Occupying Syria Under the French Mandate: Insurgency, Space and State Formation
Cambridge University Press, 10/09/2012 - 229 páginas
What role does military force play during a colonial occupation? The answer seems obvious: coercion crushes local resistance, quashes political dissent, and consolidates the dominance of the occupying power. However, as this discerning and theoretically rigorous study suggests, violence can have much more ambiguous consequences. Set in Syria during the French Mandate from 1920 to 1946, the book explores a turbulent period in which conflict between armed Syrian insurgents and French military forces not only determined the strategic objectives of the colonial state, but also transformed how the colonial state organised, controlled, and understood Syrian society, geography, and population. In addition to the coercive techniques of airpower, collective punishment, and colonial policing, the book shows how civilian technologies such as urban planning and engineering were also commandeered in the effort to undermine rebel advances. In this way, colonial violence had a lasting effect in Syria, shaping a peculiar form of social order that endured well after the French occupation. As the conclusion surmises, the interplay between violence, spatial colonisation, and pacification continues to resonate with recent developments in the region.
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The Architecture of the Colonial State
Political Rationalities of Violence
Time Science and Space
Rebel Movements and the Great Revolt
Urban Planning Hygiene and CounterInsurgency
Securing the Desert
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aerial aeroplanes al-Dhahabi al-Qamishli Al—Rayyis Aleppo Arab army authority Bedouin Bedu Beirut Boucheman British CADN Carbillet CB ofﬁcers chapter Circassian civilisation colonial violence colonial warfare column conﬂict Controle Bédouin created d’Alep Daclin Damas Damascus deﬁned difﬁcult disciplinary power discipline discourse Empire Europe ﬁeld ﬁght ﬁnd ﬁrst force Foucault France French Mandate Syria French military French ofﬁcers French ofﬁcials Gamelin gendarmerie Général Commandant Genese Ghuta governmental Hadidiyin Haut Commissaire High Commissioner Historical Sociology Ibid inﬂuence isabat Jabal Druze L’urbanisme League of Nations Levantine Lyautey ma‘mura Mandat francais Mandatory Power Mawali Méhariste Michel Foucault Middle East Mitchell Mizrahi mobility modern movement nationalists nomad ofﬁcers organisation Ottoman paciﬁcation policing political population Postcolonial Rapport rebel bands region rezzou Service des Renseignements SHAT social society space spatial practices speciﬁc state’s strategies Sultan al-Atrash Suwayda Syrian Desert Syrian rebels Syrian Revolt Syrie territory Transjordan tribal troops Troupes du Levant urban urbanists villages