Imagens das páginas


Memoriæ Sacrum

R. I. P.

Aged 35.


cally protest against this systematic mode of “

Che Tiaveller.

taining a numerous congregation, which, however, has so s'afterreengugimeul," and the trickery of *- last

much incrcased, as to render necessary ti,e addition which Ligi's," and " positive me nights min.". Such gergingis

is at present contemplated. On the north side of the WALK THROUGII SCUTHPORT. egedly na Forthy of the managers; and of Mr. Mathews,

charcel is a small private chapel, belonging to the Unisbase celebrity required no adventitious puffing to sur

worth family, whose seat, Manor house, lies adjacent.

The only monunients in the chapel appertaij co that taport it . His mimetic powers are of a most extraordinary

Juven. description. His very name brings crowds to witness and

mily, and are two n'arble slabs, one of which, bearing the about him; and he can, of himself alone, so facinatingly bepale as of our cares, that we invariably retire from his investigation of remote objects, whilst we regard those 'Tis wonderful that we should feel such interest in the armis sculptured in warble, is thus inscribed :

+ Luwuana eshibitions prepossessed with an eager desire which are continually before us as unworthy of our notice,

i AS u reser our a.irth the earliest opportunity. Of Mr: though possessing equal or superior beauty.' It arises perMichess , as a comedian, our opinion is not so generally haps from that love of wandering so peculiar to our coun

Thonæ Unsworth, Armigeri exalted : for while we laud with unqualified praise his try (for we Britons possess in an eminent degree the organ

Oblit Pridie Nonas Januarii personation of Morbleu, we regret that he should ever of locoinution) and the vunity of that feeling which gives 1.3

Anno MDCCCXV Ætatis LIV. mozasija a sigh for his fame by attempting such parts as Rrer. Truth to say, our desire is 10 know him only as manifest in the contempt with which travellers, of some an imaginary consequence in having seen then, which is

The other is as follows:
Charles Mathews, than whom,
little space, too of:en treat the untravelled. It is a ge-

"A merrier inan,
neral and perhaps wisely implanted principle in the hu-

Fichin the limit of becoming mirth,
man mind, that we shouki value that the most which we

In Memory of Ne never had an hour's talk withal.” have had the greatest difficulty in acquiring: it gives an

Thomas Unsworth, Thicking thus of hin, and quite satisfied that he could aim and excitement to the intellectual energies, to fit them

who departed this life 7th Juiy,'1796, Box do other than burlesque Othello, we resolved to hazard for the best and noblest purposes ; yet it is not confined

Aged 75 years. bang acused of determined scepticism, ra:her than sacri solely to the higher efforts of our nature, but extends to

Also, bce dne nota of our respect for Mr. Mathews, or our vene- the lowest and merest trifles. Hence it is that we cast

William Unsworth, son of Thomas Unsworth, rario tvr Shakspeare, by being willing spectators of their not one inquiring or approving glance on those objects

who departed this life the 1st April, 18014 joint degradation: for this we must have been, had we which we may see every day: we allow the finest prospects fede to the theatre on Saturday evening. Our conviction to lie unheeded and unseen, and wander afar to discover

Also, thai Me. M. must for ever woo Melpomene in vain, arises meaner beauties, and leave to the alien and the stranger

Esther Unsworth, relict of the aBå from any doubt of his mental qualifications, but to tell us of those excellences which we possess at home.

brive Thomas Cosworth, died because he is coníasedly physically defective; not because It is the best philosophy in this world of sorrows, to

10th January, 1804, aged 73 we inagise him incapable of conceiving sublimely, but snatch whatever pleasures we may innocently enjoy, if they

years. fron car bron persuasion that he cannot execule greatly, interfere not with higher duties; and ir is tolly palpable,

By the register it appears that the baptisms in 1922 were bis oro sunceptions of Shakspearean grandeur. as well as ingratitude, to disregard the blessings we possess,

It is a perperual curacy ; the incumbent is the Rev. During the past seek our theatrical hemisphere has and sigh for others which nature never meant us tn attain. George Holden, M.A. the learned author of several ing of two metropolitan stars," whose united effulgence, own, to the exclusion of just distinctions, but that we other theological works. be a illamined by the first (we might add faint, glimmer. We would not that we should be bigotted in favour of our valuable commentaries on portions of the scripture, and hjeeves, scarcely equals the palest possible sciutellation should know and appreciate them as they deserve.

From the chapel-yard is an extensive view of the of ethereal bght. When questioning the judgment of And doubtlessly they inerit well of society who direct high land near Liverpool, on which Everton-chuch is to o hers, is behoras us to speak with becoming deference, their attention to objects hitherto unregarded, though so very prominent object; of Ince Hall and Park; and, in the especially should we happen to join issue with those all immediately within their reach, and point out to them, distance, the two land-marks of Formby. v., disinterested, and most honest gentlemen, the diur. even to a slight extent, the hidden beauties of their own mal literary quacks of London. But so thoroughly are we vicinity, which, like the prophets of old, have had but

LYDIATE HALL ANI) ABBEY. bewne disgusted with this venal host of wretches, who little honour in their own country.”

About a mile farther is Lydiate-hall, the old manor. ke always ready to write any thing, of any body, and for

From considerations such as these, we have been in house of the Lords of Lydiate, who have been successively energ body, when they receive their proper cue, that we duced to describe a few particulars of an excursion to the families of Lycriate, Ireland, Blackburre, Andertoli, ate now accustomed to regard them only as the Swiss of SOUTHPORT and some adjacent villages, and though nei- and Blundell, whose pedigree may be seen in the inte. the prices, who, for two shillings and sixpence, would one her the attractions of the places themselves, nor our pow. resting publication entitled . Fragments for a History of di pean bigh the man or woman they would the next

ers of describing them, may be addequate to effect so flat the County of Lancaster," by Marthew Gregson, Ésa. bevatter as foully as the donor of a crown might list.tering a result; yet they are not so utterly devoid of F. S. A. The last-named family obtained the Lydiate

representations would have induced one to expect charms, so barren of beauties, as not to merit a few casual property by intermarriage with a decedant or the Ausi. Misi Kelly another O'Neill,--one would have thought tokens of cognition. And this brief sketch is not so much Kerions, to whom it was restored, with other large estates, " their hearts confessed a very Juliet there"- 'Tis no intended for a full and accurate detail, as to direct the at- by the Crown, after having been forfeited by the attained such thing !" Though fast declining into the halcyon tention of other and better observers.

of Sir Francis Anderton, Bart. in the rebellion of 1745. He Face of years, we are not without a spice of gallantry in Plz can position; and most sincerely concede to Miss and diverging from it at Mayhull-brook, proceeded on We left this “ western cap'tal" by the great north road, was the last possessor who resided at the hall; and it is

now divided, and occupied by the Catholic priest and a I the homage due to her personal charms, though that to Halsali, avoiding Oriskirk, which is a more cir- farnier. The Catholic Chapel. also in the same buildirg, i uhlamands from us an explicit avowal of how much cuitous rout from Liverpool."

is much too small for the congregation, above haif of latent her obrious lack of professional excellence.

the inhabitants of the neighbouring townships being of her as Juliet, Portia, Jane Shore, nor Belvidera, has the pleased as, except with herself; to do that, she need


the Catholic persuasion. The building was originally % 3. Lure resorted to the stage. Maghull is a pleasant village, near the banks of the quadrangle, with a large area in the centre, bui one sive

was pulled down some years ago; it seems built after the Hr

. Fates is one of those ciever, useful gentlemen of all Leeds and Liverpool Canal. It has a sinal! chapel of fashion of the time of Henry VIU. when the addition of 5rk, of whom we seldom read much in the newspapers, ease under Halsall, as is also that in the adjoining town. wooden beams externally was so prevalent. Being painted by retion of his being above the despicable traffic of pur- ship of Melling; the latter situate at the extremity of the black and white, it has an interesting appearance from the cand el giums, and too insignificant a foil for the more parish, which is seven miles in extent. The chapel ap- road, but on a nearer

approacia, its dilapidated state causes 25 bigh (save as an imitator, of which he is the best of is destitute of simplicity or architectural beauty. The only a feeling of surprise and regret la vest, and who never descends to mediocrity. His interior is neat, and crowded with seats, capable of con

LYDIATE ABBEY. Su, dock and Pierre, though neither of them by any means

The venerable ruin called Lydiate " Abbey," is in so ar prable to what we have seen, even at home here, are, • The following is the Itinerary according to Cary. Suitstanding, performances very creditable to him,

excellent a state of preservation, that it has been asserted To Walton, T. G..

it was never completed; but that opinion is scarcely tenable, by abc we cou'd witness again with undiminished

since fragments of glass have been found in the mortar in place of his imitations, there certainly is nothing espero te those of Kean, Young, Macready, Blanchard,

several parts of the cast window. It was probably built Lydiate Cross Heskayne

in the reign of Henry VIII. by one of the Preland family,

Burton We rarely visit the theatre with so much anxiety as

as there is their coat of arms over the arch of the porch (a

chevron between six fleurs-de-lis) and on the spring of the when the name of Vandenhoff appears among the drama. Shirley Hill

arch are the letters I. I . which are the initials of John DIE RI, particularly when he comes in collision with


Ireland, who lived in the cominencement of that reign. ek wwledged talent from the metropolis. We have seen

It is of Gothic architecture, and stands a short distance bis Coriolanus, Lucius Junius, Virginius, and Damon,

SEATS, &c.

from the road. The only remaining evidences of a pregnant with transcendant and varied beauties ; but Old Roan; beyond, Broadwood House-Geo. Drinkwater. burial place are in the interior, and the folowing in. bever, as observed by one of our cotemporaries, .

“ did he Esq. Dire approve himself to our taste and judgment" than in Est., aud, a little farther, Lydiate Hal–C. R. Blundell, Esq. decyphered.

Maghull Brook, I. M. beyond, Lydiate House-Wm. Goore, scriptions on the ton b-stones are all that can bow be uber; the weak, fond, doting, vascilating, doubting, Lydiate Cross; near, Piggin's Hill--B. Smith, Esq.

Sa: Ro; Ca: Sacer: ob. die 20 3. irresolute fool, Jaffier. * Every thing by turns, Heskayne ; at, Heskayne Hail-Geo. Hoskins, Esq.

Ap: Ano Domini 1728 æt: suæ 74 nothing long," -alternately traitor to his country, his Halsall; at, Halsall Hall—Thos. Scarisbrick, Esq.; and the

Requiescat in Pace. and his friend, he cannot but be the very reverse of Rectory-Rev. R. Loxham.

ca.itory favourite ; and it is, therefore, not a little Uctred held six manors, Roby, Knowley, Crosby, Mag. bring to his representative, when the gay,

bold-faced huli, ana aukihen there semelle hinter en Pierre becomes an object of secundary considera- two mites long, and'as many broad, and two acries of herons. • Uetred held Leiate (now Lydiate.) There were 6 bovates X.

Old Roan
Maghull Brook


4 2 2


, and Incledon.



Barton on ). Barton House--Dr. Gerrard.

Rs. Ds. Johannes Blackburne.

of land, a wood a mile long, and two quarantenes (or fur. A hide was as much land as a man could plough in a year; longs) bruad. It was worth sixty-four pence.-Domesday a carucate oue quarter of a hide,

| Book.

tio. vith .

Jaby i, 1823.

Here lieth the body of Joseph Draper, who

Per annos VI. ecelesiæ de Standish

extremely unpleasant. The evening was closing in, when departed this life on the 26 day of April, 1703,


we arrived at Southport, shivering under the influence of In the 330 year of his age.

Per annos XI Ecclesiæ de Liverpool

a bleak and piercing wind, which blew rather strongly Minister paroechalis

from the sea.
Here lye, the

Body of John
Per annos XXXI hujus paroechlæ de Halsall

Mosson who d

eparted thi.

Regno et ecclesiæ Anglicanis

The place itself, at the first glance, does not afford any Utpote felici quodam temperamento constitulit

very pleasant sensation, destitute as it is of all natural ad Amore et reverentia fideliter devinctus

vantages, for which art has made but little compensation.

It consists principally of one long straggling street, so wide Aige Anno D..

Evangelii denique minister 172.

Moribus et fide ornatus

that the interinediate space is occupied by garders, or ra.

ther, small fields. The general aspect possesses too much

Sedulus-Spectabilis From the tower steeple the view over the low meadows

Obiit Mai XXVIII

regularity to be consistent with beauty; and yet the of Lydiate and Altcar which are frequently flooded

Anno ætatis LVIV Domini MDCCCIX.

only beauties it can boast of is in its individual irregula.

rity. When viewed from a distance, the sides of the street after sudden and violent showers, by the overflowing of the river Alt, is very extensive, embracing the whole of

Hune positi sunt

present ore long, equal, monotonous line, with scarcely Formby Channel, and part of the river Mersey, and

Viri Revdi. Nathanialis Brownell A.M.

one house projecting beyond another ; but, when more bounded only by the chain of mountains terminating with

Hujus ecclesiæ per XXXV annos Rectoris

nearly approached, each cottage, or at least each set of cota the Ormeshead.

Curâ pastorali

tages, exhibits its own peculiar feature and distinctive chaThere is scarcely any object in nature more capable of

Integritate vitæ summâ

racter, and affords an agreeable variety, which, from its exciting feelings of such deep and solemn interest, or of

in Egenos liberalitate

minuteness, is lost in the distance. teaching a more humiliating lesson to human vanity,

Comitate erga omnes

It is surprising to learn how infinitely this place has in. than the contemplation of a place like this, when ge

Spectablis. Obijt

creased of late years. Upwards of 130 cottages have been Ætatis 67

built in a short space of time; and we counted nearly neration after generation of those who possessed it have

thirty which are now being built. Some of those near the been swept away, and it alone remains to tell us of their existence! The unsparing band of time, which has hur.

Necnon dilectæ Uxoris Eleonoræ

sea are exceedingly picturesque, placed in an isolated situried them to oblivion, has not yet availed to destroy it ;

Fil. Nich. Rygbye de Harroek Arm.

ation among the sand-hills, and surrounded by a garden Obijt

abounding with shrubs and flowers, which creep around it has but crumbled a few fragments from their bases, and bade the ivy entwine its green arms around it, to shelter and

the doors and windows of the cottages. They are, for the Ætatis 64

Anno protect it from the rage of elements and the decay of

Domini ) 1719

most part, of only one story, whitewashed, and some

covered with thatch. A church has lately been erected nature. How little can we calculate the destinies of morItal things! We raise up mansions and monuments of

The following persons

which is a very great convenience to the visitors, who were are deposited near this place.

formerly obliged to go to Churchtown. It is built of brick. of our vanity, and we leave them to we know not whom. Yet still there is a kind of pride, that man, frail as he is,

Edward Stanley Esq.

in a neat and unostentatious stile, with a small tower died the 17 June 1798 aged 70 years

The pulpit is rather fancifully suspended over the commu can rear up a structure so stable and so lasting, to endure


pion, between the reading desk and clerk's pew. The so long when he and all his generations have likewise pe.

Anne Thomas Stanley

service was in some measure interrupted by the continua rished.

the wife of Edwin Thomas Stanley Esq.

unlocking of the seats. As for the music, “ 'twas The next place which affords any field for the investiga

Son of the above Edward. von villainous compound of bad sounds;" 'twas no musica tion of antiquity is Halsall,+ a neat but small and strag

She died the 4 of June 1789 after a long

the spheres; no choir of cherubim ; but the discordan gling village, where the church of that extensive parish

and severe illness in the 25 year

harmony (the concordia discors) of mortal melody : the and valuable living is situate, and whose lofty spire is a

of her age.

shrill tones of the flageolet, played by the not unpretendin conspicuous and beautiful object from the surrounding

This stone is erected by her Husband.

hand of village minstrelsy, were overpowered by the mor country. As it was undergoing repairs and considerable enlargement, we could only view a part of the interior, A set of pews, connected together, have the arms of the acute notes of female vocalism; and the loud bass of rusti and were much strack with the elegant form of the arched Scarisbrick family placed against them, whose hall is ad- capability of lungs overwhelmed the dull monotony of t

hoarse bassoon: there was no sympathy of intonation roof, which, alas! is, notwithstanding, covered with white-jacent. wash. The handsome organ was presented by the Rev.

Another seat has the following inscription, which, no combination of melodious sounds; but all was th

struggling of discordant rivalry : there was not even sin Thomas Blundell, M. A. the late Rector. The present in wanting a " little verb," has a ludicrous import: cumbent is the Rev. R. Loxham, M.A. Though extensive, Miss Hesketh's seat underneath their family grave and burying plicity or feeling to reconcile

it to our forgiving taste; bi

so much of the ludicrous about it as to render necessary there is no screen, and the chancel is quite open. It con

ground. On the south wall, in a large wooden frame, is the fol- are some residences, which, though denominated cottage

little effort to preserve a due gravity of decorum. tains a very ancient and curious stone statue of two figures

The in a recumbent posture, said to be Sir Edward Halsall lowing rude poetry (in black letter:)

are really large and substantial houses, amongst which a and his wife. he is completely armed as a Knight, with

His praise in this church be

those on the Wellington-terrace; the Castle," belongi a small spaniel (the emblem of fidelity) at his feet, and

Who gave these Se Seats freely in to Mr. Holt; Mrs. Walmesley's; Mr. Lodge's; and m the tomb on which the figures lie is completely surrounded

His name if you would know

Wood’s. The last is in a more ornamental and appropri with stone shields, on which are depicted armorial bearings

The next words under shew

stile than any other in the village. There are seve in paint-There is a beautiful marble monument, repre.

Thomas Harker

fancy shops, called repositories : Mrs. Brown's is the old senting a female, with an inverted torch, leaning upon an

Late of London Mer

establishment; and that conducted by Miss Whiteley urn, which is partly hid by the branches of a willow; be.

Chant taylor and devel a news-room and billiard-room attached. Newspaplow are the following elegant lines :

Now of this Parish for this may be purchased at Mr. Garside's. The just complai In this chancel are deposited the remains of

Gentleman 1606

respecting irregularity in the post office depôt are now the Rev. Thomas Blundell, M.A.

Henry Harker Wardnes

Lmoved, by the establishment of a regular Governme
Formerly of Brazen Nose College, Oxford;
Luty Church - 1620.

branch, under Ormskirk, by which letters are receis Patron and Rector of Halsall.

The adjoining grammar school is very ancient, as ap- about eleven in the morning, and may be answered In religion zealous without enthusiasm ;

pears by the following notices on a wooden tablet : same day; the extra charge is Id. each. Travelling has In morals strict without austerity;


much increased of late years, and the roads comparatis In charity liberal without ostentation;

1593. Edward Halsall

, Esq. for Grammar School, and endowed so much better, that coaches go daily to, and return fre In friendship warm and constant; it with 20 marks per annum for ever, off lands in Liverpool* and

Manchester, the latter through Ormask His life exhibited the virtues

Eccleston, Sutton, and Ditton.

and Wigan. There is also a conveyance every day, b Which adorn the Christian and dignify the man. He died after a short illness, July 31st, 1816,

Jane Loe gave a silver Chalice for the Communion.

circuitous rout, but moderate expense, to and from th Aged 67; in the 8th year of his incumbency.

1727. Honl. Chas. Mordaunt, Esq. gave a Tablecloth for ditto, places, and the intermediate towns, by the canal-paek and, in 1757, Cushions for the Communicants.

from Scarisbrick-bridge, which are met by carriages fr Bridget and Alice Blundell his surviving sisters Passing the handsome parsonage house, the road leads the several hotels. They leave Liverpool and Manche

at six o'clock each morning. Have caused this monument

through part of Scarisbrick ; and, in the immediate vicito be erected nity of Southport, we passed over a long, level line of 30 years ago by Mr. Sutton, father of Mrs. Barlove, of

The oldest hotel is Mr. Clare's, which was built at to his Memory.

barren moss, where, we may justly exclaim with Smell. Union Hotel, previous to which time the bathers can Three neat marble tablets, embellished with the family fungus, all is barren.” The soil consists chiefly of sand carts, from Churchtown; it was then called South He arms, are thus inscribed.

husbandman for the

labour bestowed upon its cultivation; the street, elevated on a green terrace. The other is ca Spe vitæ æternæ not a tree or shrub shelters it from the cold winds from the the Hesketh

Arms, and was the last raised. As

build Juxta tabulam hanc marmoream

sea ; or if there be one here and there, it seems stunted they are all below niediocrity, and it is probable the Jacet and leafless, and to pine away from the want

of that nous favourable leases of 3 lives only, will prevent any Revdus. Glover Moore, M.A.

rishment which nature has denied it. After leaving the talist investing a large sum in more extensive struct Olim

moss, it winds round the Sandhills, which are a set of nu. The joint lords of the manor are Robt. Hesketh, of Ros Per annum fere integram, Capella de Melling

merous unequal accumulations of sand, retained in their Esq. and her Highness the Princess Sapieha, heiress a Tunc

situation by the star, or sea.weed (arundo arenaria) similar late P. Patten Bold, Esq. Vetred held Acrer (now Altcar) There was half a caru- to those on the Dutch coast, to root up which subjects the

Charity, omnipresent as she is amongst us, where mai cate of land, but it was waste.--Domesday Book.

offender to a penalty. When the weather is dry, and the + Chetel held Heleshale. There were two carucates of wind boisterous, the innumerable particles of sand, which The coach from Liverpool leaves the White Horse land, worth eight schillings.--Domesday Book.

are continually flying along the road, render travelling street, at half-past three.




daellech, is not wanting even here. The fund for main- · Eden in a barren wilderness. The first objects are the , quartered in other parts of the church) a globe, quadrant, taining the sons of poverty" who freg zeat it in the sandbills, a grotesque assemblage of minnie mountains; and several mathematical instruments, is thus inscribed : ilusive hope of renovated health, is liberally and nobly beyond them is streiched a vast expanse of level country, Within this sanctuary are deposited the remains of Roger supported by the fund of the “Stranger's Friend Society," bounded in the horizon by the beautifully-undulated hills Hesketh, Estj

. of North Meols, and late of Tulketh, in this a) sa scellent institution called the Dispensary, has beyond Ormskirk. Further east are Rivington, Pyke, and county. His understanding was improved by every useful bizen erected to dispense medicine gratuitously to those Longridge Fell, in every variety of elevation: the summits science, his heart glowed with the most genuine plety. As the need it, and are objects wortny of relief. Under of some covered with eternal' verdure, while others are an associate, a son, a husband, and a parent, he attracted the same molis a cunodious and neat Assembly Roon, mere barren and precipitus rocks. On the cast also is esteem, admiration, love, and reverenee. He lived an ornawhich was opened last year with a ball for the benefit of scen the beautiful church of Halsall, and behind it is ment to his family, and a friend to his fellow ereatures. de tostitauida, so intimately do we associate our follies Clive's Hill, near the top of which is a plantation of fir, died on the 16 June 1791, at the age of 81, greatly laniented. with our virtas ; so blend our charity with our love of whose dark and solemn foliage is admirably contrasted His afficted widow, Sarah Hesketh, the daughter of John pleasure

. The " Mariae Fund" was instituted to encou with the lighter and livelier tints of green and yellow Pazakerly, Esq. of Preston, erected this monument in comfage the efforts of meritorious courage in those fisher. which surround it; and still further removed is the sin- memoration of her affection and of his virtues. mea, who risk their boats, their " little all" and fre- gular appearance of the tower and spire of Ormskirk

On the other side of the altar is the following record of quently their lives almo, in endeavouring to rescue from church. toe aa'ting a stranded vessels the ill-fated victims of

Mr. Fleetwood's attempt to drain Martin Meer; but line 'Tis wonderfully conducive to health and happiness to those calamities, which, from the unusual sballowness of spend a few weeks in a place like this; to leave for a while has not justified the high style it assumes

. the water, and utter vant of any place of shelter, are, alas! the corroding cares of busy life and change the thick

Thomas Fleetwood bat so coons on th: inhospitable shore of the Meoles. foggy atmosphere of a bustling town for the clear salu

de Bank Armiger Hverer gratifying it might be to detail the names of brity of the sea breczes, and purify the lungs froin their

Staffordiensis (at Primaria) ose wbo have been so active in this work of benefi. load of inhalations. As we strolled along, every one we

de Stirpe creatus. teise, we would not hazard the wounding of individual met seemed gay and happy, save here and there a pale

Vir vere Ingenuns, politus et facetus. cas, por drag to the light of day, those deeds of invalid, already perhaps congratulating himself on his

Hujusque orbis delicia

Hic ossa sua condi voluit cari:1, the very spirit of whose excellence is in secresy prospect of amendment. There was an air of free and 1) suence. confident hilarity on every countenance which bespoke the

Quod Paludem iinmensam Martinensam The beach is the most fashionable, and indeed the only absence of worldly cares, and the throwing aside of the

Deducta in mare vicinum fossa

Aridum fecit et firmavit. permen de about Southport which affords any agreeable trammels of worldly ceremony: the very air seemed to diversity of seedery, and the time for enjoying its attrac- breathe of independence, and to inspire carelessness, and

Opus quod aggredi non ausi sint prisci

Vix Credent posteri (!!!) taas is a ratha singular one, so much so, that we are gaiety, and elasticity of soul. Every better feeling seems

Sumptu non medico (super æstuarium) Basaud in sappogag that the attractions are not simply to resume its sway, and cordiality and fumiliar kindness cofinet the beach itself, but extend to objects of a dif- abound exceedingly. The spirits seem to run riot in their

Publico magis bono, quam suo prospiciens, fureat and less sablime nature. At the height of the tide uncontrolled wildness, and iouse up intellectual and cor

His laboribus peractis, sed nimis mature Every msatae is in ustion, carrying, indiscriminately, poreal energies. There is something in the vicinity of

Hic tandem occubuit et obdormavit. recupane at either sex, at no uasociable distances from ine sea which gives to the inhabitants, like those who live

Ap. 22° A.D. 1717 Ætat 56 ach other, not provided even with screens, which are com among the mountains, sentiments and feelings of a more

Conjugi charo, mesta Letitia Fleetwood 12,21 all coaciamtal bathing-places, but left to the un- independent and energetic character; whether it may be

H. M. P. aterrupted gaze of the passing crowd, whichi paces the the very air, which, purified by its passage over the sea ze for the edifyia; purpose of gaining sympathetic from its earthly particles, and loaled with the adventitious

On a plain tablet is this brief notice of a worthy and alth, so that it appears, in the cold eye of philosophy, properties, may cause a more genial current of the blood, amiable mau :

To the memory Be the fouatain of Salamis, so famed of old for its powers and excite a higher elasticity of mental energy,--or it be

of the Rev. Edward Yorke vi coajaaction. We would not contend for any hypocriti. the contemplation simply of the sea-mare naufragum ei sedioasaess of delicacy, but there are certain limits profundum; and the associated feelings of sublimity which

Late curate of North Meoies

who departed this life ( 1ecorum, beyond which modesty, sensitive as it is, it arouses when they see it tossing about in all its own : * to pass; and though there may be no real or wild uncontrolled waywardness, rolling its mighty mass

on the 23rd March 1815 al camination, 'tis well to observe them even for of waters in uninterrupted course, and the puny efforts

Aged 24 yeurs.

This tablet was erected by his widow oparas-cake, for it is not enough to avoid actual of man cannot prevail against it; its own profundity, and noality, but the very semblance also. obscurity, and the wreck of mortality ihat attends its

As a memorial of his excellence Abaracted from all these consideracions, the beach is in progress.

and her affection. se's a beautiful and a noble object, extending in both Early the next morning we left Southport for North

It appears that a grammar school was founded 139 years rections to the very extremes of the sphere of vision. Meols, where the parish church is situated, which is a ago, by the following list of donations, recorded on a tublet ar aray to the north are the white cottages and lofty small, obscure village, about three miles distant, whose asfixed to the church wall: Sple of Lotham, on the opposite bank of the River only object of interest is its church, which is a plain stone 1684.- Rev. James Starkey, Rector

£40 ubble, gaierally distinguishable in ordinary weather, edilice of chaste and simple architecture, from the steeple 1690.--Tho. Blevin od seeming to diversify their distance and dimensions as of which is a commanding view of a prospect similar to 1692.-Ri. Ball, but lost by Daniel Ambrose, made up e adulations of the atmospheric vapour dilates or con- what we have described at Southport.

by Lawrence Jump.. as their acting. The relative proportions of objects on In the chancel, near the pulpit, is a handsome marble

1719.-John Aughton 2 beads, si d great distance, is also much influenced tablet, and the inscription thereon, displaying much energy

1720.Hannah Wood, in her life-time.. the sime phenomenon. Still further, the dark grey and feeling, is wortli recording :

1720.-Roger Hesketh, Esq. hatarelagd sean bollly to over-hang the sea,

1723.-Ro. Hesketh, Esq. nd the lofty Blackcombe rears its bare forehead to the sky,

Siste Viator et audi!

1727.-- Mary, relict of Roger Hesketh, Esq.. tisz majesty and beauty to the scene. Sometimes an

Hoc vocale tegit marmor ruinas tristes

1773.--Peter Rymer left. e of " finder ken" than ordinary men, may discern

Unius stirpis, cincios nemque mares;

1800.-Sarah, relict of Roger Hesketh, Esq. left...... eragad musuntains of the Isle of Man; but this is con Utrumque Gulielmum Hesketh, Armigerum utrumque

Et patrem, filiumque unicum. fra as ag igagspicious omen of a succession of boister.

£180 weber. The prospect on the sputh is closed by Atatis spatium sic ampliat vir bonus,

The oldest register is the year 1594, in which there were by Point, a long line of sand which projects far into Ut quatior lustris compleret secula primus

9 baptisms, and no marriages or burials. In 1702. 53 Do the coast of Wales the Great Ormeshead Aunis nam juvenis, srandærus inoribus exit


baptisms, 9 marriages, 34 burials. In 1822, 105 baptisms, de pountains of Flintshire and Denbighshire sit in Ingenium probitas, pietas au ceclesia Anglicanæ normam,

24 marriages, and 112 burials. Many of the gravestones etasjesty, brooding o'er the waters; and beyond them; Ut charus notis omnibus, chartor amicis Indole cum sauvi sic ornarunt generosum,

evidence the longevity of the inhabitants, particularly one catassphere, appears the Isle of Anglesea, and Doctis atque piis charissimus, vivere doctus

inscribed, Teisesmit of Penmanmawr towering above them all . Doctiorque mori et in utrumque paratus.

Esther Sherlocker, died Sept. 1780, aged 99 years. Tier is al view is of a far different character: 'tis the Tutius hoc duxit. Odlitætatis 22. Non: Octob. 1703.

Robert Sherlocker, died Ipril 16, 1802, aged 101 years. ar's stere in her mildest and inost sober 09.?; and, Hoc tantum superesse tulit mætissima conjux u periate not of the wild energy and indefinite beauty Posthumum ut filium enixa parens,

There is also a chapel of the Calvinistic persuasion.

The parish, extending about eight miles along the shore, Labdias combinatioae, gratifies us by the very virum marito monumentum erigeret

and four and a half inland, is said to contain upwards of 122, and inspires feelings of calmer bappiness, and In quo sek fere annos sibi seperstes vixit,

4000 acres. It is valued in the King's books at 18 35. 40. the sery essence of comfort, content, and opt. Ingens inparvo, et in epitome pater:

The rcctor is the Rev. G. Ford, N. A., ard the curate ihe Yet, bas she nos acted with an impartial hand ? Nam vultum, ingenium, moresque paternos

Rev. W. Docker, who officiates at the chapel of case, at thee shie has lavished the exuberance of her bounty-- lien miniumquze patrizans!

Southport, and has a large and well-conducted school at dete, in a wayward humour, denied to her offspring

the latter place, where there is also a serpinary for females, tey dennents of its nature, and left to Art, in the Natus 4o. Non: 'Mart. A. D. 1703. Obiit 109. Cal. Decem. 1709. under Mrs. Sherson. The personage house is in so dil: pi. na oi-zival superiority; w supply her vacancies,

Inque hoc marmore conjux et parens

dated a state as to be unfit for the residence of the nsinistér. pensate for her neglect; for the immediate vici.

Sic damnumque suum

We returneel from our excursion, gratified exceedingly *Southport is mere worthless sand, but the wonder

Patriæque deslet.

with the variety of objects we had seen; and if we derived Skverance of human industry has brought from a ce that soil which has rendered vegetation so perfect Ncar the altar, a very elegant monument by Nollekins, no high degree of mental improvement, we at least gained Sortile, and, despite of Nature, has reared up an ornamented with the family arms (which are variously the epicurcan advantage of an increase of appetite.

We do not acknowledge ourselves to be of so selbslı a'

nature as to wish to confine solely to ourselves whatcver he is no interruption to the ride from Liverpool • Three Thanes held lleols, considered as three manors: pleasure we enjoyed, but will count that enjoyment 25 are to Southport, except near Formby

Point, the hair hide was there worth eight schudines-- Domesday Book. doubled by participation; and if we shall be enabled to a bridge over the River alt, which disentugues it made three sen voyages, ou his otra account, shuuld be raised impart some slighit portion of it to others, we shall csterm at the sea at that place. to the rank of Thane, or Esquire.

it as augmented to ourselves.


20 10 10 2 20 10 20 10

Fatum imitarum referebat.

Literary Trifling.

Philip) speaking trumpet, by which he was enabled to LEIGH WALDEGRAVE #:ll please to accept our acknowledgmen command his army at the distance of about seven miles.

for the very handsome terms in which he has though Yours, &c. A PHILOSOPHER.

proper to mention the Kaleidoscope. We attach some vall • VIVE LA BAGATELLE."

to the approbation of one, whose writings evince a correu July 3, 1823.

and classical taste. Our esteemed correspondent will

pe In our publication of the 21st ult. we inserted a query

ceive that we have only availed ourselves this week of DE in four lines, to oblige a correspondent. As the solution


of bis pieces. We wished to husband our resources, ar was not ready in time for our third volume, which termi.

when our arrangements for the week were finally com nated with our last number, we shall liere repeat the pro

SIR,—Perceiving in the Kaleidoscope of the 24th ult. a

pleted, we were not aware of the valuable addition to o blem, that it and the solution may appear in the same reference to me as to the correctness of an explanation

stock, with which we have subsequently been favours volume.

by the soi-disant Leigh Waldegrave.--In reply to his not which you have given in a previous number, of the blanks “If I can plant, with seventren trees,

we have only further to observe, that there are some Twice fourteen rows, in each row three,

in the Liverpool Tide-tables, I have no hesitation in stating our correspondents whose productions we can confident A friend of mine I then shali please,

that I consider your explanation to be correct, and highly put into the hands of our compositors without the previo Who says he'll give them all to me." satisfactory. The marks alluded to are employed to de

ordeal of an editorial scrutiny. We can so far depend upo note the transit of the tide fro:n morning to evening, and

their genius, taste, and propriety, as to give them a car

blanche. of this number, Leigh Waldegrave is one. SOLUTION.

from evening to morning.
Yours, &c.


ter of Zurro on this subject is reserved for our next. Liverpool, July 4, 1823.


though the subject is of general import, owing to the fa lity with which Mr. Blundell affords access to his interes

ing collection, yet, as the Walk to Southport is rather of TO THE EDITOR.

local nature, and is also of considerable length—and

some of our distant readers may conceive that the vi SIR,—You will oblige me by inserting the following in- to Ince Blundell is also rather of local than general intere quiry in a corner of your paper.

we thought it better not to introduce both articles in Will any person, in possession of the wished-for infor. same publication. We hope to hear further from Zari. mation, have the goodness to state, through the medium Tue WALK TO SOUTHPORT.—We hope our country reade of any of the Liverpool papers, the number of children, will excuse our having oceupied so large a portion of to of both sexes, at present receiving their education in our

week's Kaleidoscope with the Walk to Southport, &c khi charity schools; whether day or Sunday scholars ; to what

may be regarded as too local to interest our distant reade

In consideration for the indulgence of our country read denomination of Christians the schools belong; and what in this instance we shall shortly present them with proportion those receiving instruction bear to all the chil. extra half-sheet supplement, gratis. dren in the town under fourteen years of age ?

MR. MATHEWS's OTHELLO.-We decline the letter of Ca A FRIEND TO THE RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION ticus on this subject. There is only one point upon wh Or YOUTH.

our correspondent and we agree, and that is in the seq June 26, 1823.

of his letter, wherein he grows somewhat less caustic, a

admits that Mr. Mathews is unrivalled in his own lle The Housewife.

In this decision we fully concur. Mr. M. is not a

mechanical or parrot-like imitator. There is a philosophi Correspondence.

discrimination, and a never-tiring variety of characteris PRESERVING EGGS.

shades in his performance, which preeminently distingu HORNED WOMEN.

it from the efforts of every rival that we have seen. TO TILE EDITOR.

The extracts from Riley's Narrative are very acceptable,
SIR,-About two years since I sent you a recipe for

shall be appropriated. preserving eggs fresh, viz. by dipping them in sallad oil, we have further to acknowledge Adolescens—Commercia SIR,_The recent discussion in your paper, respecting and afterwards packing them among salt.—Being in the

and Corporal Trim's second Cousin, whose inquiry shall “ horned women," brings to my recollection a circumstance south of Europe, and intending to return home in May

attended to next week. that happened in our society, but which has not yet, 1 last, on the 20th of that month i had several dozens pre- We thank S. H. of Newcastle for his favour, and shall att believe, been noticed in your journal; and I am the more pared in the manner I recommended. On the voyage

to his suggestions—and Amateur. The latter we shall surprised at this, as it has obtained considerable celebrity home, some few proved bad; but it seems probable they

into consideration previously to the appearance of our ! in the philosophical world. The circumstance to which I were so when purchased, as I had no means of ascertain.

Our present impression is, that enough has been said on

subject. 2Uude was, that one of our members, in the course of his ing whether they were fresh laid or not. I now send you scientific pursuits, had discovered a " bed-ridden” lady, four eggs, which remained on my arrival here, of those The Pro and Con, for and against Life, transmitted by who had allowed her toe-nails to remain uncut for a great packed on the 20th of May last, and trust you will use

gustus, shall appear next week. number of years ; the consequence was, that they had them for your to-morrow's breakfast, and find them nearly, LOVE AND WAR, translated by Homo, is very acceptable. sprouted out to an extraordinary length; and one of them, if not quite, as palatable as if they had merely been kept Ailsa ROCK at our very first leisure. the big.toe nail of the left foot, had grown to the enor a few days. —Yours, &c.

NAUTICUS. nious length of fifteen inches. The member, with that

Liverpool, July 4, 1823.

FOURTH VOLUME OF THE KALEIDOSCO praiseworthy zeal in the cause of science which entitles

We have had these eggs served up to breakfast, as re

The first number of the Fourth Volume of the Kaleidos him w inost honourable mention, prevailed upon the lady commended, and have found them excellent.-Edit. Kal. that the Index to the Third Volume will be ready for

is published this day, the 8th of July, and it is exie to allow him to amputate the nail, which he performed in

livery on Wednesday next. The Index will be sold at

price of the other numbers of the Kaleidoscope ; and a most masterly manner; and it was exhibited, with con

To Correspondents.


of Bombastes Furioso will be given with it, alth siderable effect, at one of our meetings. The member at

that work alone is commonly sold at sixpence. It has the same time produced an essay, which indubitably

proves IRISH LITERATURE.—We have in our possession a very Inte- duce the proprietors of the Kaleidoscope to venture up a sympathetic affection between the toe-nail and the olfac

resting and well-written essay on the study of the learned As soon as the Index to the Third Volume is ready, tory nerve. The nail and the essay were received with

languages, written by John Walker, Fellow of Dublin Cold Public may be supplied with the First, Second, and I much applause, and ordered to be deposited in the archives


complete, bound and lettered, price twenty lege; a gentleman distinguished as much by his learning lings each. of the society. as by his amiable character. This dissertation was writ. of the third volume, published January 14th; for

The Proprietors are in want of a few copies of No It is gratifying to behold literature and commerce go

ten in consequence of a prize question, on the subject, number, will be given in exchange or a copy of the same hand in hand;-in no place in the world are they more

whether, and how far, the cultivation of science, and that plan perspective view and description of the New Mo So tban in Liverpool. In one hour you may see the busy

of polite literature, assist or obstruct each other. It is our which retails at sixpence. merchant on 'Change, anxious in the extension of com.

Persons who have

not hitherto been sutscribers intention to enrich the columns of the Kaleidoscope with Kaleidoscope, and wish to become such, are respectfu merce, and the pursuit of wealth ; in the next he may be

this article, the length of which will oblige us to divide it minded that it is peculiarly desirable to give in their found at our society, as intently unravelling the thread of

as early as possible, either at the Office or through any

into portions, the first of which we shall present to our Agents in town or country; or, where there are no Ag seme philosophical disquisition : the result, the glorious

readers next week.

any Bookseller may be supplied from London, along result must be, the melioration of the condition of man.

the periodical magazines.

rone conce If you have no objections, I intend to give you, from MICRO-COSMOGRAPHIE, or a Piece oF THE WORLD DISCOVERED. time to time, an account of our proceedings: and in my We shall commence our series of this singular little volume

Letters or parcels not received, unless free of chargenext week, and continue them until we have appropriated next l purpose giving you a synopsis of an essay that was the whole, with the exception of a few passages, which our Printed, published, and sold, EVERY TUESDAY, read by a learned member, on Alexander's (the son of taste may lead us to pass by.

Smith and Co. 75, Lord-street, Liverpool



Literary and Scientific Mirror.


This familiar Miscellany, from which religious and politicalmatters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending Literature, Criticism, Men and Manners Amusement, Elegant Extraets, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Fashions, Natural History, &c. &c. forming a handsome Annual Valame, with an Index and Title-page.--Its circulation renders it a most eligible medium for Literary and Scientific Advertisements.-Regular supplies are forwarded weekly to the

Agents, viz. LONDOS_Sherwood & Bradford J. Stanfield; | Doncaster-C. & J. White; Hull-J. Perkins;

Nantwich-E. Jones; | Preston-P.Whittle; Stockport-T. Claye Ca Backsellers; F. Marl- Burnley-T. Suteliffe ; Dublin-Leet and De Jon- Kenda-M.& R.Branthwaite; Newcastle-under-Lyme J. Mort; 1. Wilcockson; Viverston–J. Soulby boreagh, Newspender: Burslen S. Brougham; court, Gen. Post-office; Knutsford-P. Stubbs ; Newcastle-u.-Tyne-S. Humble : Rochdale-J. Hartley; Wakefield-R. Hurst; delbst, Dri-W. Hoon; Bury J. Kay; and the Booksellers. Lancaster-G. Bentham; Northwich-J. Kent;

Runcorn-Miss Rigby; Warrington, J. Harrison Attel-L-T.Cunning. Carlisle-J. Jolie; Ellesmere-W. Baugh; Leeds-H. Spink;

Nottingham-C. Sutton; Sheffield-T. Orton; Welchpool-R. Owen: Chester-R. Taylor; Glasgow-W. Turnbull; Lane End-J. Palmer; Oldham-W. Lambert; Shrewsbury-C. Hulbert; Whitchurch-R. Parker; Dal-T S. Meyler; Chorley-R. Parker; Greenock-W. Scott; Manchester-Richardson & Sil- Ormuskirk-W. Garside; Southport-W. Garside ; Wigan-Lyon and Co.; Straipeise-R. Wrightson Clithero-H. Whalley; Halifax-R. Simpson; burn; J. Fletcher; T. Sowler Ostoestry-Price; Edwards; Stoke-R C. Tomkinson;

J. Brown; - Buitenke Brandwood; Colae-H. Earnshaw; Hanley-T. Allbut; Macclesfield-P. Hall;

Penrith J. Shaw:

St. Helen's- I. Sharp; Wrexham-J. Painter; Blenders--T Rogerson; Congleton. Parsons; Huddersfield-T. Smart; Mottram-R. Wagstaff; Prescot--A.Ducker ;

Stockport-J. Dawson; York-W.Alexander.

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removed by direct experiment. Mr. Perkins's engin eis actually at work. Its operations have been witnessed and minutely examined by engineers and philosophers of all kinds; and the most unreasonable sceptics have been compelled to acknowledge the justness of its principles, as well as the energy of its operations. The active and inventive mind of Mr. Perkins, however, did not remain satisfied with this experiment. He has discovered a method, which we consider equal in value to his new engine, by which he can convey the benefit of his original principle to steam-engines of the old construction, and this has been recently succeeded, we are told, by a most extraordinary discovery, that the same heat may be made to perform its part more than once, in the active operations of the engine.

In order to convey to our readers some idea of these great inventions, we have obtained a drawing, made by M. Montgolfier, jun, which, though it does not respresent the actual machine, yet contains such a view of its parts as is

necessary for understanding its principle. ре

The generator, which supplies the place of the boiler in 2.

ordinary steam-engines, is a cylinder ABCD, made of gun-metal, which is more tenacious, and less liable to oxi.

dation, than any other. The metal is about three inches P

thick; and the vessel, containing eight gallons of water, is closed at both ends, with the exception of the five open

ings for tubes, shown in the figure. The generator is 9

placed vertically in a cylindrical furnace EF, whose chimScientific Records.

It was long since said that there is nothing new under the ney is G, the heat being sustained by a pair of bellows H, comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve sun. All that genius can hope to accomplish, is to mo- rection to IK to it. A heat of from 2004 to 450° of sa pana in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin- dify, compound, and form new arrangements ; and he Fahrenheit is thus applied to the generator, which is en. palar Medical Cases;

Astronomical, Mechanical,' Phi- who does this the most skilfully is the cleverest fellow. tirely filled with water. The valves in the tubes m, n, engtial. Botanical, Meteorological and Mineralogical we shall now proceed to the description of the machine in which are steel cylinders working in hollow steel-pipes, Planerna, or singular Facts in Natural History, question, which we shall illustrate by an engraving we are loaded, the one with 37, and the other with 35 atmosVegetation, &e; Antiquities, &e; to be continued in have prepared at a considerable expense

. It is an exact a force greater than the least of these weights. A series through the volume.]

fac-simile of that published in the Edinburgh Philosophi. Let us now suppose, that, by means of the compressing MR. PERKINS'S NEW STEAM-ENGINE. cal Journal.-Edit. Kal.

pump L, whose handle M is wrought by the engine,

water is forced into the generator; this opens the valve Weber this much-vaunted invention may or may not Description of Mr. Perkins's new Steam-engine, and of above n, loaded with 35 atmospheres, and instantly a porline the expectations of its sanguine and ingenious pro- the application of his Invention to Engines of the oid tion of the heated and compressed water flashes out in the , sa question upon which we are not about to offer Construction,

form of steam of high elasticity, and of a temperature of We have already communicated to our readers in the 420° ; and communicating by the steam-pipe 2, 2, 2, with nion of our own. It is the office of a caterer for two last oumbers of this journal, all the authentic infor- the valve-box V, it enters the cylinder PÚ, lying horizon. blie to consult the taste of that public rather than mation which we could obtain respecting Mr. Perkins's tally, and gives motion to its piston PQ, which performs algment: but in this discharge of his duty, he new steam-engine ; and we have used the utmost diligence 200 strokes in a minute, and drives a crank R, which to be permitted to offer an opinion.

is the les necessary to speculate upon the merits of sure, gratify that curiosity which these imperfect notices figure. When the eduction-valve is opened, the steam, Perkins's new steam-engine, because its practical tion which has created such a sensation in the

scientific pipe 3, 3, 3, into the condenser STXV,

where it is conBlaze demonstrate its powers. We confess that (aware Mr. Watt had been so long considered as the greatest under a pressure of 5 atmospheres; from thence, by the leure of the inventive talent of Mr. Perkins) we are triumph of art and science, that it was deemed a sort of pipe 6, 6, 6, it is drawn into the pump L, whence it is

believe in the almost miraculous properties ascribed heresy to regard it as capable of improvement; and, not forced along the pipe 4, 4, 4, to the generator, thus perngine. We bear.ily wish that it may realize his other eminent engineers, the undoubted merit of their withstanding all that has been done by Mr. Woolff, and forming a complete circuit.

The forcing-pump acts with a pressure exceeding 35 at. sanguine anticipations; because we should hail as engines has scarcely yet been admitted by the

public. Under mospheres ; conscquently, when the water

received in it faster of mankind any individual from whose ingenuity such circumstances, Mr. Perkins's claims were likely

to from the condenser is urged into the generator, it must Grange saving of coals should accrue, or whose labours meet with various kinds of opposition. Instead of hail-expel a portion equal to itself in volume: this portion, as materially improve our steam-navigation.

We ing
it as an invention which was to do honour to the age above described,

flashes instantly into highly elastic steam. there are persons who question the originality of Mr. British industry, imperfect, experiments and confined steady force, and, consequently, the expelled water must is alleged discoveries; and amongst these is a cor- views were urged against the principle of its construction, be driven from the

generator in a steady current, and thus codent in the last Monthly Magazine. On this sub- the jealousies of rival traders were arrayed against it

, steam of a constant elasticity is supplied to produce the However, we shall observe, that whether the same imaginary apprehensions of danger were excited, and power. felave or have not occurred to others, if Mr. Perkins invention would precipitate our country from its lofty pre-rect The used by Mr. Perkins! The piston-rod is connected

, the scheme to maturity, his merit will be rather en- eminence among the manufacturing nations of the world. ad ikan impaired by the failures of his predecessors. Most of these grounds of opposition have been now at each end, and working in a strong horizontal box of steel.

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