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Enter KENT, GLOUCESTER, and EDMUND. | my account: though this knave came something

saucily into * the world before he was sent for, yet KENT. I thought the king had more affected was his mother fair ; there was good sport at his the duke of Albany“ than Cornwall.

making, and the whoreson must be acknowledged. Glo. It did always seem so to us : but now, in -Do you know this noble gentleman, Edmund ? the division of the kingdom, it appears not which EDM. No, my lord. of the dukes he values most ; for equalities * are Glo. My lord of Kent: remember him hereso weighed, that curiosity in neither can make after as my honourable friend. choice of either's moiety."

EDM. My services to your lordship. Kent. Is not this your son, my lord ?

KENT. I must love you, and sue to know you Glo. His breeding, sir, hath been at my better. charge: I bave so often blushed to acknowledge EDM. Sir, I shall study deserving. him, that now I am brazed to 't.

Glo. He hath been out nine years, and away KENT. I cannot conceive you.

he shall again. The king is coming Glo. Sir, this young fellow's mother could :

[Trumpets sound without. whereupon she grew round-wombed; and had, indeed, sir, a son for her cradle ere she had a husband for her bed. Do you smell a fault ? Enter LEAR, CORNWALL, ALBANY, GONERIL,

KENT. I cannot wish the fault undone, the issue REGAN, CORDELIA, and Attendants. of it being so proper.

Glo. But I have, sir, a sont by order of law, LEAR. Attend the lords of France and Bursome year elder than this, who yet is no dearer in gundy, Gloster. 1°) First folio, qualities. (t) First folio, a Sonne, Sir.

(*) First folio, to. 2 - Albany-1 Scotland was anciently called Albany.

against one another, that the exactest scrutiny could not deterb - can make choice of either's moiety.) "The qualities and mine in preferring one share to the other."- WARBURTON. properties of the several divisions are so weighed and balanced


Glo. I shall, my liege.

| With shadowy forests and with champains rich'd, [Excunt GLOUCESTER and EDMUND. With plenteous rivers and wide-skirted meads, LEAR. Meantime we shall express our darkera | We make thee lady: to thine and Albany's issue* purpose. —

[divided | Be this perpetual.—What says our second Give me the map there.— Know that we have

daughter, In three our kingdom : and 'tis our fast b intent Our dearest Regan, wife tot Cornwall ? speak. I To shake all cares and business from our age; Reg. I am made of that self metal as my Conferring them on younger strengths, while we Unburden'd crawl toward death. Our son of And prize me at her worth. In my true heart Cornwall,

I find she names my very deed of love ; And you, our no less loving son of Albany, Only she comes too short, that I profess We have this hour a constant will to publish Myself an enemy to all other joys, Our daughters' several dowers, that future strife Which the most precious square' of sense posMay be prevented now. The princes, France and

sesses, $ Burgundy,

And find I am alone felicitate Great rivals in our youngest daughter's love, In your dear highness' love. Long in our court have made their amorous sojourn, CORD. [Aside.] Then poor Cordelia ! And here are to be answer'd.—Tell me, my And yet not so; since, I am sure, my love's daughters,

More richer than my tongue. (Since now we will divest us, both of rule,

LEAR. To thee and thine, hereditary ever, Interest of territory, cares of state,')

Remain this ample third of our fair kingdom ; Which of you shall we say doth love us most? No less in space, validity, and pleasure, That we our largest bounty may extend

Than that conferr'd on Goneril.-Now, our joy, Where nature doth with merit challenge.—Goneril, Although our last, not least ;h to whose young love Our eldest-born, speak first.

The vines of France and milk of Burgundy, Gon. Sir, I love you more than words * can Strive to be interess’d; what can you say, to draw wield the matter;

A third more opulent than your sisters ? Speak. Dearer than eye-sight, space, and liberty;

CORD. Nothing, my lord. Beyond what can be valu’d, rich or rare;

LEAR. Nothing! No less than life, with grace, health, beauty, CORD. Nothing. honour;

LEAR. Nothing will come of nothing : speak As much as child e'er lov'd, or father found;

again. A love that makes breath poor, and speech unable ; CORD. Unhappy that I am, I cannot heave Beyond all manner of so much I love you. | My heart into my mouth: I love your majesty CORD. [Aside. 7 What shall Cordelia do ? † | According to my bond ; nor more nor less. Love, and be silent.

LEAR. How, how, Cordelia ! mend your speech LEAR. Of all these bounds, even from this line

a little, to this,

Lest it || may mar your fortunes.

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(*) First folio, issues,

(1) First folio, of. (1) First folio omits, speak. (8) First folio, professes.

(1) First folio, you,

& Darker purpose.-) Secret, hidden purpose.

b-fast intent- The quartos read, first intent; but "fast intent," signifying fixed, setlled intent, is, like "darker purpose," and "constant will," peculiarly in Shakespeare's manner.

- while we

Unburden'd crawl toward death.] The passage commencing with these words, down to "May be prevented now," does not occur in the quartos.

(Since now we will divest us, both of rule,

Interest of territory, cares of state,) ) The quartos omit these two lines.

With shadowy forests and with champains rich'd,

With plenteous rivers and wide-skirted meads,-) So the folio : the quartos read only,

“With shady forrests, and wide-skirted meads." f Square of sense-) By square of sense, if square is not a corruption, may be meant the complement or compass of sense. Mr. Collier's annotator suggests, “ sphere of sense;" but what is sphere of sense ?"

& More richer than my tongue.] The folio reads, “More ponderous," &c.

h Although our last, not least; &c.] In the quartos this passage stands,

“ Although the last, not least in our deere love,
What can you say to win a third, more opulent

Then your sisters?"
In the folio, --

“* Although our last and least; to whose yong love,

The Vines of France, and Milke of Burgundie,
Strive to be interest. What can you say, to draw

A third, more opilent than your Sisters 7 speake."
That and in the folio is a misprint for "but," it seeins scarcely
possible to doubt, yet Mr. Collier and Mr. Knight read, "our
last and least." "Though last not least," was one of the com
monest forms of expression in Shakespeare's age; in addition to
the overwhelming array of examples cited in the Variorum edition
of 1821, Vol. II. pp. 276-279, take the following:
" The last, not least, of these brave bretheren."

PEELE's Polyhymnia. “ Though I speak last, my lord, I am not least."

MIDDLETON'S Mizyor of Queenborough., Act I. Sc. 3. And

"My last is, and not least."
BEAUMONT AND FLETCHER's Monsieur Thomas, Act III. Sc. I.

LEAR. Nothing !
CORD. Nothing. Omitted in the quartos.

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Good my lord, | Sure, I shall never marry like my sisters, You have begot me, bred me, lov'd me: I

To love my father all.* Return those duties back as are right fit,

Lear. But goes thy heart with this ? Obey you, love you, and most honour you.


Ay, good my + lord. Why have my sisters husbands, if they say

LEAR. So young, and so untender ?
They love you all ? Haply, when I shall wed, CORD. So young, my lord, and true.
That lord, whose hand must take my plight, shall

(*) First folio omits, To love my fathe all.

LEAR. Let it be so,—thy truth, then, be thy | Think'st thou, that duty shall have dread to speak, dower:

When power to flattery bows ? To plainness For, by the sacred radiance of the sun,

honour's bound, The mysteries of Hecate, and the night ; When majesty stoops * to folly. Reverse thy By all the operation of the orbs

doom ; † From whom we do exist, and cease to be,

And, in thy best consideration, check [ment, Here I disclaim all my paternal care,

This hideous rashness : answer my life my judgPropinquity and property of blood,

Thy youngest daughter does not love thee least; And as a stranger to my heart and me

Nor are those empty-hearted whose low sound Hold thee, from this, for ever! The barbarous Reverbs I no hollowness. Scythian,


Kent, on thy life no more ! Or he that makes his generation messes

Kent. My life I never held but as a pawn To gorge his appetite, shall to my bosom

To wage against thine enemies ; ne'er fear to lose it, Be as well neighbour'd, pitied, and reliev'd, Thy safety being the || motive. As thou my sometime daughter :


Out of my sight! KENT.

Good my liege,- | KENT. See better, Lear; and let me still LEAR. Peace, Kent !

remain Come not between the dragon and his wrath. The true blank of thine eye. I lov'd her most, and thought to set my rest

LEAR. Now, by Apollo ! On her kind nursery-- Hence, and avoid my KENT.

Now, by Apollo, king, sight !

[To CORDELIA." Thou swear'st thy gods in vain. So be my grave my peace, as here I give


O, vassal! miscreant ! Her father's heart from her !-Cal] France.

[Laying his hand on his sword. Who stirs ?

AlB. CORN. Dear sir, forbear. Call Burgundy.—Cornwall and Albany,

KENT. Kill thy physician, and the fee bestow With my two daughters' dowers digest this * third : | Upon the foul disease. Revoke thy gift; Let pride, which she calls plainness, marry her. Or, whilst I can vent clamour from my throat, I do invest you jointly with my power,

I'll tell thee thou dost evil. Pre-eminence, and all the large effects [course, LEAR.

Hear me, recreant ! That troop with majesty. Ourself, by monthly On thine allegiance hear me ! With reservation of an hundred knights,

Since ** thou hast sought to make us break our By you to be sustain'd, shall our abode (retain

vow, tt

[pride, Make with you by due turns. Only we still I (Which we durst never yet) and, with stiain'd The name, and all the additions to a king ; To come betwixt our sentence 11 and our power, The sway, revenue, execution of the rest,

(Which nor our nature nor our place can bear) Beloved sons, be yours: which to confirm,

Our potency made good, take thy reward. This coronet part between you.

Five days we do allot thee, for provision

[Giving the crown. To shield thee from diseases of the world ; KENT.

Royal Lear, And, on the sixth, to turn thy hated back Whom I have ever honour'd as my king,

Upon our kingdom : if, on the tenth day following, Lov'd as my father, as my master follow'd, Thy banish'd trunk be found in our dominions, As my great patron thought on in my prayers,— The moment is thy death. Away! By Jupiter, LEAR. The bow is bent and drawn, make from This shall not be revok'd ! the shaft.

KENT. Fare thee well, king: sith thus thou KENT. Let it fall rather, though the fork invade

wilt appear, The region of my heart : be Kent unmannerly, Freedom o lives hence, and banishment is herc.When Lear is mad. What wouldst thou do, old The gods to their dear shelter take thee, maid, man?


() First folio, the.
(t) First folio, shall.

(1) First folio, turne,
(6) First folio, addition.

(*) First folio, falls.

(+) First folio, reserve thy state. (1) First folio, sounds Rererbe. (8) First folio omits, a. (D) First folio omits, the.

(9) First folio, thy. (**) First folio, That,

(11) First folio, vowes. (11) First folio, sentences.

# The mysteries of Hecate,-) The quartos read mistresse, the first folio, miseries: the correction was made in the second folio.

b To CORDELIA.] This direction is modern, and some editors contend that the words,

"—Hence, and avoid my sight!"
are addressed to Kent. Few readers, we apprehend, will agree
with them.

e Dear sir, forbear. Omitted in the quartos.
d To shield thee from diseases of the world ;] So the quartos;

the folio has-“ disasters of the world." Diseases, in its old and
literal sense of discomforts, hardships, and the like, is, however,
much the more appropriate word.

e Freedom lives hence,-) The quartos have Friendship for “Freedom;" and in the next line, instead of "dear shelter," they read protection,

That justly think'st, and hast most rightly said ! - | Commit a thing so monstrous, to dismantle
And your large speeches may your deeds approve, So many folds of favour ! Sure, her offence

[To REGAN and GONERIL. | Must be of such unnatural degree, That good effects may spring from words of love. That monsters it, or your fore-vouch'd affection Thus Kent, O princes, bids you all adieu ;

Fall into taint; which to believe of her, He'll shape his old course in a country new. Must be a faith that reason without miracle


Should never plant in me.

I yet beseech your majesty, Flourish. Re-enter GLOUCESTER; with FRANCE,

If for I want that glib and oily art,
BURGUNDY, and Attendants.

To speak and purpose not; since what I well *

intend, Glo. Here's France and Burgundy, my noble I'll do't before I speak,—that you make known lord.

It is no vicious blot, murder, or foulness, LEAR. My lord of Burgundy,

No unchaste action, or dishonour'd step, We first address toward you, who with this king

That hath depriv'd me of your grace and favour; Hath rivalld for our daughter: what, in the But even for want of that for which I am richer,least,

A still-soliciting eye, and such a tongue Will you require in present dower with her,

That I am glad I have not, though not to have it Or cease your quest of love ?

Hath lost me in your liking.

Most royal majesty,
Most royal majesty,

Better thou
I crave no more than hath your highness offer'd, / Hadst not been born, than not to have pleas’d me
Nor will you tender less.

better. LEAR.

Right noble Burgundy, FRANCE, Is it but this ? a tardiness in nature, When she was dear to us, we did hold her so ;

Which often leaves the history unspoke, But now her price is fall'n. Sir, there she stands;

That it intends to do ?–My lord of Burgundy, If aught within that little seeming substance, What say you to the lady? Love's not love, Or all of it, with our displeasure piec'd,

When it is mingled with respects, that stand
And nothing more, may fitly like your grace, Aloof from the entire point. Will you have her ? .
She's there, and she is yours.

She is herself a dowry.
I know no answer. BUR.

Royal Lear,
LEAR. Will you, with those infirmities she owes, Give but that portion which yourself propos’d,
Unfriended, new-adopted to our hate,

And here I take Cordelia by the hand, Dower'd with our curse, and stranger'd with our Duchess of Burgundy. oath,

LEAR. Nothing: Í have sworn; I am firm. Take her, or leave her ?

Bur. I am sorry, then, you have so lost a father BUR. Pardon me, royal sir ;

That you must lose a husband. Election makes not up on * such conditions.

Cor. . Peace be with Burgundy! LEAR. Then leave her, sir ; for, by the power Since that respects of fortune $ are his love, that made me,

I shall not be his wife. I tell you all her wealth.—For you, great king, I FRANCE. Fairest Cordelia, that art most rich,


being poor ; I would not from your love make such a stray,

Most choice, forsaken; and most lov’d, despis'd ! To match you where I hate ; therefore beseech Thee and thy virtues here I seize upon,

Be it lawful I take up what's cast away. To avert your liking a more worthier way, Gods, gods ! 'tis strange, that from their cold'st Than on a wretch whom Nature is asham'd

neglect Almost to acknowledge hers.

My love should kindle to inflam'd respect. FRANCE.

This is most strange,

Thy dowerless daughter, king, thrown to my That she, who even but now was your best + object,

chance, The argument of your praise, balm of your age, Is queen of us, of ours, and our fair France : Most best, most | dearest, should in this trice of Not all the dukes of wat'rish Burgundy time

Shall buy this unpriz'd precious maid of me.

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(*) First folio, in.

(t) First folio omits, best. (1) First folio, The best, the. a II is no vicious blot, murder, or foulness,-) Mr. Collier's an notator changes this to,

" no vicious blot, nor other foulness,"

) First folio, wilt.

(t) First folio, King. (1) First folio, respect and Fortunes. b When it is mingled with respects,-) The folio reads,

“When it is mingled with regards," &c.

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