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BOSTONIÆ :
HILLIAR D, GRAY, LITTLE, ET WILK IN S.

1829.

DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS, to wit ;
District Clerk?s Office.

BE It Remembrae D, That om the twenty-seventh day of March, A. D. 1829, and in the fifty-third year of the Independence of the United States of America, Willinm íiiíí, of thé said district, has deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof he ciaims as proprietor, in the words following, to toit

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In conformity to the act of the Congress of the United States, entitled, ** Am Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of süch copies during the times therein mentioned ;** and also to an act, entitled, ** Am Act supplementary to an act, entitled, An Act for the encouragement of learnimg, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietorsTöf such copies during the times therein mentioned ; and extending the bénefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etchimg historical

and other prints.”
JNo. W. DAVIS,
Clerk of the District of JMassachusetts

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PREFACE.

If any one cause has operated more than every other to prevent young men from acquiring a free and easy manner of reading the Latin poets, it unquestionably is the habit of using an order qf construction, or an interpretation. The use of these pernicious helps mot only prevents those who rely on them from ever acquiring the power of reading with ease and pleasure without them, but it is utterly subversive of one of the principal objects of studying the language, that mental discipline which is acquired by the practice of critical and exact analysis. This salutáry influence, the use of an order or of an interpretation effectually counteracts. The student will hardly take the pains of disentangling an intricate sentence when the work is done to his hand ; nor will the test of grammatical construction or of prosody be applied, whem a glance at the interpretation will remove all doubts.The habit of thus referring to the judgment of others soon becomes settled ; while that of amalysing is never formed, mor the discipline of mimd acquired, which it is suited to effect. Besides this, the habit ofusing these umnecessary aids prevents that feeling of self-reliance which successful efforts alone cam secure. To this cause we must attribute the fact, that so few among our educated men read the Latin poets with ease or pleasure. But ifthe habit of reading independently of foreign assistance be once formed, the want ôÉÉÉÉÉåîéeí ìåí åííTíííííôùíá by experience that boys, who have been taught in this way, read Horace and Juvenal as readily as they do Cicero and Tacitus; and even with more confidence ; since in poetry they are furnished by prosody with am unerring test for resolving many doubts, while in prose they have no such aid. These are not new views. Books furnished with these auxiliaries are going out of use in the best schools in foreign countries. Thirty years ago the learned amd practical Vicesimus Knox expressed his disapprobation of them.*

* *Together with translations,” says he, * I wish it were possible to banish those ediíions in which the order of çonstruction is given on the same page with the text. It tends to emervate the mimd by rendering exertion ummecessary. The • little superficial learming of him who has been usedio these facilitating inventions may be compared to a tempo edifice built for a day ; while the hard-earned knówledge óf the other resembles a building, whose foundations are deep and g*;" equally admired for dignity and düration.” Knox's Liberal Education,

'ect.

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