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The present money to discharge the Jew,

But, since I am a dog, beware my fangs : He would not take it: never did I know

The duke shall grant me justice. - I do wonder, A creature, that did bear the shape of man,

Thou naughty gaoler, that thou art so fond 4 So keen and greedy to confound a man :

To come abroad with him at his request. He plies the duke at morning, and at night ;

Ant. I pray thee, hear me speak. And doth impeach the freedom of the state,

Shy. I'll have my bond; I will not hear thee speak : If they deny him justice : twenty merchants, I'll have my bond; and therefore speak no more. The duke himself, and the magnificoes ?

I'll not be made a soft and dull-ey'd fool, Of greatest port, bave all persuaded with him; To shake the head, relent, and sigh, and yield But none can drive him from the envious plea

To Christian intercessors. Follow not ; Of forfeiture, of justice, and his bond.

I'll have no speaking ; I'll have my bond. Jes. When I was with him, I have heard him swear,

(Exit SHYLOCK. To Tubal, and to Chus, his countrymen,

Salan. It is the most impenetrable cur, That he would rather have Antonio's flesh,

That ever kept with men. Than twenty times the value of the sum


Let him alone; That he did owe him: and I know, my lord,

I'll follow him no more with bootless prayers. If law, authority, and power deny not,

He seeks my life ; his reason well I know;
It will go hard with poor Antonio.

I oft deliver'd from his forfeitures
Por. Is it your dear friend, that is thus in trouble? Many that have at times made moan to me

Bass. The dearest friend to me, the kindest man, Therefore he hates me.
The best condition'd and unwearied spirit


I am sure the duke In courtes ; and one in whom

Will never grant this forfeiture to hold. The ancient Roman honour more appears,

Ant. The duke cannot deny the course of law; Than any that draws breath in Italy.

For the commodity that strangers have Por. What sum owes he the Jew ?

With us in Venice, if it be denied, Bass. For me, three thousand ducats.

Will much impeach the justice of the state ; Por.

What, no more? | Since that the trade and profit of the city Pay him six thousand, and deface the bond; Consisteth of all nations. Therefore, go : Double six thousand, and then treble that,

These griefs and losses have so 'bated me, Before a friend of this description

That I shall hardly spare a pound of flesh Shall lose a hair through my Bassanio's fault. To-morrow to my bloody creditor. First, go with me to church, and call me wife : Well, gaoler, on: - Pray God, Bassanio come And then away to Venice to your friend;

To see me pay his debt, and then I care not ! For never shall you lie by Portia's side

[Ereunt. With an unquiet soul. You shall have gold SCENE IV.-Belmont, A Room in Portia's House. To pay the petty debt twenty times over ; When it is paid, bring your true friend along: Enter Portia, Nerissa, LORENZO, Jessica, and My maid Nerissa, and myself, mean time,

BALTHAZAR. Will live as maids and widows. Come, away; Lor. Madam, although I speak it in your preFor you shall hence upon your wedding-day :

sence, Bid your friends welcome, show a merry cheers; You have a noble and a true conceit Since you are dear bought, I will love you dear.– Of god-like amity; which appears most strongly But let me hear the letter of your friend.

In bearing thus the absence of your lord. Bass. [Reads.] Sweet Bassanio, my ships have all But if you knew to whom you show this honour, miscarried, my creditors grow cruel, my estate is very | How true a gentleman you send relief, low, my bond to the Jew is forfeit ; and since, in pay- How dear a lover of my lord your husband, ing it, it is impossible I should live, all debts are I know, you would be prouder of the work, cleared between you and I, if I might but see you at Than customary bounty can enforce you. my death : notwithstanding, use your pleasure : if Por. I never did repent for doing good, your love do not persuade you to come, let not my Nor shall not now: for in companions letter.

That do converse and waste the time together Por. O love, despatch all business, and be gone. Whose souls do bear an equal yoke of love, Bass. Since I have your good leave to go away, There must be needs a like proportion

I will make haste: but till I come again, Of lineaments, of manners, and of spirit ; No bed shall e'er be guilty of my stay,

Which makes me think, that this Antonio,
No rest be interposer 'twixt us twain.

Being the bosom lover of my lord,
[Exeunt. Must needs be like my lord : If it be so,

How little is the cost I have bestow'd,
SCENE III. Venice. A Street.

In purchasing the semblance of my soul

From out the state of hellish cruelty? Enter SHYLOCK, SALANIO, ANTONIO, and Gao

This comes too near the praising of myself; Shy. Gaoler, look to him; Tell not me of Therefore, no more of it: hear other things. mercy ;

Lorenzo, I commit into your hands This is the fool that lent out money gratis ;

The husbandry and manage of my house, Gaoler, look to him.

Until my lord's return; for mine own part,

Hear me yet, good Shylock. I have toward heaven breath'd a secret vow,
Shy. I'll have my bond; speak not against my bond; To live in prayer and contemplation,
I have sworn an oath, that I will have my bond :

Only attended by Nerissa here,
Thou call'st me dog, before thou hadst a cause : Until her husband and my lord's return :
? The chief men.
3 Face.

4 Foolish.

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prepare dinner

There is a monastery two miles off,

SCENE V. A Garden.
And there we will abide. I do desire you,
Not to deny this imposition;

Enter LORENZO, Jessica, and LAUNCELOT. The which my love, and some necessity,

Lor. Go in, sirrah ; bid them prepare for dinner. Now lays upon you.

Laun. That is done sir; they have all stomachs. Lor.

Madam, with all my heart; Lor. What a wit-snapper are you! then bid them I shall obey you in all fair commands.

Por. My people do already know my mind, Laun. That is done too sir; only, cover is the word. And will acknowledge you and Jessica

Lor. Will you cover then, sir ? In place of lord Bassanio and myself.

Laun. Not so, sir, neither; I know my duty. So fare you well, till we shall meet again.

Lor. Yet more quarrelling with occasion! Wilt Lor. Fair thoughts, and happy hours, attend on thou show the whole wealth of thy wit in an inyou.

stant? I pray thee, understand a plain man in his Jes. I wish your ladyship all heart's content. plain meaning: go to thy fellows; bid them cover Por. I thank you for your wish, and am well the table, serve in the meat, and we will come pleas'd

in to dinner. To wish it back on you : fare you well, Jessica. Laun. For the table, sir, it shall be served in;

(Exeunt Jessica and LORENZO. for the meat, sir, it shall be covered; for your coming Now, Balthazar,

in to dinner, sir, why, let it be as humours and conAs I have ever found thee honest, true,

ceits shall govern.

[Exit LAUNCELOT. So let me find thee still : Take this same letter, Lor. O dear discretion, how his words are suited! And use thou all the endeavour of a man,

The fool hath planted in his memory In speed to Padua ; see thou render this

An army of good words; And I do know Into my cousin's hand, doctor Bellario;

A many fools, that stand in better place, And, look what notes and garments he doth give Garnish'd like him, that for a tricksy word thee,

Defy the inatter. How cheer'st thou, Jessica ? Bring them, I pray thee, with imagin'd speed And now, good sweet, say thy opinion, Unto the tranect, to the common ferry

How dost thou like the lord Bassanio's wife? Which trades to Venice: — waste no time in words, Jes. Past all expressing : It is very meet, But get thee gone; I shall be there before thee. The lord Bassanio live an upright life; Ballh. Madam, I go with all convenient speed. For, having such a blessing in his lady,

(Erit. He finds the joys of heaven here on earth ; Por. Come on, Nerissa; I have work in hand, And, if on earth he do not mean it, it That you yet know not of: we'll see our hus- Is reason he should never come to heaven. bands,

Why, if two gods should play some heavenly match, Before they think of us.

And on the wager lay two eartlıly women, Ner.

Shall they see us ? And Portia one, there must be something else Por. They shall, Nerissa ; but in such a habit, Pawn'd with the other; for the poor rude world That they shall think we are accomplished

Hath not her fellow, With what we lack. I'll hold thee any wager,


Even such a husband When we are both accoutred like young men, Hast thou of me, as she is for a wife. I'll prove the prettier fellow of the two,

Jes. Nay, but ask my opinion too of that. And wear my dagger with the braver grace ;

Lor. I will anon; first, let us go to dinner. And speak, between the change of man and boy. Jes. Nay, let me praise you, while I have a But come, I'll tell thee all my whole device,

stomach. When I am in my coach, which stays for us

Lor. No, pray thee, let it serve for table-talk; At the park gate; and therefore haste away, Then, howsoe'er thou speak’st, 'mong other things For we must measure twenty miles to-day.

I shall digest it. (Exeunt. Jes.

Well, I'll set you forth. [Exeunt.


SCENE I. Venice. A Court of Justice.

And that no lawful means can carry me

Out of his envy's reach, I do oppose Enter the Duke, the Magnificoes; Antonio, Bas- My patience to his fury; and am armd

SANIO, GRATIANO, SALARINO, SALANIO, and to suffer, with a quietness of spirit, others.

The very tyranny and rage of his. Duke. What, is Antonio here?

Duke. Go one, and call the Jew into the court. Ant. Ready, so please your grace.

Salan. He's ready at the door: he comes, my Duke. I am sorry for thee; thou art come to


A stony adversary, an inhuman wretch
Uncapable of pity, void and empty

Duke. Make room, and let him stand before our From any dram of mercy.

face, Ant.

I have heard,

Shylock, the world thinks, and I think so too, Your grace hath ta’en great pains to qualify That thou but lead'st this fashion of thy malice His rigorous course; but since he stands obdurate, To the last hour of act; and then, 'tis thought,


Thou'lt show thy mercy, and remorse", more strange Which, like your asses, and your dogs, and mules, Than is thy strange apparent cruelty :

You use in abject and in slavish parts, And where 6 thou now exact'st the penalty, Because you bought them : -- Shall I say to you, (Which is a pound of this poor merchant's flesh,) Let them be free, marry them to your heirs ? Thou wilt not only lose the forfeiture,

Why sweat they under burdens ? let their beds But touch'd with human gentleness and love, Be made as soft as yours, and let their palates Forgive a moiety of the principal ;

Be season'd with such viands? You will answer, Glancing an eye of pity on his losses,

The slaves are ours:

So do I answer you : That have of late so huddled on his back;

The pound of flesh, which I demand of him, Enough to press a royal merchant down,

Is dearly bought, is mine, and I will have it : And pluck commiseration of his state

If you deny me, fye upon your law! From brassy bosoms, and rough hearts of flint, There is no force in the decrees of Venice : From stubborn Turks, and Tartars, never train'd I stand for judgment: answer; shall I have it ? To offices of tender courtesy.

Duke. Upon my power, I may dismiss this court, We all expect a gentle answer, Jew.

Unless Bellario, a learned doctor,
Shy. I have possess'd your grace of what I purpose; Whom I have sent for to determine this,
And by our holy Sabbath have I sworn,

Come here to-day. 'To have the due and forfeit of my bond :


My lord, here stays without If you deny it, let the danger light

A messenger with letters from the doctor,
Upon your charter, and your city's freedom. New come from Padua.
You'll ask me, why I rather choose to have

Duke. Bring us the letters ; Call the messenger. A weight of carrion flesh, than to receive

Bass., Good cheer, Antonio! What, man ? couThree thousand ducats : I'll not answer that:

rage yet! But, say, it is my humour; Is it answer'd ? The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones, and all, What if my house be troubled with a rat,

Ere thou shalt lose for me one drop of blood. And I be pleas'd to give ten thousand ducats

Ant. I am a tainted wether of the flock, To have it baned? What, are you answer'd yet ? Meetest for death; the weakest kind of fruit Some men there are, love not a gaping pig; Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me : Some, that are mad, if they behold a cat ;

You cannot better be employ'd, Bassanio,
As there is no firm reason to be render'd,

Than to live still, and write mine epitaph.
Why he cannot abide a gaping pig;
Why he, a harmless necessary cat ;

Enter NERISSA, dressed like a Lawyer's Clerk. So can I give no reason, nor I will not,

Duke. Came you from Padua, from Bellario? More than a lodg'd hate, and a certain loathing, Ner. From both, my lord : Bellario greets your I bear Antonio, that I follow thus


[Presents a letler. A losing suit against him. Are you answer'd ? Bass. Why dost thou whet thy knife so earnestly?

Bass. This is no answer, thou unfeeling man, Shy. To cut the forfeiture from that bankrupt To excuse the current of thy cruelty.

there. Shy. I am not bound to please thee with my Gra. Not on thy sole, but on thy soul, harsh Jew,

Thou mak'st thy knife keen : but no metal can, Bass. Do all men kill the things they do not love? No, not the hangman's ax, bear half the keenness Shy. Hates any man the thing he would not kill? Of thy sharp envy. Can no prayers pierce thee? Bass. Every offence is not a hate at first.

Shy. No, none that thou hast wit enough to make. Shy. What, would'st thou have a serpent sting Gra. O, be thou curst, inexorable dog! thee twice?

And for thy life let justice be accus'd.
Ant. I pray you, think you question with the Jew: Thou almost mak’st me waver in my faith,
You may as well go stand upon the beach,

To hold opinion with Pythagoras,
And bid the main flood bate his usual height; That souls of animals infuse themselves
You may as well use question with the wolf, Into the trunks of men : thy currish spirit
Why he hath made the ewe bleat for the lamb; Govern’d a wolf, who, hang'd for human slaughter,
You may as well forbid the mountain pines Even from the gallows did his fell soul fleet,
To wag their high tops, and to make no noise, And, whilst thou lay'st in thy unhallow'd dam,
When they are fretted with the gusts of heaven; Infus'd itself in thee; for thy desires
You may as well do any thing most hard,

Are wolfish, bloody, starv’d, and ravenous. As seek to soften that (than which what's harder ?) Shy. Till thou canst rail the seal from off my bond, His Jewish heart: - Therefore, I do beseech you, Thou but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud: Make no more offers, use no further means, Repair thy wit, good youth, or it will fall But, with all brief and plain conveniency,

To cureless ruin. I stand here for law. Let me have judgment, and the Jew his will.

Duke. This letter from Bellario doth commend Bass. For thy three thousand ducats here are six. A young and learned doctor to our court : Shy. If every ducat in six thousand ducats Where is he? Were in six parts, and every part a ducat,


He attendeth here hard by, I would not draw them, I would have my bond. To know your answer, whether you'll admit him. Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, rend'ring Duke. With all my heart: - some three or four

none? Shy. What judgment shall I dread, doing no Go give him courteous conduct to this place. wrong?

Mean time, the court shall hear Bellario's letter. You have among you many a purchas'd slave, (Clerk reads.] Your grace shall understand, that,

at the receipt of your letter, I am very sick : but in 6 Whereas. the instant that your messenger came, in loving visit


of you,

5 Pity.

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