Imagens das páginas

with a joyful spirit. Be independent; a young housekeeper never needed a greater moral courage than she does now to resist the arrogance of fashion. Ton know best what you can and ought to afford; then decide, with strict integrity, according to your means.

An Incident of the Revolution.

The want of provisions in the camp of Burgoyne, just previous to his capture by the Americans, began to be severely felt; the Americans had seized their last supply, which some boats contained; all resort to the country lying round, where tory friend* were to be found, was totally cut off. The prosecuting Americans had fenced them in as with a wall of vengeance which could not be passed ;—famine had commenced its unnerving power, sickness was multiplied among the soldiery, fever attended with its deliriums, raved from couch to conch. Water, water was the incessant cry. And although the Hudson on one side of the camp, poured along its silver waters, and rapid streams of Fish Creek roared sweetly in the ears of the sick and desponding forces, yet it was impossible to snatch a drop from those dreadfully guarded waters; a hundred bullets were sure to pierce whoever mndo the attempt, soon as they stooped to touch the silvery current. But such were the cries for water, by the sick and the dying, that their women, moved by pity, were made superior to the dreadful crisis (imagining that the Americans would not from feelings ot gallantry shoot a female) snatched hastily their pails, and ran to the shores to try what the event might be. Their opiuion of the enemy, as it proved, with respect to their persons, was correctly formed, for while they could not find it in their hearts to spill the blood of defenceless females, they were sure to riddle their pails as they bung from their bands, so that little or no water could be procured.

In this dilemma, a faithful wife, who bad left her native country for love of her husband, who was one of the unfortunate Hessians sold by his government to the King of England at a certain sum a head, to fight in a cause the merits of which he knew nothing; this woman, as she moved from couch to couch, listening to the moans of the sick for water, suddenly resolved, "I will try, perhaps I may succeed to bring a little." Her husband tried to dissuade her, but she persisted, her sympathies were strong, for as a kind and comforting angel she made it her business to hover over the diseased and wounded of her country men—the Hessians—all the while she had been in the army.

She sprang along the adventurous path that led to the dreaded shore, her busbaud following cloae as far as he dare; already she stood on the brink in full view of the guns on the other side ; for a moment she cast an imploring glance that way and then to heaven for protection; her right hand had dashed the vessel deep into the water; a struggle to clear the open shore and reach the deeply shaded bank, had marked her agitated demeanor, when a ball, aimed at her pail, struck, as she bad stooped over the vessel too low, her angel bosom—the blood spouted and dyed the ground before her quivering frame fell crimsoned in the gore of her faithful heart. Her husband, who had waited but a short distance for her return, had not moved his constant eye from his all of earth, while within bis soul vibrated between the vast extremes of hope and despair, her screech struck his ear, her reeling frame showed him that the shaft of death had cleft his heart asunder. She had but touched the ground where she fell, wheu his arms enclosed her, dyed in spouting blood from her bosom; frantic with grief, ha dreaded not Ihe flash of ihe deadly rifle, but bore her to the camp struggling in the pangs of dissolution, while he impressed on the fading forebead, the last kiss of fervent affection.

Tbe gi iff of this man was respected, not a gun moved its trigger, hushed were volleys of the sympathising, yet brave Vermonters; her pail and not her person, bad been the aim of ihe distressed marksman, the green mountaineer.

"charity Beg Is* At Home."—This passage has done vust mischief. It has been many a lime laid as a sweet unction to the very heart of selfishness and cupidity. It seems to be the common opinion that it is in the Bible, but this impression is false.— It appear* to have been derived Irom 1 Tim. v. 4: "Let them learn first to show piety at home, and to requite their parent*.'—N<u. Magazuu.

A Fortunate Kits.

The following little story by Mis* Bremer, is taken from Sartaiu's Magazine. Fur it* truth and reality she says she will be responsible:

In the University of Upsala, in Sweden, lived a young student, a lovely youth, with a great love for studies, but without means for pursuing them. He was poor and without connections. Still he studied, living in great poverty, but keeping a cheerful heart, and trying not to look at the future, which looked so grimly at him. His good humor, and good qualities made him beloved by his young comrades. Once he was standing with some of them in the great square of'Upsala, prating away an hour of leisure, when tbe attention of tho young man became arrested by a very young, elegant lady who at tbe side of an elderly one, walked slowly over the place. It was the daughter of tbe Governor of Upland, living in the city, and the lady with her was the governess. She was generally known for her goodness and gentleness of character, and looked upon with admiration by the students. As the young men now stood gazing at her as she passed on like a graceful vision, one of them exclaimed:

'Well, it would be worth something to have a kiss from such a mouth.'

Tbe poor student, the hero of our atory, who was looking intently on that pure and angelic face exclaimed a* if by inspiration, 'Well, I think I could . have it'

'What!' cried hi* friends in a chorus,'are you crazy? Do you know her?' See.

'Not at all,' he answered; 'but I think she would kias me now, if I asked her.'

'What, in thi* place, before all our eyes V

'In this place, before your eye*.'

'Freely 7'


'Well, if she will give you a kiss in that manner I will give you a thousand dollars,'exclaimed one of tbe party.

'And I." 'And I." cried th ree or four others; for it so happened that several rich young men were in the group, and the bets ran high on so improbable an event: and the challenge was made and received in less time than we take to relate it.

Our hero (my authority tells not whether he was handsome or plain; I have my peculiar ideas for believing he was rather plain but singularly good looking at the same time,) our hero immediately walked off to the young lady, and said; '—, (min froleen,) my fortune is in your hand.' She looked at him in astonishment but arrested her steps. He proceeded to stale his name and condition, his aspiration, and related simply and truly what bad just passed between him and his companions. The young lady listened attentively and when he ceased to speak, she said, blushing, but with great sweetness :—'If by so little a thing so much good can be effected, it would be foolish for me to refuse your request;' and she kissed tbe young man publicly in • the open square.

Next day the student was sent for by the Governor. He wanted to see the man who bad dared to seek a kiss from his daughter in that way, and whom she had consented to kiss so. He received him with a scrutinizing brow, but after an hour's conversation was so pleased wilh him that he offered him to diue at his table during bis studies at Upsala.

Our young friend now pursued his studies in a manner which soon made him regarded as the most promising scholar at the University. Three year* were now passed since tbe day of the first kiss, when Ihe young man was allowed to give a second one to the daughter of the Governor, as hi* intended bride.

He became, later, one of the greatest scholars in Sweden, as much respected for bis learning as for hi* character. His works will endure forever among the wotk of science; and from this happy union sprang a family well known in Sweden even at the present day, and whose wealth of fortune and high position in society are regarded as small things compared with its wealth of goodness and love.

A Physiological Flew of the Day of Real


The ordinary exertion* of mnu run down t\i<r culation every day of his life; and tbe first gem law of nature by which God (who is not only giver, but also tbe preserver and eustainer of I prevent* man from destroying himself, ia ihe a I naliug of day with night, that repose may succ action. But although the night apparently eqr zes the circulation well, yet it does not surTiciei restore its balance for the attainment of a long 1 Hence one day in seven, by the bounty of I'r< dence, is thrown in as a day of compensation, perfect by it* repose the animal system. You a easily determine this question as a matter of < by trying it on beasts of burden. Take that i animal, the horse, and work him to tbe full ext of his powers every day in the week, or give i rest one day in seven, and you will soon percei by the superior vigor with which he performs fuuetion* on the other six days, that this rest is cessary to his well being. Man, possessing u sti rior nature, is borne along by the very vigor of mind, so that the injury of continued diurnal exert and excitement on his animal system is not so . mediately apparent as it is in the brute; bat in long run he breaks down more suddenly: it abri< es Ibe length of his life, and that vigor of bin < age wbicb (a* to mere animal power) ought to tbe object of hi* preservation. I consider, the foie, that in the bountiful provision of Provider for the preservation of human life, the Sabbati appointment ia not, a* it has been sometimes th< logically viewed, simply a precept partaking of t nature of a political institution, but that it is be numbered among the natural duties, if t preservation of. life be admitted to be a, du and the premature destruction of it a suicidal a And if you consider further the proper effect real Cbriatanity, namely, peace of mind, confidi trust in God, and good-will to man, you will p ceive, in this source of renewed vigor to the min and through the mind to the body, an addition spring of life imparted from this higher use of tl Sabbath as a holy rest. Researches in pbysioloj will establish the truth of revelation, and cone quently show that the divine commandment is n to be conaidered as an arbitrary enactment, but an appointment necessary to man. This i* tbe y aition in which I would place it, a* contradisti guished from precept and legislation ; 1 would poi out the Sabbatical rest as necessary to man; ai that the great enemies of the Sabbath, and cons quently the enemies of man, are all laborious exe cise* of the body or mind, and dissipation, whit force the circulation on that day in which it sbou repo«o; while relaxation from the ordinary can of life, the enjoyment of this repose in the bono of one's family, with tho religious studies and di ties wbicb the day enjoins, constitute the benefici and appropriate service ol the day. The etude, of nature, in becoming the student of Ohriat, wi find, in tbe principles of bis doctrine and law, it only and perfect science which prolongs the pre, ent, and perfect* the future life.

Tommy Doddy makes a very fair attempt indeed at a joke. He says that Edgar Poe used to drink strong tea to excite him to poetical inspiration.— Tommy says it is uo wonder that T should make Pot a poet.

If a man conld have hi* wishes, he would double bis trouble*.

One Of Thi Dark Spots Of Londoh.—The Dail Newt, in alluding to the lower parts of St. Clement Lane as a "London fever hole," thus draws th abode of men and women of "merry England:"

"A track through the heart of the Black Fores or a pass through the bowels of a mountain in Are bia Petrea'could not be more close and dreary. Yo might walk here in a good stiff hurricane and hard ly know it; a summer shower might pass and leav you dry. You are in a region of perpetual shadow and the women and children who sit and sprawl upo the floor-steps are scarcely less in doors than whei languishing in their dark and foetid rooms; and ni wonder, for according to actual measurement, tin courts vary in breadth from six to twelve feet.— Here are the holes where our human fellow crea tures swarm like vermin. According to a repor published in the Daily New*, no less than fifty in mates were found to reside in one of the houses it Middle Serle's place, (formerly Little Shire-lane, and in Shipyard many of the houses are built bad to back, entirely preventing thorough ventilation The gentleman who made Ihe examination, statei that water butts are kept iu under-ground cellars the walls and flooring of which are continually damp to the touch, and where the water, imbibini tbe filthy exhalation of tbe place, acquires a dread ful odor; that tbs ceilings of

n!y below ihe level of the roadways, so isbabituiits are obliged to burn candles !<ht whole day. with tho exception of a few irf ihsl terrier dogs are kept in many of tbe iii ■ protection ugainst the rats. Yet out of :eO'i* tenements considerable sums of mondrmn every year by letting and subletting. '■*umeD, foul and slatternly, loll out of winx leao against door-posts, overcome with 'iiuitnde and indolence, which cannot fail rtramtlie influence by which they are sur-J: not impudent and brazen, but oppressed * hopeless burden of their lives. The chilli ?n. dirty, and fierce—young tigers, withit twaoty or their health—play or fight in the i;!ami<istthecabboge-«tnlks, potato peelings, itilf, sod standing puddles. Men are very item. And over the young and old tower 'iKtioly house front* shutting out the sVy : brtfie, ami black and saturated with the = '. tapora which rising unseen around them, ijsng their poisons to tbe sick air."

us cau serve on the elal major of France aiaot spent two years at the school of the L' r. and passed through a series of most diftunniatiou*. This school was founded in miakboogh tbe extraordinary meu who seri^iuolrou's Marshals—and particularly Moriooh and Benhier—had themselves performto of tbe duties of staff officers, still it was u a tpecistl corps should be provided, and tbe < lint swjor was accordingly formed. In a1 peace this school consists ol 50,25 of whom •euly si stall' officers. It has now been a W. The 30 best pupils of the military i«f Si Cyr may choose the corps in which Il jerve, and of these about one-third select s najor; but even they must pass their pre■j exanrinalion before admission, and go

6 tbe two years' course of study. Tbe same T?Seato tbeapplicautsfor admission from tbe 'f ^technique and from the officers of the ziroy. The course consists of mathematics, nfomfication,topography artillery, drawing,

niguages, dec.—iu snort, all that will make i mpluthed soldier, and enable him to move It lid manoeuvre it when moved. When tbe 't-amition is passed at tbe end of the two 'tnne, each man must serve two years in an ?.two iu a cavalry, and very often two iu an i? regiment; so that in addition to the theok t msy know the practical working of evelab of the service. After all this be becomes '*>! idM major. It is not too mncb to say am no better strategists or tacticians, no •an store thoroughly understand the administtf ailtbat concerns an army, than the offi! tit distinguished corps. A French general so watest, the Hat major are ready at once

7 tii plans into execution. Why have we no erpawith os t and why are not tbe officers who ■used is the senior class at Sandhurst more ■nO Who stops the way T Tbe British 'cijld sppertain to no cliques or coterie, howxerfal,however high-placed. It belongs, as Clothe British nation, o*which it is, and u been, the honour, tbe glory, the bulwark, i pride.

"«in Frazier's Magazine, in an article on faculties illustrates the evils of excessive nertioo, by the affecting little anecdote of "aScott: One day, when he was thus extsself beyond his powers. Sir Walter said to -uuHtll—who also suffered and died from is the brain—"How many hours can you "Six," said tbe Captain. "But can't you 5* spars?" "If I do, the horse won't go." ,J* the better for you," said Scott with a sigh. Uputon tbe spurs, tbe borse will go well low it is killing tbe borse.!'

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Scraps by a Scraper j or, the Sentiments s>f an Old Raid.

Marriage is a feast, where the grace is sometimes better than the dinner.

Inconsistency is the only thing in which men are consistent.

I'd rather hear my dog bark at a crow, than a man swear he loves me.

The love of some men is like wax, ready for all impressions.

Most men know what they love, few what they


Women make idols unto themselves, bat to find tbem clay.

Every man is a fool in some points, every woman in one

Most men are to women like heathen idols, double jawed.

There are scars in the heart over which tbe moss of time never grows.

'Tis strange what a man may do, and a woman yet think him an angel.

The word Man—a synonyme for falsehood.

Casting pearls before swine—Woman placing her affections upon a manMan's heart is likea feather bed, it must bo roughly handled, well shaken, and exposed to a variety of turns, to prevent its becoming knotty and hard.

To have known some persons, is a talisman against other impressions.

What heart lays bare all its secrets 7

If you cannot inspire a man with love fur you, fill him to the brim with love for himself—what runs over will be yours.

The best cure for love is contempt.

Love is of man's life a thing apart—'tis a woman's whole existence.

Matrimony is a circus where many noble creatures enter, run round and round, kick up a fine dust, but few get properly trained and broken.

The records of all ages show that a woman's love has no limit.

Never accustom those you love to do without


Platonic affection—A cant phrase < to disguise their attempts on virtue.

Honeymoon—Four weeks of maudlin in which all fools are liable. Life is a dream—love the i

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The memory of youth is a sigh.

It is strange how clearly and how willingly women look into the hearts of others, and bow dimly and reluctantly they see into their own.

The Way they Hanage In Arkansas.

A gentleman way off in Arkansas, who had been stopping at a cross-country tavern about two weeks, writes to a friend about the manner in which hotel affairs are conducted. He says:

"The regulations of the house are written in a bold round hand, and tacked on the door of each bed-room. The rules are rigidly enforced, and the slightest deviation is met with the penalty. Here they are:—

1. —Gentlemen will black their boots before leading their rooms, or they will not be admitted to table without an extra charge of a bit a meal.

2. —Gentlemen going to bed with their boots on will be fined a quarter for the first offence, four bits for the second, and turned out and sued for their board for the third—the landlord holding on to the plunder.

3. —No person allowed to call twice for the same dish, without paying an extra bit.

4. —Gentlemen not on hand at meal times cannot come to the table without paying an extra bit.

5. —Any gentleman fouud going to the ladies' rooms will be lined five dollars, and perhaps turned out if the case is aggravating.

6. —All travellers are expected to treat before leaving the house—tbe landlord holding on to the plunder until he comes out.

7. —Loud snoring not allowed, and a fine of a bit for every offence.

8—Country soap for washing given free; a bit a week for town soap.

9.—A half a dime will be charged for the privilege of the back porch on a shady afternoon.

10-—Liquors with white sugar, a bit a drink; with common sugar, five cents.

11.—Tbe landlord trusts that his boarders will observe the above rules, and say nothing, or means will be taken to see that they do.

Worthy Sentiments.

The nerve which never relaxes, the eye which never blenches, the thought which never wander* —these are the masters of victory.

To some men it is indispensable to be worth money, for without it they are worth nothing.

True greatness is not greater lot the praises of men. It is what it is, in spite of them.

What is ours, even to life, is hers we love; bnt the secrets of our friends, imparted in confidence, are not ours.

There is no fear of knowing too much, though there is great fear of practising too little. Tbe most doing man shall be the most knowing man.

Love is the fever of the soul; passion is the deirium of that fever.

The eye is a sure index of the character. Physiognomy reveals the secret of the heart.

Affection, like Spring flowers, breaks through the most frozen ground at last: and the heart which seeks for another heart to make it happy, will never seek in vain.

Harmless mirth is the best cordial against the consumption of tbe spirits; wherefore, jesting is not unlawful if it trespasseth not in quantity, quality, or reason.

He who pretends to be every body's particular friend, is nobody's.

Who Wrote The Vestioes or Creation f—This book has been ascribed to Byron's daughter "Ada;" on what ground we never could ascertain, except that she was an erudite lady. A late number of the London Athenaum repeats the report that Eobert Chambers iaets author, and with apparently conclusive evidence—the testimony of Mr. Page, one of Chamber's literary employe*!. At the time the "Vestiges" was published, Mr. Page says he was engaged as one of tbe literary and scientific collaborateurs of the Messrs. Chambers. The first time he saw it was in the hands of Mr. William Chambers, who came into his room one day with tbe remark, "Here is a curious work, making some sensation," and requesting that be (Mr. Page) would write a notice of it for the iJournal (Chamber't Edinburgh Journal.) For this purpose, Mr. Page took the work home, and he had not read twenty pages of it before he felt convinced that it was the production of Mr. Robert Chambers. When asked for the review, he said be could not prepare one for two reasons: 1st, That be did not tbtok the work suited for notice in tbe Edinburgh Journal; and 2d, Because he believed it to be the production of Mr.Robert Chambers. Mr. William Chambers received this announcement with apparent surprise; but denied all knowledge of the matter,—and there tbe subject dropped.— Some time after, however, and when the work was being severely handled by the reviewers, Mr. Robert Chambers alluded to the matter, affecting ignorance and innocence of the authorship, upon which Mr. Page remarked, that had be seen tbe sheets before going to press, he could have prevented some of tbe blunders. The consequence of this remark was, that Mr. Robert Chambers sent him the proofsheets of the second or third edition of the "Vestiges," with the request that he would enter on the margin any corrections or suggestions that occurred. Mr. Page states, that he made some notes; but be does not say whether these notes were adopted into tbe re-impression, However, be bas, as be declares. "made a clean breast of it" at length! and he concludes with the remark: "If merit is attachable to tbe work, the author will reap bis high reward,—if demerit, the blame will, at least, fall on tbe right shoulders." '•

Sound or Bells.—The nearer bells are hang to the surface of tbe earth, other things being equal, the farther they can be heard. Franklin bas remarked, that many years ago tbe inhabitants of Philadelphia bad a bell imported from England. In order to judge of the sound, it was elevated on a triangle, iu tbe great street of the city, and struck as it happened, on a market day, when the people were coming to market were surprised on hearing tbe sound of a bell at a greater distance from the city than they e»er board any bell before. This circumstance excited tbe attention of the ourious, and it was discovered that the sound of a bell struck in the street resched nearly double tbe dis> tance it did when raised in the air. travels st the rale of from 1130 to second. Sounds are distinct at t ou water that they arson,laud.

Russia* Siiiioh.-Among the limitations of Russian serfdom in which it is different from the chattel slavery of the United States, are these:

1. The master cannot sell the serf without the land on which the serf lives. .

S. Families cannot be separated; and the unmarried children, after the death of parents, constitute a family.

3. The master's power over the body of the serf extends not to maiming or periling life.

4. The master cannot require the serf to marry contrary to his own choice and affections.

5. He is entitled to the labor of only three days in the week, and cannot require labor on the Sabbath, or on high festivals.

6. Serfs cannot be held except by the nobility and certain privileged persons and classes.

7. They cannot be held except in proportion to the master's property in land, there being required for each serf the possession by the master of twenty acres.

These provisions of the Russian law render serfdom, bad and oppressive as it is, a condition entirely different from that of chattel slavery. The •lave market, the coffle, the boands, the incessant toil, the concubinage is unknown ; and the serf population live in villages, have homes which are homes to them, have more than half their time to themselves, and, except for the military service, enjoy that most precious of boons, security.

LtKC Begets Like.—A few days siuce, a lady entered one of our dry goods stores on Merrimac St., and wished to examine some blue Thibet*. She was informed that the last of "tbsMe blues" bad been sold the day previous, but that they had some green, which was a really splendid article, and would suit her just as well "if she only thought so." The store keeper evidently thought be had struck a bright idea, and. kept insisting in about the same language. The lady finally concluded she would accommodate the gentleman, and allowed him, in accordance with his earnest request, to cut off some of the green. When the package was duly prepared the lady moved toward the door, with a smiling "good morning, sir."

"You have forgotten to pay me," said the store er.

.hat's no matter," replied the lady, "it will suit you just as well, if you only think so."

And she actually walked away, leaving the gentleman pondering on the effect of hit own wit, and the remarkable facility with which she stole "his thunder." The general opinion appears to be that the lady was not "green," if the Thibet was. We go in with the majority.—Lowell Newt.

ForwLAR Fallacies.—An article on this subject In the Washington Sentinel refers, among other things, to the cotton bales behind which Gen. Jacksou's troops are supposed to have fought at New Orleans. It pronounces them a fiction of the ime

J[ination. The only foundation for it was that a very aw bales of cotton good* were flung into the breastwork, but no breastwork was anything like entirely built of them. Gen. Jackson always denied the cotton bale story.

Many people believe, and always will, that Gen. Taylor at Buena Vista called out, "A little more grape, Capt. Bragg," though the Captain himself has stated that they never were uttered.

It is a settled popular belief also that the Russians burnt Moscow to drive Napoleon out of it, and showmen repeat the burning every year in panoramas. Yet the city, so far from beiog destroyed, was hardly more than scorched. The suburbs, where the French were quartered, were set on fire as a cover for the Russian attack, and that was about all.

Pom's Skull.—William Howitt says that, by one of those aots which neither science nor curiosity can excuse, the skull of Pope is now in the private collection of a phrenologist. The manner in which it was obtained is said to have been this :— On some occasion of alteration in the church, or burial of some one in the same spot, the coffin of Pope was disinterred, and opnaJ to sec the state of the remains; by a bribe to the sexton of the time, possession of the skull was obtained for the night, and another skull was returned instead of it. Fifty pounds were paid to manage and carry through this transaction. Be that as it may. the skull of

"If I am not mittaken," should be, "If I mittake not."

"Apartments to Ut," should be, "Apartments to be


"At far at I know." should be, "Sofar at I know." As jar at expresses distance.

"Whenever I sing, I alaayt am applauded," should be, " Whenever I sing, I am applauded."

"For ought I know," should be, "For aught I know."—"Aught means anything; ought implies obligation.

"No less than ten persons," should be, "No fever than ten persons."—Leu must be applied to quantity—as "No lets than ten pounds." Fewer must be applied to tbiugs.—Merchantt' Ledger.

Fresh Air.—Horace Maun has well said :— People who shudder at a flesh wound and a trickle of blood, will confiue their children like convicts, and compel them mouth after month to breathe quantities of poison. It would less impair the mental and physical constitutions of children, gradually to draw an ouuee of blood from their veins, during the same leuglh of time, than to send them to breathe, for six hours in a day, the lifeless and poisoned air of some of our school rooms. Let any man, who votes for confining children in small rooms and keeping them on stagnant air, try the experiment of breathing his own breath only four times over, and if medical aid be not on hand the children will never be endangered by bis vote afterwards.

Schools Is America.—1 can positively affirm, from personal observation, that, in point of general discipline, the American schools greatly excel any I have ever seen in Great Britain. In Canada and in the States, every suitable provision is made for the purpose of decency—a thing usually neglected in the parish and burgh school system of Scotland. I was much pleased with the arrangements in the American schools to prevent disorder, or improper interference one with another among the pupils.-— All are seated at small desks, not more than two together, in rows; so that the teacher can conveniently reach every seat in the school. It is customary, likewise, to cause all the pupils to enter and depart slowly and decorously, instead of being suffered, as I observe, even in some of tbe more pretentious schocls of Edinburgh, to rush rudely out like so many wild animals.— Wm. Chambers.

Wonderful SroRT.—We won't say where the following took plsce, but that it did occur there is little reason to doubt, if we may believe the Concord (N. H.) Daily Patriot, from which paper we quote: A gentleman invited a city friend, whose gunning bad been unhappily confined to the frightening of "peeps," sparrows and such small fry, to his place in the country, where be said some fine duck shooting wus to be bad. On the morning after his arrival in the rural district, tbe cit proceeded before his host was out of bed, to the lake in tbe vicinity of his friend's domicil, where seeing half a dozen ducks taking their morning dip in the cool element—for there was no ice at tbe time—he levelled and let fly at the lot when four of them gave up the ghost by the impulsion of the first shot.— The other two ducks new towards tbe land, and both were winged by the second discharge. The host came to the spot by that time, and saw his old drake and harem entirely used up; and turning to his friend, he coolly said: "If you haw any taste for wild boar hunting, I have a splendid litter of pigs in my stye behind the barn." The sportsman's eyes were then opened; but it is dangerous to talk to him about ducks since.

Theatrical Wit.—In "Black-Eyed Susan,' Wood, of the Bostou .Theatre, gets off the following :—William is telling a sailor's yarn to the landsmeu, and in the course of it, is describing the capture of a shark which had beeu hanging round tbe fleet for some time. "Whut do yon think we found in him t" says William I "Baruum's Life," says Wood, as Qnatbrain. "Why so}" "Because tbe public swallowed it, and I thought a shark might 7" "Well," says William, "perhaps ho might, but be didn't. Guess again!" "Lots of ladies'bonnets." "And why?" "Because I have not seen a bonnet on a lady's head for six mouth'" roared qud the play

The audience

Loao Preaching.—"There is nothing,'* s»0 of Bath, in his recently published autobiogro "there is nothing against which a young \1 -" should be guarded thau length." "Nothing. Lamont, "can justify a long sermon. If it t>e one, it need not belong; and if it be a t»u ti ought not to be Idng." Luther, in the mn>n< of nine qualities of a good preacher, give* sixth, "that be should know when tb stop." has un essay on patience under long preach inj was never more wanted since the common than now, iu our own day, especially amoi young divines and academics, who seem to their performances can never be too much ut to. "I never," says Jay, "err this way my s« my conviction always laments it ; and for years after I began preaching I never ofl'em this way. 1 never exceeded lbr*-e quart «?■lorn rat molt. I saw one excellency was wit: reach—it was brevity—and I determined to it"

Not So Tert Green.—A young and sppi verdant slip, who gave bis bailing place as Varmount, fonud himself surrounded, upon tain occasion, by a crowd of quizzing upstnrt seemed bent npon displaying their own sma at the expense of the yankce. "Hello, Jonathan !" says one, "where yon bo "Deoun tu Bosting, on a little tramp." v» reply.

•'What's yoor business in Boston 7" con tin D inquisitive gentleman.

"Oh, I'm deoun arter my pension moue; spouded greeny.

"Pension money !" ejaculated whiskeree-— much do you get, and what are you drawio sion money for 7"

"Oh!" answered the .countryman, "I gt cents every year—tew mind my own businee tew let other folks' business alone.'"

The crowd had no more remarks to offer, answer was entirely satisfactory.

Cutting It Short.—As the Duke of Cam* was riding along the outskirts of the camp, the enemy suddenly rushed from behind a tre aimed a blow at his royal highness, which ever, did no other mischief than cutting < horse's tail. Tbe duke clove his assailant i with one blow of his sabre; and encoura{ patting his steed's neck, rode on, saying," mind, poor fellow! dead men tell no tail*!''

'Mr. Brown, you said defendant was hone, intelligent. What makes you think so—are y quaiuted with him 7'

'No sir; I never seed him.'

'Why, then, do you come to such a conclus

''Cause he takes ten newspapers and pa them in advance.'

Verdict for defendant.

Paxliamentart Lanouaoe.—Sir De Lucy was going into action, when a cannon ball tc bis horse's legs, and sent him sprawling in dust. "No ni itstr." s nd Sir De Lacy, risini shaking himself, "It't not the firtt time I've I teat."

A doctor and a military officer became enai of the same lady. A friend inquired of her of the suitors she intended to fuvor. Her was that it was difficult for her to determine, a were both such killing crcaluret.

It is with nsrrow-souled people as with in necked bottles—the less they have in Ihci more noise they make in pouring it out.

If "all the world's a stage, and men and w merely players," where is the audience and o tra to come from 7

T'vroatort.—A modern Italian priest define gatory as "the lire that makes our poi boil."

The Latest Fashions.—Thero is no end i vagaries of fashion. It is now said that the style will be to wear bonnets on the head. 1 dies will scarcely be recognized by their int friends.

A pretty woman like a great truth or great piness, has no more right to bundle herself un green veil or any other abomiuation of a like acter, than the sun has to put ou green spectac

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What I do without a paper? Do,

I'Te tried it to my tor row, So, to subscribe for one I'll go,

Nor wait until to-morrow.
Should lorers drown or hang therm elves.

Or other foolish caper,
I oeTerget to bear of it—

I do not take the paper.

Why, there's my neighbor, Jotham Stout,

Bealwaya haa the news.
And,having news to talh about,

He nerer gets the bluea.
While others yawn la ennui,

Hie mind is light aa vapor;
The cause ia plain to half an eye,—

He alwaya takes the paper.

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letter from Edmund C. Howe, Esq.

fie think tbe numerous friends of Edmund G. Esq., President of the City Bank, will be :<uei to road tbe following letter from an uncomaralj threwd observer of men and manner,:

Island or Malta, Dec. 31, 1854. By reference to a map you will perceive I am tW ia tbe centre of tbe Mediterranean tea, a :*>ut long distance from home.and having travelled awsgh England. France and Italy, bave made a .roney of nearly 6000 mile*—consequently have a good deal of countries, men and manners.— Et; iihmen and Americans are the mass of travel'*<i, with now and then a German; and 1 must ^>r witness to the uniform courtesy and politeness »:te English traveller to Americana; they speak - is sod oar country with kindness and respect, I ~-fti i .,\ admiration, admitting (if our Union is ■ ■;) thaL the son will ere long outstrip the


ijittrn of passports after you reach Paris is ■ : much annoyance, besides in the aggregate "kingsconsiderable drain on the traveller's purse, ''■^frequently in a single city three to fivedol't Stopping at Naples for a few hours, and de"f to go into tbe city, we first eucounter a police is to whom oar passports must be shown to enable "toleavethe vessel—then being rowed to the jTjwe most go to the police office and obtain a 1 ""fa permit to go into town—desiring to return •-»»«!, we mast repair to tbe same office, ''< ip our first permit and receive another to re"-ill on board and tbe steamer ready to sail, tbe "" tatnifest of passengers is brought out, each called by his name and checked off as invoice of merchandise in Asy

lum street—this over we made sail for the Island of Sicily, and near Messina we found tbe Cunard steamer Arabia aground on asand bank, with 1000 French soldiers bound to the Crimea. Our French steamer, with true French politeness, lent a hand and got her off and she moved on'with her freight of human beings to tbe scene of slaughter (to many doubtless the scene of death) with the tri-colored flag of France floating over her—a sight which Wellington or Bonaparte forty years ago would not bave believed mortal eyes would ever beholdIn due time we reached this place and found it one of a good deal of interest—the island contains about 130,000 inhabitants, 30,000 of which are in its principal town (Valetta) where I am. It is, as you know, under tbe English government, and its fortifications are not only very extensive but of greut strength and beauty, and well worth seeing. The world may starve out Englaud here, but it would seem she might defy the force of arms to wrest from her this important speck in this sea. The garrison consists steadily of about 3000 men, besides which there are a good many English residents, and that language consequently a good deal spoken. Tbe native Maltese speak tbe Arabic language, and it is said quite well—certainly I know nothing to the contrary. The bare legged, dirty Arab and the slouching, slovenly Turk are common in tbe streets, and remind me that I am getting well on towards tbe Eastern world. The town is entirely built of a beautiful stone found on the spot, of rich color, easily worked aud durable—contains many very fine buildings and is a specimen of cleanliness in a city I have never seen excelled if equaled. The climate is delightful and said to be very salnbrious. Its fruits are delicious, and some of its orange groves, now ripe for picking, charming to behold. There are some quaint customs here and I will name the street dress of the Maltese ladies of the better class—they wear no bonnets, dressed generally in rich, plain black silk with a mantilla or long shawl of tbe same material reaching about midway to their feet, fathered over the left shoulder so as to form a kind of hood which is placed quite over their head—this with their dark complex ion, raven hair and jet black eyes, gives a sombre appearance, but is nevertheless graceful and attractive, especially when it covers (as it sometimes does) a pretty face. Their public carriages are a kind of «ab for two or four persons, hung on leather springs over two high wheels, drawn by one horse (generally poor) which is led by a nose-halter by a bare-footed, bare-armed Maltese on foot, who of course must get along as fast as bis horse or passengers, which is generally pretty fair speed. While this will not compare with the public carriages that grace our Court-house Square, they are better than none.

Tbe island is rocky and produces but about one fourth of its consumption. Alderneys and Durhams do not figure here much, but as a substitute, they bave a species of goat which are well cared for, watched over by a herdsman in numbers from one to twenty, aa they browse among the rocks, driven up regularly like our cows and milked; and al though only about the size of our native sheep, many yield from four to five quarts per day, which is daily on our table, and thus supplies to tbe island this important and healthful food and beverage.— Ttrasc

of man every on soil and in every clime. Here too in this far off island, Connecticut shows herself in ber clucks, and in many a shop window here is Jerome, Brewster and Brown ticking away time as steadily as in their native land, either of which uf "thete beautiful lime pieces," as the shop keepers told me, I could have for two pounds sterling. As their facet aro more home-like than any I meet, I do not fail daily to look upon them.

This is the coldest season of the year here, and yet we have daily on our table green peas from tbe viues in open air. Tbe soldiers from France and England on their way to the Crimea all stop here, and I am told they have been going forward at the rate of about one thousand per day. I learn the allied forces before Sebastopol are now about 150,000, and the Russians about the same number. The officers of the English army wounded and disabled in the war are here in considerable numbers, and several have told me they do not look for an immediate engagement, but that Sebastopol is sure to be taken in due time and held by tbe allied powers at their will.

The last of tbe race of the Knights of Malta, who about three hundred years ago took possession of tbis islaud, died the past fall. They have, however, in their glory \ong.long ago departed, but their marks are left. The Cathedral (Roman Catholic) built by them is of great interest, rich in statuary, ancient goblin tapestry, but above all in Mosaic work, marble inlaid with gold, which covers the entire floor of the immense building, aud is of great beauty, and I might say gorgeous magnificence. Under this bave the Knights been buried, and 'thus it serves as their sepulchral monument. Their ancient armor is also preserved in great variety, and is shown you in a large ball in the Governor's Palace, and in my judgment much exceeds in curiosity that in the celebrated Tower of London, which you have seen.

My course is still onward to the Nile, but I shall rejoice when my face is homeward turned, and 1 shall return to my native shores with feelings of no lessened pride that I am an American, nor with diminished gratification, that my borne (humble as it is) is in that portion of our country called the "land of steady habits."

With a merry Christmas and happy New Year to all my friends, 1 am yours.


Being in Meriden a few days since, with i gentlemen from different parts of tbe State, with a few leisure hours upon our hands, we visited tbe State Reform School. So delighted was our company with this Institution—its discipline—with all that they saw and heard—so admirably adapted did they regard it, to promote the reformation of juvenile delinquents—to transform into industrious, intelligent and virtuous citizens, those who by the old system of treating youthful offenders, would necessarily fall into the rauks of daring and hardened criminals—that at their suggestion J promised to furnish your readers with a brief sketch of its objects and history, hoping thereby to interest them somewhat in its favor.

This institution is a substitute for jails and prisons for iads under 16 years of age, in the State, guilty of offences punishable by imprisonment. Its object is not to punish, but to improve, i save. Most of tfc


of vicious conditions and associations. This school surrounds these unfortunates with entirely new circumstances and opposite relations. Gathered from the cold, starving and frowning world in which they had vegetated, into spacious and comfortable apartments, with neat and warm clothing, clean and soft beds, wholesome and nutritious food and their ears greeted with kind and encouraging words from teachers and superiors; everything instead of appearing like a prison, to them, wears the charms of a new and enchanted world. New ideas break in upon the dark waste, of their understanding.— Plastic as wax, they are easily formed to any mould. They are encouraged, by obedience, study and industry, to hope that a bright future is before them. The sun of hope, with its brilliant rays, illumines their heart of hearts and they no longer despair— they no longer consider the world their enemy or themselves blanks, in the great battle of life.

In 1851 the Legislature of this State, believing that it/was more wise, humane and economical to educate and reform unfortunate youth, than to run down, capture and punish adult criminals, projected this institution and appropriated ten thousand dollars, to be paid over to its Trustees when (he same amount, raised by voluntary contribution, should be placed at its disposal. The sum was generously contributed, and iu 1852 thirty-one and a quarter acres of land were purchased for a building site, at' Meriden. The buildings, which are of brick, are located upon an eminence, having a sightly and commanding prospect, affording pure air and free drainage, and are about one hundred rods west from the Meriden depot. •

There is adjoining, in a westerly direction, a farm of one hundred and thirty and a half acres, belonging to the institution, having an orchard, ten acres of wood land, a stoue quarry, &c. The soil is mostly an alluvial deposit, and the Superintendent assured us, was susceptible of the highest culliva, tion.

The buildings now erected constitute but a part of the original design, which will be completed as soon as the Legislature will appropriate the needful. They consist of a central or main building, 48 by 49 feet, facing the east—a south wing, 36 by 82 feet, and an addition at right angles to it, for superintendent and family, 45 by 47 feet. This addition faces the east and projects on a line with the main building. All these have a height of three stories, with a basement. When the north wing and the addition shall be completed, another story added to the main building, aud a two-story rear wing, 48 by 120 feet, added, the edifice will present a fine appearance and aSord ample accommodations for three hundred pupils, together with those for superintendent, chaplain, teachers, and their families.

It will require considerable of an outlay of funds to erect suitable fences, embellish the grounds, plant fruit trees, enlarge the barn, equip the farm with proper implements aud to furnish the houses in a plain way as it should be at once.

Already our $40,000 have been expended and the Trustees are cramped by poverty. This should not be. This institution i i among the most important under the guardianship of the commonwealth and is an bonor to the State. In these statements we have spoken particularly of the outward and material condition of the establishment What awakened so much of pleasure, interest and enthusiasm in our company, was the excellent discipline of the school —the cheerful, hopeful and orderly deportment of the boys, and the good character given of them by their teachers, in regard to their obedience and improvement.

It was about uiue o'clock iu the morning, and by

the way, one of the most frosty-biting of the season, when we were escorted from the directors' room into the school department—a well-lighted, well-ventilated, and high-studded hall, 36 by 60 feet. There were seated about one hundred and twenty boys, from the ages of 10 to 16, singing the multiplication table with a hearty good will. Seldom have we visited a district school where the pupils responded with greater promptness or more correctly to questions pertaining to their studies, than did these lads. Mr. Hoadly, the superintendent and one of the warmest friends of the school from the first; Mr. Little, teacher aud assistant superintendent, and Rev. Mr. Maine, teacher and chaplain, appeared admirably qualified for the 'discbarge of their responsible positions. They evidently had the command both of the love and respect of the boys. The school was addressed by several of our party upon the advantages, pruspects and duties of the boys. Mr. Hawley, our City Missionary, was among the number. Those lads from Hartford, about thirty in number, seemed delighted to see and hear him.

When those scholars were requested to rise who could read without spelling their words, a large majority stood up. By several inquiries of this kind we learned that more than half the pupils were studying Arithmetic, and that some thirty could figure in vulgar fractions; that nearly half were learning to write, and that some twenty were taking lessons in sketching and some of the figures upon the black-board give indications of some talent in that line. Then all those boys were requested to rise who were resolved, by obedience, industry, study and truthfulness to become valuable men; with one elastic spring, every boy was upon his feet as quick as thought. Their bright eyes and cheerful faces told that tho answer came welling up from the very fountain of feeling. The government of the school is moral, mild and paternal—no more force or severity is employed than is necessary to enforce order and discipline. Mr. Little assured us that it was less difficult to manage this than ordinary district schools. For discipline and encouragement the boys are divided into four grades, which have reference to moral deportment and intellectual progress, or rather a desire and effort to improve. The names of those lads iu the first grade are allowed the highest position upon a large black-board upon the wall in front of the school. The other grades occupy the spaces beneath in their order. It is considered a severe punishment by the school for an offence to be lowered a grade, and to merge up from the lower strata end to gaiu a position among the best boys upon the board is to them the highest reward in the gift of the teicher.

On the first of March last, there were only 15 scholars in the school, now the number is 125.

The school is dismissed and we are conducted into the kilcben wbero flour and beef are being transformed into food. The bathing and wash room, supplied with tubs, towels and plenty of water, conducted by pipes, from a spring a mile and a half distant, aud having an altitude of 25 feet above the foundation of the edifice, indicated that cleanliness was an important rule iu the establishment. The diniug room was sufficiently spacious to seat every member of the school. In one room the boys were learning to make willow baskets; iu another, some were sewing, and in another room thoy were practicing, we understood, with the airland end; and the balance were engaged in domestic employment about the institution. We ascend to the second story and find ourselves in a spacious and well lighted corridor, 36 by 130 feet,with a row of single cells of wood on tbe west side, well ventilated.—

Tb£se apartments are furnished with a cot-bed, matrass, sheet, pillow and plenty of warm clothing. The boys are locked up in these cells during the night. This is about all the indications of a prison we saw around the institution.

In the 3d story of the main building is the chapel but it was without seals and we presume it has not been used as yet.

Adjoining tbe school department is a libraryroom with shelves and closets, and all that was wanted to perfect the department were books— quite an omission. I wish in this connection, Mr. Editor, to make a request to our citizens, in behalf of these boys. Many of them have acquired a taste for reading, and books mostly of a favorite character are now needed. Hundreds of volumes, no doubt, are now mouldering upon the shelves of private libraries in this city. These will be gratefully received by the school, and will be a source of unfailing pleasure aud advantage to the boys. Those persons who feel disposed to donate booksfor this) purpose, can leave tbem with B. Hudson, 209 Main street, or with David Hawley, 33 Church street, or at the Courant office. C.

The Congregational Polity of a Connotated Church Seventy Yean ago.

The Congregational Churcb iu West Simsbury, (now Canton, Ct.,) Feb. 26, 1785, re-organized, and with their confession of faith aud covenant, adopted the following Articles of Agreement:

1. We view the Scriptures the only rule of faith and practice.

2. We take the Lord Jesus Christ to be the onlyHead of the Christian church.

3. We suppose every particular church, by the Gospel, has a right to hear and determine all matters of discipline that respect its own members; and that no Council has any right to determine for them, or do any thing binding without their consent

4. Nevertheless, as in the multitude of counselors there is safety, we view it advisable and allowed of by the Gospel, for a church, as circumstances may be, to call in other churches and be advised of (by) them; and that every particular church ought to give account of its proceedings to other Christian churches, when occasion calls for it.

5. We look upon it that a visible Christian church consisteth of visible Christians, (viz.) of such as to appearance are believers, for if they are not to appearance believers, they cannot be the proper objects of brotherly love.

6. We view it that infants, or children of such as are members in complete standing in tbe church, or. in other words, in full communion, and none others, according to the Gospel, are proper subjects of infant baptism.

7. We suppose it would not be right for any church to bind themselves by any set of articles of human composition, so but that they may add to them others, or take from tbem* whenever they see sufficient grounds from Scripture J. B.

. "Were tbe whole Christian world to revert back to the original model, how far more simple, uniform and beautiful would tbe churcb appear, and how far more agreeable to tbe ecclesiastical polity, instituted by the holy apostles!"—President tjtilet.

He, who lias taken a powerful anodyne to coun teract the effects of intense pain, has bad a grand opportunity of witnessing a campaign upon a largo scale, as interesting to himself personally as that of the Crimea to the embattled powers of Europe. He may lie calmly, (or, at least, we have done so,) and watch tbe battle between the two contending

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