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ulem contains now, I judge, about 15,000 inhabitaats; buildings of stone but generally inferior; is strictly a walled city with narrow and very dirty "irwfa, its bazaars uninviting and poorly supplied— but I was pleased to see tlieni contain many specimens of American cotton manufacture; its popula;;on seemed neither thrifty nor industrious, and Its •hole "tout ensemble" bears a most uninviting apl-earance, not calculated to increase one's veneration 'ir it, dear as it is to every christian throughout the »orld.
I irill not tax you by carrying you along farther
with me; the distance I have taken you embraces Ike most important places in Palestine, although Nazareth, Sea of Galilee, Tyre and Sidon, and surrounding objects are from their associations, of great [■ tcrest, and all of these I hare visited—none have been of more to interest me than Tyre ; if tbe prophriSiimself had been entrusted with the fulfilment of '-is prophecy he could scarcely have rendered it sore complete.
I came here with very erroneous impressions of tie fertility and beauty of Palestine—either as it rwirds its agricultural resources, or its scenery; ial I must say after traversing its entire length, lilt ilsmouutains are rocky and barren beyond any iiiag I have ever seen, which with the valleys seem ;.• I* blighted by a higher than human power, and scipable under any state of cultivation of but scanty production, and the exceptions to this are rare over all the country I have passed. I he, that travellers hitherto have been at fault in *'i:tug of this country, and from their desire to say •Jis&some things" have in these particulars doomed dose »ho came after them to disappointment—it Tnakuy has been so with my companions and my«eif, and the charm which this land has always held *m me is broken. I feel 83 an intelligent young PSEtryman who had just finished the tour, said to «e—' I am gratified I made it but am glad it is ■mr.'
Palestine as you know is under Turkish govern•si, and well may its chief be said to be sick who •ifc his reins so feebly—his government is merely *mi*al, in /act it is under the wild Arab, and its ■at sacred path-ways, are infested with robbers. Otter way from Jerusalem to Nazareth, our mule»bo preceded us was robbed at mid-day of all , and on the same afternoon and same road re attacked by three Arabs—one of •m his horse, but as we came to his aid mself from their grasp; when we all to their speed thus eluding them but r their gung were discharged at us.— •«A an agreeable incident, especially with artiey before us, but the old saying is B is well thai ends well." 4fc all the faults of Nicholas, I begin to admire ■•■airy in endeavoring to place under a more •^■c role tbtse holy places—at least rendering it **5"t£e christian world to make their pilgrimPJ** I leave to-morrow for Damascus and P"?6x>tu which place you may hear again from P^ta 8incerely yours.
ted New York Herald. Ho commences by saying that he always allows himself the greatest liberty in speaking, for ho says "spoken words are but wind, and when they are spoken, are gone; consequently I take liberties in speaking which I do not allow when I commit my sentiments to writing." We give a few extracts from this long speech which will exhibit the character of this sovereign of the American desert, better than we can portray it.
"So far as morality goes, in many instances I have no complaints to make. Thousands and millions of people live according to the best light they have, but the Holy Priesthood hi not on the earth unless the Latter Day Saints have it. It is the Priesthood again given to the children of men, shall I say it out? (Yes.) That raises the devil, and makes all hell angry; and the servants of the devil will run to and fro, and publish his lies about Christ and and his church on the earth. They are not angry with me or with you; and the professors of Christianity, the priests are not angry with us, but they are tilled with wrath and indignation with themselves, and with the Almighty. Why are they angry 1 Because they are men, and like other men. If a man sees his house about to fall, if he sees something or other continually gnawing, and gnawing, and picking, and operating upon the foundation, and discovers that by and by the house must fall, perhaps when he is asleep or when he is gone from home, and destroy his women and children, he is all the time worried, and in a stew; all the time watching with a fearful looking for the time when it will crumblo to pieces. This is the difficulty with the professing Christian world. Is it so with th6 infidel 1 No, he does not care anything about the matter; but those sweet, loving, blessed Christians, the priest in the pulpit, and the deacon under it, and and the sage followers of their own nonsense and traditions of their fathers, are the ones who are at war with the eternal priesthood of God."
"Corrupt men cannot walk these streets with impunity, and if that is alionism to the government, amen to it. The constitution of the United States, wc sustain all the day long, and it will sustain and shield us, while the men who say we are aliens, and cry out " Mormon disturbance," will go to hell.— There have been officers here who were not fit to live in our midst, and they ran home and raised the cry, 'Mormon disturbance,' 'Mormon rebellion,' 'Mormon war,' and 'trcasoners;' but their day is over.':
"The newspapers are teeming with statements that I said,' President Pierce and all hell could not remove mo from office.' I will tell you what I did say, and what I now say; the Lord reigns and rules in the armies of the heavens and docs his pleasure among tho inhabitants of the earth. He sets up a kingdom here, and pulls down another there, at his pleasure. He walks in the midst of the people and they know it not. He makes Kings, Presidents and Governors, at his pleasure; hence I conclude that I shall be Governor of Utah Territory, just as long as he wants me to be; and for that time, neither the President of the United States, nor any other power can prevent it. Then, brethren and sisters, be not worried about my being dismissed from office: for when the President appoints another man to be Governor of Utah Territory, you. may^ acknowledge that tlie Lord has done it, for we should acknowledge his hand in all things."
,'The relation between us and the government may be likened to a man having twelve sons, and all tho elder sons pitch upon tho younger one, as Joseph's brethren of old did upon him. They persecuted him, and lied to their father about him, and tried to alienate the feelings of the old man from him, and succeeded in a measure in estranging the feolings of the father from the young child. So it is with the general government and us. We have pleaded time and time again, and will plead, saying, 'Spare us, love us; we mean to be one of the best boys you have got; be kind to us, and if you chasten us, it may be said that we have kissed the rod and reverenced the hand that gave it, and tried again: but be merciful to us, for do you not see that wo aro a
dutiful child V But no, Tom, Bill, Dick, Harry, and the rest of the boys are eternally running to the old man with lies in their mouths, and he will chastise little Joseph. And though the old fellow has not come out in open war upon him, and arrayed the force and arms of the Government to kill the boy, yet he sleeps in his chair, and dreams it over, and talks in his sleep, saying, 'Go it, boys; go it, boys—we will not say anything here.' And Tom, Bill, Dick, &c, commence pounding on to little Joseph; and the old man is dozing in lfis chair, saying, 'Go it, boys.'— What will become of this little Joseph? I will tell you. We are a child of the government, one of the youngest children, and we cling to our parent, and desire to be reckoned in the family, and to hail our brethren as brethren, and be numbered among them either in a Territorial or State capacity. What next 1 Tho cry is raised by the older boys that 'it never will do to admit this younger child into the Union; he is an alien, and we must exclude him.' I will tell you what that will amount to; they will pound and abuse little Joseph until his affections are entirely weaned from his parent, and from his brethren, and he becomes an independent boy. Who will cause this 1 The MormouBl"
"If the gallant gentleman wlio is now in our midst luul received the commission of Governor of this Territory, as was reported and had accepted it, I would have taken off my hat and honortd the appointment: and this people w ould have been just as passive and submissive to him as ever they could be to me. That I will warrant and vouch for. If they wish to send a Governor here, and he is a gentleman, like the one I have referred to, every heart would say, ' Thank God, we have a man to stand at our head in a gubernatorial capacity; a man who has got a good heart, and is willing that we should enjoy the federal rights of the constitution as well as himself.' I am with all such men, heart and hand. But for a man to como here and infringo upon my individual rights and privileges, and upon those of my brethren, will never meet my sanction, and I will scourge such an one until he leave; I am after him. But I will say, to the praise of the gallant gentleman referred to, if there was a going to be a gentleman called upon to be our Governor, there is not a man out of the kingdom of God, that I would listen to sooner, and feel more confidence and cordiality towards, than to him. I wish this meed of praise could be awarded to every officer in the government, but it cannot. We have some of the most corrupt, damnable, mean curses here that ever disgraced the earth ; some who even wish to carry the holy sanctuary in one hand, and a jug full of whiskey in the other, and hare a saint trait behind them to hold up their garments to prevent their drabbling."
We cannot multiply extracts. Sufficient is given to show the shrewd character of the man, and the danger of the formation of an independent government in Utah.
Encouraging to Tea and Cofle
The Journal of Commerce has a long editorial commendatory of tho use of tea, coffee, chicory and cocoa. Prof. Johnston is quoted as saying that more than seven hundred millions of the human race—or about three-fifths of the entire population of the globe—have come to regard one or the other of the warm beverages made from these articles as among the necessaries of life, and that they are in fact among the most useful and most harmless forms of indulgence. The quantity of the raw material consumed in the world is perfectly enormous; estimated at three thousand millions of pounds! of which, more than two thirds of the whole—or twenty-two hundred and forty millions of pounds—is tea.
"The medicinal properties of these beverages are well known. Tea is used advantageously in inflammatory diseases and as a cure for headacho. Coffee is supposed to act as a preventive of gravel and gout, and to its influence is ascribed the rarity of those diseases in France and Turkey. Both tea and coiree powerfully counteract the effects of opium and intoxicating liquors; though when taken in excess, and without nourishing food, they themselves produce, temporarily at least, some of the more disagreeable consequences of ardent spirits. In general, however, none but persons possessing great mobility of their nervous system, or enfeebled and effeminate constitutions, are injuriously affected by the moderate use of tea and coffee in connection with food. Prof. Johnston attributes to coffee the quality of stimulating the digestive organs, and to tea that of retarding their operation. Dr. Bigelow, in his work entitled "Nature in Disease," recently published in Boston, assigns to both the same effect —that of producing an increased action of the stomach in the process of digestion.
The properties and effects of coffee and tea are in most respects similar. They exhilarate and produce wakefulness; they stimulate the brain and soothe the body; they retard the waste of the animal system, which is in constant progress, and which it is the office of food to repair. In those who labor much with the head, they produce a condition of the system favorable for mental application; and in all, they tend to counteract the sluggishness which prompts to shrink from difficulties, and to infuse the spirit which impels to encounter and overcome them. They increase the enjoyment of life, while they make no sacrifice of its duration. On the contrary, in the old and infirm, whose powers of digestion begin to fail, they doubtless operate to prolong it, by retarding the natural waste of the bodily substance."
ROLL OF THE SENATE.
[Tho«e marked d are Democrat!—all others Americans and Wblgi).]
Dist. No. 1—Samuel G. Merriman, of New Britain, i " 2—Charles Forbes, of East Hartford.
"3—Silas R. Oridley, of Bristol.
"4—James F. Babcock, of New Haven.
"6—Philo P. Buckingham, of Sevmour. 6—William M. Hall, of WaUingfbrd.
"7—Edward Prentiss, of New London.
"8—Francis S. Peabody, of N. Stonington.
"9—Learned Hebard, of Lebanon.
"10—Augustus Jennings, of Southport.
"U—William F. Taylor, of Danbury.
"12—Orris S. Ferry, of Norwalk.
"13—Samuel Lee, of Willimantic.
"14—Daniel Dorchester, of Eastford.
"16—Charles 0. Belden, of Litchfield.
"16—Abraham Beechcr, of Bethlem.
"17—George A. Wheaton, of Cornwall.
"18—Charles R. Alsop, of Middletown.
"19—Alanson H. Hough, of Essex.
"20—Parley Couvcrse, of Stafferd.
"21—Richard H. Rose, of Coventry.
ROLL OF THE HOUSE. Hartford, Edwin D. Tiffany, Richard D. Hubbard, d. Avon, Edward Woodford, Berlin, Alfred North, Bloomfield, Nathan F. Miller, d. Bristol, Ralph E. Terry, Burlington, Joseph B. Payne, d. Canton, Theodore Pettibone, d. East Hartford, Thos. Wyllis, d, Ezra E. Smith. East Windsor, Joseph T. Hull, S. W. Cook. Enfield, Asaph King, d, Henry Gowdy,<2. Farmington, John Wiard, Dan'l B. Johnson. Glastenbury, Aaron W. Kinne, J. B. Holmes. Oranby, Elmore Clark, d, Willis Phelps, HaHland, Nath'l W. Gaylord, 11. J. Gates, Manchester, Asa Piper, Marlborough, Daniel Blish, New Britain, Gad Stanley, L. Woodruff Rocky Hill, Joel T. Green, d.
Simsbury, Jeffrey O.Phclps,ej, Shubael S. Hoskins,(Z. Southington, Gad Andrews, Samuel Upson,
v itth Windsor, Thomas H. Bissell, d. Sujficld, Henry Pease, Phineas Hanchett,
Wethersfield, Samuel Woodhouse, JcdeUiah Deming, Jr.,
West Hartford, Edward Stanley,
Windsor, Spencer Clapp, Jr. d, Eli Phelps, d.
New Haven, Alfred Blackman,d, Jas. E. English, d.
Bethany, Robert Clark, d.
Branford, William Blackstonc, d.
Cheshire, A. E. Doolittle, d, Norman Beach, d.
Derby, William E. Downs.
East Haven, Samuel T. Andrews, d.
Guilford, George A. Foote, Amos Fowler.
Hamden, Loyal F. Todd, d.
Madison, Frederick Dowd.
Meriden, James S. Brooks,
Middlebury, Josiah Hine.
Milford, Asa M. Train, D. L. Baldwin.
Naugatuck, Nathan C. Peters, d.
NoHh Branford, Thelus Todd, d.
North Haven, Henry McNiel.
Orange, William A. Bronsori, d.
Oxford, Ransom Hudson, d.
Prospect, John Gillette.
Seymour, Luzon B. Morris, d.
Southbury, Elisha Wheeler, d.
Wallingford, Samuel Peck, John Munson.
Waterbto-y, Leonard Pritchard, Edward S. Clark.
Wuolcott, Moses Pond, d.
Woodbridgc, Thomas Sanford, d.
New London, J. N. Harris, Charles E. Hewitt.
Norwich, Edmund Perkins, John D. Park.
Bozrah, Jedediah S. Hough.
Colchester, Lcm. L. Dickson, d, Erastus Day.
East Lyme, John L. Beckwith.
Franklin, Solomon A. Frink.
Griswold, Mowry B. Colo.
Groton, Noyes S. Palmer, E. B. Morgan.
Lebanon, Alanson C. Abell, Geo. H. Hill
Ledyard, Elias W. Brown, d.
Lisbon, Edwin Fitch.
Lyme, David Morley, Joseph Sclden
Montville, Hiram P. Baker.
North Stonington, Robt. Y. Latham, C. H. Kenyon.
Stonington, Franklin A. Palmer, Daniel W. Denison.
Fairfield, Hczekiah Davis, Zalmon Wakeman, Jr.
Bridgeport, Silas C. Booth.
Brookfield, Nathan Turrell, d.
Darien, Thomas Reed, d.
Danbury, Orrin Knapp, Nathan Seeley.
Easton, John S. Adams, d.
Greenwich, Ard Kuapp, Lyman Mead.
Huntington, Wells Hubboll, d.
Monroe, G. 0. Kceler, d.
New Canaan, Samuel R. Lockwood.
New Fairfield, Willis H. Wanzer, d.
Newtown, David II. Johnson, d Walter Clark, d.
Norwalk, D. Comstock, B. Nash.
Bedding, Cortcz Merchant, d, G. B. Lee.
Ridgefield, Jesse S. Bradley, Charles Smith, Jr.
Stamford, J. D. Warren, H. Marshall.
Sherman, Charles Pepiier, d.
Stratford, Charles Gilbert, d.
Trumbull, Burr Watkins, d.
Weston, M. U. Trcadwell, d.
Wilton, Theodore L. Sturges.
Westport, William Burwell.
Brooklyn, Willard Leavens.
Ashford, John H. Simmons, T. C. Carey.
Canterbury, Ephraim Browning, Enoch W.Waldo.
Cluiplin, Allen Lincoln.
Eastford, Hiram B. Burnham.
Hampton, Eleazer Burnham.
Killingly, Isaac II. Coc, E. Parker.
Plainfield, Wm. C. Marplc, Simon W. Miller.
Pomfret, Joseph Gilbert, Thos. C. Osgood.
Sterling, Allen Gibson.
Thompson, Edward Aldrick, Jesse Alton.
Vuluntown, Nathaniel S. Gallup, d.
Windham, Vine Hovey, Chester Hunt.
Woodstock, E. M. Phillips, Charles J. Harris.
Litchfield, P. S. Beebe, S. Brooker, Jr.
Kent, Beth tie! Millspaugh.
New Hartford, J. P. Root, Samuel Allen.
New Milford, Royal I. Canfield, d, Sherman Peck, (J
Norfolk, Jeremiah Johnson, Levi P. Gaylord.
Plymouth, Lewis F. Grant.
Roxbury, Jonah T. Davidson, d.
Salisbury, C. E. Botsford, Henry M. Knight.
Sharon, Norman E. Wheeler, H. Dunbar.
Torrington, Nelson Roberts, Cornelius A. Winship.
Warren, Elijah Hays, d.
Washington, Guy C. Ford, Joel Morehouse.
Watertown, W. B. Hotchkiss.
Winchester, John W. Bidwell, Stephen A. Hubbard.
Woodbury, T. Miner, Lewis Judd, d,
ToLLiND, Benjamin D. Benton, AncrGrover.
Andover, Eleazer S. White.
Bolton, Julius L. Strong, d.
Columbia, John B. Ticknor, d.
Coventry, John N. Dow, Luther P. Gager,
Ellington, Henry Hollister.
.Hebron, Griswold Burnham, Josiah C. Gilbert.
Mansfield, 0, S. Chaffee, G. R. Hanks.
Somers, Wm. H. Kibbe, Ezra J. Parsons, d.
Stafford, Dennis Scripter, E. F. Wheaton.
Union, Philo R. Corbin, Leonard S. Goodell.
Vernon, John W. Thayer.
Willingion, Emory P. Williams, Harvey Bidwell.
Middletown, Elihu Spencer, d, Austin Baldwin.
Saybrook J. S. Lane, J. S. Dickinson.
Our New House of Representatives.
W. S. P. writes us that the following are the only members who have before been in the House. Mr Perkins, of Norwich, was a member of the Stat< Senate in 1850; and Mr. Train, of Milford, in 1852 Very few old members have been returned from the Eastern part of the State. Only five were member of the House in 1854.
Robert Clark, Bethany, in 1814, '16, '17, and '54.
S. S. Hoskins, Simsbury, 1830, '82, and '36.
Elijah Hayes, Warren, 1830, '33, '34, '36 and 39.
J. 0. Phelps, Simsbury, 1881, '37 and '63.
Henry Pease, Suffield, 1832, '33 and '40.
Theodore Pettibone, Canton, 1853.
Josiah Hine, Middlebury, 1834 arid '35.
Sherman Peck, New Milford, 1834 and '35.
Charles Gilbert, Stratford, 1836.
Moses Pond, Wolcott, 1837, '43 and 44.
A. E. Doolittle, Cheshire, 1838.
G. A. Foote, Guilford, 1839, '40 and 41.
James S. Brooks, Mcridcu, 1839 and '44.
Orrin Knapp, Danbury, 1851.
Jerry Parmelee, KUlingworth, 1841.
Nathan Seeley, Danbury, 1842.
David L. Baldwin, Milford, 1842, '48 and '51.
Edward Woodford, Avon, 1848.
Elmore Clark, Granby, 1843.
Loyal F. Todd, Hamden, 1843.
Eli Phelps, Windsor, 1844 and '52.
Elihu Spencer, Middletown, 1844, '48 and '£>!
Elias W. Brown, Ledyard, 1846 and '52.
Nelson Roberts, Torrington, 1846 and '47.
Jedediah Deming, Wethersfield, 1847.
George H. Hill, Lebanon, 1847.
John S. Adams, Easton, 1847.
Eleazar S. White, Andover, 1818.
George R. Hanks, Mansfield, 1848 and '51.
Edward Aldrich, Thompson, 1848.
Josiah C. Gilbert, Hebron, 1849.
Alfred North, Berlin, 1849.
Silas C. Booth, Bridgeport, 1819.
Samuel Woodhouse, Wethersfield, 1849.
M. D. Treadwell, Weston, 1850.
Asa M. Train, Milford, 1850, '51, '53 and
Edward S. Clarke, Watctburv, 1851 and '£>ii
John W. Gallup, Preston, 1851.
Norman Beach, Cheshire, 1852.
Julius L. Strong, Bolton, 1862. Asaph King, Enflcld, 1853. Franklin Johnson, Wallingford, 1853. Samuel K. Lockworxi, New Canaan, 1853. Samuel Upson, Southington, 185-1. Joseph Maddox, Killingworth, 1854. W'di. H. Kibbe, Somers, 1854. As to the professional men in the House, there is a much less number of
Richard D. Hubbard, Hartford, was State Attorney about eight years, under both democratic and whig Judges, and gave general satisfaction. He is a talented, upright man, and will make a useful member.
J. 0. Phelps, Simsbury, has been Judge of County Court , and will make himself conspicuous.
Alfred Blackman, New Haven, Clerk of the U. S. Court, is a man of talent and tact, and will probably take the lead of the democracy in the House.
Wni. E. Downs, Derby, will be a prominent member of the American party.
Nathan C. Peters, Naugatuck.
Edmund Perkins, Norwich, is an eminent lawyer, a man of energy and progress, and will not fail to make an impression, if he is not the leader of his party. He will be troublesome to conservatives.
John D. Park, Norwich, is Judge of the County Court. He was whig candidate for the Senate in 1853. He is regarded as a sound, judicious man.
Elihu Spencer, Middletown, was many years Clerk of the Courts of Middles** County. He was a democrat; but will be prominent in the American party, and will make a useful business member.
Julius L. Strong, Bolton, has an office in Hartford.
Lucius Woodruff. New Britain.
L. L Dickinson, Botanic, Colchester.
Chester Hunt, Windham.
John H. Simmons, Ashford.
Joseph P. Root, New Hartford.
H. M. Knight, Salisbury.
John W. Bidwell, Winchester.
Joseph Maddox, Killingworth, was last year the embodiment of opposition to every progressive movement.
Asa M. Train, Milford, commenced his political career in 1850, and has since continued a member of the General Assembly, as Senator or Representative.
There may be others.
Of other prominent men we may name the following. Some others now unknown in public life, will doubtless render themselves conspicuous.
Austin Baldwin, Middletown, a manufacturer, and Whig candidate for Congress in 1853. His nions will have weight with considerate men: I his candor will make him a popular Speaker. i. D. Tiffany, Hartford, an intelligent mechanic— printer. The south school house in Hartford—a model for the State—is evidence of his zeal and energy in the cause of popular education. Ho can speak for the right when occasion requires.
Nelson Roberts, Torrington, is a man of strong coaamon sense, and an able speaker
J. E. English, New Haven, is a merchant of high standing, and will be a useful member of any important committee.
Mr. Brooks of Meridcn, Mr. Clark of Watorbury, Mr. Booth of Bridgeport, and Mr. Brown of Lcdyard, may be named as likely to have influence.
New Haven Palladium.
A Compliment To Tub Ladies.—Walter Savage Laodor, now residing at Bath, England, in his 81st year,became acquainted with Lady Blessington at Florence, in 1825. In Madden's Life and Correspondence of that lady, just published, we find several letters of Landor's. We make the following extract from one of them. He writes to Lady B.: "Cannot you teach those about you to write somewhat more purely 7 I am very fastidious. Three days ago, I was obliged to correct a friend of mine, a man of fashion, who so far forgot the graces, as to say of a Jady, 'X have not often been in her company.' 'Say presence;' we are in the company of n, in tfie presence of angels and of women."
A Few of the Beauties of Romanism.
The religion and humanity of Romanism are marvelous. Some of its beauties, as set forth by its own organs, will be found below. Read and see bow you like them:
For our own part, we take this opportunity of expressing our hearty delight at the suppression of the Protestant chapel in Rome. This may be thought intolerant, but when, we ask, did we ever profess to be tolerant of Protestantism, or to favor the doctrine that Protestantism ought to be tolerated 1 On the contrary, we hate Protestantism—wo detest it with our whole heart and soul, and we pray our aversion to it may never decrease. We hold it meet, that in the Eternal City no worship repugnant to God should be tolerated, and we are sincerely glad the enemies of the truth are no longer allowed to meet together in the capital of the Christian world.—Pittsburg Catholic Visitor, 1848.
No good government can exist without religion— and there can be uo religion without an inquisition, which is wisely designed for the promotion and protection of true faith.—Boston Pilot.
You ask if he (the Pope) were lord in the land, and you were in a minority, if not in numbers, yet in power, what would he do to you 1 That, we say, would depend entirely upon circumstances. If it would benefit the cause of Catholicism, he would tolerate you; if expedient he would imprison you, banish you, fine you—possibly he might even hang you—but, be assured of one thing; he would never tolerate you for the sake of the "glorious principles" of civil and religious liberty.—Rambler.
Protestantism of every form lias not, and never can have, any rights where Catholicity is triumphant.—Brownson's Quarterly Review.
Let us dare to assert the truth in the face of the lying world, and instead of pleading for our church at the bar of the State, summon the State itself to plead at the bar of the church, its divinely constituted Judge.—Ibid.
I never think of publishing anything in regard to the church, without submitting my articles to the bishop for inspection, approval and endorsement.—lb.
I declare my most unequivocal submission to the head of the church, and to the hierarchy in its different orders. If the Bishops make a declaration on this bill, I never would be heard speaking against it, but would submit at once, unequivocally to that decision. They have only to decide, and they also close my mouth; they have only to determine and I obey. I wish it to be understood that such is the duty of the Catholics.—Daniel 0'Connell.
Heresy and unbelief are crimes; and in Christian countries, as in Italy and Spain, for instance, where all the people are Catholics, and where the Catholic religion is an essential part of the law of the land, they are punished as other crimes.—R. C. Archbishop of St. Louis.
A heretic, examined and convicted by the church, used to be delivered over to the secular power, anil punished with death. Nothing has ever appeared to us more necessary. More than 100,000 |ierished in consequence of the heresy of Wicklific; a still greater number for that of John Huss; and It would not be possible to calculate the bloodshed, caused by Luther; and it is not yet over.
As for myself, what I regret, I frankly confess is, that they did not also burn Luther. This happened because there was not found some prince sufficiently politic to stir up a crusade against the Protestants.—Paris Univers.
The absurd and erroneous dpctrines or ravings in defense of liberty of conscience, is a most pestilential error—a pest, of all (Jthers, most to bedreaded in a Slate.—h'ncyJLf.l Ijet/ter of Pope Pius IX., August 15, 1855.
Protestantism of every kind, Catholicity inserts in her catalogue* of mortal sins; she endures it when and where sh£.must; but she hates it, ai>d directs all enerjgee to effect its destruction.—St. Louis Shepardpf, the Valley.
You,should do all in your power to carry out rfia intentions of His Holiness the Pope. Where you
have the electoral franchise, give your votes to none but those who will assist you in so holy a struggle.—Daniel O'Connell.
"Can you direct me to the Hotel 1" inquired
a gentleman with a carpet-bag, of a burly Hibernian, standing on the steps of the railroad station.
"Faith," was the reply, "it's jist I that can do that same. You see you jist go up that strate till you come to Thaddy O'Mulligan's shop. Then
"But I don't know where Thaddy O'Mulligan's shop, as you call it, is."
'• 0 faith, why didn't I think of that. Well, then your honor must kape on till ye get to the apple woman's stand, on the corner of the brick church it is, and kape that on the right, and go on till ye get to the sign of the big watch, and mind you don't fall down the cellar thcreway, then you kape on a little further till ye come to a big tree, and after that you turn to the right or left, but by the bones of St. Patrick, I don't know which."
The traveller turned in despair to a long, lank Jonathan, who was standing whittling, close by, and made the same inquiry of him.
"Maybe you're going to put up there 1" queried Jonathan.
"Yes, I intend to."
"Did you come from far off"!"
"Yes, from Philadelphia," was the impatient reply. "But can you tell me where the ."
"Got any more bagage V said the imperturbable Yankee.
"No, this is all," said the traveller, convinced that the only way to get the dirrection was to submit to the questioning.
"Going to stay long!"
"Couldn't say," was the reply, in rather a crusty manner. "But I'm in a hurry, and would like to be directed ."
"Wait a minute. I reckon you're a married man,
ain't you V
"No, I am not, and now I won't answer anything more till you have answered."
"Well, 'Squire," said the Yankee coolly, "I'd like to oblige you, but the truth is, I have never been in the town before myself."
In less than a minute, a carpet bag with a man attached was seen hurrying away from that vicinity. He didn't find asking directions of any particular advantage.
How To Get The Real Flavor Op Cofpee.—In Kingston's "Forest Life in Ceyloa," are the following hints on the preparation of coffee, derived from long experience. The subtle aroma which resides in the essential oil of the coffee berry, is gradually dissipated after roasting, and of couse still more after being ground. In order to enjoy the full flavor in perfection, the berry should pass at once trem the roasting pan to the mill, and thence to the cof. fee pot; and again after having been made, should be mixed at a boiling heat with hot milk. It must be bad coffee, indeed, which, if these precautions be taken, will not afford an agreeable and exhilarating drink. Two great evils are constantly perpetrated in England, in its preparation, which are more guardod against in all other countries, and which materially impair its flavor and strength-^-, keeping the coffee a, considerable time after roasting and grinding, by which its strength is considerably diminished, and mixing the milk wish it after U has been allowed partially t« ce&fc
Lint.—Through the testimony gcven before Mr. Roebuck's investigating committee, much information of a startling character has been obtained going to show the grossest negligence, stupidity an<t carelessness, among those in command, particularly in tho cowtmissariat department. Here is one ipstance. trom the London Times :.
For »wo months, all Europe was cryhig shame os the want of lint to dress the wounds of thousands of- British soldiers lying at Scutari, and scarce a household in this country but was busily employed ! in supplying the want. It now appears that the lint was there all the time, only some brutal official thought it less trouble to say noting about it than to give it out to the hospitals.
Slay Where yon Are.
In tho West we have mat with persons possessed of a mania for clearing land. As long as their farms afford unlimited opportunities for chopping down huge trees and burning up huge logs, they work away with the ardor of passion; but the moment they have made their farms tillable and their houses inhabitable, they take no further Interest in them whatever, and are eager to sell out and plunge deeper into the woods to ply again the axe and the brand. Thus the country is clearod rapidly; but the blood of the people is fevered, and the passion for change continues after the good done by it has been accomplished.
The necessity for a rapid clearing of land has ceased. We have cleared faster than we have appropriated. The Eastern and Middle States present an expanse, almost unbroken, of half-cultivated land, dotted with unattractive homes. A large number—probably a majority—of those who occupy those homes are, at least, willing, if they are not desirous, to sell their farms and try their fortune in a newer region. They know that the burden of life is heavy to be borne where they are; they hope it will be lighter somewhere else. TlTey forget that the life of no honest man is easy. They omit from their calculations all the unseen and spiritual advantages of a permanent residence. They overlook the fact that the real nutriment of a tree or a man flows in from the minute tendrils of the Toot, scarcely visible to the eye, which a removal rudely tears away. They have neglected to make their homes charming, by planting the ornamental shrub, the shading tree, the beautiful flower. They have not enlisted in their corps of cooperators the next-to-omnipotent aid of Science, nor bound themselves to the fields they till by the interest of varied, intelligent Experiment. They do not know that new lands, though they give a large increase, yet draw large tribute from the men who go to live upon them. The forest and the prairie do not yield without a struggle, nor without imparting some of their wildness to their conquerors. It is a game of Give and Take between civilized man and wild nature.
To most men, over twenty-five years of age, who have a footing upon their native soil, we believe the advice is good. Stay where you are, and determine to stay as long as life lasts! Persevering toil, guided by a thinking head and ennobled by a worthy purpose, wiS reduce the mortgage by degrees, and beautify the old home, and fertilize the sterile field, and drain the too fertile marsh, and convert stones into stone-fence, and make the farm the pride of the township and the delight of its owner. Stay where you are, and try it! There are those who should romove—the young, the strong, the uncapitaled, tho onc-too-many in a family. But, if possible, such should remove butoiw* .seeking not a stopping-place bat a permanent home, in which, and around which,i all that is best in their natures'may gather and centre.
■Would that we could whisper it convincingly into the ears of nine-tenths of our restless, roving fellowcitizens, Stay where you are!—Life Illustrated.
The Troy Summary For Sale.—The proposal to sell this female institution has drawn out an able and earnest remonstrance from the distinguished principal, Mrs. Emma Willard. She says:—
"The indirect proposal to sell the Troy Seminary, strikes me much as it would if it should be revealed to me, that when I am dead and buried, there should come up in the Times and the Whig, a suggestion whether it would not be best to dig up my bones and sell them—they being Trojan earth, and capable of being turned into a goodly quantity of phosphorus and lime, articles which fetch money n the market. Indeed, if one of the two objects vere actually to be carried out, I would infinitely jrefcr it should be the latter. . To sell my bones, vould be but to sell my death; whereas to sell the 'srninarv, would be to sell my life and that of my hildrcn."
Charcoal For Flowers.—It is an ascertained .ct that powdered charcoal, placed around rose ashes and other flowers, has the effect of adding , -eatly to the richness of the flower.
A Fearful Tragedy.
The London Timet lays before its readers the particulars of a horrible affair which recently occurred near the Dutch settlement of Transvaal, at the Cape of Good Hope, and which, we think, can only be paralleled in atrocity among the achievements of modern times by the exploit of Marshal St. Amaud in Algiers, when he smoked and bnrned to death thousands of his barbarian opponents who had sought refuge in a deep and spacious cave. In the case of tho Cape of Good Hope, the Caffre Indians had murdered, in October last, under circumstances of great barbarity, ten or twelve men and women of the Dutch settlement.
Immediately General Pretorius raised an army of five hundred men, and accompaniod by Commander General Potgieter, proceeded ou an expedition to revenge the blood of their victims. After an absence of several weeks they reached some remarkable subterranean caverns, half a mile in length, and from three to five hundred feet in width, where the Caffres had entrenched themselves.
Upon his arrival at this spot, General Pretorius attempted to blast the rocks above the caverns, and thus crush the savages beneath the ruins. The peculiar character of tho stone, however, rendered this scheme impracticable, and he then stationed his men around the mouth of the caves, and built up walls in front of them. After a few days, many of the women and children were driven by hunger and thirst from their hiding places, and were allowed to escape; but every man who came forth was shot dead with their rifles.
On tho 7th of November, at the close of a siege of three weeks, tho besiegers, seeing no signs of life, entered the caverns, and the silence within, together with the horrible odor arising from the bodies of the dead, told how effectually their object had been accomplished. More than 900 Caffres had been shot down at the mouths of the caverns, and a much greater number had perished by slow degrees, suffering all the horrors of starvation in the gloomy recesses within.
Did you ever know a more well-worn word than this, in your life 1 And yet it holds its own wonderfully. It keeps together its fivo constituents, as though they were "all oak."
But like an old quarter, it doesn't pass for as much as it used to do; the pillars are worn off; so there goes twenty per cent in a twinkling.
Of old Roman origin, it once meant real and true; now it means nothing of the sort, and to .two "base uses, has it come at last." And the first is, fox chinking, and the second, as the name of a greBt passion—a powerful weakness.
A man abuses you through three mortal pages of foolscap, and concludes with a " very respectfully," just as though he was the Damon to your Pythias. Another writes something that will alienate a friend, or wound a heart, or blight a hope, and puts the finishing touch to his abomination with a " very sincerely" or a " very faithfully." Perhaps a writer has no heart at all, and wouldn't risk the value of a brass button upon your temporal salvation j and he is sure to be " yours very cordjally." . Not satisfied with assuring you that he has a heart—he must have a heart very—that is, that curious organ "to a degree."
One meets you that has not set eyes on you for five years, nor thought of you in sixty calendar months. He is not only glad to see you—that will not do at all—he is "very glad;" has thought of you, not often, but "very often;" hopes to meet you, not soon, but "very soon," and so you part— he with his verys, and you with yours, for ten to one you do the same thing by the very next man you meet.
It is never rainy but it is tery rainy. Is she beautifull Very. And he noble"! Very. And so, this devoted word is reduced to a paltry chinking —employed, like Ceesar's dust, to "patch a wall.1'
Then again "very" christens a passion. The ruling rage of the time is "very." Everything must be very—very something—intensified, aggravated, very. If a man is ill, ho gets no sympathy, unless there is a very in the case; nothing short of being
very ill, will answer at all. If a man is very rich, he is respected; when rery rich, envied and admired; but it is only your Vert rich man that is positively adored.
And so it goes—everybody on the qui vire for a very.—Chicago Journal.
Elegant Rf.vroof.—Lord Lelly celebrated in the last age for his love of music, was not only witty in himself, but the cause of wit in others.—Mr.
B a Scotch Advocate, a man of considerable
humor, accompanied by a formality of manners, happened to be one of a convivial party when his lordship was at the head of tlie table; artcr dinner he was asked to sing, but he absolutely refused to comply with the pressing solicitations of the company; at length Lord K. told him he should not escape —he must either sing a song, tell a story, or drink a
bumper. Mr. B being an abstemious man,
chose rather to tell a story, than incur the forfeit. "One day," said he in his pompous manner, "a thief, in the course of his rounds saw the door of a church invitingly open; he walked in thinking that even there he might lay hold of something useful; having secured the pulpit cloth, he was retreating when, lo! he found the door shut. After some consideration, he adopted the only means of escape left, namely, to let himself down by tho bell rope; the bell of course rang; the people were alarmed, and the thief was taken just as he reached the ground. When they were dragging him away, he looked up, and emphatically addressed the bell, as I now address your Lordship. 'Had it not been,' said he, 'for your long tongue and empty head, I had made my escape.'"
A Word Or Two About Newspapers.—Rev. Abel Stevens, the editor of the National Magazine) an issue which stands nearly in the first place among the periodicals of our country, says in his "table, speaking of the independence of the true editor:
"We do not, in our editorials, hold ourselves responsible to the personal views of any individual patron. For ourselves, personally, we would not subscribe a sixpence to a periodical which should hold itself bound 10 re-edit only received views, or to bring to us from month to month, such opinions only as are admitted by common consent, or are a repetition—a rehash—of our own individual thinkings. We prefer something independent—something provocative of new and progressive thought—even if it-challenge, sometimes, our dissent. This is one of the prime rules of good editing, and he that don't like it had better clear our track as soon as possible."
The perfume of flowers may be gathered, according to the Scientific American, in a very simple manner, and without apparatus. Gather the flowers with as little stalk as possible, and place them in a jar, three parts full of olive or almond oil. After being in the oil twenty-four hours, put them into a coarse cloth, and squeeze the oil from them. This process with fresh flowers, is to be repeated according to the strength of perfume desired. The oil being thus thoroughly perfumed with the volatile principle of the flowers, is to be mixed with an equal quantity of pure rectified spirit, and shaken every day for a fortnight, when it may bo poured off, ready for use. As the season for sweet scented blossoms is just approaching, this method may bo practically tested, and without any great trouble or expense. It would add to the cultivation of flowers.
A Curious Quf.ssion Of Real Or Personal EsTate.—The sculptor, Thorn, celebrated for his groups of Tan O'Shanier and Old Mortality, purchased a farm in Rockland county, which he mortgaged, and then built upon it a house, and erected a colossal statue, cut from red sand-stone, which he placed on a pedestal between the house and the gateway. The mortgage was foreclosed, and the question was raised whether tho statue passed with the real property. It was decided by tho Court of Appeals that it did.
Tho man who was lately struck with a new thought, has concluded to overlook the act, it being the first time, and there is little dangor of a repetition of the act.
Tbe Largest Diamond ever Found In Worth America.
We were shown yesterday, on board of the steamsliip Jamestown, what is said to be the largest diamond ever discovered in North America. It is about the size of a large hazel nut, of great brilliancy, and is quite smooth. In the centre of it, however, are several small black specks. It was found several months ago by a laboring man named Benjamin Moore, at Manchester, Virginia, in some earth which he was digging up.
The diamond was put in a furnace for melting iron, at Richmond, where it remained in a red heat for two hours and twenty minutes. It was then Uken out and found to be uninjured and brighter than ever. It was valued in Richmond at four thousand dollars. The finder of the prize is a poor man with a family.
Mr. Emanuel Matthews has charge of it to sell for the benefit of Mr. Moore. Yesterday it was weighed and inspected by Ball, Black & Co., and other jewelers in Broadway. The weight of it is 23f carats. Several jewelers in this city have desired to purchase the diamond, but they want tl'ic agent first to fix his price for it.—y. Y. Ere. Post.
A Hungry Cabpet Bag.—The Buffalo Express relates an amusing incident which occurred at Erie a few days since. A gentleman left Cleveland for New York at an early hour in the morning, withont his break fait, and being very hungry upon the arrival of tbe train at Erie, entered the dining , and placing his carpet bag upon a chair, sat i beside it and commenced a valorous attack i the viands placed before him. By and by the proprietor of the establishment came around to collect fares, and upon reaching our friend, ejaculated, "Dollar, sir"' "A dollar!" responded the eating man, "a dollar! thought you only charged fifty cents a meal for one—eh 1" "That's true," said Meanness, "but I count your carpet bag one, since it occupies a scat." (The table was far from being crowded.) Our friend expostulated, but the landlord insisted, and the dollar was reluctantly brought forth. The landlord passed on. Our friend deliberately arose and opening his carpet bag, full in its wide mouth, discoursed unto it, saying, "Carpet bi?, it seems you're an individual—a human individual, since you eat;''—upon which he seized everything eatable within his reach, auts, raisins, apples, cakes, pics, and amid the roars of the byftanders, the delight of his brother passengers, and discomfiture of the landlord, phlegmatically went and took his seat in the cars. He said he had provisions enough to last him to New York, after a bountiful supply had been served out in the cars. There was at least $8 worth in the bag—upon which the landlord realized nothing in the way of profit. So much for meanness.
Fisa As Food.—There is much nourishment in fish, little less than in butcher's meat, weight for weight; and in effect it may be more nourishing, coEsiderins how, from its softer fibre, fish is more easily digested. Moreover, thore is, I find in fish —a substance which docs not exist in the flesh of land animals, viz., iodine—a substance which may have a beneficial effect on the health, and tend to prevent the production of scrofulous and tubercular disease, the latter in the form of pulmonary consumption, one of the most cruel and fatal with which civilized society, and the highly educated a vd refined arc afflicted.—Comparative trials prove that Mi the majority of fish the proportion of solid matter—that is, the matter which remains after ;-erffeet desiccation, or the expulsion of the aqueous part—is little inferior to that of the several kinds of batcher's meat, game or poultry. And, if wejjive «ur attention to classes of people—classed as to quality of food they principally subsist on—we find seat tie ichthyophagous class are especially strong, ?Altby and prolific. In no class than that of fishes do we see larger families, handsomer women or aore robust and active men, or a greater exemption from tbe maladies just alluded to.—Dr. Davy's Angler and kit Friend.
A person out west is offering for sale grass seed ?:bercd from the " path of rectitude." A religious ^temporary fears that the path must be sadly \:Jwu ■with g^raw*—it is so little travelled now-a
About Kisses.—The fair editress of a western pajicr takes the following decided ground in favor of this almost discarded institution:—
"Kisses are the acknowledged institution. It \s as natural for ' folks' to like them as it is for water to run down hill, except when it Is so cold that it freezes and can't run at all. Some are as hot as coal fire, some sweet as honey, some mild as milk, some tasteless as long drawn soda. Stolen kisses are said to have more nutmeg and cream than any other sort. As to proposed kisses, they are not liked at all. We have made it our business to enquire among our friends, and they agree with us that a stolen kiss is the most agreeable—that is, if the theft is made by the right person. Talk of shyness and struggling—no wonder! When some bipeds approach, it is miraculous that ladies do not go into convulsions. We do not speak altogether from experience, but from what we have heard others say. We have been kissed a few times, and, as we are not very old, we hope to receive many more."
Insult And Rebuke.—A Mormon Elder was invited to officiate as chaplain of the California Legislature at the opening of a morning session. The Reverend Mr. Shuck, Baptist, of Sacramento, had been invited to officiate in the same capacity, whoso feelings are expressed in the following note which he addressed to the Legislature: "I am now precluded from accepting the invitation you have extended from the fact of the Assembly having, by a large vote of yesterday, acknowledged the Christianity of that daring imposture of systematized licentiousness called Mormonism. And with it or its ' elders' I can have no religious affinity, sympathy, fraternity or intercourse. I claim for myself, individually, no superiority in righteousness over other men; but, as a Christian minister, I do claim for Christianity a superiority over every religious system on the face of this whole earth; and as to Mormonism itself, I regard it as dishonor to the one living and true God, a libel upon Christianity, a disgrace to the philosophy of human progress, and a bold Insult to the intelligence of the nineteenth century."—Presbyterian,
The Sultan.—The severe etiquette of tho Sultans, which has already recciveefsome rudo shocks since the commencement of the present war, is destined, it seems, to experience one still more startling. Abdul-Medjid (says a letter published in the Gazette du Midi) has made up his mind to offer his arm to the Empress of tbe French when she arrives before the palace of Balta Liman I to present her to the first Sultancss (there are seven who bear this title, and who take rank according to the order of the birth of their children) whose face will be unveiled! Four young ladies, chosen from the best Armenian families, and speaking the French and Turkish languages, will also be placed at the disposition of the Empress as interpreters and ladies of honor. Magnificent presents, among them a side-saddle adorned with precious stones, will also be offered by the Sultan to the acceptance of her Imperial Majesty.
Something The Matter With Seneca Lake.— The Geneva Gazette of Saturday says: "Our citizens for two days past have been considerably interested, and some of them a great deal excited, in reference to a strange, and thus far inexplicable phenomenon, that has occurred in the waters of Seneca Lake. During the whole of Wednesday and yesterday, the water would rise and fall, in spaces of time varying from ten minutes to half an hour, continuously through those days, from five inches to two feet in height. Just after sundown on Wednesday evening, a friend of ours made an exact measurement of the fall and time. In fifteen minutes tho water fell 16| inches, when it commenced rising again."
"Friend, it is very wrong to swear as you do. Why do you do it?"
"Because," replied the prisoner, "I've understood that a man may swear out of jail in thirty days, and I want to seo if it can't be douo in fifteen, lam goins t° sit up all night and do my worst."
A Formal Introduction.—:An eccentric genius who delivered lectures in the Hdosier state to the general acceptance of the public, was hi the habit of taking his wife along, when making his grand rounds. Sometimes she took a seat on the stand, and encouraged him by her presence. On such occasions before commencing his lecture, the male member of the firm invariably introduced his partner to the assembly. Taking her by tbe hand, ho gracefully led her to the foot-lights, then waiving his hand towards the people and looking the lady In tho face, said, "Mrs. Jones—Audience." Then racing the assemblage, with a gesture Indicating that it was necessary to identify the lady introduced, he added, "Audience—Mrs. Jones!" This duty accomplished, he proceeded according to the programme.—Dayton (Ohio) Journal.
Eliza Wharton.—A touching tribute to the memory of Eliza Wharton occurred at Danvers lately, during the session of the American Institute. Her grave, marked by the old mutilated freestone monument, was visited by the members, and each ono as he turned away picked up a fragment of the stone and placed it in his pocket to preserve as a memorial of that frail but beautiful object for whose fate so many tears have been shed. As they look upon the memorials they carried from the grave, they must give special thanks to the generous Mr. Annable, who went away to Salem to procure freestone chips enough to supply the demand, and scattered them round the spot^Poit Li
Dying In A Foreign Land.—A letter from Rome states that Major Brown, formerly Superintendent of the New York and Erie Railroad, is in Naples.— For the last five years he has held an appointment under the Emperor of Russia as superintendent of the imperial railways. Hearing, says the writer, that he had recently arrived in pursuit of health, I called to see him, and found him greatly reduced by a chronic pulmonary disease, his physicians have abandoned all hope of his recovery. He was surrounded by several members of his family, and enjoying the most assiduous care and attention, but it stirs up all tbe sensibilities of one's heart to see even those who are bound to us only by the ties of common country sinking under disease in a distant land.
How Shall I Preserve The Heart I Have Won 1 —Endeavor to make your husband's habitation alluring and delightful to him. Make it a repose from his cares, a shelter from the world, a home for his heart. Invariably adorn yourself with delicacy and modesty. Let your husband suppose you think him a good husband, and it will be a strong stimulus to his being so. Cultivate cheerfulness and good humor. In tho article of dress, study your husband's taste. Conceal his faults, and speak only of his virtues. Shun extravagance. Let your homo be your empire, your world. In its sober, quiet scenes, let your heart cast its anchor, let your feelings and pursuits be centered.
A correspondent of the Philadelphia Ledger says in relation to the destruction of ants: 'We give you a sure remedy. Procure a large sponge, wash it well, and press it very dry—by so doing it will leave tho small cells open; lay it on a shelf where they are most troublesome, sprinkle some fine white sugar on tho sponge (lightly over it,) two or three times a day; take a bucket of hot water to where the sponge is, caiofully drop the sponge in tho scalding water, and you will slay them by thousands, and soon rid the house of these troublesome insects. When you squeeze the sponge, you will bo astonished at the number that had gone into the cells.
An American Aphorism. The tobacco chewcr is like a goose in a dutch oven—always on the spit.
A Good Servant. A mayor's footman must be devout. He daily attends his worship.
Might a publican who, having been "unfortunate in business," had re-opened his house, be termed a republican 1
When is the weather like a crockery shop 7 When it's muggy.
When is a pigeon like a young lady io Ujesulka 1 When it's a pouter.