« AnteriorContinuar »
He, 'oeath his arches, muttering low,
"I see the dome, so calm, so high,
"The walls are stormed, the fort is ta'en.
"Woe when the arm, so stalwart late,
"The rich must own the hidden hoard,
"Till Death, grown sordid, hunts no more
"Were death the worst, the patriot's hymn
"Pale faces, prest to prison-bars,
"Those women, gathering on the sward,
"Sad recognitions, frantic prayers,
"And souls are wed in nobleness
Love's seed io holy purpose sown,
"A flag hangs in the Invalides
"And ye delight in idle tunes,
"And not a voice amongst you here
"' Nor one with pious drops bewail
"Nay, hear me for a moment more,
"Through sluggish centuries of growth
"With fuller power, let each avow
With fuller light let women's eyes,
"With warmer breath, let mother's lips
"For the brave world is given to us
Lest wicked hands should sow the thorns
"Oh world! oh time! oh heart of Christ!
Our readers have had sufficient taste of the quality of these "Passion Flowers," to feel that they are the product of no shallow soil ; their roots are in a woman's heart, and their bloom is a vital one. We might easily point out artistic inaccuracies; we might philosophize on the expediency of revelations so personal; we might discuss the religious and political sentiments of the writer; but, regarding this volume as the first venture of an American poet, we have been too much impressed with the ability, the earnestness and the intensity of the writer, to speak other than words of cordial recognition. It is much, in these days of dainty sentimentalism and feeble inactiveness, to encounter a new poet so sincere, brave and strong, both in feeling and expression; and, as we hail her advent, we trust "Passion Flowers" are but precursors of strains yet higher and more serene. H. T. T.
Art. IX.—South-carolina Military Academies.
1. Report of Board of Visitors of State Military Academies. Gen. James Jones, Chairman. Dec. 1853.
2. Letter to his Excellency Gov. Manning, on Public Instruction in South-Carolina. By Rev. James H. ThornWell, D.D., President South-Carolina College. Dec. 1853.
3. Regulations of South-Carolina Military Academies, 1854. Official Register of the Officers and Cadets at the South-Carolina Military Academies, 1854.
Eleven years ago this State possessed two Arsenals, guarded by eighty enlisted men and supported at an annual expense of twenty-four thousand dollars. The present annual appropriation for the Military Academies is three thousand dollars more, and for this sum the arms and munitions are as efficiently guarded as ever. Fifty-four young Carolinians are constantly receiving their maintenance and education, as State beneficiaries, while the institutions are open to a maximum number of one hundred and eighty more at the yearly cost of two hundred dollars each, for board, clothing, instruction, text books and medical attendance. Let citizens of South-Carolina consider this change, and determine whether or not their Legislature did wisely in converting the Arsenal at Columbia and the Citadel at Charleston into Military Schools.
The Act effecting this change was passed in Dec. 1842, and yet President Thornwell, in his Letter on Education, introduces the schools thus: "The Arsenal and Citadel Academies, which have crept into existence by the connivance, without any statute, of the Legislature, defining their end and aim." Such an assertion, in a letter professedly on public instruction in South-Carolina, from a gentleman of so deservedly high a reputation for talent, learning and extent of information, is certainly very remarkable. If it is meant that the very existence of the Military Academies was due to connivance and not to a statute; that the Legislature directed nobody, but simply permitted somebody, to make so radical a change in the organization of the only military posts in the State—we reply, first, that the SouthCarolina Legislature does not usually transact, or, rather, neglect business in this peculiar manner; and, secondly, that it did not in this case; in proof of which we have the very conclusive evidence of the statute itself. This statute is printed in every copy of the Regulations issued. Section second ordains—
"That the Governor and Commander-in-Chief is hereby authorized to organize Military Schools at the Arsenal in Columbia and at the Citadel in Charleston, the students and members of which shall be employed in performing such services as may be assigned them; and he is authorized also to appoint a Board of five persons, who, together with the Adjutant and Inspector General, shall constitute a Board of Visitors for the said Military Schools," Ac.
To this Board, the Governor was subsequently, ex-officio, added. The same Act provides that " they Lthe Board] shall have power to appoint one or more Professors qualified to give instruction in military science and other branches of knowledge, which the said Board may deem essential," etc. This certainly settles the point that there is a statute, and that, in defining "the end and aim" of the institutions, it is quite as definite as statutes, in such cases, usually are.
It may be that Dr. Thornwell did not mean that "the Arsenal and Citadel Academies have crept into existence by the connivance, without any statute, of the Legislature, defining their end and aim;" but, that they "have crept into existence by the connivance of the Legislature, without any statute defining their end and aim"*—that is, that the statute which created those institutions out of mere military garrisons, did not define the objects and extent of the change; and that the members of the Legislature, in passing the Act, did not well know what they were doing. Dr. Thornwell has probably forgotten that, in the session of 1841, Governor Richardson, in a special message, recommended the conversion of the Arsenal and Citadel into Military Schools, and that a bill was reported by the Military Committee of the House of Representatives, to carry that recommendation into effect. The measure, at first, did not meet with much favour in the House, where it originated, and although it passed, after a full discussion on its merits, it was subsequently lost in the Senate. Notwithstanding the failure to pass the bill, Governor Richardson organized a corps of ten Cadets and placed them at the Arsenal, under the instruction of Capt. Shaffer and Lieut. Matthews (now Captain, and the efficient Superintendent of the Arsenal Academy). The failure of the bill of 1841 did not discourage the friends of the measure, and, early in the session of 1842, the bill to make the proposed change was reported, and subsequently became an Act.
Few measures that ever passed the two Houses of our
* We have, as it will be perceived, not altered the language of the quotation, but only the punctuation and the position of the words.