Christianizing Homer: The Odyssey, Plato, and the Acts of Andrew
Oxford University Press, 21/04/1994 - 368 páginas
This study focuses on the apocryphal Acts of Andrew (c. 200 CE), which purports to tell the story of the travels, miracles, and martyrdom of the apostle Andrew. Traditional scholarship has looked for the background of such writings in Jewish and Christian scriptures. MacDonald, however, breaks with that model and looks to classic literature for the sources of this story. Specifically, he argues that the Acts represent an attempt to transform Greco-Roman myth into Christian narrative categories by telling the story of Andrew in terms of Homeric epic, in particular the Odyssey. MacDonald presents a point-by-point comparison of the two works, finding the resemblances so strong, numerous, and tendentious that they virtually compel the reader to consider the Acts a transformative "rewriting" of the epic. This discovery not only sheds valuable light on the uses of Homer in the early church but also significantly contributes to our understanding of the reception of Homer in the empire as a whole.
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AAMt Achaea Achilles Acta Andreae Acts of Andrew Acts of John Acts of Peter Aegeates Agamemnon Alcman ancient Aphrodite apocryphal Acts Apology apostle appears Apuleius Aristobula Artemis Athena Athenagoras blessed body cannibals Christ Circe Clement of Alexandria cross dead death demons depiction disciples divine early Christian epic episode Euripides goddess gods Greek Gregory Gregory’s Hades healed Helen Hephaestus Hera Heracles heroes Homer hypertextual Ibid Iliad Iphidama Iphigenia Ithaca Jesus Justin Lesbius Lord Lucian Martyrdom Matthias Maximilla Menelaus Myrmidonia Myrmidons myth myth of Er narrated nekyia netherworld Odysseus’s Odyssey Oratio ad graecos Orestes pagan parallels Passion Patras Patroclus Penelope Phaedo Philoctetes philosopher Plato Prieur proconsul Protrepticus Ps.-Justin punishment readers Republic rescue sailed Sarpedon ship Socrates Sostratus soul speech story Stratocles Stromateis suitors Tatian Tatian Oratio Telemachus thou Tiresias told tradition transvaluative Trojan Varianus wife woman young Zeus Zeus’s