been published for the last ten years, solely as an accompaniment to Watson's New Railroad Map of the United States, and has never been offered to the general trade, though often sought for. The Publisher has at length determined to comply with the demand for its more general ciroulation, and at the same time adapt it to a new class of customers, those who are seeking homes for themselves in our country, and especially in the West and South.

In order to render it more worthy of the large patronage which it is certain to command, the publisher has obtained the services of an eminent Btatistician, and while retaining all those Facts and Statistics which have proved so valuable in former editions, correcting them up to date, so as to make it more acceptable than before to all those who have hitherto been interested in it, he has added all the necessary information in regard to the landed States and Territories, to enable any intending settler to decide which is the best region for him to select, how he may get there most comfortably and economically, what steps he must take to secure a perfect title to his lands, and what are in each case the best crops for him to raise, or the best business to pursue.

No Manual or Treatise of ten or twenty times the cost of this, has ever contained a quarter of the information here offered, for the intending settler, or for the enterprising mechanic or working man, who desires to make himself a new home beyond the Mississippi; and as every pains has been taken to make it perfectly accurate, and neither publisher, editor or any one else concerned has any axes to grind, or any pet project or speculation to promote in or by this work, it may be received as standard authority in all the matters of which it treats

THE PUBLISHER.

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OONTENTS.

Pia

Title......

1

Contents..

6

The General Government:—President Vice-President-State Department. 7

Diplomatio Officers....;

8

Foreign Legations in the United States.

Treasury Department.

10

War Department..

11

Navy Department.

12

Department of the Interior

13

Post Office Department..

13

Department of Justice..

14

The Judiciary......

14

Department of Agriculture-Government Printing Office Department of

Education.....

16

U. S. Mint and Branches....

16

Legislative Branch of the Government-Congressional Districts. ...... 17

Presidents under the Federal Constitution-Vice-Presidents-Chief-Jus. ,

tices of the Supreme Court- Associate Justices of the Supreme Court. 18

Apportionment of Representatives......

19

Expense of Maintaining the Government..

19

Valuation of Property, etc., in the United States.

20

Public Debt of the United States....

21

National Debt, January, 1883–Liabilities..

22

Public Debt at its Maximum-Coin and Currency Values

23

Reduction of the National Debt from March, 1869, to January, 1883.

24

Debt of each Administration....

24

Paper Money of the United States.....

25

Gold and Silver Coins-Petroleum Production-Territorial Governments.. 26

Banks and Banking in the United States ......

27

States and Savings Banks in the United States..

28

States and Savings Banks Returns.

29

Legal Interest in the States and Territories.

30

Financial and Economic Transactions of the United States, from March, 1877, to
December, 1882...

81

Rates of Postage....

32

Railroad System of the United States...

84

Difference in Time-Large Cities of the World.

83

Imports and Exports...

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