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CHICKENS HATCHED BY STEAM.

ON THE APPLICATION OF MR. PERKINS'S PRINCIPLE TO STEAM

ENGINES OF THE OLD CONSTRUCTION.

Some philosophers are of opinion, that the heat of the the space occupied by the engine is not greater than 6 feet portion of water which escapes, is of itself sufficient to by 8, yet Mr. Perkins considers that the apparatus (with maintain the steam at that high degree of heat and elasti- the exception of the working cylinder, PP, and piston A man of respectable appearance (who stated that he city with which it reaches the piston ; and, consequently, PQ) is perfectly sufficient for a thirty-horse engine. When had travelled through various nations, for the expres that this engine is nothing more than a High Pressure the engine performs full work, it consuines only two purpose of ascertaining the most effectual way of hatching Engine. Other persons, however, have supposed, and we bushels of coal in the day.

eggs without the assistance of the bird) appeared before contess we are among that number, that the portion of

the Lord Mayor, a few days ago, for the purpose of water which escapes, must necessarily carry off a quantity

making an affidavit of a discovery of an infallible mode of heat from the adjoining stratum (the temperature of

of producing chickens from eggs, without waiting for the which may be thus reduced below the freezing point.) Great as the invention is which we have now described, delays of nature! The chicken-hatcher said, his invention But it is more likely, that, in virtue of some new law of yet we are disposed to think that the application of the had excited the astonishment of several noblemen, gentle the transmission of t.eat under the combined conditions of principle to old steam-engines is not less important.* men, and ladies, who were present while he was hatching elevated temperature and high pressuire, while the water, When we consider the enormous capital which is at pre- and that he could bring gecse to perfection, as well as desk also, is forced to remain in contact with the red hot gene- sent embodied in Great Britain in the substantial form of and hens. He also stated that his labour in bringing the rator, the whole water in the boiler may be laid under re- steam-engines, and the admirable elegance and skill with invention to maturity, had been very great. The chicken quisition to furnish the discharged fuid with its necessary which these noble machines impel and regulate the vast haicher then declared that he had constructed a machin supply of caloric.

population of wheels and pinions over which they reign, for the eggs, and, by the judicious application of stean It is almost unnecessary to state, that the motion of the we feel as if some vast innovation were proposed upon our contrived to fulfil the ends of nature, to the surprise of a engine is produced by the difference in elasticity between established usages, by the introduction of Mr. Perkins's who watched the progress of animation in the egg. Whe the steam pressing on one side of the piston and that pres. engine. The very idea that these potentates of the me- tirst he advanced in his labours with the engine, he wa sing on the other. In the first case, the steam recently chanical world should be displaced from their thrones; obliged to sit up 30 days and 30 nights, to turn the eggs produced, acts with a force, say of 500lb. on the square that their strong holds shouid' be dismantled ; their pala- lest the birds should be deformed; but now he had brouge inch, while that on the weak side, or that communicating ces demolisherl, and their whole affairs placed under a the thing to sueh perfection, that he was not obliged to e with the condenser, acts with only 70, the difference, or more economical management, is somewhat startling to up one night for å brood of 1000 chickens, and they ar 4301b, being the true power gained.

those who dread change, and admire institutions that both peared in a more unexceptionable character than if broua When there is a surplus of water in the generator, ac- work and wear well. Mr. Perkins, however, has saved up under the care of their mothers. The fowls shie casioned either by working the forcing pump too violently, them from such a degradation. He has allowed them to sprung out of the steam had the extraordinary facults i or by too vehement a heat, the water will escape hy the retain all their honours and privileges, and proposes only laying at all seasons; whereas those to which nature si tube m with a valve above, loaded with 37 atmospheres, to invigorate them with fresh influence and power. the handmaid were not at all to he prevailed upon, exc and will pass by the pipe 5, 5, 5, into the condenser

In this new system, the old engines, with their boilers, at stated periods, to supply the delicacy.-The Lord May STXV.

are retained unaltered. The furnaces alone are removed. then signed an affidavit stating the power of the inventio In order to explain the ingenious manner in which the Mr. Perkins constructs a generator consisting of three ho. and the chicken-hatcher departed. --- London paper. pipe 4, 4, 4 supplies the generator with water, we must rizontal tubes of gun-metal, connected together, filled which is wrought by the engine. This puinp draws the own engine. This generator is exposed to heat in an ana- under the sun. The fact is, that the great discovery whi

. Solomon said, long ago, that there was nothing observe that this pipe communicates with the pump L, and supplied with water from a forcing-puinp; as in his water by the pipe 6, 6, 6, from the condenser STXV, and logous manner, so that, by means of a loaded valve, which the above-inentioned projector lays claim to, is of very returns it by the pipe 4, 4, 4; that is to say, wlien the opens and shuts, the red hot fluid may be constrained till hanelle M is drawn up, the water rushes into the cylinder forced out of the generator into the water in the boilers mote date indeed. The only difference in the ancient a of the forcing pump, throngh a valve in the pipe 6, 6, 6, of Bolton and Watt. By this means, as much low pres- modern process is, that steam is now recommended opening into that cylinder: This valve, of course, nerated by one bushel of coals, as could be produced in the were produced in the distant ages of wbich we spe

sure steam of four pounds on the square inch may be ge perform the office of the Egyptian ovens, in which chick instantly closes when the downward stroke of the pump old engine by nine bushels. This most important result we shall resume this subject more at large next ** is made, and the water now escapes through a valve opening outreards, along 4, 4, 4; thus effectually entting

was obtained by actual experiment. oti all direct or uninterrupt:d communication between the Perkins has made a discovery that seems, in its practical a variety of applications of heat have been resorted to,

Since these great improvements have been effected, Mr. when we shall show that artificial warmth, electricity, 1. in the condenser at a pressure of tive atmospheres, the importance to surpass them all. He now entirely dis- order to supersede the animal heat of the mother.-E. blast of the bellows H goes round the condenser STXV; penses with the use of the condenser, and works the engine Ral. but, when it is not sufficient for this purpose, cold water against the atmosphere alone; and by methods with which is introduced from the reservoir 2, by means of the pipe prudent for him to disclose at present, he is enabled to

we are not acquainted, and which indeed it would not be 7, 7, 7, loaded with five atmospheres.

Royal Society, Edinburgh.-A paper was read From the high clasticity of the steam employed in this tioris, und uctually pump it back to the generator, to unite that has been submitted for many years to philosophis

arrest the heat after it has performed its mechanical func- subject of which the world is more ignorant than of engine, it has been supposed to be very liable to explosion with a fresh portion of water, and renew its useful libours. yestigation.we mean on magnetism. This, however, is a vulgar error. Since there is no re

In an operation like this, a considerable portion of the heat discovered on this subject, but more remains behind; force, as in the common high pressure engines, the steam saved; and we venture to say, that the most sanguine spe- / will not open a field for inquiry, almost new. The f. succeeding stroke of the piston, the ordinary source of dared even to imagine the possibility of such an invention of heated antimony and the magnetic needle abi

to all apprehensions on that subject, the induction pipe 2,2,2, we are ex posing ourseires

to the criticisms of those whose fixed a strip of copper

; a needle was placed on the in which the steam is actually generated, is made so strong belief is naurally limited by their own experience ; but which was then stationed so as to coincide with the the square inch, which is eight times more powerful than account of Mr. Perkins's discoveries and inventions, as heated, and the magnetic needle was then fourd to de the actual pressure, viz. 500 pounds on the square inch, delivered before the Royal Society of Edinburgh, gave many degrees to the east. On heating the north et with which the engine works. abundance of strength is still farther secured by means of Perking's discovery, and that he speaks confidently of the other experiments were then tried, showing the effea the safety pipe : S; provided with a thin copper soundness of its principles, as well as the practicability of the needle produced by other inetals unequally

heate ** safety-bulb” ab, which is made so as to burst at a pres. its application.

modes nearly similar to what we have stated. Zinc, s sure of 1000 pounds on the square inch. In order to sa. tisfy his friends on this very important point, Mr. Perkins country on the brilliant prospects with which these inven- Copper and zinc were then united (in one osperid

We cannot quit this subject without congratulating the and copper, all affected the needle when thus tr degree as to burst the copper bulb in their presence. This period of the history of British industry, they must have them round) and the

united ends were placed in a tube merely rends, cor is tornasunder like a piece of paper, excited the highest expectations ;- but, originating as they of water, the needle

being fixed on one of the metals apparatus; so that we have no hesitation in considering our agriculture, the three stars of our national prosperity, great deviation was observed in the needle : ona thuis engine, not withstanding its tremendous energies, as have just passed the lowest point of their orbit, and nitric acid, a different and greater deviation was prok much more safe in its operations than even the common low pressure engine.

quitted, we trust for long, the scene of their disturbing We abstain from mentioning the number of det The safety tube 8, 8, 8, communicates also with the in- siasm, and regard them as contributing, to ensure the preforces, we cannot but hail them with the liveliest enthu- deviation, tearing that we may have untortunately

to remember them precisely; but these results dicator ¢ d, baving a dial.plate ce; and an index e f eminence of our industry, to augment the wealth and tirm a theory which had long since occurred to us re which, by means of a suitable contrivance at t', "', indi. resources of the nation, and, by giving employment to ing the existence of a connection between light, best cates the pressure or number of atmospheres with which idle hands, and direction to idle minds, to secure the inte tricity, and magnetism. The connection of light the engine is working. The cylinder and piston PPQ. ?'ave been separated from

magnetism has been lately demonstrated by the co grity and the permanence of our national institutions.*

niction of magnetic power to a bar of iron, throug the rest of the engine, for the sake of distinctiss. Their proper position, however, will be understood by supposing direct experiment, whereas the neu rugine, with all its great by a prism, and the experiments we have just men

* This invention appears to have been fully established by medium of the violet shade separated from a ray of the two lines 9, 9; 9 9 to coincide. promise, is still only undergoing trinl.

show an extraordinary connection between heat and The engine which we have now described, is at present performing actual work in Mr. Perkin's manufactory. It! tory, to mention, that Nr. Perkins is not our countryman: that experiments on these four imponderable matter

* It is due to the truth and candour of philosophical his-tricity (or galvanism) and magnetism. It appears is calculated as equal to a ten-horse power, through the

but the age of jealousy against America has happily gone paxt, dueted on a large scaler and with a view to diset cylinder is no more than 2 inches in diameter, and 18 contris het momente serenta e tremoren er mer kreat descendientes, might

produce results of the

counterest in portance to inches long, with a stroke of only 12 inches. Although and compauions in frcedom and intelligence,

kindGuzelle

MAOXETISM.

The Bouquet.

in his Lungs. And the onely thing he has made in it take a rapid stride towards the zenith of the art : yet " I asce here only mede a rosegay of culled Powers, and have himself, is the Faces. He takes on against the Pope with here we are not entirely free from the trammels of Egypbagi sething of sy own but the thread that ties them."

out mercy, and hath a jest still in Lavender for Bellar- tian formality, though in the lightly-cast drapery of this MONTAIGNE. mine. Yet he preaches heresie if it com's in his way, figure we see evident signs of a struggle against former

though with a mind, I must needs say, very Orthodoxe. constraint. The artist has, no doubt, improved upon REVIVIANA.

His Action is all Passion, and his speech interjections. an Egyptian model.

He hath an excellent faculty in bemoaning the people, and That potent goddess of the Egyptians, Isis, from the Under this bead we purpose from time to time to revive spits with a very good grace. His stile is compounded of simplicity in the style of sculpture, forms a part of the works of merit, which are either extremely rare or entirely twenty severall mens, only his body imitates some extra- attractions of this collection. She bears the cistrum (an out of priat; and we solicit assistance in this department, ordinary. He will not draw his handercher out of his instrument of music used in rejoicing at the festivals of which may be rendered valuable and interesting. The place, nor blow his Nose without discretion. His com- the overflowing of the Nile) in one hand, in the other she litike vork with which we now commence our series abounds mendation is, that he never looks upon Book, and indeed has a water vessel, perhaps emblematic of the same river. with vit, satire, and a deep insight of human nature. It be was never used to it. He preaches but once a year, If I were to trace through their various peculiarities consists of 78 chapters

, comprehended in 276 pages ; the though twice a Sunday ; for the stuffe is still the same, the many statues which continue the chain of progress, shale of which it is our intention to introduce in our present onely the dressing a little altered. He hath more tricks from the crude Egyptian to the refined and more elabofalome, with the exception of certain passages, less allow. with a Sermon, then a Taylor with an old Cloak to turn rately-finished Grecian works, I should become tedious ; able in our times than when the work was originally pro- it, and piece it, and at last quite disguise it with a dew suffice it, therefore, to say, that, to the connoisseur, the duaed-Edit. Keb

preface. If he have waded further in bis profession, and connecting link is discernable without difficulty. I shall,

would shew reading of his own, his Authors are Postills, therefore, pass on to those statues which are more particu. MICRO.COSMOGRAPHIB; or, « Piece of the and his School-divinity a Catechisme. His fashion, and larly pleasing to the general observer.

WORLD DISCOVERED; in ESSAYES, and demure habit gets him in with some Town precisian, and A spirited statue of the Venus Victrix, so called from CHARACTERS. By Dk. Jso. Earls. The makes him a guest on Friday-nights. You shall know the small figure of Victory which she holds in one hand Eighth Edition. London, Printed by R. D. for him by his narrow Velvet cape, and Serge facing, and his while with the other she supports a spear, is one of these. P. C. 1664.

ruffe, next bis hair, the shortest thing about him. The The graceful attitude of this statue and the excellence of

companion of his walk is some zealous Tradesman, whom the sculpture render it extremely interesting.–The Priestess 1. A Corld is a Man in a small Letter, yet the best he astonisheth with strange points, which they both un- of Bacchus, in the act of playing on the crotalos (a kind Copy of Adem before he tasted of Eve or the Apple; and, derstand alike. His friends and much painfulness may of cymbal which she has attached to her hands) might be is happy, whose small practice in the world can onely prefer him to thirty pounds a year, and this means to a form a companion to the last in elegance and ease of apwrite bis Character. He is natures fresh picture newly Chamber-maid: with whom we leave him now in the pearance: it is deservedly ranked amongst the better prodrawn in Oyl, which time and much handling dims and bonds of Wedlock. Next Sunday you shall bave him ductions in this collection. The beauty and lightness defaces. His soul is yet a white paper unscribled with ob- again.

in the drapery of the statue, called Julia Pia should not Serrations of the world, wherewith at length it becomes a

(To be continued.)

be passed over, as it bears evident signs of a masterly blar'd Note-book. He is purely happy, because he

hand. I should rather be inclined to think this statue knows no evil

, nor bath made means, by sin, to be acquainted with misery. He arrives not at the mischief of

Fine Arts.

represented the celestial muse, Urania, from the globe

and stylus which she bears, allusive to the care she ex. being sise, nor endures evils to come by foreseeing them.

tended over the heavenly bodies. He kisses and loves all, and, when the smart of the rod is

INCE BLUNDELL

There is a degree of boldness of design and manly pest, smiles on his bearer. Nature and his Parents alike

beauty in the striking figure of Esculapius. candle hiz, end tice him on, with a bait of Sugar, to a

TO THE EDITOR.

The statues of Mercury and Apollo are numerous, and, draugbt of Wormwood. He plays yet like a young Pren

in general, possess much of the beauty and elegance which tice the first day, and is not come to his task of melan- SIR.-It would be vain to attempt to find out the beau- were the characteristics of those deities. One of the latter, ehels. All the language he speaks yet is Tears, and they ties of a small portion of the works of art, contained in the in particular, combines the gracefulness and commanding warte bin vell enough to expresse his necessity. His collection at Ince Blundell, in a single visit. I have had grandeur which ever mark the statues of this god. He hardest labour is his tongue, as if he were loth to use so the good fortune to view that delightful place several is represented as extremely youthful, but with a dignified deceitful an Organ; and he is best company with it, when times, and always with increased pleasure, having each and contemplative expression of countenance, flowing beta bat pratile. We laugh at his foolish sports, but his visit discovered treasures which I had not previously hair, and beautifully-proportioned limbs. Rane is our ezrdest : and his Drums, Rattles and Hobby- thought of, and I am yet but partially acquainted with There are several interesting infantine figures : the best benes, bet the Emblemes, and mockings of mens busi- its rarities. To give a description adequate to the merits of which are a “ Virtumnus, an “ Amorind,” and a BisseHis Father hath writ him as his own little story, of the colection would, I am aware, be beyond the abilities spirited little "jeune Mercure,” remarkable for its chaTherein be reads those dayes of his life that he cannot re- of any person not residing on the spot, taking into con- racteristic, arch, and selfish expression.-1 observed a kember; and sighes to see what innocence he hath out- sideration the extent and variety of the subjects; but if pretty group of a boy and swan, and one of a young bred. The elder he grows, he is a staire lower from God; simply mentioning the principal statues, without much Bachante and goat, which cannot fail to attract universal ad like his first father, much worse in his Breeches. He coinment, be worthy your farther notice, I shall think observation. The subject is a boy in the act of tantalizing by the Christians example, and the old mans relapse: The my trouble well repaid.

a goat: he holds a bunch of grapes in each hand, whi the imitates his purenesse, and the other falls into his sim- I left off in my last with an account of one of the bas- the goat seems to await in anxious expectation. This platy. Could he put off his body with his little Coat, he reliefs, not having then any idea of a second communica group is justly celebrated for its beauty and simplicity :

got eternity without a burthen, and exchang'd but tion. It will be necessary now to return to those works it is sculptured in all the playful elegance of Grecian Hearen for another.

of greater consequence to the admirer of stulpture, the taste; the fleshyness of the boy, the smiling expression 1. A TOCXG BAW PREACHER is a Bird not yet fledg'a, statues; many, in fact all, of which, are well worthy the of face, and the strict attention to nature, observable in ta hach hopt out of his nest to be cherping on a hedge, strictest attention ; particularly as from them may be every part, are acknowledged, and it is pronounced to be

sül be stragling abroad at what peril soever. His formed an interesting series illustrating the progress of one of the finest specimens in the collection, although, betrardhesse in the University hath set him thus for. sculpture from the early Fgyptians (with whom the art perhaps, it does not rank in the same class of art as the red; fox bad he not truanted there, he had not been is said to have originated) to the most renowned period satyr and hermaphrodite. buy a Divine. His small standing and time hath made of Grecian excellence. The earliest statues in the collec. I have attempted to describe a few only of the numerous ha proficient only in boldnesse, out of which and his tion appear to be the two Egyptian idols, carved in statues which the munificence of the father of the present Teto- book he is furnisht for a preacher. His collections granite, in all the rude stiffness so remarkable in early proprietor has accumulated, which, with the head of the (Stadz are the Notes of Sermons, which, taken up at productions of that country: they are supposed to repré- Indian Bacchus, and other considerable additions lately Net Mary's he utters in the Countrey. And if he write sent male and female, with excessive rarity for their only made, form a most extensive and valuable collection, prachigraphy, his stock is so much the better. His writing merit. Another statue, for the name of which I am at a and is a bright ornament to the county of Lancaster. tesore than his reading; for he reads only what he gets loss, is evidently the work of a Grecian artist, soon after should what I have said be worthy your consideration, I thact book. Thus accomplisht he comes down to his the art had been communicated to the Greeks by the may, at some future period, trouble you with a few resends, and his first salutation is Grace and Peace out of Egyptians. The figure partakes of the stiffness of the marks on the most admired bas-reliefs and sarcophagiHet Pulpit

. His prayer is conceited, and no man remem- foregoing two, but with greater attention to the finish and which last form a striking feature in this collection, as bers bis Colledge more at large. The peace of his Ser- expression of the anatomical parts, for which the Grecians much for their firm state of preservation as for their great Ron is a full careere, and he runs wildly over hill and are justly distinguished.

antiquity.-Yours,

ZURRO. ale, till the clock stop him. The labour of it is chiefly In the statue of the "Spes Etrusca," as it is called, we June 27.

Poetry.

SONNET.

Farewell, thou sacred gift of her, the one

Whose form of symmetry had power to move

Me, till then, callous to the arts of love!
(Would that herself like thee were all mine own!)

When late the mutual farewell had pass'd
Between myself and Gertrude of the Lune
(On though we cannot meet each other soon,
Heav'n grant that parting may not be the last !)

By duty called, I could not but comply,
Hurried along from her I loved so well ;
On thee, her gift, how did my senses dwell,

In deep yet innocent idolatry!
Oh fare thee well !--though many miles shall sever
Gertrude from me, my heart is with her ever!

LEIGH WALDEGRAVE.

SONNET.

Perhaps 'twere better never to have known

That there had been primeval happiness,
Than thus to know, and mourn life's blessings flown,

Comparing Eden with this wilderness!
Time was, when man was blest with every bliss ;

Grief was unknown, but all was peace and joy,
Unmix'd and boundless.-What a change is this !

Cares, pains, woes, sorrows, all that can annoy!
And these the sin -down, base engendering thought!

Life still is joy, earth still is paradise,

And angels move therein as in the skies! Oh may I fill my duties as I ought,

And then, if thou, my lovely one! art mine;

To live is heaven, and I will not repine ! Liverpool.

LEIGH WALDEGRAVE.

Was England's Richard made his brother's foe;

All beauteous nature decks the plain,

And merchants plow for gold the main;
To thee and Cromwell, Charles's death we owe!

Respect arises from our store,
No by a nobler sense my bosom's fired;

Security from being poor;
Thou, gentler goddess ! unto thee I turn;

More joys the bands of Hymen glve,
Oh! let thy flame within me ever burn.

Th’unmarry'd with more freedomn live;
Liverpool
LEIGH WALDEGRAVE.

If parents, our blest lot we own;
Childless, we have no cause to moan;

Firm vigour crowns our youthful stage,
SONNET.

And venerable hairs old age;

Since all is good then, who would cry,
Lov'st thou the freshness of the flowery fields,

“I'd never live, or quickly die?"
The wood's sweet gloom, the mountain's pathless height,
Whence, far expanding to the raptured sight,

Chit Chat.
Nature her lovely charms profusely yields;
O'er meadow, rock, and stream,-or wood that shields

LORD BYRON AND THE AUTHOR OF WAVERLEY.
Its flowers of perfumed breath, or beauty bright;
And ocean, struggling in its glorious might;

We extract the following sketch of the contrasted cha

racters of the works of the Author of Warerley, and o Or silent clouds, that summer's sunbeam gilds !

Lord Byron, froin Warner's Illustrations of the Novels Oh! may this feeling ever cherished be,

by the former, as deserving the attention of our readers: Lady! throughout thy tranquil, charmed life;

“Our awhor's claims to mastership in his art, are not For thou art sweetly kind, and meekly free:

however, founded exclusively on the excellences to whiel While they who love not nature's smiles are rife

we have hitherto adverted : the great charm of his worl

(as it has been well observed) is derived froin the kindnes With artful wiles and deepest treachery,

of heart, the capacity of generous emotions, and the light With dark remorse, and agonizing strife.

of native taste wbich he ascribes so lavishly, and, at thi Doncaster.

C. same time, with such an air of truth and familiarity, eve!

to the humblest of its favourites. There is no keen or cold

blooded satiremno bitterness of heart, or fierceness of TO KEZIA.

resentment, in any part of his writings.' The eulogy i

deserved to a great extent: for they are, with only on Oft as thine eye shall fondly trace

exception, the very transcripts of an amiable, kind, 30

benevolent inind; and display a curious and most strikir Each simple wreath I twind for thee;

contrast with the spirit and feeling, the colouring and cha Whate'er the time, whate'er the place,

racter, of the equally extraoruinary productions of hi Oh! think of me.

only British coinpeer in stretch of genius and power When pleasure sparkles in thine eye,

thought. The world of the Author of Waverley,' wit

all its physical and moral imperfections, is, what it i And every scene is fair to see;

originallygpronounced to be, very good ; illuminated! When swift the happy moments fly,

many a gleanı of sunshine to gladden the heart, and wit Oh' think of me.

many spots of green to delight the eye of man ; while vi

inhabitant, though a weak, an erring, and a way su Thy life, thy bliss, may Heaven defend;

being, has still his capacities of goodness and his redeum But shouldst thou, by its stern decree,

ing virtues, the vestiges of that divine image in which i L'er want a fond, a faithful friend,

was at first created. The world of Childe Harola's' por Oh! think of me.

on the contrary, is little better than the primæval chao

wrapped in palpable darkness, and composed of jarri W. G.

and repulsive principles, and the human heart is a ma

of defecated evil,' swelling with the leaven of fie TO THE EDITOR.

passion, dissocial feeling, and malignant selfishness. T

moral effect likely to be produced by these opposite ch SIR,—A friend of mine, to whom I am much indebted racters of two of the most popular of our present writ

is sufficiently obvious. While the latter is scatteri for the assistance he has rendered me in gathering epitaphs, around him the seeds of sullen discontent, 'with all that lent me last week an old volume of extracts. As I was good, and great, and fair, in the heavens above and taking a slight view of the contents, the following attracted the earth beneath, and severing the knot which biuds m my notice, and, if you deem it worthy of insertion, I shall (more worthily einployed) is inspiring gratitude for

to man, in confidence, affection, and esteem ; the fort be proud to see it in a corner of your valuable miscellany blessings and beauties by which our nature is surround Should this be the case, you shall hear further in this de- and cheerfulness in the perception and enjoyinent of the partment.--Yours,

AUGUSTUS. and riveting and polishing every link in the common chu Leeds, June 27, 1823.

of sympathy and benevolence.

WHALES.
AGAINST LIFE-(FROM THE GREEK OF POSIDIPPUS.]
What tranquil road, unvex'd by strife,

(From the Constitution or Cork Morning Post, of June 23).
Can mortals choose through human life?
Attend the courts, attend the bar,

We have been favoured with the following lette There discord reigns, and endless jar;

describing a novel spectacle which was witnessed on Thu At home the weary wretches find

day last in the bay of Ring, between Youghal and Cab Severe disquietude of mind;

island. The first from a gentleman who resides near To till the fields gives toil and pain,

place, dated Thursday night, is as follows: Eternal terrors sweep the main;

“On this day about the time of high water, a novel si If rich, we fear to loose our store,

was witnessed here by the arrival in the Bay of a number of Need and distress await the poor;

poises; they were seen Arst coming in regular order, a Sad cares the bands of hymen give,

am infornied no regiment could keep a more exact line. Friendless, forlorn, th' unmarry'd live.

hearing the circumstance I went to the beach, and there Are children born? we anxious groan;

seven or eight boats, with men, women and children, up Childless, our lack of heirs we moan;

their necks in water endeavouring to drag to the shore tb Wild, giddy schemes our youth engage,

immense monsters of the deep. Wenkness and wants depress old age.

“On their being seen coming into the bay, the fishermen u Would fate then with my wish comply,

all expedition with their boats, and having got outside ti I'd never live, or quickly die.

drove them in on the long fiat sand where all sizes, all a and all sexes proved their enemy.

It is said not one of th FOR LIFE_{FROM THE Greek or METRODORUS] escaped. No less than 42 have been taken and secured, ! Mankind may rove, unvex'd by strife,

largest of which is over 20 feet long and as round as a Through evry road of human life;

sized bullock, the blubber on the poll is over a foot in thi fair wisdom regulates the bar,

ness, and they will yield an immensity of oil, if the pour peut And peacetoncludes the wordy war;

can procure casks to make the most of this God-sexp. ! At home, suspicious mortals find

informed that

some of the fishermen jumped on their feel Serene tranquillity of mind

and notwithstanding the tremendous splashing with th

SONNET.
GRASMBRE, WESTNOBELAND,

July, 1822.

Oh God of nature !—from thine emerald throne,

Look down and view this paradise thou mad'st!

Ah ! surely here grew that which thou forbad'st
Our first progenitors to feed upon;

This place was Eden !-No, the sacred page
Doth not reveal where Eden's glory dwelt:
Tis gone, since first our sires God's anger felt:

And why inquire in this most wretched age?
Down, black, repining thought! curst discontent!

Thou bane of life, depart; I scorn thy sway!

Here could I dream life's hours, in joy, away,
If Gertrude kindness to my passion lent.

Ah! if she knew it, and return'd my love,
Each spot with her an Eden then would prove !

LEIGH WALDEGRAVE.

SONNET;
VIRTUOUS AND LAWLESS AMBITION.

A

They say there are two sisters of this name:

I bend at virtuous Ambition's shrine :

oh, goddess! hear my prayer, adopt me thine, And guide my footsteps to the path of fame.

But thou, delusive phantom ! who hast led Napoleon, weltering in earth's deluged gore, Though gorged to fulness, panting still for more,

Like dropsy, thirstier, the more he fed, The do I follow not:-by thee inspired

taik, maintained their seats, and with hatehets continued to Rubens displayed an ingenious satire in a picture in ! without any foreign addition to it, by which coffee is im&tuin ster deep and deadly wounds, until the foe lay prostrate. I the Dusseldorf collection. He represented himself as paired. The liquors may be kept for any length of tme The Fater was eriaisoned as far as the eye could reach. Diog nes searcl.ing for an honist man ansidst a crowd of at a boiling heni, in private funilies, cofiic-houses, &c. so Pesure you will say the bactle was little short of Waterloo, the portraits of his friends.

as to be ready at the very instant called for. there some of the enemy escaped, but here none was per

" It will likewise prove of no small conveniency 10 Litted so to do."

Turkish Love of Literuture!-The Oloman Porte has travellers who have neither kettle nor coffee-pot, nor teaThe following is from a gentleman who went from given orders to sell by weight all the fine libraries at Con- pot, in places where these articles are to be procured, as a Youtal as a spectator :

stantinople. Among others are mentioned those of the bottle will supply them.

Princes Morusi, who have become the objects of the jea. . In all cases, means of economy tend 10 augment and " in the course of Thursday, 42 large animals, of the whale lousy and hate of that despotic government, in consequence difiuse comforts and bappiness. They bring within the ges, a pared between Youghal and Cable-Island, near of their wealth. patriotisni, and talents.

reach of the many what wasteful proceedings confine to Escada, from whence the people manned their boats,

the few. By diminishing expenditure on one article, they baring driren them into shallow water and killed one,

A concert was given at the Argyll Rooms on Wednesday allow of some other enjoyment which was before unat. theatre were easily taken. Being gregarious, they closed se'nnight; in order to introduce to the public Mademoisille tainable. A reduction on quantity permits indulgence mi the dead one, attracted by its blood, and remained Schauroth, a German chill, only nine years of age, whose in superior quality. In the present instance, the impor. guti Easily despatched at leisure. I have just returned from performance on the piano-forte had already surprised the tance of economy is particularly gicat, since it is applied the spot, where they are lying on the beach, some of them 30 cognoscenti of Vienna, Munich, and Paris, alu has now to matters of high price, which constitute one of the daily feet in length, after being divested of their outside coat of excited the astonishment of those in London. She played meals of a large portion of the population of the earth. tai tai, abich the people are preparing to extract oil from." upon this occasion the principal part in the beautiful and • That in cookery also, the power of subjecting for an

celebrated quintetto of Beethoven, in which she was ac- ! indefinite duration to a boiling beat, without the slightest A Noelty-Ship-launching is familiar to most people companied by Messrs. Nicholson, Willman, M•Intosh, , dependition of volatile matter, will admit of beneficial living op the sea board, in all countries; but house and Petrides; and executed her task with a precision and application, is unquestionable." sunting is a new discovery in the present age of inven- judgment that would have been applauded in an estab. DUYet the curious who will take the trouble, may be lished professor ; while her appearance and manner were marilad by stepping into Maiden-lane, and they will

so unatfectedly juvenile and engaging, as to remove all Literature, Criticism, &c. ther see a large three-story brick building, chimneys all suspicions concerning her actual age. An audience, not standing, placed on ways, and already removed a conside- very numerous, but exceedingly select, were assembled to rable distance from its old foundation, without yet having hear this extraordinary child, amongst whion were the

POLITE LITERATURE. sustained a crack or rent of any kind.-American paper. Duchesses of Clarence and Kent, Prince Esterhazy, the

Prince Cariati, and most of the distinguished musical The following dissertation recently appeared in the The late Lord Salisbury made the following impromptu people in London.

Irishmar, from which we copy the following prefatory reti a tly on a lady's lip:

mark :-" This essay was written in the year 1812 Ly John * On happy, happy, happy fly!

The following strange advertisement is copied from the lixere you, and you were I,

Lansuster I'ree Press (American p:iper:)- A few copics Walker, formerly a Fellow of Dublin College; a genideThen I should be the happy fly,

of A Bridle for Devils, being an Evangelical Curb to maa distinguished as much by his learning as he is !y And yua would be Lord Salisbury."

muzzle those who, having been bit by the Old Serpent, the conscientious rectitude of his mind. A prize question

groan under the Infernal Quinsey--By a Lover of Whole was proposed by the Royal Irish Academy" Whether, A thrizing Traded cabinet-maker, living in the Bones,' has been left at this office for sale-price of cents." and how far, the cultivation of science and that of poti: e county of La castet, dot 100 miles from the populous vil. lage of Ashton-sitbin-Mackerfield, was invited to the fu- Lord Arundel is said to have once offered the Duke of literature assist or obstruct each other.” The sentiments neral of a relative sho lately died in Cheshire. The cabi. Buckingham £7000, in land or money, for the Ecce Homo of such an authority, on a subject so interesting to the Dei-maker's fife said he could not possibly attend, for he of Titan, in which were introduced the Pope, Charles V community, should be as wilely circulated as possible.F:s busy making a coffin; but desired the messenger to and Sultan Suleyman. of this picture there is a good / Mr. Cobbett is remarkable for the opinions he entertains give their (1 e her husband's and her own) respects to the copy at Northumberland-house.

of the inutility of acquiring a knowledge of the learned relatives of the deceased, and to tell them ihey were doing

languages-ihat a knowledge of Latin and Greek is un. Teryd, as they had always five or six coffíns a week to make

NEW MUSIC AT HALF PRICE.

necessary to the furnishing the mind with all that infornaWILLMER and Co. No:25, LORD STREET, Liven; tion which can be as effe ctually derived from translations. Estrzet from the Leeds Mercury of July 14, 1750:- POOL (opposite the Castle Inn) respectfully acquaint The contrary opinion is zeulously maintained by eveiy ** Advertisement. A landau and four horses will be at the the Pubiic, that they have just purchased upwarıls of 3000 nign of the Chequer, at the back of the shambles, in Leerls, Pleses of the most celebrated vocal and instrumental MUSIC, scholar. Mr. Walker may fairly take his place in the

which they are now selling at ILILF the published Price. Thursday, the 19th instant, and take in passengers for

ranks of the latter; and his opinions, no doubt, will com

rtine Music Paper, 3s. per Quir Lands, Bristol, and Bath, which will be in London the *** Orders from the Country forwarded immediately. mand the attention liis literary reputation so well meries." Saharah instant. By Thomas Hinchcliffe.” Instead Stationary supplied at low Prices.

Printing and Book-binding neatly executed.-Books and of tes days, the same journey is now performed regularly

It is owing to the littleness and vanity of by the Rockingham and the Union Coaches in 26 hours.

the human mind, that we are all so prone to

The mouscwife. Lagzrity –There is now living in Drosi, a little village

depreciate the studies of others, while we exo Calabria, • Foman whose age is 125 years, who has,

to the usefulness and dignity of our own. ptarse, Ered in three different centuries. She enjoys all A correspondent, in the Annals of Philosophy for the her fuelries, as well moral as physical, and what renders present month, gives the following as an improved method The man of science, the naturalist, the exha zz the Dere extraordinary is, the fact, that the air of of preparing this delightful beverage: illage has been long considered unhealthy. She was From the highly fugacious nature of that part of perimental philosopher, and the polite schoturied four times: her first marriage took place 105 coffee on which its fine flavour depends, a practice has be- lar, are apt each to represent his own departas agu-Forrign Paper.

come very generally adopted of late years of preparing the ment in literature as the only one wort!ıy of

liquor by mere straining. 1 Faststa Hermit.--About 12 miles ahove the junc- This method has not only the great defect of being cultivation; while, in fact, none of them

Sono and Illinois rivers, immediately on the bank excessively wasteful, but the coffice is likewise apt to be could be cultivated with success, if any one the corner, there has been living, for three years past, a cold.

bo bad scluded himself from the world, and a wells Coction and the preservation of the fragrant matter of them were cultivated exclusively,
te mütst of the wilderness alone, and upwards of 60 are, however, not inconsistent. The union of these ad-
La fon the residence of any human being. His name vantages is attainable by performing the operation in a

And this indeed is one of the

many

beneats Da, a physician,.was formerly a surgeon in the close vessel. To obviate the production of vapour, by of a truly liberal education, that it tends to Dezte amy, and was pupil to the celebrated Dr. which the vessel would be ruptured, the boiling tempe- correct ibat narrowness of view ; discovers Ref. He has a number of medical books, two guns, rature must be obtained in a water-bath. We dag, and a quantity of clothing. He has erected ** In my experiments I made use of a glass phial closed the general connexion between the multitas BL el

& sall hut, and has about an acre of land in with a cork, at first left loose to allow the exit of the air. dei ruting--a the back of his garden runs Spoon river, Cold water was put to the coffee.

rious objects of human intellect; lays a broad It rich be has a fish trap. His food is wild turkeys and " This process is equally applicable to tea.

and solid foundation for the further prosecugarne, fish, and the produce of his garden. He ap- “ Perhaps it may also be employed advantageously in o displeased at the sight of a human being: My the boiling of hops, during which, I understand, that a tion of any one among them, which may rebrat sem him at his residence, being impelled by watcriul portion of their aroma is dissipated; as likewise commend itself most to the taste of the india ty to visit him, and inquired of him particularly possibly for making certain medical decoctions. House of his strange seclusion. He said he had done and would do so ever, to keep clear of the wretched advantages. It is productive of a very considerable eco

" This way of preparing coffee and tea presents various vidual; and, while it furnishes him with pecutre people. His father lives in Pennsylvania, and he nomy, since, by allowing of any continuance of the coc- liar advantages for the successful pursuit of sceived many solicitous letters from him and other tion without the least injury to the goodness

, all the soluble his own favourite study, guards him against a pares it to be bis determination to remove from his ate less quantity of them becomes required. “By allowing contemptuous indifference to the literary en.

As soon as his present stock of clothing wears out, through paper, then returned into the closed vessel, cand gagements of others. sayo be will dress himself'ia skins.--Ind. Gáz.

heated again, and thus had of the most perfect clearners it is in the literary, as in the natural world,

Sup

COFFEE.

Presumptuous ignorance is forward to pro- in that extended signification, which I con- fus superior to the ancients in some branches nounce the uselessness of some parts in the ceive was designed to be attached to it by the of knowledge. works of nature. But an intimate acquaint- terms of the question ; as comprehending all But I shall yield to the adversaries of elasance with what appears most minute and un- those departments in learning, which are com- sical learning every advantage, in the argu important establishes the maxim, that Nature monly distinguished from polite literature :- ment, which they can desire. I shall supdocs nothing in vain: and to the most extend though, it may be remarked, that the name pose, that every thing valuable in the writers ed survey such a concatenation appears sub- perhaps strictly belongs only to mathematics of Greece and Rome has been either trang sisting between her least and greatest pro- and the mathematical branches of natural phi. fused into the works of the moderns, or i ductions, that we may doubt whether the losophy; and that in mathematics the ancients accessible to the mere English reader ir least of them could be annihilated without dis- are confessedly our masters. To the geome- translations : that we are in full and perma turbing the harmony and destroying the well- trical science of the Greek school, -unrivalled nent possession of all the information the being of the whole.

in the beauty, clearness, and accuracy, of its contain in mathematics, logic, and astronomy But, although there be a similarly common method, -Newton himself was indebted for -in history, geography, and criticismo. interest and mutual subserviency amongst all the principles, which his genius extended and shall suppose, that no more treasures of an the branches of literature, some of them are applied ; applied, as to other subjects, so to tiquity remain, to be brought to light, in al from time to time liable to pass into neglect, the demonstration of that very system of the those inedited manuscripts, which, to th while others engross more than due attention. universe, which had been asserted by one of disgrace of literary Europe, still continu And it is one of the most important duties of such remote antiquity as Pythagoras. unexplored. Nay, I shall suppose that ou those enlightened few, to whom the general In another respect also we stand indebted orators and poets are as successful rivals « superintendence of learning belongs, to check to the ancient classics for all our modern im the ancients, as the worst of them in his ię such an evil on its first appearance, and to provements in science. What was it that norance and vanity can imagine. guard against a retrograde movement in any awakened Europe from a long sleep of igno- Nor shall I insist upon that consideratio part of human knowledge, under a conviction rance, in which the powers of the human which must ever stamp classical learni that it must be unfavourable in its conse. mind had lain unexercised and torpid ? What with paramount importance, in the view quences to the real progress of every other. was the light that first broke in upon the dark all the friends of Revelation ; upon the co

I have long apprehended a danger of this ages, and roused an unlettered world to lite- nexion between sound theology and a criti kind, with respect to classical learning ; and rary exertion? We were awakened, enlight- interpetration of the dead languages; or up think I perceive many alarming symptoms, ened, and refined by the Greek and Latin the degree, in which their extinction mu which threaten its extinction. In one great classics, circulated through the introduction shake all historic evidence, and in this afi empire, which now possesses the dominion or of the art of printing. Nor is it any wonder, the very foundation of revealed truth. control over the larger part of Europe, classi- that for some time a critical acquaintance Let that consequence also be supposed cal learning is declared by authority to be with their writings usurped almost exclusively desirable, as it may secretly appear to so unnecessary for what are called the learned the name of learning; or that scholars, in Let every thing, which they can demand professions. For several years also the con- their admiration of the beauties of classical conceded to those who think that the clas vulsed state of the civilized world, unfavour. antiquity, conceived at first that the whole of ought to fall into oblivion and neglect. able to literature universally, has been pecu- human knowledge was comprehended in their I hope to prove, that the cultivation of liary so to the elegancies of polite literature: works. But hence certainly proceeded the sical learning, as a constituent part of lit and the general temper of the times is marked original stimulus, which has issued in the pre- education, so far from obstructing scie by a growing contempt for all that is ancient. sent advanced state of the sciences and arts. —is most importantly conducive to its

In these countries, no doubt, there are old There might appear, therefore, some degree vancement ; that they have common inter and valuable institutions, which ensure, while of ingratitude in our now consigning to neg. and common adversaries; and that the they exist, a continued attention to the lect those classics, to whom our literary obli- gress of scientific, is materially impedei forms at least of classical learning. But it gations are so great. And perlaps there is the declining state of classical, learning. would be folly to deny or conceal the fact, an equal degree of presumption in the suppo- There is no argument more frequr that it has lost its hold upon the public mind. sition, that we have nothing more to learn employed by the declaimers against cla From having been once over-rated,--and per. from them.

learning, than that it is absurd to devo haps partly on that very account,-it is rapidly I know that the ancients are commonly de- many years, in the spring-time of life, t passing into disesteem: and, to a cultivated cried as children in science; because, charmed study of words ;-words, which the wise taste, the vitiated style of modern composition with the attraction of abstract science, they uses but as counters, while the fool must appear at once one of the consequences, certainly did neglect experiment, and under-values them as money. But this argui and one of the evidences, of its neglect. valued the practical applications of scientific with all the changes that are rung up

On these accounts, and from the intimate principle. Yet, even here, such various proceeds upon multiplied mistakes; an reonnexion between classical learning and all instances stand on record of their skill in emplifies the abuse of words, which it polite literature, I hope I shall be excused mechanics and other arts, which promote the fesses to decry. The argument might for somewhat narrowing the question pro. conveniences of polished life, as prove they conclusive force, if languages were bu posed by the Academy, and confining myself were not such children as many represent cabularies of unmeaning sounds. BI in this essay to the inquiry-How far the cul- them. And it might abate the pride of mo- learning languages, does not the you tivation of Science and that of CLASSICAL dern knowledge, to observe how much we mind learn ideas too? Is not its sto LEARNING assist or obstruct each other. are indebted to accident, for the discovery of these materials of knowledge progres

in speaking of Science, I shall use the word, many of those instruments, which have made'enlarged? Are not its powers exercis

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