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Bid them farewell, Cordelia, though unkind, been but rash ; then must we look to receive from Thou losest here, a better-where to find.
his age,* not alone the imperfections of longLEAR. Thou hast her, France: let her bc engraffed condition, but, therewithal, the unruly thine ; for we
waywardness that infirm and choleric years bring Have no such daughter, nor shall ever sce
with them. That face of hers again :- therefore be gone, REG. Such unconstant starts are we like to have Without our grace, our love, our benison.
from him, as this of Kent's banishment. Come, noble Burgundy.
Gon. There is further compliment of leave[Flourish. Exeunt LEAR, BURGUNDY, CORN- | taking between France and him. Pray you, let WALL, ALBANY, GLOUCESTER, and Attendants. us hit of together: if our father carry authority FRANCE, Bid farewell to your sisters.
with such disposition as he bears, this last surCon. The jewels of our, father, with wash'd render of his will but offend us. eyes
Reg. We shall further think of it. Cordelia leaves you: I know you what you are ; Gon. We must do something, and i' the heat. And, like a sister, am most loth to call
[Exeunt. Your faults as they are nam’d. Use * well our
father : To your professed bosoms I commit him :
SCENE II.-A Hall in the Earl of Gloucester's But yet, alas ! stood I within his grace,
Enter EDMUND, with a letter.
Edm. Thou, Nature, art my goddess; to thy REG.
Let your study
law Be to content your lord: who hath receiv'd you My services are bound. Wherefore should I At fortune's alms. You have obedience scanted, Stand in the plague of custom, and permit And well are worth the want that you have wanted. The curiosity of nations to deprivef me, COR. Time shall unfold what plightedd cunning | For that I am some twelve or fourteen moonshines hides ;
Lag of a brother? Why bastard ? wherefore Who covert faults, at last shame them ş derides.
base ? Well may you prosper!
When my dimensions are as well compact, FRANCE.
Come, my fair Cordelia. | My mind as generous, and my shape as tru
[Exeunt FRANCE and CORDELIA. | As honest madam's issue? Why brand they us Gon. Sister, it is not little I have to say of With base? with baseness? bastardy? base, base? what most nearly appertains to us both. I think Who, in the lusty stealth of nature, take our father will hence to-night.
More composition and fierce quality, Reg. That's most certain, and with you ; next Than doth, within a dull, stale, tired bed, month with us.
Go to the creating a whole tribe of fops, Gon. You see how full of changes his age is ; Got 'tween asleep and wake?— Well, then, the observation we have made of it hath not || been Legitimate Edgar, I must have your land: little: he always loved our sister most; and with Our father's love is to the bastard Edmund, what poor judgment he hath now cast her off As to the legitimate: fine word,- legitimate ! appears too grossly.
Well, my legitimate, if this letter speed, Reg. 'Tis the infirmity of his age : yet he And my invention thrive, Edmund the base hath ever but slenderly known himself.
Shall top the legitimate.. I grow; I prosper :Gon. The best and soundest of his time hath Now, gods, stand up for bastards!
(*) First folio, Love.
(1) First folio, dutie. (1) Old text, covers.
(8) First folio, at last with shame. (11) First folio omits, not.
a though unkind,- Unkind here signifies unnatural, unless France is intended to mean, “though unkinn'd," i.e. though forsaken by your kindred.
A better where to find.) In note (a), p. 120, Vol. I. other. where is explained other place; but where in these compounds had perhaps a significance now lost. See the old ballad, "I HAVE HOUSE AND LAND IN KENT".
" Wherefore cease off, make no delay,
And if you'll love me, love me now,
For I cannot come every day to woo."
| (*) First folio, from his age to receive. (t) First folio, sit.
d -- what plighted cunning hides ;] Plighted, or, as the quartos give it, plealed cunning, means involved, complicated cunning.
@ - plague of custom,-) Plague may here possibly signify place, or boundary, from plaga; but it is a very suspicious word.
f To deprive me,-) To deprive, in Shakespeare's day, was sometimes synonymous to disinherit, as Steevens has shown, and also to take away, as in “Hamlet," Act I, Scene 4,
"And there assume some other horrible form,
Which might deprive your sov'reignty of reason," &c. 8 Shall top the legitimate.) In the old editions we find toolia" and to'th'. The present reading was first promulgated in Edwards “ Canons of Criticism," having been communicated to the author of that pungent satire by Capell. (See "Notes and various Readings to Shakespeare," by the latter, I. 146.)
is still employed in our universities.
b Upon the gad !-] Perhaps means, upon the spur or point; at the instant.
EDM. I know no news, my lord.
the letter!-Abhorred villain! Unnatural, detested, Glo. What paper were you reading ?
brutish villain! worse than brutish !-Go, sirrah, Edm. Nothing, my lord.
seek him ; I'll apprehend him :— abominable Glo. No? What needed, then, that terrible dis- villain !—Where is he? patch of it into your pocket ? the quality of nothing Edm. I do not well know, my lord. It it hath not such need to hide itself. Let's see : shall please you to suspend your indignation come, if it be nothing, I shall not need spectacles. against my brother, till you can derive from him
Edm. I beseech you, sir, pardon me : it is a better testimony of his intent, you shall * run a letter from my brother, that I have not all o'er certain course; where, if you violently proceed read; and for so much as I have perused, I find it against him, mistaking his purpose, it would not fit for your o'er-looking
make a great gap in your own honour, and shake Glo. Give me the letter, sir.
in pieces the heart of his obedience. I dare pawn Edm. I shall offend, either to detain or give it. down my life for him, that he hath writ this to The contents, as in part I understand them, are to feel my affection to your honour, and to no other blame.
pretence of danger. Glo. Let's see, let's see.
Glo. Think you so ? EDM. I hope, for my brother's justification, he Edm. If your honour judge it meet, I will wrote this but as an essay or taste of my virtue. place you where you shall hear us confer of this,
Glo. [Reads.] This policy and reverence of age and by an auricular assurance have your satisfacmakes the world bitter to the best of our times ; tion; and that without any further delay than this keeps our fortunes from us, till our oldness cannot very evening. relish them. I begin to find an idle and fond Glo. He cannot be such a monster. bondage in the oppression of aged tyranny; who | EDM. Nor is not, sure. sways, not as it hath power, but as it is suffered Glo. To his father, that so tenderly and Come to me, that of this I may speak more. If | entirely loves him !-Heaven and earth! our father would sleep till I waked him, you Edmund, seek him out; wind me into him, I should enjoy half his revenue for ever, and live pray you: frame the business after your own the beloved of your brother, EDGAR.
wisdom. I would unstate myself, to be in a due Hum—Conspiracy !-Sleep till I waked him, resolution. you should enjoy half his revenue, --My son EDM. I will seek him, sir, presently ; convey Edgar! Had he a hand to write this ? a heart and the business as I shall find means, and acquaint brain to breed it in ?-When came this to you? you withal. who brought it ?
Glo. These late eclipses in the sun and moon Edm. It was not brought me, my lord,—there's portend po good to us : though the wisdom of the cunning of it; I found it thrown in at the Nature can reason it thus and thus, yet Nature casement of my closet.
finds itself scourged by the sequent effects. Love Glo. You know the character to be your cools, friendship falls off, brothers divide: in brother's ?
cities, mutinies; in countries, discord; in palaces, Edm. If the matter were good, my lord, I durst treason; and the bond cracked 'twixt son and swear it were his ; but, in respect of that, I would father. This villain of mine comes under the fain think it were not.
prediction; there's son against father : the king Glo. It is his.
falls from bias of nature; there's father against Edm. It is his hand, my lord; but, I hope, his child. We have seen the best of our time: maheart is not in the contents.
chinations, hollowness, treachery, and all ruinous Glo. Hath* he never heretoforet sounded you disorders, follow us disquietly to our graves ! in this business?
Find out this villain, Edmund; it shall lose thee EDM. Never, my lord: but I have heard him oft nothing; do it carefully.—And the noble and maintain it to be fit, that sons at perfect age, and true-hearted Kent banished! his offence, honesty! fathers declining, I the father should be as ward to _'T is strange!
[Exit. the son, and the son manage his revenue.
Edm. This is the excellent foppery of the GLO. O villain, villain ! his very opinion in world, that when we are sick in fortune, (often
(*) First folio, shold.
(*) First folio, Has.
(+) First folio, before.
(1) First folio, declined. & An essay or taste of my virtue.) Essay was commonly used in old language for assay, as taste not unfrequently was for test. See note (a), p. 763, Vol. II.
D An idle and fond bondage-] That is, a vain and foolish bondage.
c EDM. Nor is not, sure.
Glo. To his father, that so tenderly and entirely loves him ! -Heaven and earth!] These lines are only found in the quarto copies.
à This villain of mine- disquietly to our graves.] This passage is omitted in the quartos,
the surfeit* of our own behaviour) we make | Eng. Some villain hath done me wrong. guilty of our disasters the sun, the moon, and EDM. That's my fear. I pray you, have a the stars: as if we were villains by I necessity ; continent forbearance till the speed of his rage fools by heavenly compulsion ; knaves, thieves, | goes slower; and, as I say, retire with me to my and treachers, by spherical predominance; drunk lodging, from whence I will fitly bring you to ards, liars, and adulterers, by an enforced obedience hear my bord speak: pray ye, go; there's my of planetary influence; and all that we are evil in, key : if you do stir abroad, go armed. by a divine thrusting on. An admirable evasion Eng. Armed, brother? of whore-master man, to lay his goatish disposi- Edm. Brother, I advise you to the best ; go tion on the charge of a star! My father com- | armed ;* I am no honest man, if there be any pounded with my mother under the dragon's tail ; good meaning toward you: I have told you what and my nativity was under ursa major; so that I have seen and heard but faintly; nothing like it follows, I am rough and lecherous.-Tut, $ I the image and horror of it: pray you, away. should have been that I am, had the maidenliest EDG. Shall I hear from you anon? . star in the firmament twinkled on my bastardizing. Edm. I do serve you in this business.Edgar—and || pat he comes, like the catastrophe
[Exit EDGAR. of the old comedy: my cue is villainous melan A credulous father, and a brother noble, choly, with a sigh like Tom o' Bedlam.
Whose nature is so far from doing harms,
That he suspects none; on whose foolish honesty Enter EDGAR.
My practices ride easy I see the business.
Let me, if not by birth, have lands by wit: 0, these eclipses do portend these divisions ! fa, All with me's meet, that I can fashion fit. [Exit. sol, la, mi.
Edg. How now, brother Edmund! what serious contemplation are you in ?
Edu. I am thinking, brother, of a prediction SCENE III.-A Room in the Duke of Albany's I read this other day, what should follow these
Palace. eclipses. Eng. Do you busy yourself with that?
Enter GONERIL, and Oswald her Steward. Edu. I promise you, the effects he writes of stcreed unhappily; as of unnaturalness a between Gon. Did my father strike my gentleman for the child and the parent; death, dearth, dissolu- | chiding of his fool ? tions of ancient amities; divisions in state, menaces Osw. Ay, madam. and maledictions against king and nobles; needless Gon. By day and night he wrongs me; every diffidences, banishment of friends, dissipation of
hour cohorts, nuptial breaches, and I know not what. He flashes into one gross crime or other,
Eng. How long have you been a sectary That sets us all at odds : I'll not endure it: astronomical?
His knights grow riotous, and himself upbraids us Edu. Come, come; when saw you my father On every trifle.—When he returns from hunting,
I will not speak with him ; say I am sick :Ede. The night gone by.
If you come slack of former services, Edm. Spake you with him ?
You shall do well; the fault of it I'll answer. Edg. Ay, two hours together.
Osw. He's coming, madam ; I hear him. Edu. Parted you in good terms ? Found you
[Horns without. 20 displeasure in him, by word nor countenance ? Gon. Put on what weary negligence you Eng. None at all.
please, Edm. Bethink yourself wherein you may have You and your fellows; I'd have it come to cended him: and at my entreaty forbear his
question : presence antil some little time hath qualified the If he distaste it, let him to my sister, best of his displeasure; which at this instant so Whose mind and mine, I know, in that are one, rageth in him, that with the mischief of your Not to be over-rul'd.° Idle old man, person it would scarcely allay.
That still would manage those authorities,
(*) First folio, surfets.
(+) First folio omits, the. First folio, 09.
(5) First folio omits, Tut. (0) First folio omits, Edgar-and. 5-2 al unuaturalness- ] The folio, omitting the intervening na teads,
PART I promise you, the effects he writes of, succeede un
(*) First folio omits, go armed. happily. When saw you my Father last?"
That's my fear. In the quartos, the remainder of this speech, and Edgar's reply, are omitted.
c Not to be over-rul'd. This, and the four following lines, are omitted in the folio.
That he hath given away !-Now, by my life, LEAR. Who wouldst thou serve ?
Kent. No, sir; but you have that in your Remember what I have said.
countenance which I would fain call master. Osw. Well, madam.
LEAR. What's that? Gon. And let his knights have colder looks KENT. Authority. among you;
LEAR. What services canst thou do? What grows of it, no matter ; advise your fellows KENT. I can keep honest counsel, ride, run, so:
mar a curious tale in telling it, and deliver a I would breed from hence occasions, and I shall, plain message bluntly: that which ordinary men That I may speak : _I'll write straight to my are fit for, I am qualified in ; and the best of me sister,
is,—diligence. To hold my course. Prepare for dinner.
LEAR. How old art thou ? [Exeunt. KENT. Not so young, sir, to love a woman for
singing; nor so old, to dote on her for any thing: I have years on my back forty-eight.
LEAR. Follow me; thou shalt serve me, if I SCENE IV.-A Hall in the same. like thee no worse after dinner. I will not part
from thee yet.—Dinner, ho, dinner !- Where's Enter KENT, disguised.
my kpave? my fool ? Go you and call my fool hither.
[Exit an Attendant.
You, you, sirrah, where's my daughter ? - If thou canst serve where thou dost stand
Osw. So please you,
LEAR. What says the fellow there? Call the So may it come, thy master, whom thou lov'st,
clotpoll back.- [Exit a Knight. Where's my Shall find thee full of labours.
fool, ho?-I think the world's asleep.
Horns without. Enter LEAR, Knights, and
How now! where's that mongrel ? LEAR. Let me not stay a jot for dinner; go, KNIGHT. He says, my lord, your daughter* is get it ready. [Exit an Attendant.] How now ! | not well. what art thou ?
LEAR. Why came not the slave back to me, KENT. A man, sir.
when I call’d him ? LEAR. What dost thou profess? What wouldst Knight. Sir, he answered me in the roundest thou with us?
manner, he would not. KENT. I do profess to be no less than I seem; LEAR. He would not ! to serve him truly that will put me in trust; to KNIGHT. My lord, I know not what the matter love him that is honest; to converse with him is; but, to my judgment, your highness is not that is wise, and says little; to fear judgment; to entertained with that ceremonious affection as you fight when I cannot choose; and to eat no fish.(2) were wont; there's a great abatement of kindness LEAR. What art thou ?
appears as well in the general dependants as in KENT. A very honest-hearted fellow, and as the duke himself also, and your daughter. poor as the king.
LEAR. Ha! sayest thou so ? LEAR. If thou beest as poor for a subject, as KNIGHT. I beseech you, pardon me, my lord, he is for a king, thou art poor enough. What if I be mistaken ; for my duty cannot be silent wouldst thou ?
when I think your highness wronged. Kent. Service.
LEAR. Thou but rememberest me of mine own
a I would breed from hence occasions, and I shall,
That I may speak :-) These lines are not in the folio.
(*) First folio, Daughters. b That can my speech diffuse,-] Diffuse, here, signifies disguise.