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of her best friends have always been found |perty, sounded the call to other landlords in the ranks of the English, even of those to step forward and unite in some common who did not possess a foot of land in the plan for the benefit of the country, wrote island.

letters to the newspapers, made speeches at The character above quoted, however, meetings, and, what was better, spent his was probably intended to describe the fa- money freely for the benefit of his people. cility with which the English adopted the Perhaps he might not always take the most babits and national peculiarities of the judicious course, but he was always actuIrishi, rather than that they became so ated by the best and the most self-denying rapidly identified in interest with those motives; and if it be true, as we have heard, whom they were virtually engaged in con- that he had actually formed a plan to abandon quering. In this view it will scarcely apply parliament, and become a permanently resito Mr. Bernal Osborne, who has not yet dent landlord in Ireland, in order the bethad time to undergo such a transmutation ; ter to show what might be done for that but he is not the less a true well-wisher to country by English enterprise and sense of Ireland, or one whose example is calculated justice, a more convincing proof of his to effect enormous good for that country. patriotism he could not have given : be

Mr. Bernal Osborne is the son of Mr. cause, in leaving the House of Commons, Ralph Bernal, for many years the member he would have been forsaking a career in for Rochester, and who filled, for a long which he has every prospect of attaining period of time, the office now held by Mr. distinction. For it would be scarcely too Greene, that of Chairman of Committees, much to say that he is one of the most risand ex officio manager of the private busi- ing men in the House of Commons. ness in the House of Commons. Mr. Ber Mr. Bernal Osborne is a confident, fluent nal, senior, besides being a first-rate man speaker, bold and independent in thought of business, was known as one of the chief and action. He has already prepossessed advocates of the West India interest ; mak- the House in his favor, and they are always ing excellent and most amusing speeches anxious to hear him when he shows a diswhenever questions affecting the West India position to speak. As he has been but a colonies came before the House. He was also very short time in parliament, this alone is a steady supporter of the Whigs. But his proof of his ability. His appearance is in son, then Mr. Bernal, junior, when he was his favor. He is above the middle height, first returned to parliament for Wycombe, well made, handsome, with a slight dash of developed different political tendencies, – the Jewish physiognomy, but not enough to showed evident symptoms of a disposition be disagreeable, and with a sonorous, wellto be quite independent, with a leaning toned voice, which, however, he would do towards the Radicals. He used to give Sir well to modulate. There is a manly frankR. Peel, from time to time, a very hearty ness about him which is very agreeable. support; and he had not been long in the The best speech he has yet made was that House before he drew attention on himself on Mr. Hume's resolution respecting interby several rattling speeches, in which manly vention in Portugal. It displayed more sentiments and bold original views were ex- method and precision than his former pressed with something a little better than speeches; and some of his hits at Lord smartness of style. His confidence and Palmerston were admirable, both for conself-possession were so great as always to ception and the pointed language in which save him from failure. Thus, if he never they were clothed. He appears likely to developed powers of a very high order, he take a still higher place as a speaker. never lost any ground he gained by his perseverance and ready ability.

Mr. Bernal, jun., soon after married an Irish lady, with a large property in Ire There is not a public man in Ireland land; and, adopting her name, became more respected by all parties than the Earl metamorphosed into Mr. Bernal (Osborne. of Roden. By his own immediate political The famine crisis in Ireland brought out his connexions, the Protestant, or, more procharacter and abilities to advantage. Fully perly speaking, the Orange party, he is, of imbued with the great doctrine that property course, looked up to as a leader; and, by has its duties as well as its rights, he set a life of honorable consistency, and bold, himself to work in earnest to erform those earnest advocacy of their cause, he has fully duties. He became a resident on his pro- I earned the confidence they have reposed in

THE EARL OF RODEN.

him. This was, of course, to be expected, slent partisans of the Roman Catholic party as being quite in the natural course of have always been accustomed to speak of things. Party spirit will exalt into models him with respect, and a certain someof public and private virtue men of a far thing which almost amounted to liking. inferior order to the Earl of Roden, if they They never stigmatized him as an enemy succeed in making themselves politically to Ireland; and it is more than probable useful. But, in the case of this nobleman, they might have gone the length of believe we have to record a more honorable dis- ing any statement he might advance on his tinction.

personal honor! Such privileges might be One of the worst features of political enjoyed by most of the Tory leaders in Ireaffairs in Ireland has always been, that land, if they have been thus willingly acparty differences have too generally engen- corded to one who may be regarded as aldered personal hatreds. In England, it is most the foremost man among them the rare that we overstep, in the very height of very impersonation of Orangeism and antiour feuds, the fair and decent limits of Hibernicism. In truth the terms are easy honorable warfare. Men opposed to each if such men would fulfil their duties. other, however violently, in public, do not Lord Roden has no special talisman, he is carry

their enmities into private life. They not a man of “popular” manners, he has are at least courteous in their contests, and never sought to win golden opinions by give mutual credit for the average honor any subserviency to national prejudices. and virtue common among gentlemen. If He has held a lever which stands ready to political feelings and connexions sometimes every man's hands if he will but use it. forbid their indulging in any ostentatious He has simply been a good landlord, and display of friendship, they are withheld secured the credit of being one. Hence it from merely personal exacerbations by a la- is, that even among the most violent Retent conviction that their differences of pealers, age, in the wilds of Connaught itopinion are not intrinsically of such value self, where scarcely more than his mere as to justify them. But in Ireland how name is known, you will always hear his different is the state of feeling! For cen- (in their eyes) political short-comings turies politics have raged there with all the touched on tenderly, and the saving clause fury, all the embittered and envenomed that one great virtue so prized by the hatreds, of a civil war. The combatants common people, and so wanting among the have never regarded each other, except in gentry--gently and kindly insisted upon. fitful intervals of imaginary nationality, as It would have been well for England had friends or fellow-subjects differing in opi- she earlier discovered, and set the right nion,---but as natural and irreconcileable value on, this evident tendency of the Irish enemies. The state of feeling which pre

mind. The grievances of the body there yailed in England a century ago has endur- have always been really more potent than ed in Ireland up to a much more recent and those of the spirit. The land has, in truth, civilized period. If its more fatal conse- been the worst enemy of the Church. quences may be hoped to have passed away, The political life of Lord Roden does not its exasperation has survived. Among many demand any very special notice. He has other evidences of its existence, it exhibits been so consistent a man, that the history itself in the violent personal antipathies of of his party during his public life comprises the conflicting parties, the coarse, ungen- his own. Long looked upon as their leader tlemanly language they use in speaking of in the House of Lords, as well as in Ireland, each other, the low estimate they form of he was always at the head of every movethe motives and moral value of hostile in- ment they made in their long struggle with dividuals. In the observance of these pub- Roman Catholics. He gave, together with lin decenciesunless, indeed, where such his son Lord Jocelyn, a steady but moderate an unmanageable gentleman as Mr. Fer-support to the government of Sir Robert rand comes on the scene-England is cer- Peel, until that statesman and his colleagues tainly in advance of the sister country, al- finally threw off the mask they had worn though we must add, Ireland is improving for so many years, and aimed at becoming in this respect.

the political friends of those to whom the Now, it is the honorable distinction of noble earl had been all his life opposed. the Earl of Roden, that in his case these He then reluctantly broke from them; and, indecent personalities have been very gene- on the accession of Lord John Russell to rally abstained from. Even the most vio- | power, and the introduction of his Irish

measures, he gave them a cordial andness of tone, and an abruptness of manner, manly support. Lord Roden, in spite of by the earnestness and evident sincerity his strong political opinions, which have, with which he performs his parliamentary perhaps, become modified in his case, by duties, and the courtesy he extends to opfinding how completely he has been deceiv- ponents. He has no pretensions to oratory, ed by those in whom he had confided, but delivers his sentiments in plain, forciwould be the active supporter of any policy ble language, without preparation, or any that could be beneficial to Ireland, and, affectation of the graces of style, but with more especially, if it seemed framed to im- much impressiveness. The best speech we prove the relations of landlord and tenant. remember to have heard him make, was No fear of personal sacrifice would deter that in which he moved for an inquiry into him from offering a personal example.

the state of Ireland, during the later years Lord Roden is a tall, dark, muscular of the Melbourne administration. But his man, with a rather ungainly person, but influence in the House of Lords rests on his gentlemanly manners, a thorough Irish face, personal character, and the weight he has dark, expressive eyes, and a profusion of with his party in Ireland, not upon his pubdark hair. His voice is loud but husky, lic speaking. Whatever he may be in Engand when you hear him speak, although land, in Ireland he is really an Irishman ; the effect he produces is at first not agreea- and that touches Paddy's heart. ble, you soon become reconciled to a harsh

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A FRAGMENT.

From Tait's Magazine.

| We scarce could deem that one so young and fair

Should pant for purer light-celestial air !
THE BED OF DEATH.

And still we dared to hope. The hectic hue
Which tinged her cheeks made ours brighten too!
We thought of death, but deemed the Reaper's hand
Removed the weeds, and let the flow'rets stand.

And she the fairest! could he touch a form
The room is darkened; not a sound is heard Radiant with life-with hope's deep pulses warm ?
Save the clear, cheerful chirping of the bird Vainly we dreamed, and bitter was our pain,
Which sings without the window; or the bell And griefs but vanished to recur again!
Which sounds a mournful peal-a last farewell.
And she is there, or was; her spirit's home

Come near, come silently : the room may tell
Lies far beyond this world of sin and gloom. The simple tastes of her we loved so well-
I heard the whispers of the parting breath,

The “Poet's corner,'' once so fondly styled;
And wiped her brow, and closed her eyes in death. The harp, which many an idle hour beguiled;
Oh, she was beautiful in health's bright time ! The old, old books of legendary lore,
Full of the radiance of her golden prime:

O’er which, in summer hours, she loved to pore ; Eyes deep and full, and lips which spoke to bless, And all those thousand nameless charms which And cheeks which blushed at their own loveliness, skill, And earnest downcast glances part revealing Blended with fancy, fashions at its will. The thoughts which lay within, and part con- And proofs of fond affection, too, are there, cealing

And tender tokens of a mother's careShe knew no guile, and she feared no wrong. That care to which the higher task was given, Who trust in innocence are greatly strong. Of pointing from earth's sunny dreams to Heaven, As some deep stream, reflecting in its course The pure and limpid clearness of its source, Come near, come silently-ere yet the grave So her chaste spirit, formed in God's own light, Closes o'er one we fondly hoped to save. Pure as a southern sky, and not less bright, How changed, and yet how lovely!-meekly there A tender, loving ministrant was given

Her small white hands are folded, as in prayer. To raise the soul from earth, and lift to Heaven. O! who that ever heard that dying strain From week to week she faded : day by day Could think to mingle in the world again! We watched her spirits droop—her strength decay ;'

*

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CLEON hath a million acres

Ne'er a one have I;
Cleon dwelleth in a palace-

In a cottage I;
Cleon hath a dozen fortunes

Not a penny I;
But the poorer of the twain, is

Cleon, and not I.

The birds within the forest sing

Till Echoes-all around-
Repeat such melodies as bring

À balm on each glad sound:
The leaves that fall, in falling breathe

Out music and the breeze
Wakes cadences that sweetly wreathe

Song-garlands o'er the trees :--
The sea sends music to the shore,

And echo gathers all
Those different harmonies, till o'er

The world in song they fall;
But human hearts, whose throbs are rife

With joy, and grief, and painWhat are their echoes? Mortal life

Shall hear them--but in vain !

Cleon, true, possesseth acres,

But the landscape I; Half the charms to me it yieldeth

Money cannot buy:
Cleon harbors sloth and dulness-

Freshening vigor I;
He in velvet, I in fustian,

Richer man am I.

Enough to know, our hearts lock up

Such thoughts as were they toldMight bitter make Love's sweetest cup

And mar its brightest gold !
We seek for sympathy 'mongst men,

But when we find it know
It soothes us for our lesser ills,

Not for our greater woe.
That greater woe within us dwells,

Known but to God and us,
We dare not ope the secret cells

Where we enclose it thus ;

Cleon is a slave to grandeur

Free as thought am I;
Cleon fees a score of doctors-

Need of none have I;
Wealth-surrounded, care-environ'd,

Cleon fears to die;
Death may come, he'll find me ready-

Happier man am I.
Cleon sees do charms in Nature

In a daisy I;
Cleon hears nó anthems ringing

In the sea and sky.
Nature sings to me for ever-

Earnest listener 1:
State for state, with all attendants,

Who would change ?-Not I.

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THE LATE DR. CHALMERS. publication. On the occasion of the vacancy in the

Chair of Mathematics in the University of EdinSoon after the demise of Mr. O'Connell, the burgh in 1805, Dr. Chalmers offered himself as a allictive intelligence of the sudden decease of Dr. candidate, and, we believe, was not without conChalmers, the well-known, eloquent, and excellent siderable chance of success, but some of his own Scottish divine, was received. The following bio- nearest relatives felt anxious that he should continue graphy of Dr. Chalmers, from the pen of Mr. John as a minister, and he withdrew his pretensions to Anderson, jun., appeared originally in a work en- the chair, in order to remain in the bosom of the titled “ Sketches of the Edinburgh Clergy;" and was Church of which he was destined one day to be the afterwards transferred into a small volume of Mr. most distinguished ornament. Anderson's, entitled “The Mirror of my Mind.” Dr. Chalmers's next publication appeared in 1808, It will at the present time be perused with deep and was entitled “An Inquiry into the Extent and interest :

Stability of National Resources.” In it he endea

vors to prove the independence of the country of This eminent man was born of respectable pa- foreign trade. The work displays talent, and is elorentage, at the town of Anstruther, in Fife, 17th quently written; but his mind now embraced those March, 1780. He received his college education deep convictions of religious truth which led him at St. Andrew's; and after having been licensed as to devote himself almost exclusively to his sacred a preacher, he officiated for some time as assistant profession. The common statement is, that this to the late minister of Cavers,-a parish lying happy change took place when engaged in writing within a few miles of Hawick, in Roxburghshire. the article Christianity” for Brewster's Encyclo He was ordained minister of Kilmany on the 12th pædia, which contains an able and original expo May, 1803,-a parish beautifully situated amid the sition of the evidences of the truth of our religion, "green hills and smiling valley's" of Fife, and in and was afterwards published separately: Be this the immediate vicinity of St. Andrew's.' While as it may, the result was happy; his zeal, earnesthere, he for one season assisted the late Professor ness, and eloquence, soon drew on him the public Vilent in teaching the mathematical class at the eye, and speedily enthroned him as the first pulpit College of St. Andrew's, where his talents attracted orator of his age. so much celebrity that, when in the following ses In 1815 he was called to be minister of the Tron sion he commenced a private class of his own, on ' Church of Glasgow, and his name and excellence the same branch of science, the students all flocked, conferred a new literary celebrity on that commerto bin. He afterwards delivered a course of lec- cial city. Besides the ardent direct pursuit of his tures on chemistry. Indeed, he had very early in profession, Dr. Chalmers here embarked keenly, life given indication of those superior talents, and and with indefatigable labor, in plans for the imthat ardent love of science and literature, which provement of the educalion of the poor; and have ever marked his career. He made his first though, in the prosecution of these, he had to enappearance as an author, in a pamphlet published counter a vast mass of prejudice, he was eminently at Cupar, Fife, on the Leslie Controversy. It was successful, and accomplished much good for the written in the form of a letter, addressed to Professor community of Glasgow. His views on these subPlayfair : the brochure abounds in talent, wit, and jects are fully developed in a large work he publishgenuine humor. It was published anonymously; ed at the time, entitled the “Christian and Civic and, to this day, is not generally known to have been Economy of Large Towns," which abounds with his production. He vindicates in it, very powerfully, many enlightened views, and much valuable matter, the divines of the Church of Scotland from the im- regarding

the poor-laws, and all the other branches putation of a want of mathematical talent,

-a re- of Christian economics. In 1819, Dr. Chalmers proach which he thought Professor Playfair had was translated to the new church and parish of St. thrown upon them. Ďr. Chalmers had not then John's, where he prosecuted these plans with renewed adopted his subsequent views against pluralities, vigor till 1823, when he was elected Professor of Moral otherwise he had no reason to regret this his first Philosophy in the University of St. Andrew's, where

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