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which, by the way, upon my conscience, | led in all would be untrue, though striking neither my lord-treasurer nor my Lord examples of each might easily be selected Lauderdale are guilty.
from his writings. The activity with which All this is very pleasant and facetious. his mind suggests ludicrous images and anBut it seems Marvell's intrepid patriotism alogies is astonishing. He often absolutely and witty writings rendered him extremely startles us by the remoteness and oddity of odious to the court, and especially to James, the sources from which they are supplied, Duke of York, and heir presumptive to the and by the unexpected ingenuity and felicity
As already mentioned, he was fre- of his repartees. His forte, however, apquently compelled to conceal himself out of pears to be a grave ironical banter, which he dread of assassination. He died, however, to often pursues at such a length, that there all appearance, peaceably in his bed, on the seeins no limit to his fertility of invention. 16th August, 1678—the year in which his In his endless accumulation of ludicrous obnoxious work on the Growth of Popery images and allusions, the untiring exhaustive and Arbitrary Government was published'; ridicule with which he will play upon the but as he was in vigorous health immediately same topics, he is unique; yet this peculiarbefore, strong suspicions have been enter- ity not seldom leads him to drain the genertained that he was poisoned. We know of ous wine even to the dregs, to spoil a series of no evidence in support of these suspicions, felicitous railleries by some far-fetched conso that, probably, there were no grounds for ceit or unpardonable extravagance.” them, as we are all aware that strong and But whoever supposes Marvell to bave vigorous men have not unseldom died sud- been nothing but a wit
, simply on account of denly.
the predominance of that quality, will do Aubrey describes Marvell as being in per- him great injustice. As the same writer re
of a middling stature, pretty strong-set, marks : * It is the common lot of such men, roundish-faced, cherry-checked, hazel-eyed, in whom some one faculty is found on a brown-haired,”-the very figure of a jolly great scale, to fail of part of the admiration Yorkshireman. He adds, that in conversa due to other endowments; possessed in more tion he was modest and of very few words; moderate degree, indeed, but still in a deand was wont to say, “ he would not drink gree far from ordinary. We are subject to high or freely with any one with whom he the same illusion in gazing on mountain could not trust his life.” Who would ? Of scenery. Fixing our eye on some solitary his collected works, we believe there is no peak, which towers far above the rest, the complete edition. Cooke's edition, publish- groups of surrounding hills look positively ed in 1726, contains only his poems and diminutive, though they may, in fact, be all some of his private letters. That of Captain of great magnitude.” Though wit was his Thompson, in three volumes quarto, publish- most predominating endowment, the rest of ed in 1776, is not considered quite complete, Marvell's talents were all of a high order of and is very indifferently edited. There may development. His judgment was remarkably be other editions, but if so, they are unknown clear and sound, his logic ingenious and to the present writer. The “Life of Andrew adroit, bis sagacity in practical affairs admi. Marvell, with Extracts from his Prose and rable, his talents for business apparently of Poetical Works, by John Dove,” (1832,) is, the first order, and his industry in whatever we believe, the fullest and most recent ac he undertook steady and indefatigable. He count we have of this distinguished patriot; had all the qualities which would have enand, perhaps, the passages selected will, to abled him to succeed in almost any departordinary readers, prove the most interesting ment of exertion; while in regard to candor, and agreeable portions of his writings. strict integrity, and all the solid merits which
“The characteristic attribute of Marvell's render a man honorable and worthy, he was genius," says the Edinburgh critic already not surpassed by any man of his generation. quoted, " was unquestionably wit, in all the Marvell has some, though not very conattributes of which-brief sententious sar- siderable reputation as a poet. His poems casm, fierce invective, light raillery, grave are, for the most part, quaint, fantastic, unirony, and broad laughing humor-he seems couth in rhythm; but there are a few pieces to have been by nature almost equally fitted which display both beauty of thoughi and to excel. To say that he has equally excel- no indifferent elegance of expression. The
“Emigrants in Bermudas," a "Dialogue be* Marvell's Works, vol. i. pp. 428, 429, as quoted tween Body and Soul,” “The Nymph com
plaining for the Death of her Fawn," and a
in Ed. Rev. No. 159.
“ Dialogue between the Resolved Soul and satire, he did manful service in the cause of Created Pleasure,” though all more or less virtue, by assailing, and to some extent subunequal, contain nevertheless many sweet duing various principalities and powers of and pleasant lines. Besides these, there are despicability and corruption. By exposing some satirical pieces which, though largely and rendering contemptible the False, he disfigured by the characteristic defects of vindicated and did honor to the True. Thus, the age, are upon the whole highly felicitous he did not live his life in vain; nor did the and amusing. A few lines from a whimsical influence of his activity or of his example Satire on HoHand may not be unacceptable, cease when bis own existence terminated. by way of enlivening the growing dulness of Though dead, and imperfectly remembered, the present paper
he nevertheless speaketh through that trans
mitted and ever-present power which be* Holland, that scarce deserves the name of land, longs inseparably to goodness. The uttered As but the off-scouring of the British sand, word may cease to be repeated, but the And so much earth as was contributed
spirit of truth, whose manifestation and emBy English pilots when they heaved the lead; Or what by th' ocean's slow alluvion fell,
bodiment it was, departs not out of the world, Of shipwreck'd cockle and the muscle-shell;
but like an invisible electric current, circuThis indigested vomit of the sea
lates with an enduring efficacy throughout Fell to the Dutch by just propriety.
the whole development of humanity. Glad then, as miners who have found the ore, Personally, Marvell is memorable mainly They with mad labor fish'd the land to shore; for his high integrity and moral worth. It And dived as desperately for each piece is this which attracts, and will continue to Of earth, as if it had been of ambergrease, Collecting anxiously small loads of clay,
attract the admiration of posterity, more than Less than what building swallows bear away; anything which he actually accomplished by
means of his particular endowments. His For as with pigmies, who best kills the crane,
steadfast and inflexible abidance by an indiAmong the hungry he that treasures grain,
vidual uprightness and sincerity, when all the Among the blind the one-eyed blinkard reigns,
rewards and enticements of life thronged So rules among the drowned he that drains. round him like syren shapes to beguile him Not who first sees the rising sun commands: into apostasy, is a grand and striking specBut who could first discern the rising lands." tacle, the rarity and the beauty whereof will
never fail to command the earnest homage Though Marvell's works are now but little of mankind. Admiring men have called read and are not unlikely to be by-and-by him the “ British Aristides," and certainly forgotten, there can be no question that they no other man connected with our history can considerably modified the character of his be mentioned who has more honestly deown generation. With his keen weapons of 'served the honor thus attributed.
AN INDIAN SWORD-Player declared at a, ed his left hand, which was admitted to be great public festival, that he could cleave a suitable in form; yet the Indian still declined small lime laid on a man's palm without in the trial, and when pressed, twice waved his jury to the member; and the General (Sir thin keen-edged blade as if to strike, and Charles Napier) extended his right hand for twice withheld the blow, declaring he was the trial. The sword-player, awed by his uncertain of success. Finally he was forced rank, was reluctant, and cut the fruit hori- to make trial; and the lime fell open, cleanly zontally. Being urged to fulfil his boast, he divided--the edge of the sword had just examined the palm, said it was not one to marked its passage over the skin without be experimented upon with safety, and re- drawing a drop of blood.- Sir Charles Nafused to proceed. The General then extend- pier's Administralion in Scinde.
A very interesting trial for murder took | taste. In order to increase the effect, she place lately in Austria. The prisoner, Anna was so rash auto increase the dose of arsenic, Alexander, was acquitted by the jury, who, 1 and fell a victim to her vanity ; she was poiin the various questions put to the witnesses, soned, and died an agonizing death. in order to discover whether the murdered The number of deaths in consequence of man, Lieutenant Mathew Wurzel, was a poi | the immoderate enjoyment of arsenic is not son-eater or not, educed some very curious inconsiderable, especially among the young. evidence relating to this class of persons. Every priest who has the cure of souls in
As it is not generally known that eating those districts where the abuse prevails could poison is actually practised in more countries tell of such tragedies; and the inquiries I than one, the following account of the cus- have myself made on the subject have opened tom, given by a physician, Dr. T. Von Tschu- out very singular details. Whether it arise di, will not be without interest.
from fear of the law, which forbids the unIn some districts of Lower Austria, and in authorized possession of arsenic, or whether Styria, especially in those mountainous parts it be that an inner voice proclaims to him his bordering on Hungary, there prevails the sin, the arsenic-eater always conceals as much strange habit of eating arsenic. The peasan- as possible the employment of these dangertry in particular are given to it. They obtain ous means. Generally speaking, it is only it under the name of hedri, from the travelling the confessional or the death-bed that raises hucksters and gatherers of herbs, who, on
the veil from the terrible secret. their side, get it from the glass-blowers, or The second object the poison-eaters have purchase it from the cow-doctors, quacks, or in view is to make them, as they express it, mountebanks.
“ better winded!”-that is, to make their The poison-eaters have a twofold aim in respiration easier when ascending the mountheir dangerous enjoyment; one of which is tains. Whenever they have far to go and to to obtain a fresh, healthy appearance, and mount a considerable height, they take a miacquire a certain degree of embonpoint. On nute morsel of arsenic, and allow it gradually this account, therefore, gay village lads and to dissolve. The effect is surprising; and lasses employ the dangerous agent, that they they ascend with ease heights which othermay become more attractive to each other; wise they could climb only with distress to and it is really astonishing with what favor the chest. able results their endeavors are attended, for The dose of arsenic with which the poisonit is just the youthful poison-eaters that are, eaters begin, consists, according to the congenerally speaking, distinguished by a bloom- fession of some of them, of a piece the size ing complexion, and an appearance of exube- of a lentil, which in weight would be rather rant health. Out of many examples, I select less than half a grain. To this quantity, the following:
which they take fasting several mornings in A farm-servant who worked in the cow the week, they confine themselves for a conhouse belonging to — was thin and pale, siderable time; and then gradually, and very but nevertheless well and healthy. This girl carefully, they increase the dose according had a lover whom she wished to enchain still to the effect produced. The peasant Rmore tirmly; and in order to obtain a more living in the Parish of A-g, a strong, hale pleasing exterior, she had recourse to the man of upwards of sixty, takes at present, at well-known means, and swallowed every every dose, a piece of about the weight of week several doses of arsenic. The desired four grains. For more than forty years he result was obtained; and in a few months bas practised this habit, which he inherited she was much fuller in figure, rosy-cheeked, from his father, and which he in his turn will and, in short, quite according to her lover's | bequeath to his children.
It is well to observe, that neither in these mired foaming at the mouth, is the result of nor in other poison-eaters is there the least this arsenic feeding. * It is a common practrace of an arsenic cachexy discernible; that tice with the farm-servants in the mountainthe symptoms of a chronic arsenical poison- ous parts to strew a pinch of arsenic on the ing never show themselves in individuals who last feed of bay before going up a steep road. adapt the dose to their constitution, even This is done for years without the least unalthough that dose should be considerable. favorable result; but should the horse fall It is not less worthy of remark, however, that into the hands of another owner who withwhen, either from inability to obtain the acid, holds the arsenic, he loses flesh immediately, or from any other cause, the perilous indul- is no longer lively, and even with the best gençe is stopped, symptoms of illness are feeding there is no possibility of restoring sure to appear, which have the closest resem him to his former sleek appearance. blance to those produced by poisoning from arsenic. These symptoms consist principally The above particulars, communicated by in a feeling of general discomfort, attended a contributor residing in Germany, are curiby a perfect indifference to all surrounding ous only inasmuch as they refer to poisons persons and things, great personal anxiety, of a peculiarly quick and deadly nature. and various distressing sensations arising from Our ordinary indulgences' in this country the digestive organs, want of appetite, a con are the same in kind, though not in degree, stant feeling of the stomach being overloaded for we are all poison-eaters. To say nothing at early morning, an unusual degree of saliva- of our opium and alcohol consumers, our tion, a burning from the pylorus to the throat, teetotallers are delighted with the briskness a cramp-like movement in the pharynx, pains and sparkle of spring-water, although these in the stomach, and especially difficulty of qualities indicate the presence of carbonic breathing. For all these symptoms there is acid or fixed air. In like manner, few perbut one remedy--a return to the enjoyment sons will object to a drop or two of the of arsenic.
frightful corrosive, sulphuric acid, (vitriol,) in According to inquiries made on the sub a glass of water, to which it communicates ject, it would seem that the habit of eating an agreeably aciå taste ; and most of us have, poison among the inhabitants of Lower Aus- at some period or other of our lives, imbibed tria has not grown into a passion, as is the prussic acid, arsenic, and other deadly poicase with the opium-eaters in the East, the sons, under the orders of the physician, or chewers of the betel nut in India and Poly- the first of these in the more pleasing form nesia, and of the cocoa-tree among the na
of confectionery. Arsenic is said by Dr. tives of Pem. When once commenced, Pearson to be as harmless as a glass of wine however, it becomes a necessity.
in the quantity of one sixteenth part of a In some districts sublimate of quicksilver grain; and in the cure of agues it is so cer-. is used in the same way. One case in parti- tain in its effects, that the French Directory cular is mentioned by Dr. von Tschudi, a
once issued an edict ordering the surgeons case authenticated by the English ambassador of the Italian army, under pain of military at Constantinople, of a great opium-eater at punishment, to banish that complaint, at two Brussa, who daily consumed the enormous
or three days' notice, from among the vast quantity of forty grains of corrosive subli- numbers of soldiers who were languishing mate with his opium. In the mountainous under it in the marshes of Lombardy. It parts of Peru the doctor met very frequently would seem that no poison taken in small with eaters of corrosive sublimáte ; and in and diluted doses is immediately hurtful, and Bolivia the practice is still more frequent, the same thing may be said of other agents. where this poison is openly sold in the mar- The tap of a fan, for instance, is a blow, and ket to the Indians.
so is the stroke of a club; but the one gives In Vienna the use of arsenic is of every an agreeable sensation, and the other fells day occurrence among horse-dealers, and the recipient to the ground. In like manner especially with the coachmen of the nobility. the analogy holds good between the distriThey either shake it in a pulverized state bution of a blow over a comparatively large among the corn, or they tie a bit the size of portion of the surface of the body and the a pea in a piece of linen, which they fasten dilution or distribution of the particles of a to the curb when the horse is harnessed, and poison. A smart thrust upon the breast, for the saliva of the animal soon dissolves it. instance, with a foil does no injury ; but if The sleek, round, shining appearance of the carriage-horses, and especially the much-ad * Arsenie produces an increased salivation,
the button is removed, and the same momen-producing instant death, and the drunkard tum thus thrown to a point, the instrument dies of the want of drink! Many persons, enters the structures, and perhaps causes it cannot be denied, reach a tolerable age undeath.
der this stimulus; but they do so only by But the misfortune is, that poisons swal-taking warning in time—perhaps from some lowed for the sake of the agreeable sensa- frightful illness-and carefully proportioning tions they occasion owe this effect to their the dose to the sinking constitution. “I canaction upon the nervous system ; and the not drink now as formerly,” is a common reaction must be kept up by a constantly in- mark—sometimes elevated into the boast, “I creasing dose till the constitution is irremedi- do not drink now as formerly.” But the reably injured. In the case of arsenic, as we laxation of the habit is compulsory; and by have seen, so long as the excitement is undi a thousand other tokens, as well as the inminished all is apparently well; but the ability to indulge in intoxication, the ci-derant point is at length reached when to proceed drinker is reminded of a madness which even or to turn back is alike death. The moment in youth produced more misery than enjoy. the dose is diminished or entirely withdrawn, ment, and now adds a host of discomforts to symptoms of poison appear, and the victim the ordinary fragility of age. As for arsenicperishes because he has shrunk from killing eating, we trust it will never be added to the himself. It is just so when the stimulant is madnesses of our own country. Think of a alcohol, The morning experience of the man deliberately condemning himself to dedrinker prophesies, on every succeeding oc vour this horrible poison, on an increasing casion, of the fate that awaits him. It may scale, duriug his whole life, with the certainty be pleasant to get intoxicated, but to get that if at any time, through accident, neces. sober is horror. The time comes, however, sity, or other cause, he holds his hand, he when the pleasure is at an end, and the must die the most agonizing of all deaths ! horror remains. When the habitual stimulus In so much horror do we hold the idea, that reaches its highest, and the undermined con we would have refrained from mentioning stitution can stand no more, then comes the the subject at all if we had not observed a reaction. If the excitement could go on ad paragraph making the round of the papers, infinitum, the prognosis would be different; and describing the agreeable phases of the but the poison-symptoms appear as soon as practice without mentioning its shocking rethe dose can no longer be increased without sults.
A SKETCH OF Mazzini.— A correspendent of the sad countenance. It struck me, however, as being Edinburgh Neros, who lately spent an evening in the melancholy of temperament rather than of cirLondon with M. Mazzini, thus attempts to convey cumstance; the melancholy of genius, depending partan idea of the striking personal appearance of the ly on some degree of constitutional languor, and parttrium vir:-"I should have known him among a ly on the continual perception of the littleness of million, although I cannot describe him, not having life, and partly also on the feeling of his country's the gift of portraiture. The pictures of him which wrongs. "Taking it all in all, it is a head and face as are in common circulation, are sufficiently like him full of love and pity, clearness and truth, as ever I before you bave seen him, and perhaps afterwards saw; worthy of a prophet or an apostle, a confessor too, but I have not come on one of them since that or a martyr, and eminently capable of command evening. A delicate but indeficient back-head, a
wherever love and truth shall rule. bald coronal region of wonderful height and ampli Mazzini's conversation is wide and various, being tude, a brow proper more remarkable for beauty spoken in quite as good English as we of Scotland than volume, and more expressive of keenness than are yet accustomed to hear. His thoughts have power, dark eyes fitter for pity than defiance, and a evidently been concentrated on the present state of thin, regular, long, pale, Persian face, are the first Europe; necessarily so indeed, owing to his posithings that catch the eye of a stranger. The coal tion: but then he has studied, and can descant with black hair of the head and untouched beard yield effect upon the theological, the philosophical, and fitting shadows, and form an appropriate ground for the literary aspects of European life, as well as its so eminent a countenance, surmounting, as it does, a political phases. He gives one the impression of small and slender figure. I soon perceived that, being abreast with the foremost thought of his age with all its beauty, it is a melancholy face; a most along an unusually large line of advance-a man to thoughtful, not unremembering, faithful, hopeful, yet teach a prince, or to be one.""