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Enter Edmund and Curan, meeting.
Enter EDGAR. Edm. Save thee, Curan.
My father watches:40, sir, fly this place ; CUR. And you,* sir. I have been with your Intelligence is given where you are hid; father, and given him notice that the duke of You have now the good advantage of the Cornwall and Regan his duchess will be here with
night:him this night.
Have you not spoken 'gainst the duke of Cornwall ? EDM. How comes that?
He's coming hither; now, i’ the night, i' the CUR. Nay, I know not. You have heard of the
haste, news abroad, -I mean the whispered ones, for they | And Regan with him ; have you nothing said are yet but ear-kissing arguments ?
Upon his party 'gainst the duke of Albany? Edm. Not I; pray you, what are they? Advise yourself.
Cur. Have you heard of no likely wars toward, | Eng. I am sure on't, not a word. 'twixt the dukes of Cornwall and Albany ?
Edm. I hear my father coming,— pardon me; Edm. Not a word.
In cunning I must draw my sword upon you :Cur. You may do, then, in time. Fare you Draw : seem to defend yourself: now quit you well, sir.
well. EDM. The duke be here to-night? The better ! Yield :—come before my father.—Light, ho,
here ! This weaves itself perforce into my business. Fly, brother.—Torches! torches !—So, farewell. My father hath set guard to take my brother;
[Exit EDGAR. And I have one thing, of a queasy question, Some blood drawn on me would beget opinion Which I must act :-briefness and fortune,
[Wounds his arm. work !
Of my more fierce endeavour: I have seen drunkBrother, a word ;—descend :-brother, I say!
Do more than this in sport.–Father ! father! (*) First folio, your.
Stop, stop! No help?
Enter GLOUCESTER, and Servants with torches.
Were very pregnant and potential spurg*
To make thee seek it. Glo. Now, Edmund, where's the villain ?
Strongť and fasten’d villain ! EDM. Here stood he in the dark, his sharp Would he deny his letter?--I never got him.-5 sword out,
[Trumpets without. Mumbling of wicked charms, conjuring the moon Hark, the duke's trumpets! I know not why the To stand auspicious mistress, –
All ports I'll bar; the villain shall not 'scape; Eum. Look, sir, I bleed.
The duke must grant me that: besides, his picture Glo.
Where is the villain, Edmund ? I will send far and near, that all the kingdom Edm. Fled this way, sir. When by no means
May have due note of him; and of my land, he could
Loyal and natural boy, I'll work the means Glo. Pursue him, ho !-Go after.- Exeunt To make thee capable.
some Servants.] By no means, what? Edm. Persuade me to the murder of your lord
Enter CORNWALL, REGAN, and Attendants. ship; But that I told him, the revenging gods
Corn. How now, my noble friend ! since I came 'Gainst parricides did all their thunders * bend ;
[news.§ Spoke, with how manifold and strong a bond (Which I can call but now) I have heard strange The child was bound to the father ;-sir, in fine, Reg. If it be true, all vengeance comes too short, Seeing how loathly opposite I stood
Which can pursue the offender. How dost, my To his unnatural purpose, in fell motion
[crack'd! With his prepared sword, he charges home
Glo. O, madam, my old heart is crack’d,—it's My unprovided body, lanc'd t mine arm :
REG. What, did my father's godson seek your Butt when he saw my best alarum'd spirits, Bold in the quarrel's right, rous'd to the encounter, He whom my father nam’d? your Edgar ? Or whether gasted by the noise I made,
Glo. O, lady, lady, shame would have it hid ! Full suddenly he fled.
Reg. Was he not companion with the riotous Glo. Let him fly far:
knights Not in this land shall he remain uncaught; | That tend || upon my father ?
[bad.— And found—despatch !--- The noble duke my Glo. I know not, madam: 't is too bad, too master,
Edm. Yes, madam, he was of that consort. My worthy arch and patron, comes to-night :
REG. No marvel then, though he were ill By his authority I will proclaim it,
affected ; That he which finds him shall deserve our thanks, 'Tis they have put him on the old man's death, Bringing the murderous coward to the stake; To have the waste and spoil" of his revenues. He that conceals him, death.
I have this present evening from my sister Edm. When I dissuaded him from his intent, Been well inform'd of them; and with such cautions And found him pight" to do it, with curste speech That if they come to sojourn at my house, I threaten’d to discover him: he replied,
I'll not be there. Thou unpossessing bastard ! dost thou think, CORN. Nor I, assure thee, Regan.If I would stand against thee, would the reposal Edmund, I hear that you have shown your father Of any trust, virtue, or worth, in thee [deny, | A child-like office. Make thy words faith'd ? No : what I should
'Twas my duty, sir. (As this I would; ay,|| though thou didst produce Glo. He did bewray his practice; and receiv'd My very character n) I'd turn it all
This hurt you see, striving to apprehend him. To thy suggestion, plot, and damned practice: CORN. Is he pursu'd ? And thou must make a dullard of the world,
Ay, my good lord. If they not thought the profits of my death
CORN. If he be taken, he shall never more
(*) First folio, spirits. (+) First folio, 0 strange. (1) First folio, wher.
(8) First folio, strangenesse. (1) First folio, tended.
(*) First folio, the thunder. (t) First folio, latch'd. (1) First folio, And.
(3) First folio, should I.
(1) First folio omits, ay. a But when, &c.] "When" is very probably a misprint for whér, or whether. b gasted-] Gasted, or ghasted, means afrighted, dismayed.
e And found -despatch !-) Warburton reads, "And found, dispatch'd ;” as also does Mr. Collier's annotator; but the old text is right. Thus, in " Blurt, Master Constable," Act V. Sc. 1,
"There to find Fontinelle: found, to kill him." d - pight to do it, Pight is fixed, settled.
e-curst speech-) Harsh, bitler speech.
- character-) That is, hand-writing. 8 I never got him. The folio reads,
“Would he deny his Letter, said he?" h-the waste and spoil-) So the first quarto; the second reacs, " -- these--and waste;" all the other ancient copies, “ ta expence and wast."
Be fear’d of doing harm : make your own purpose, trunk-inheriting slave; one that wouldst be a bawd, How in my strength you please.—For you, in way of good service, and art nothing but the Edmund,
composition of a knave, beggar, coward, pandar, Whose virtue and obedience doth this instant and the son and heir of a mongrel bitch : one So much commend itself, you shall be ours ; whom I will beat into clamourous* whining, if Natures of such deep trust we shall much need; thou deniest the least syllable of thy addition. You we first seize on.
Osw. Why, what a monstrous fellow art thou, Edm.
I shall serve you, sir, truly, 1 thus to rail on one that is neither known of thee However else.
nor knows thee! GLO. For him I thank your grace.
KENT. What a brazen-faced varlet art thou, to CORN. You know not why we came to visit deny thou knowest me! Is it two days ago, t since you,
[night. I tripped up thy heels, and beat thee, before the Reg. Thus out of season ; threading dark-eyed king? Draw, you rogue : for, though it be night, Occasions, noble Gloster, of some poise,*
yeto the moon shines, I'll make a sop o'the moonWherein we must have use of your advice :
shine of you : draw, I you whoreson cullionly Our father he hath writ, so hath our sister,
barber-monger, draw. [Drawing his sword. Of differences, which I best thought it fit
Osw. Away! I have nothing to do with thee. To answer from " our home; the several messengers KENT. Draw, you rascal! you come with letters From hence attend despatch. Our good old friend, against the king; and take Vanity the puppet's Lay comforts to your bosom ; and bestow
part, against the royalty of her father: draw, you Your needful counsel to our business,
rogue, or I'll so carbonado your shanks !—draw, Which craves the instant use.
you rascal ! come your ways. Glo.
I serve you, madam : Osw. Help, ho! murder! help! Your graces are right welcome. [Exeunt. KENT. Strike, you slave! stand, rogue, stand!
you neat" slave, strike !
Osw. Help, ho! murder! murder !
Edm. How now? what's the matter? Part. Osw. Good dawning to thee, friend; art of this
KENT. With you, goodman boy, an $ you please; house? KENT. Ay.
come, I'll flesh you; come on, young master. Osw. Where may we set our horses ? KENT. I'the mire.
Enter CORNWALL, REGAN, GLOUCESTER, and Osw. Pr’ythee, if thou lov'st me, tell me.
Servants. KENT. I love thee not.
Glo. Weapons ! arms! what's the matter here? Osw. Why, then, I care not for thee.
CORN. Keep peace, upon your lives! KENT. If I had thee in Lipsbury pinfold, I | He dies, that strikes again ! what is the matter ? would make thee care for me.
Reg. The messengers from our sister and the Osw. Why dost thou use me thus ? I know thee
Corn. What is your difference ? speak. Kent. Fellow, I know thee.
Osw. I am scarce in breath, my lord. Osw. What dost thou know me for ?
KENT. No marvel, you have so bestirred your KENT. A knave; a rascal; an eater of broken valour. You cowardly rascal, nature disclaims in meats ; a base, proud, shallow, beggarly, three-| thee; a tailor made thee. suited, hundred-pound, filthy, worsted-stocking CORN. Thou art a strange fellow: a tailor make knave; a lily-livered, action-taking whoreson, a man? glass-gazing, superserviceable, finical rogue ; one KENT. Ay,ll a tailor, sir : a stone-cutter, or a (*) First folio, prize. (t) First folio, businesses.
(*) First folio, clamours.
(+) First folio omits, ago.
(1) First folio omits, draw ($) First folio, if. A - from our home:1 Away from home.
(11) First folio omits, Ay. b - hundred-pound,-) This epithet is found in Middleton's play of "The Phenix, Act IV. Sc. 3,
to mean simply mere or finical. For the real allusion, see a
passage in the "Winter's Tale," Act I, Sc.2,-am I used like a hundred-pound gentleman." And in Sir Walter Raleigh's speech against Foreign Retailers
to mean simps Winter's Tale,
We must be neat; not neat, but cleanly, captain ; (Oldys's “Life of Raleigh," p. 68), he says,-"Nay at Milan,
And yet the steer, the heifer, and the calf, where there are three hundred-pound Englishmen, they cannot so
Are all calı'd neat." much as have a barber among them."
See also Taylor the Water Poet's Epigram on the husband of c -- yet the moon shines,-) That is, not the moon shines, &c. Mrs. Parnell, d - you neat sluvé,-) The sting in this epithet, “neat," has
** Neate can he talke, and feede, and neatly tread, been quite misunderstood by the commentators who suppose it
Neate are his feete, but most neate is his head."
painter, could not have made him so ill, though | Than twenty silly ducking Observants, they had been but two hours at the trade. * That stretch their duties nicely.
CORN. Speak yet, how grow your quarrel ? KENT. Sir, in good sooth, * in sincere verity, Osw. This ancient ruffian, sir, whose life I have Under the allowance of your grand t aspect, spar'd,
Whose influence, like the wreath of radiant fire At suit of his grey beard,
On flickering Phæbus' front, KENT. Thou whoreson zed! thou unnecessary CORN.
What mean’st by this ? letter !—My lord, if you will give me leave, I will KENT. To go out of my dialect, which you tread this unbolted villain into mortar, and daub discommend so much. I know, sir, I am no the wall of a jakes with him.-Spare my grey flatterer: he that beguiled you in a plain accent, beard, you wagtail ?
was a plain knave ; which, for my part, I will not CORN. Peace, sirrah !
be, though I should win your displeasure to entreat You beastly knave, know you no reverence ? me to 't.
Kent. Yes, sir, but anger hath a privilege. CORN. What was the offence you gave him ? CORN. Why art thou angry?
I never gave him any : Kent. That such a slave as this should wear a It pleas'd the king his master very late, sword,
these, To strike at me, upon his misconstruction; Who wears no honesty. Such smiling rogues as | When he, conjunct, and flattering his displeasure, Like rats, oft bite the holy cords a-twain
Tripp'd me behind; being down, insulted, rail'd, Which are too intrinse t’unloose : smooth every And put upon him such a deal of man, passion
That worthied him, got praises of the king That in the natures of their lords rebels ;
For him attempting who was self-subdu'd ; Bringt oil to fire, snow to the colder moods ; And, in the fleshment of this dread || exploit, Renege, I affirm, and turn their halcyon beaks Drew on me here again. With every gale $ and vary of their masters,
Kent. None of these rogues and cowards, Knowing nought, like dogs, but following,
But Ajax is their fool. A plague upon your epileptic visage !
Fetch forth the stocks, ho ! Smile you my speeches, as I were a fool ?
You stubborn ancient knave, you reverend bragGoose, if I had you upon Sarum plain,
gart, I'd drive ye cackling home to Camelot.(1)
We'll teach youCorn. What, art thou mad, old fellow ?
Sir, I am too old to learn : Glo. How fell you out ? say that.
Call not your stocks for me : I serve the king; KENT. No contraries hold more antipathy, On whose employment I was sent to you: Than I and such a knave.
You shall do small respect, show too bold malice CORN. Why dost thou call him knave? What's Against the grace and person of my master, his offence? ||
Stocking his messenger. KENT. His countenance likes me not.
Fetch forth the stocks !CORN. No more, perchance, does mine, nor his, As I have life and honour, there shall he sit till nor hers.
[night too. KENT. Sir, 't is my occupation to be plain ; Reg. Till noon! till night, my lord ; and all I have seen better faces in my time,
KENT. Why, madam, if I were your father's dog, Than stands on any shoulder that I see
You should not use me so. Before me at this instant.
Sir, being his knave, I will. CORN.
This is some fellow, | Corn. This is a fellow of the self-same colour Who, having been prais’d for bluntness, doth affect | Our sister speaks of.—Come, bring away the stocks. A saucy roughness, and constrains the garb
[Stocks brought in. Quite from his nature: he cannot flatter, he
Glo. Let me beseech your grace not to do so: An honest-mind and plain,-he must speak truth! His fault is much, and the good king his master An they will take it, so; if not, he's plain. [ness Will check him for't: your purpos'd low correction These kind of knaves I know, which in this plain Is such, as basest and contemned’st ** wretches, Harbour more craft and more corrupter ends, For pilferings and most common trespasses
( First folio, two yeares oth' trade. +) First folio, Being. (1) First folio, Revenge.
$) First folio, gall. (D) First folio, What is his fault ? & Spare my grey beard, you wagtail?) An acute stroke of nature: Kent in his rage forgets it was his life, not his beard, which the fellow pretended to have spared.
Quite from his nature: His is here used for the impersonal
(*) First folio, faith,
(1) First folio, great. it) First folio, flicking.
(8) First folio, compact. (1) First folio, dead.
(9) First folio, respects. (**) old text, temnest, corrected by Capell. c His fault is much,-) This speech is abridged in the folio, which reads,
“Let me beseech your Grace, not to do so,
Are punish'd with : the king must take it ill,
I'll answer that.
[KENT is put in the stocks. Come, my good* lord; away.
[Exeunt all but GLOUCESTER and KENT. Glo. I am sorry for thee, friend ; 'tis the duke's
pleasure, Whose disposition, all the world well knows, Will not be rubb'd nor stopp’d: I'll entreat for thee. KENT. Pray do not, sir : I have watch'd and
travell’d hard ; Some time I shall sleep out, the rest I'll whistle.
A good man's fortune may grow out at heels :
[Exit. Kent. Good king, that must approve the com
mon saw, Thou out of heaven's benediction com'st To the warm sun ! Approach, thou beacon to this under globe, That by thy comfortable beams I may Peruse this letter !-Nothing almost sees miracles, But misery ;-I know 't is from Cordelia ; Who hath most fortunately been inform'd Of my obscured course, and she'll find time From this enormous state-seeking, to give Losses their remedies. — All weary and o'er
(*) First folio omits, good. a For following her affairs,-Putin his legs.-) Aline not found in the folio.
Thou out of heaven's benediction com'st
To the warm sun!] This "common saw" we meet with in Heywood's “Dialogues on Proverbs,"
“In your running from him to me, ye runne
Out of God's blessing into the warme sunne." It is found also in Howell's collection of English Proverbs in his Dictionary, 1660, and there explained, “He goes out of God's blessing to the warm sun, viz. from good to worse." The application, we must suppose, is to Lear's quitting one daughter only to meet more inhospitable treatment from another.
I know 'tis from Cordelia;
Losses their remedies.] Some editors have gone so far as to degrade this passage altogether from the text: Steevens and others conjecture it to be made up from fragments of Cordelia's letter. We agree with Malone that it forms no part of that letter, but are opposed to his notion that "two half lines have been lost between the words state and seeking." The slight change of "she'll" for shall,-the ordinary reading being, "--and shall find time," &c.-appears to remove much of the difficulty; that occasioned by the corrupt words, "enormous state-seeking,"will some day probably find an equally facile remedy.