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Ham.

From top to toe? | Mar., BER. My lord, from head to foot.

SCENE III.-A Room in Polonius' House.
Ham. Then saw you not his face?
HOR. O, yes, my lord; he wore his beaver up.

Enter LAERTES and OPHELIA.
Ham. How look'd be,* frowningly?
Hor. A countenance more in sorrow than in
anger

LAEB. My necessaries are embark'd; farewell : Ham. Pale or red ?

And, sister, as the winds give benefit, HOR. Nay, very pale.

And convoy is assistant, do not sleep, HAM.

And fix'd his eyes upon you? But let me hear from you. Hon. Most constantly.

Орн.

Do you doubt that? НАМ.

'I would I had been there. LAER. For Hamlet, and the trifling of his Hor. It would have much amaz'd you.

favours, Ham. Very like, very like.—Stay'd it long? Hold it a fashion, and a toy in blood; Hor. While one with moderate haste might A violet in the youth of primy nature, tell a hundred.

Forward,* not permanent, sweet, not lasting, MAR., BER. Longer, longer.

The perfume and+ suppliance of a minute;
Hor. Not when I saw it.

No more.
HAM. His beard was grizzled, -10? OPH. No more but so?
HOR. It was, as I have seen it in his life,

LAEB.

Think it no more: A sable silvered.

For nature, crescent, does not grow alone Hax. I'll watch to-night;

In thews and bulk; but, as this temple waxes, Perchance, 't will walk † again.

The inward service of the mind and soul HOR.

I warrant you it wil. Grows wide withal. Perhaps he loves you now; Ham. If it assume my noble father's person, And now no soil nor cautel doth besmirch I'll speak to it, though hell itself should gape, The virtue of his will :$ but you must fear, And bid me hold my peace. I pray you all, His greatness weigh'd, his will is not his own; If you have hitherto conceal'd this sight,

For be himself is subject to his birth: Let it be tenable ; in your silence stilī;

He may not, as unrala'd persons do, And whatsoever else shall hap to-night,

Carve for himself; for on his choice depends Give it an understanding, but no tongue;

The safety and the bealth of the whole state; I will requite your loves. So, fare ye well: And therefore must his choice be circumscribd Upon the platform, 'twixt eleven and twelve, Unto the voice and Fielding of that body, I'll visit you.

Whereof he is the head. Then if he says he ALL. Our duty to your honour.

loves you, Hau. Your love, as mine to you : e farewell. It fits your wisdom so far to believe it, (Eseunt HORATIO, MARCELLTS, and As be in his particular act and place . BERNARDO.

May give his saying deed; which is no further My father's spirit in arms! all is not well; Than the main voice of Denmark goes withal. I doubt some foul play: would the night were Then weigh what loss your honour may sustain,

If with too credent ear you list his songs; Till then sit still, my soul: foul deeds will rise, Or lose your heart; or your chaste treasure open Though all the earth o'erwhelm them to men's To his unmaster'd importunity.

Fear it, Ophelia, fear it, my dear sister ;

come!

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(*) First folio, grisly.

(*) First folio, wake. (1) First folio, treble.

() First folio, Frosard. (+) First folio omits, perfume and. (1) First fobo, his.

( First folio, feare. (D) First folio, peculiar Seet and force.

* How look'a he,-) Thus the earliest quarto; the subsequent editions read, “What, look't he," &c.

- though hell itself should gape,

And bid me hold my peace.]
« Gape * here, perhaps, signifies yell, kotrl, roar, &c., rather than
vars or open ; as in “Henry VIII." Act V. Sc. 5,-* You 11 leare
your noise anon, ye rascals: do you take the court for Parisk-
Garden ! Yerade slaves, leave your gaping."
CALL

Our duty to your honour.
Ham. Your love, as mine to you : farewell.)
In the 1603 quarto we have,

* An. Our duties to your honor.

Ham. O your lover, your loves, as mine to you." And the hurried repetition, your lores, your loves,” well expresses the perturbation of Hamlet at the moment, and that fererish impatience to be alone and commune with himself which he evinces whenever he is particularly moved.

- cautel Crafts circonspection. e The virtue of his frill:) Tertue here seems to import essential goodness; as we speak of the virtues of herbs, &c.

f The safety and the health of the whole state ;) In the quarto of 1604, we get,-"The safety and health," &c.; "safety" being pronounced as a trisyllable. In the folio the line stands,

* The sanctity and health of the reole State."

LAER.

And keep you in* the rear of your affection, Take each man's censure, but reserve thy julgOut of the shot and danger of desire.

ment. The chariest maid is prodigal enough,

Costly thy habit as thy purse can buy, If she unmask her beauty to the moon :

But not express’d in fancy ; rich, not gaudy: Virtue itself scapes not calumnious strokes :

For the apparel oft proclaims the man ; The canker galls the infants of the spring, And they in France of the best rank and station Too oft before theirt buttons be disclos'd;

Are of a most select and generous sheaf" in that. And in the morn and liquid dew of youth

Neither a borrower nor a lender be: Contagious blastments are most imminent.

For loan oft loses both itself and friend, Be wary, then; best safety lies in fear :

And borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry. Youth to itself rebels, though none else near. This above all,—to thine Ownself be true;

Oph. I shall the effect of this good lesson keep, And it must follow, as the night the day, As watchman to my heart. But, good my brother, Thou canst not then be false to any man. Do not, as some ungracious pastors do,

Farewell ; my blessing season this in thee ! Show me the steep and thorny way to heaven; LAER. Most humbly do I take my leave, my Whilst, like a puff’d and reckless libertine,

lord. Himself the primrose path of dalliance treads, Pol. The time invites you; go, your servants And recks not his own rede.

tend. O, fear me not.

LAER. Farewell, Ophelia ; and remember well I stay too long ;--but here my father comes. — What I have said to you.

OPH.

'Tis in my memory lock’d,

And you yourself shall keep the key of it.
Enter POLONIUS.
LAER. Farewell.

[Exit.

POL. What is't, Ophelia, he hath said to you? A double blessing is a double grace;

OpH. So please you, something touching the Occasion smiles upon a second leave.

lord Hamlet. Pol. Yet here, Laertes! aboard, aboard, for Pol. Marry, well bethought: shame!

'Tis told me, he hath very oft of late The wind sits in the shoulder of your sail,

Given private time to you; and you yourself And you are stay'd for. There,-my blessing with | Have of your audience been most free and

bounteous : [Laying his hand on LAERTES' head. If it be so, (as so 't is put on me, And these few precepts in thy memory

And that in way of caution) I must tell you, See thou character. Give thy thoughts no tongue, You do not understand yourself so clearly, Nor any unproportion'd thought his act.

As it behoves my daughter and your honour. Be thou familiar, but by no means vulgar.

What is between you ? give me up the truth. The friends thou hast, and their adoption tried, OPH. He hath, my lord, of late made many Grapple them to thy soul with hoops of steel ;6

tenders But do not dull thy palm with entertainment . Of his affection to me. Of each new-hatch'd, unfledg'd comrade. Beware | Pol. Affection! pooh! you speak like a green Of entrance to a quarrel; but being in,

girl, Bear't, that the opposed may beware of thee. Unsifted in such perilous circumstance. Give every man thine ear, but few thy voice: Do you believe his tenders, as you call them ?

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(*) First folio, keep within.

(t) First folio, the. (1) First folio, watchmen.

() First folio, unhatch't. :.- recks not his own rede.) Regards not his own counsel or advice, b hoops of steel ;) Pope substituted hooks for “h was followed by several of the subsequent editors.

c- censure,-) Opinion, decision.

d Are of a most select and generous sheas in that.) In the quarto of 1603, this much-disputed line reads,

"Are of a most select and generall chiefe in that:" the after quartos,

"Ar (and Or) of a most select generous cheefe in that ;" and the folio gives,

Are of a most select and generous chefs in that." Rowe, the first modern editor, endeavoured to render the sense intelligible by altering the old text to,

“Are most select and generous, chief in that ;" and his emendation has been generally adopted: Steevens proposed,

“Select and generous, are most choice in that;" while Mr. Collier's annotator has,

“Are of a most select and generous choice in that." The slight change of "sheaf" for chiefe or cheff, a change for which we alone are answerable, seerns to impart a better and more poetic meaning to the passage than any variation yet suggested ; and it is supported, if not established, by the following extracts from Ben Jonson,

“Ay, and with assurance, That it is found in noblemen and gentlemen Of the best sheaf."

The Magnetic Lady, Act III. Sc. 4.

I am so haunted at the court and at my lodging with your refined choice spirits, that it makes me clean of another garb, another sheaf."-Every Man out of his Humour, Act II. Sc. I.

OpH. I do not know, my lord, what I should Hor. It is a nipping and an eager air. think.

baby ; Hax. What hour now? Pol. Marry, I'll teach you : think yourself a Hor.

I think it lacks of twelve That you have ta’en these* tenders for true pay, MAR. No, it is struck. Which are not sterling. Tender yourself more Hor. Indeed? I heard it not: it then* draw dearly;

near the season Or, not to crack the wind of the poor phrase, Wherein the spirit held his wont to walk. Running it thus,—you 'll tender me a fool.

[A flourish of trumpets within, and Oph. My lord, he hath importun'd me with love,

ordnance shot off. In honourable fashion.

What does this mean, my lord ? Pol. Ay, fashion you may call it; go to, go to. Ham. The king doth wake to-night, and take Op. And hath given countenance to his speech, · his rouse, my lord,

Keeps wassail,† and the swaggering up-sprin With almost all the holy vows of heaven.

reels ;(7) Pol. Ay, springes to catch woodcocks. I do And, as he drains his draughts of Rhenis know,

down, When the blood burns, how prodigal the soul The kettle-drum and trumpet thus bray out Lends & the tongue vows: these blazes, daughter, The triumph of his pledge. Giving more light than heat,-extinct in both,

Hor.

Is it a custom? Even in their promise, as it is a-making,

Ham. Ay, marry, is't: You must not take for fire. From this time, But $ to my mind,—though I am native here, daughter,

And to the manner born, it is a custom Be somewhat scanter of your maiden presence ; More honour'd in the breach than the observane Set your entreatments at a higher rate,

This heavy-headed revel, east and west Than a command to parley. For lord Hamlet, Makes us traduc'd and tax'd of other nations: Believe so much in him, that he is young ;

They clepe us drunkards, and with swinis And with a larger tether may he walk,

phrase Than may be given you: in few, Ophelia,

Soil our addition; and, indeed, it takes Do not believe his vows; for they are brokers ; From our achievements, though perform'd 1 Not of that dyewhich their investments show,

height, But more implorators of unholy suits,

The pith and marrow of our attribute. Breathing like sanctified and pious bonds,

So, oft it chances in particular men, The better to beguile. This is for all,

That for some vicious mole of nature in them, I would not, in plain terms, from this time forth, As, in their birth, (wherein they are not guilty, Have you so slander" any moment leisure,

Since nature cannot choose his origin) As to give words or talk with the lord Hamlet. By the c'ergrowth of some complexion, Look to 't, I charge you : come your ways. Oft breaking down the pales and forts Opi. I shall obey, my lord. [Exeunt.

reason; Or by some habit, that too much o'er-leavens The form of plausive manners; — that thes

men,SCENE IV.-The Platform.

Carrying, I say, the stamp of one defect,

Being nature's livery, or fortune's star,Inter ILAMLET, HORATIO, and MARCELLUS. Theirs virtues else (be they as pure as grace,

As infinite as man may undergo) HAM. The air bites shrewdly ; it is very Shall in the general censure take corruption

From that particular fault :(8) the dram of eale

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mi mnd pass beads,-) So the old editions A e time we were strucs in favour of Theobald's alteration Nors - Des ve me Dew persuaded the old text is right

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hercege of Mr. Dyce, all deviate slightly from the n a stase reads ." - mordent's leisure."

r end zerei &e. From these words inclusive the remains the qed is omitted in the folio.

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Doth all the noble substance of a doubt,

Let me not burst in ignorance ! but tell To his own scandal.“

Why thy canoniz'd bones, hearsed in death, HOR. Look, my lord, it comes ! Have burst their cerements ! why the sepulchre,

Wherein we saw thee quietly in-urn'd,

Hath op'd his ponderous and marble jaws,
Enter Ghost.

To cast thee up again! What may this mean,

That thou, dead corse, again in complete steel, Ham. Angels and ministers of grace defend | Revisit’st thus the glimpses of the moon, us !

Making night hideous; and we fools of nature Be thou a spirit of health or goblir. aamn'd, So horridly to shake our disposition, Bring with thee airs from heaven or blasts from With thoughts beyond the reaches of our souls ? hell,

Say, why is this ? wherefore? what should we do? Be thy intents * wicked or charitable,

[Ghost beckons HAMLET. Thou com’st in such a questionable shape,

Hon. It beckons you to go away with it,
That I will speak to thee : I'll call thee Hamlet, As if it some impartment did desire
King, father, royal Dane : 0,7 answer me ! To you alone.

(*) First folio, events. (1) First folio, Oh, oh.

- the dram of eale Doth all the noble substance of a doubt,

To his own scandal.]
The meaning here is tolerably obvious; it is explained indeed by
what goes before, but the diction, owing to some errors in the
first and second line, has occasioned "much throwing about of
brains." For "eale," two of the quartos have "ease," which
probably led Theobald to print,

"- the dram of base
Doth all the noble substance of worth out

To his own scandal."
Steevens reads,-

- the dram of base Doth all the noble substance often dout [i.e. do out]

To his own scandal." And this is usually followed in the modern text, “ill," however, being often preferred to "base." Mason conjectured "of a doubt".

was a mistake for "of't corrupt.” Mr. W. N. Lettsom, too, obe
serves, "a verb I should think must lurk under the corruption,
'a doubt,' or 'doubt,' with the signification of turn, pervert, cor.
rupt, or the like;" and Dr. Ingleby writes, "I am convinced that
of a doubt' is a misprint for derogate,' for 1st, .of a doubt' and
derogate' have the same number of letters ; 2nd, they have the
o, a, d, and t in common; and 3rd, derogate' is the only verb
that at the same time completes the sense and preserves the
metre.” The suggestion of " derogate" is ingenious ; but may
not the construction have been this, "The dram of base (or ill,
or bale, or lead, or whatsoever word the compositor tortured into
“eale" or "ease") doth (i.e. doeth, worketh,) all the noble sub-
stance of a pound to its own vileness"? We by no means
pretend that round was the actual word misrendered “doubt;"
it is inserted merely because it occurs in opposition to "dram"
in a line of Quarles' "Emblems," b. ii. E. 7,-

“Where ev'ry dram of gold contains a pound of dross,"-
and because it is extremely probable some such antithesis was
intended here.

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